Chifukwa nkhuku zimanyamula mazira ndi zobiriwira yolk

Mtundu wa dzira yolk ukhoza kudziwa thanzi la nkhuku - ndizovuta kwambiri. Koma nthawi zina zimapezeka kuti nkhuku zimayamba kuyala mazira ndi zobiriwira. Kaya ndikutembenuka kuchokera ku chizoloŵezi, kaya ndi kotheka kudya zakudya zotere ndikudya ndi zomwe ziyenera kuthetsedwera kuthetsa vutoli - mayankho a mafunso awa m'nkhani yathu sakhala othandiza osati nkhuku zokha, komanso amayi omwe akuyang'aniridwa ndi ntchito yosankha zinthu zabwino.

Chomwe chimatsimikizira mtundu wa yolk

Mtundu wa dzira yolk umadalira pa zinthu zingapo, kuphatikizapo:

  1. Zinthu za nkhuku. Ngati nkhuku imasungidwa m'nyumba, imayenda m'tchire ndipo, popanda kudya tirigu, ikhoza kubzalidwa ndi kupeza mbozi ndi mphutsi zosiyanasiyana pansi, ndiye kuti mazira omwe amaikidwa ndi mchere amakhala wodzala ndi chikasu. Koma pamene mbalame zimasungunuka, zomwe zimakhala mkati mwa maola 24, sakhala ndi mwayi wosunthira bwino ndipo sichilandira kuwala kokwanira kwa UV, ndiye kuti nkhuku za nkhuku zotere zimakhala ndi mtundu wobiriwira.
  2. Nyengo. Nthawi zina mtundu wa yolks umadalira kusintha kwa nyengo: m'nyengo yozizira, kumakhala kochepa kwambiri kuchokera kumadyetsedwe atsopano a masamba ndi kusamwa kokwanira kwa mazira a ultraviolet.
  3. Zomwe zimayambitsa chakudya. Ngati thupi la nkhuku limalandira mokwanira zakudya zonse ndi mavitamini, ndiye kuti mazira a mazira adzakhala ojambula mu mtundu wambiri.
Ndikofunikira! Mazira okhala ndi lalanje lowala kwambiri amafunika kwambiri pakati pa anthu, choncho opanga zonyansa amawonjezera nkhumba zopangira chakudya, zomwe zingakhudze thanzi la ogula. Choncho, ngati mazira a mazira atagulidwa ali ndi kuwala kosaoneka bwino, ndibwino kuti musapezeke.
Video: nkhuku yolk mitundu

Kodi mtundu wa dzira yolks uyenera kukhala wotani?

Mazira abwino kwambiri omwe ali ndi thanzi labwino angakhale ndi mazira a chikasu chosiyanasiyana, chifukwa zimadalira kuchuluka kwa chakudya cha carotenoids. Ma antioxidants awa amathandiza kuti apange vitamini A, zomwe zimapangitsa mankhwalawa kukhala ofunikira thupi lathu.

Tikukulangizani kuti muwerenge za ubwino wa mazira a nkhuku ndi eggshell.

Carotenoids ndi mbali ya zigawo zotsatirazi za chakudya chophatikizidwa:

  • mitundu ya chimanga yachikasu;
  • kaloti;
  • ananyamuka m'chiuno;
  • chikondwa;
  • tomato;
  • udzu wobiriwira kapena olowa mmalo (alfalfa udzu chakudya).

Komanso, mdima wamdima umasonyeza zomwe zili m'ma fatty acids (Omega-3) ndi xanthophylls mwa iwo. Ngati nkhuku zimangoyamba kudya, nkhuku zimakhala zotumbululuka, ndipo zimakhala zochepa. Chifukwa chake, zakudya zabwino za mbalamezi zimakhala zabwino komanso zabwino, komanso zimakhala zowonjezera mtundu wa mazira a dzira, komanso zinthu zamtengo wapatali zomwe ali nazo.

Kodi n'zotheka kudya mazira ndi masamba obiriwira?

Ngati mupeza kuti nkhuku zanu zimanyamula mazira ndi zobiriwira, kapena mutagula mazira otere mu sitolo, ndiye bwino kuti musadye zakudya zimenezi.

Mukudziwa? Ngati mukuphika mazira otukuka pa dzira limodzi la nthiwatiwa, ndiye kuti lidzakhala ndi liwu lofanana ndi mazira otsekemera ochokera mazira 25 a nkhuku.

Bwanji ngati nkhuku zinkanyamula mazira ndi zobiriwira yolk

Choyamba muyenera kufufuza ngati nkhuku zonse zinayamba kupereka mazira ndi matendawa kapena anthu okhaokha. Kenaka ndibwino kupereka mazira otero kuti afufuze. Kuti mupeze yankho lolondola pa zomwe zimayambitsa zochitikazi, ndibwino kuti muyanjane ndi labotale ya zofufuzira zamankhwala ndi kuyesera kwaukhondo.

Zifukwa za kukana

Kujambula zofiira mumthunzi wobiriwira kungasonyeze izi:

  1. Nkhuku zimapatsidwa chakudya ndi mitundu yobiriwira.
  2. Matenda a chiwindi a nkhuku.
  3. Ukalamba wa zigawo.
  4. Kusaleka kusungira mazira kapena kuwonongeka kwa zipolopolo zawo, chifukwa cha zinthu zovulaza zomwe zimayamwa.
  5. Kutsekemera mazira ndi mchere wambiri wambiri.
Mwinamwake mukufunitsitsa kuwerenga za chifukwa chake mazira a yolk awiri amatulutsidwa, chifukwa chiyani magazi ali ndi nkhuku, momwe angayang'anire mazira atsopano panyumba, ndi momwe angaferekere mazira a nkhuku molondola.

Pachifukwachi, zobiriwira zobiriwira zimapezeka mumagulu, chifukwa cha magulu osiyanasiyana a mabakiteriya Pseudomonas. Kawirikawiri, mabakiteriyawa ali m'matumbo a nkhuku zotsalira zomwe zimatsalira pa dzira la dzira. Chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa chinyezi kuchokera pamwamba pa chipolopolo, putrefactive bacilli mwaulere amalowa mu mazira ndipo amayamba kuchulukana mofulumira kumeneko, kutulutsa zinthu zobiriwira. Komanso, mtundu wobiriwira ukhoza kuwonekera chifukwa cha chitukuko cha Staph aureus mkati mwa bacilli.

Momwe mungabweretse yolk kumbuyo

Nazi malingaliro othandizira kuthetsa zifukwa za vutoli:

  1. Ngati atsimikiziridwa kuti chifukwa cha mtundu wosaoneka wa yolk chinali zakudya, zomwe zimaphatikizapo mtundu wa utoto wobiriwira, ndi bwino kuyambiranso kudya zakudya za nkhuku ndi kuthetsa chakudya choterocho.
  2. Ngati matenda a tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi matenda ena, tifunika kukaonana ndi katswiri wa ziweto, yemwe adzadziwe kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timakhudza bwanji mbalame, ndipo timapereka mankhwala othandiza.
    Pezani mankhwala omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga nkhuku.
  3. Ngati m'badwo wa nkhuku unayambitsa mtundu wa green yolk, ndiye kuti vutoli likhoza kuthetsedwa ndi kukonzanso anthu okalamba ndi achinyamata.
  4. Ndikofunika kusunga ndondomeko ndi kusungirako mankhwala: mu malo amdima, owuma, ozizira, nthawi zonse kutentha kuchokera 0 mpaka 20 ° С, kupeŵa kusiyana kwakukulu kwa kutentha. Moyo wamapiri - masiku 25.

Kuteteza matenda opangitsa mtundu wa yolk

Nazi njira zina zothandizira kupewa matendawa:

  1. Katemera. Poopsya kufalikira kwa matenda a tizilombo, ndikofunika kupereka mbalame nthawi zonse katemera ndi katemera wotetezeka, kenako nkhuku zowatemera zidzakhala ndi chitetezo champhamvu.
  2. Kusayera kovuta. Pofuna kupewa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, tipewe matenda a mazira ndi mabakiteriya ndi tizilombo tizilombo toyambitsa matenda komanso tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda komanso tizilombo toyenera.
    Werengani zambiri zokhudza momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito mankhwala a nkhuku.
  3. Mkhalidwe wabwino wa kundende. Sitingalole kuti dera lalikulu likhale ndi mbalame zambiri. Chipinda momwe nkhuku zimasungidwira zikhale zazikulu komanso zowonjezera mpweya wabwino.
  4. Kutaya nthawi kwa anthu akufa. Mbalame zakufa zimafunika kuwotcha kapena kuziika mozama, kuziwombera ndi kufulumizitsa.
Ndikofunikira! Amafunika onjezerani mu chakudya zigawo za miyala yabwino kwambiri kuti mimba yake imitseke bwino.

Malamulo a Zakudya zapamwamba kwambiri za dzira

Kuonjezera kupanga mazira, muyenera kudziwa malamulo odyetsera nkhuku:

  1. Nthawi zonse kudya ndi yunifolomu. Nkhuku ziyenera kudyetsedwa kawiri pa tsiku: m'mawa ndi madzulo. Kudyetsa mmawa kumachitika mwamsanga pambuyo pa kuwuka kwa mbalame - amapereka chonyowa phala (yophika mbatata yosakanizidwa ndi nthaka ya tirigu, chinangwa, chinyalala cha eggshell, mchere ndi kakhitchini). Madzulo, ziweto zimayenera kudyetsa mbewu zonse ola limodzi lisanayambe kugona. Madzulo aliwonse akudyetsa, ndizofunikira kupereka mbewu ya mtundu wina (lero - oats, mawa - balere, tsiku lotsatira - tirigu, etc.).
    Tikukulimbikitsani kuwerenga za momwe mungapangire chakudya cha nkhuku, kudyetsa komwe mukufunikira kudyetsa nkhuku zowonongeka patsiku, ngati mungathe kuwonjezera chakudya ndi nkhuku, komanso mavitamini omwe amafunika kuti azipanga.

  2. Mtundu wodyetsa. Mazira abwino kwambiri angapangidwe kokha ngati nkhuku imakhala ndi zakudya zambiri: mapuloteni, salt, mchere, mafuta, mavitamini. Amachokera ku tirigu, nyongolosi ya tirigu, yisiti, bran, masamba, mizu ya mbewu, zinyalala za nyama, kanyumba tchizi, komanso vitamini ndi mchere wambiri.
  3. Kudyetsa mitengo. Ndikofunikira kuwerengera bwino zakudya zoyenera kudya, poganizira zochitika zenizeni za nkhuku: kulemera kwake kwa nkhuku ndi dzira lake, kudyetsa kudya kudzadya. Mwachitsanzo, nkhuku yomwe imakhala yolemera makilogalamu 1.8 imatenga mazira 100 pa chaka, chakudya choyenera tsiku lililonse sichiyenera kupitirira 125 g.Koma nkhuku zowonjezera (2 makilogalamu) ndi nkhuku yomweyo, nkhuku ifunika 135 g kale 250 g onjezerani 10 g chakudya). Kuwonjezera pamenepo, kwa mazira 30-35 aliwonse oposa 100, kuchuluka kwa chakudya kumawonjezeka ndi 5 magalamu.

Ndikofunikira! Zakudya zodyetsa zimakhudzidwa ndi nyengo ndi zaka zazing'ono: m'nyengo yozizira, kusowa kwa chakudya kumawonjezeka, ndipo nkhuku zowonjezera zowonjezera zimafunikira.
Pomalizira, onjezerani - ngati mutapeza kusintha kwa mtundu wa nkhuku yolk kwachilendo, ndiye kuti musadye zakudya zoterozo ndipo funani malangizo kwa veterinarian.

Mukudziwa? Ku United States mu 1910, mbiriyi idakhazikitsidwa kuti idye mazira owiritsa: munthu adadya zidutswa 144 panthawi imodzi. Monga lero, mbiri iyi siinayambe yathyoledwa ndi aliyense, ngakhale kuyesayesa kwapangidwa mobwerezabwereza.
Ndikoyenera kukumbukira kuti poyang'anira nkhuku ndikofunika kutsatira miyezo yoyenera yaukhondo ndi kudyetsa boma, kupereka chakudya chapamwamba kuti chisamalire zolakwika ndi zofooka zilizonse: ziweto ndi mazira omwe amapanga.

Mayankho ochokera ku intaneti

Mazira si abwino kwambiri, choncho ali obiriwira. Mwa njira, pali lamulo losavomerezeka loletsa filimu yobiriwira: 1. Musaphike mazira kwa nthawi yayitali - mphindi zisanu zikwanira! 2. Nthawi yomweyo mukatha kuphika kuti muzizizira pansi pa madzi ozizira, mwa njirayi, izi zidzakhala zosavuta kuyeretsa.
Julia_Julia
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Gulu-chikasu yolk chingakhale, ngati dzira lakale liri yophika kwa nthawi yayitali. Ngati dzira lili latsopano, ndiye kachilombo kapena mabakiteriya. Mazira ameneŵa ndi owopsa kudya.
Olamulira
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