Arzamas mtundu wa atsekwe: zomwe zimachitika poswana kunyumba

Kuwonjezera pa nkhuku zowamba, nkhuku zing'onozing'ono ndi zazikulu zimamera mbalame zina. Phindu lalikulu lingabweretse atsekwe. Mmodzi wa oyambirira, ndipo panthawi imodzimodziyo mitundu yoweta ya nkhuku ndi alimi a Arzamas.

Mbiri yamabambo

Atsekwe a Arzamas ndi amtundu wakale - amakhulupirira kuti adawoneka m'zaka za zana la XVII. Umboni wa izi ukhoza kupezeka m'mabuku osiyanasiyana olemba mabuku komanso anthu amasiku ano.

Onetsetsani mitundu ya atsekwe kuti abereke kunyumba.

Maonekedwe awo akugwirizanitsidwa ndi chiyambi cha mikangano ya mazira, yomwe mbalame zofanana zimayenera. Amakhulupirira kuti mtunduwu unapangidwa chifukwa cha kusankha kwa atsekwe kwambiri a Tula, ndipo cholinga chachikulu cha kubereketsa kwake chinali kukhala omenyana ndi olimba mtima, omwe adakwaniritsidwa.

Kutchulidwa kwa mbalamezi kumapezeka m'buku la Ivan Abozin la "Nkhuku za Nkhuku", lofalitsidwa mu 1875. Wolembayo akutsindika kufanana kwawo ndi tula otsekemera, koma panthawi imodzimodziyo amanenanso kuti Arzamas ndi yaikulu kwambiri komanso yamphamvu.

Malo obadwira a mtundu umenewu amadziwika kuti ndi mzinda wa Arzamas, womwe umatchedwa dzina lake. Mu zochitika za mboni zamasowa mungathe kupeza zolemba kuti atsekwe, omwe amakula mumzinda uno, ali ofanana ndi a swans mu kukula kwake ndi stator.

Kuyambira m'zaka za m'ma 1900, mtundu umenewu unayamba kubala monga nyama, ndipo unakhala wabwino kwambiri.

Mukudziwa? Atsekwe nthawi ya molt sangathe kuwuluka, ndipo nthawi ya nthenga imakhala pafupifupi miyezi isanu ndi umodzi.

Kunja

Talingalirani zenizeni zakunja za mtundu uwu.

  1. Mtundu - Chimodzi mwa zosiyana za mtunduwu, monga nthenga za oimirira ndi zoyera.
  2. Mutu - ochepa, ozungulira; mphumi ndi khosi - zazikulu; minofu ya buccal imakula bwino.
  3. Beak - zikhoza kukhala zokongola, zolimba komanso zoongoka. Ndilo lalikulu kwambiri, pamunsi pake ndi lalanje, ndipo pamapeto pake limasanduka ndodo.
  4. Maso - thambo lakuda buluu kapena lakuda, lalikulu. Maso ake ali ndi chikasu chowala.
  5. Khosi - yaitali komanso ali ndi bend.
  6. Kubwerera - zazikulu, zolunjika ndi zosalala.
  7. Chifuwa - lonse, mozungulira ndi wodzaza.
  8. Mapiko - Zomwe zimagwira thupi, nsonga zawo zimafika m'chiuno ndikuphimba.
  9. Mapazi - lalifupi ndi lamphamvu, utoto wofiira.
  10. Paws - zazikulu, ndi zala zoongoka.

Dzidziwike ndi zikhalidwe za Linda mtundu, chiwalo cha Denmark, sulfure yaikulu, atsekwe a Tula, Kholmogory, Rhine, ndi Toulouse atsekwe.

Makhalidwe abwino

Kuwonjezera pa deta yapadera kwambiri, atsekwe a Arzamas amadziwika ndi zokolola zambiri:

  1. Kulemera kwake kwa gander kuli pafupi makilogalamu 6, tsekwe - 5-5.5 makilogalamu, ndipo ana a miyezi iwiri akulemera makilogalamu 3.5-4 aliwonse.
  2. Mazira a nkhuku ndi apakati, tsekwe zimakhala mazira 25 pachaka.
  3. Kuyika kumayambira atsekwe pa masiku pafupifupi 300.
  4. Dzira limodzi la tsekwe la Arzamas liri 170-180 g.
  5. Mitunduyi imakhala ndi zida zambiri, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti mazira azifikira 85%. Atsekwe amakhala ndi chibadwa chabwino cha amayi, ndiwo nkhuku zabwino kwambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Achinyamata a mtundu uwu ali ndi chiwopsezo chokwanira komanso chapamwamba chokhala ndi moyo - mpaka 96%.

Kudyetsa chakudya

Kuwotcha kwa atsekwezi sikunali kosiyana kwambiri ndi kunenepa kwa mitundu ina:

  1. Goslings kwa masiku 7-10 amadyetsedwa ndi akanadulidwa yophika mazira ndi amadyera.
  2. Kuchokera tsiku la 10 amatha kupititsa patsogolo mapira ndi chimanga.
  3. Gawo la tsiku lililonse la tsekwe kwa masiku asanu ndi awiri limapanga 30 g, ndipo masiku 7-14 amatha kufika 90 g
  4. Kuyambira masabata awiri, zakudya zowonjezereka zimatha kuwonjezeredwa ndi zakudya zazing'ono - zimalimbikitsa kukula mofulumira ndi kulemera, komanso zimakhala ndi zakudya zofunikira komanso zakudya.

Ndikoyenera kudziwa kuti chakudya cha nthenga chimapatsidwa zonse zouma komanso ngati phala. Zakudya zamadzimadzi zimapangitsa kuti mbalame zamimba zikhale bwino, komanso thanzi lawo lonse. Akuluakulu amafunikira 330-340 g chakudya tsiku ndi tsiku.

Ndikofunikira! Atsekwe a Arzamas amatha kudyetsedwa ndi ndiwo zamasamba, zakudya za mkaka, tirigu, miyala ya shell, choko ndi ufa wa udzu, koma izi sizabwino ngati chakudya cha nyama kwa obereketsa, chifukwa mukuyenera kuyang'anitsitsa nthawi zonse zakudya zomwe mbalame zimalandira ndi chakudya.

Zomwe amangidwa

Kukula kwa Arzamas atsekwe amapereka nkhuku, komanso malo ogwirira. Osati kwenikweni, koma kupezeka kwa gombe ndi kofunika kwambiri.

  1. Nyumba iyenera kukhala yotentha, yowuma komanso yopuma mpweya wabwino. Kukula kwake kuyenera kuwerengedwa pambali ya chiwerengero cha ziweto: osachepera mita imodzi yamtundu ayenera kuperekedwa kwa tsekwe iliyonse. m malo okhala.
  2. Ngakhale kuti Arzamas imabereka ndi yozizira ndipo oimira ake amalekerera bwino chisanu, zimalimbikitsa kutentha makoma ndi pansi mu mbalameyi - izi zidzathandiza kuchepetsa dampness ndipo, motero, matenda osiyanasiyana omwe angapangidwe ndi kutentha kwambiri. Kutentha kwa mpweya mu chipinda chotero sikuyenera kugwa pansi pa 10 ° C.
  3. Pansi m'nyumba muli ndi zinyalala, ndipo makulidwe ake ayenera kukhala osachepera 30 cm Kuti muchite izi mungagwiritse ntchito udzu, udzu, peat, manyowa a mpendadzuwa kapena utuchi. Chinthu chachikulu - nthawi zonse kuti zitsulo zikhale zouma komanso zoyera. M'nthaƔi ya chilimwe, zinyalala ziyenera kukhala ndi mchenga kapena utuchi, zomwe zimakhala ndi cholinga choyeretsa.
  4. Kwa atsekwe, m'pofunika kukonza zisa, makamaka matabwa ndi zowirira, kuti asapitirire kudyetsa mazira m'mazira.
  5. Nyumbayi iyenera kukhala ndi odyetsa komanso oledzera, komanso kukonzekera manholes kuti ziweto zizipita kunja.
  6. M'nyumba ndikofunikira kuyika zitsulo ndi mchenga kapena phulusa kuti zinyama zikhoze kutsuka nthenga zawo mwadzidzidzi.

Mbalame zimafunika kuyenda, m'nyengo yachilimwe komanso m'nyengo yozizira, kotero muyenera kukonzekera danga la izi. Kuyenda kungakhale kotseguka komanso kutsekedwa. Ngati pali mpanda, zimakhala zosavuta kulamulira atsekwe komanso zakudya zomwe amadya. Ndibwino kuti mufesetse patsogolo pa malo omwe mukufuna kuyamba udzu wa udzu.

Phunzirani, kuposa mazira a mafuta, mazira a tsekwe, tsekwe nyama ndi zothandiza.

Chabwino, ngati pali malo pafupi ndi nyumbayo, kupezeka kwake kumachepetsa kwambiri kusamalira atsekwe. Ngati mulibe gombe, ndiye kuti mukhoza kukonza zojambulapo, kapena kungokonza matanki ndi madzi kuti atsekwe amatha kusambira.

Mukudziwa? Atsekwe amakhala aatali kwambiri pakati pa mbalame, amakhala zaka 20-25.

Tsopano mukudziwa nthawi yomwe Arzamas yaberekera atsekwe, komanso momwe angaperekere bwino komanso zakudya zabwino. Musaiwale kuti chibadwa cha mbalamezi ndi nkhanza, chifukwa poyamba zinamenyedwa ngati nkhondo. Pa nthawi yomweyi, chifukwa cha izi, majeremusi a Arzamas amasinthasintha bwino malo omwe amakhalamo ndipo amasonyeza kuti anthu ambiri amakhala ndi moyo.

Video: Arzamas ndi Kholmogory njuchi mtundu