Matenda a Indo kunyumba ndi mankhwala awo

Mivi ya Indo ndi nkhuku yotchuka chifukwa cha kuphweka kwawo, kupindula mofulumira ndi nyama zakufa. Koma mbalamezi zimakhalanso ndi zofooka, mwachitsanzo, chiwerengero cha matenda ena. Nkhaniyi ikunena za matenda omwe mbalamezi zimawoneka, komanso njira zomwe amachitira ndi kupewa.

Matenda osatetezeka

Nthawi zambiri, mavuto a umoyo wa indoutok amayamba chifukwa chosowa mavitamini, ndipo zizindikiro ndi momwe matendawa amasiyasiyana ngati pali kusowa kwa chinthu chimodzi kapena phindu. Matenda osagwiritsidwa ntchito mwa mbalamezi amachokera ku kusasunga zikhalidwe zomangidwa, zakudya zoperewera, komanso kusamalidwa bwino.

Avitaminosis A

Zizindikiro Kuperewera kwa vitamini uku kumawonetsedwa mwa abakha motere:

  • mapayala otumbululuka, khungu ndi mlomo;
  • nthenga zaphwanyika;
  • Kuchita mazira kumachepetsedwa kwambiri;
  • palibe chilakolako;
  • conjunctivitis ndi misozi yambiri;
  • chiwonetsero;
  • kukula kwa mbalame kumachepetsanso;
  • Makopidi amasanduka wowawasa.
Chithandizo. Monga mankhwala, tikulimbikitsidwa kugwiritsa ntchito nsomba za mafuta, ziyenera kuperekedwa kwa mbalame 2-3 madontho patsiku, ndipo nthawi ya maphunziro iyenera kukhala osachepera masiku 14. Omega-acid amatithandiza kulimbitsa thupi ndi kusintha khungu. M'madyerero a ziweto, muyenera kuwonjezera mankhwala omwe ali ndi zakudya zambiri.

Mukudziwa? Pa miyendo ya abakha kumeneko palibe mapeto a mitsempha ndi zitsulo, zomwe zimawalola kuti azitha kudutsa mu chisanu ndi ayezi, popanda kuvutika.

Kupewa. Monga njira yothandizira, muyenera kuyang'anitsitsa nthawi zonse chakudya cha mbalame ndikuonetsetsa kuti alandira zakudya zokwanira. Mafuta a zitsamba, zitsamba zatsopano, kaloti, duckweed ndi algae, monga kololistnik, ayenera kuphatikizidwa pazomwe amadya tsiku ndi tsiku.

Avitaminosis B

Zizindikiro Kuperewera kwa mavitamini a B kumabweretsa chisokonezo cha mitsempha ya nkhuku, nkhuku imawonekera mwa mawonekedwe a:

  • kufooka;
  • kugunda;
  • kukula;
  • abakha akuponya mitu yawo;
  • magazi;
  • zidutswa za m'mapazi;
  • kusowa kwa njala;
  • kuchepetsa kapena kusapezeka kwa dzira.

Nkhuku zoumba nkhuku zimapeza kuti zimathandiza kudzidziwitsa okha ndizovuta zonse zobzala ana a Indo kunyumba, makamaka ndi malamulo oyenera kukhala ndi chipinda cha kukula kwa abakha a musk.

Chithandizo. Pofuna kuthetsa vutoli, muyenera kusintha mndandanda wa abakha. Mu zakudya zawo, payenera kukhala ndi mavitamini ambiri a gululi, ndipo nkhokwe zawo zikhoza kudzazidwa ndi yisiti, mandimu, masamba, mbewu, mkaka, yogurt, kirimu wowawasa, fupa kapena nsomba.

Kupewa. Chakudya choyenera ndi chosiyana ndi njira yabwino yopezera kuchepa kwa vitamini B.

Vitamini D

Zizindikiro Kuperewera kwa vitamini D mu thupi la mbalame kumapangitsa kuti kuphwanya kwa mchere kusagwiritsidwe ntchito komanso kumabweretsa mavuto. Ikhoza kudziwika ndi zizindikiro zotsatirazi:

  • mbalame zimatuluka pambuyo pa kukula;
  • Mlomo ndi mafupa zimachepa;
  • paws zofooka;
  • eggshell imakhala yofewa.

Ndikofunikira! Kuwonjezera pa vitamini D kungasokoneze thanzi la mbalame, kupangitsa kukhala ndi mchere wogwira ntchito komanso kuuma kwa eggshell. Pankhani imeneyi, m'pofunika kuti mukhale ndi zakudya zowonjezera.

Chithandizo. Kuthetsa vuto ndilofunikira pakukonza chakudya ndi zinthu zomwe zili m'ndende. Mafuta a nsomba, yisiti, zipolopolo, choko, gypsamu, chakudya cha nsomba ndi mchere zimayenera kupezeka mu zakudya za nkhuku. Ndikofunika kuwonjezera nthawi yakuyenda kapena kukonza nyumba ndi nyali za UV zomwe ziyenera kugwira ntchito maola 6 pa tsiku. Kupewa. Njira zothetsera zithupsa kufunika koti ndizofunikira kupereka nthawi yopuma yokha yopita kunja kapena kuunikira kwina ku nyumba ya nkhuku. Komanso m'pofunika kumvetsera zakudya za mbalame ndikuyendetsa zakudya zofunikira.

Avitaminosis E

Zizindikiro Kulephera kwa vitamini iyi kumawonetsera motere:

  • mtima wopepuka;
  • abakha amabisala maso awo;
  • kusowa kwa njala;
  • zovuta zowonongeka zimachitika;
  • Musati muike mazira.
Chithandizo. N'zotheka kubwezeretsa nkhokwe zomwe zimapindulitsa m'thupi la mbalame mothandizidwa ndi madontho a "Tocopherol", ndikulimbikitsidwa kuti muwapatse 1 dontho la madontho omwe ali mkati mwa chakudya.

Kupewa. Pofuna kupewa vutoli, m'pofunika kuyika tirigu, udzu wochepetsedwa ndi mkaka m'magulu a ziweto.

Cloacite

Zizindikiro Kuperewera kwa zinthu zopindulitsa kungayambitse kutupa kwa ntchentche mu cloaca mukazi. Matendawa amadziwonetsera motere:

  • kusowa kwa dzira-kuika;
  • kuipitsidwa kwa chivundikiro cha nthenga mu anus;
  • zilonda ndi zokhumudwitsa m'dera la cloaca.

Mukudziwa? Amwenye adalima musk kapena amachotsedwa. Pambuyo popeza America, idabweretsedwa ku Ulaya, ndiyeno ku maiko ena, ndipo idakalibe bwino m'madera osiyanasiyana a dziko lapansili. Kutchuka kwawo kumachitika chifukwa chodzichepetsa komanso kuti nyama ya abakha ndi yambiri kuposa yamba.

Chithandizo. Pofuna kuchotsa cloacite, m'pofunikira kusamba malo ozungulira anus ndi furacilin ndikuchiza ndi ayodini. Mucosa ayenera kuyeretsedwa kwathunthu ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo, ndipo pambuyo pokhapokha, mafuta a Streptocidal kapena Tetracycline amagwiritsidwa ntchito kumalo a cloaca. Kupewa. Monga njira yothandizira, ndikofunikira kuti muyambe kuyendetsa zakudya za mbalame, chakudyacho chiyenera kukhala ndi ma vitamini A, E ndi D, komanso minerals. Tikulimbikitsidwa kuti tiike zitsulo ndi zipolopolo m'malo oyendamo ndikupereka njira zamadzi zonse.

Yolk peritonitis

Zizindikiro Zizindikiro zazikulu za kutupa m'mimba mwa m'mimba ndi yolk peritonitis ndi:

  • chiwonetsero;
  • kukana chakudya;
  • malungo;
  • Amalowetsa mkati mwa cloaca;
  • Mazira akuchepetsedwa.
Chithandizo. Sizingatheke kuchiza mbalame yodwala, imamwalira mkati mwa sabata.

Werengani za miyezi ingati ndi bwino kudula mpira wa nyama kuti ukhale nyama.

Kupewa. Zina mwazitsulo ndi izi:

  • zakudyazi ziyenera kukhala zosiyanasiyana ndipo zimakhala ndi mavitamini ambiri ndi minerals;
  • Zinyama ziyenera kupatsidwa nyumba yotentha;
  • Aloleni kuti azipita kumalo otentha komanso ozizira.

Esophagus occlusion

Zizindikiro Mbalame zofuna chidwi zomwe zimakhala ndi chilakolako chofuna kudya, zimatha kudya chinthu chachikulu kwambiri, ndipo izi zimachititsa kuti mbalamezo zisamayende bwino. Mungathe kuzindikira izi ndi mfundo yakuti:

  • goiter amaumitsa abakha;
  • iwo amakhala othawa ndi ofooka;
  • kukana chakudya.
Chithandizo. Vuto likhoza kuthetsedwa kokha kupyolera mu opaleshoni pamene thupi lachilendo lichotsedwa.

Kupewa. Pofuna kuteteza kusokoneza kwa dothi, muyenera kuchotsa malo oti muziyenda kuchokera ku zinthu zomwe zingakhale zoopsa kwa mbalameyi.

Qatar goiter

Zizindikiro Zitha kuchitika chifukwa cha kudyetsa ndi kusamalidwa kosayenera, ndiko kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osakaniza ndi ofedible. Chiwonetsero cha catarrh chikupezeka mu indoutok motere:

  • mbalameyo imakhala yopuma;
  • goiter swells;
  • khosi liri pamalo otalika;
  • Chinthu chokhala ndi fungo losasangalatsa chimatulutsidwa kuchokera kumlomo.
Chithandizo. Ndi bwino kuyambitsa chithandizo mwamsanga, chifukwa chaichi mbalame imatengedwa ndi paws ndipo imatembenuzidwa pamutu, motero, chimatsitsimutso chimapezeka. Kwa maola 24 otsatirawa, mbalame sayenera kupatsidwa chakudya, koma iyenera kuperekedwa mowa kwambiri. Ndikoyenera kukonzekera 0,5% yankho la hydrochloric acid ndikulipereka nthawi zonse.

Patapita tsiku, muyenera kudyetsa bakha ndi madzi ozizira ndikugwiritsanso ntchito zakudyazi kwa masiku osachepera atatu. Kupewa. Dyetsa kwa indoutok ndithudi idzakhala yunifolomu ndi yofewa. Muyenera kupewa kupewa kumeza miyala ndi zinthu zina zakunja, muyenera kuzichotsa pamene mukukonzekera malo a mbalame zoyenda.

Gwirizitsani kuti kuti mukhalebe ndi thanzi labwino ndi chitukuko chawo, muyenera kutsatira malamulo ena ndi zakudya zoyenera kudya.

Kugonana

Zizindikiro Iwonetsedwa mwa mawonekedwe a:

  • kulavulaza anzawo;
  • Lembani nthenga nthano kuchokera kwa wina ndi mzake.
Chithandizo. Anthu omwe amasonyeza nkhanza amatumizidwa kukaphedwa. Okhudzidwa ayenera kupatsidwa zitsulo zouma komanso chakudya chokwanira.

Kupewa. Pofuna kuteteza kuti anthu azidya nyama zamphongo, muyenera kupereka zinyama zanu zosiyanasiyana ndi zinthu zambiri zothandiza, kuyenda tsiku ndi tsiku, komanso kuyang'ana mlingo wa chinyezi m'nyumba.

Chakudya chakupha

Zizindikiro Kugwiritsira ntchito khalidwe losauka, kutayika kapena poizoni chakudya kungayambitse matenda. Zizindikiro zazikulu za poizoni wa chakudya ndi:

  • chiwonetsero;
  • kutsegula m'mimba kapena, kutanthauza, kudzimbidwa mu mbalame;
  • kukumbirani.

Ndikofunikira! Kawirikawiri, koma chizindikiro chotheka cha poizoni chakudya cha bakha chikugwedezeka.

Chithandizo. Odwala omwe ali ndi mankhwala opatsirana monga mankhwala ayenera kuperekedwa mowa kwambiri, komanso ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo. Izi zikhoza kupangidwa ndi mpweya, womwe umaphatikizidwa m'madzi otentha, kapena malasha kuphatikizapo magnesium sulphate, zomwe zimaphatikizidwa zimasakanikirana ndi mlingo wa 10ml wa magnesiamu pa 0,5 g wamakala. Kuika mpweya, kuchepetsedwa m'madzi Mlingo wapangidwa kuti ukhale wolemera makilogalamu imodzi, motero, umayenera kuwonjezeka malingana ndi utoto wa indoutink.

Kupewa. Mbalame ziyenera kupatsidwa zakudya zatsopano, zosiyanasiyana komanso zapamwamba.

Werengani za momwe mungasiyanitse mwamuna ndi mkazi wa Indoot.

Matenda opatsirana

Zowopsa kwambiri ndi matenda omwe angabweretse mavuto aakulu ku thanzi labwino. Vutoli limakhalanso chifukwa chakuti matenda amenewa akhoza kukhala owopsa, kuphatikizapo anthu. Makamaka omwe ali pachiopsezo, kutanthauza ana, anthu okalamba komanso anthu omwe ali ndi chitetezo champhamvu.

Chiwindi cha chiwindi

Zizindikiro Matenda a chiwindi a chiwindi kapena a hepatitis amapezeka mwa mbalame kwambiri ndipo amatsatiridwa ndi zizindikiro zotsatirazi:

  • zovuta ndi zofooka;
  • mutu ndi mapiko akuchepetsedwa;
  • kupuma n'kovuta;
  • m'magulu otsiriza, mbalame zodwala zimagwa pambali pawo ndipo zimakhala zofooka.
Chithandizo. Madokotala okha owona za zinyama amatha kupeza matenda a chiwindi ndi kutumiza chithandizochi; nthawi zonse mankhwalawa amaphatikizapo maantibayotiki. Koma mlingo wawo komanso mafupipafupi a mautumiki akhoza kungotumizidwa ndi katswiri atatsimikiziridwa kuti ali ndi matendawa.

Kupewa. Nkhosa zambiri zimadwala matendawa, kotero kuti mankhwala osokoneza bongo amatha kusokoneza nyumbayo kuchokera ku tizirombo komanso kukhala ndi chiyero ndi ukhondo. Nkhuku zowopsya ziyenera kusungidwa, ndikuphika mafuta, Tetracycline ndi Biomitsin ayenera kupatsidwa thanzi labwino.

Ndikofunikira! Matendawa amachititsa kuti ziweto zikhale zovuta kwambiri ndipo amatha msanga kwambiri kuti abakha afe m'maola angapo. Mitembo ya zinyama zomwe zimayambitsa imfa zakhala zikuwotchedwa.

Coccidiosis

Kuopsa kwa matendawa kumakhalapo chifukwa chakuti makina ake a caccidia amakhalabe ndi moyo kwa nthawi yayitali ndipo amatha kukhala ndi vuto kulikonse. Zimanyamulidwa ndi mbalame zakutchire, zimasungidwa kwa nthawi yayitali mu zinyalala za anthu odwala komanso pamwamba pa zomera zomwe akhala akubadwira. Zizindikiro Zizindikiro zazikulu za coccidiosis ndi izi:

  • Kutsekula m'mimba, magazi ndi mafinya omwe alipo mu mpando;
  • boma lopsinjika;
  • kukana chakudya;
  • kulemera
Kwenikweni, ziweto zazing'ono zimadwala matendawa, anthu omwe ali ndi zaka ziwiri kapena ziwiri.

Zingakhale zothandiza kwa inu kuti mudziwe ngati mazira amayamba kunyamula mazira, komanso malamulo oti azisamalire kunyumba.

Chithandizo. Mankhwala ayenera kuyambika pamene zizindikiro zoyamba zimapezeka, chifukwa matenda osasamalidwa akhoza kuchiritsidwa kwambiri, ndipo nthawi zambiri amachititsa mavuto monga kudula paws ndi mapiko. Mankhwala ogwira mtima kwambiri a coccidiosis ndi Dexx, Kaidil, Coccidin, Dialen, Baikoks, Sakoks, mlingo ndi nthawi ya mautumiki amadziwika molingana ndi zaka ndi kulemera kwa anapiye. Kupewa. Pofuna kuteteza matenda, m'pofunikanso kuteteza njira zingapo, monga:

  • muli ndi akulu ndi nkhuku padera,
  • mbalame zodwala ziyenera kukhala zogawanika;
  • Khalani oyera komanso nthawi zonse musamatsitsire mankhwala m'nyumbayi.

Monga njira yothandizira, Sidfadimezin amaperekedwa kwa Indo-Takes pa mlingo wa 40 mg wa mankhwala pa kg makilogalamu a kulemera kwa mbalame.

Paratyphoid fever (salmonellosis)

Chimodzi mwa matenda opatsirana owopsa kwambiri kwa indoutok. Pamene kuphulika kwa salmonellosis kumachitika, ambiri aang'ono amatha kufa, ndipo ndi mbalame zazing'ono zomwe nthawi zambiri zimatenga salmonella. Nkhumba zimakhala ndi chiwindi chachikulu cha paratyphoid, akuluakulu amatha kutenga kachilombo ka HIV, koma matendawa ndi aakulu.

Zizindikiro Nkhumba ziri ndi zizindikiro zotsatirazi:

  • kusowa kudya;
  • ludzu;
  • matenda amanjenje;
  • kutsekula m'mimba;
  • conjunctivitis.
Nervous System Disorder in Ducks Ducks Salmonellosis amapezeka mosavuta kwa anthu achikulire, nthawi zina zimakhala zofanana ndi ziweto zazing'ono, ndipo nthawi zina sizipezeka.

Chithandizo. Mbalame zimatha kuchiritsidwa ndi mankhwala amphamvu kwambiri; katswiri wamatenda yekha amakhoza kupereka mlingo ndi nthawi ya maphunzirowo.

Ndikofunikira! Ndikofunika kusamalira abakha odwala ndi kusamala ndi kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zoteteza, popeza paratyphoid imamva zoopsa kwa anthu.
Kupewa. Kuti mbalame zisagwire salmonellosis, nkofunika kukhalabe aukhondo mu bakha ndipo nthawi zonse zimakhala ndi mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Pasteurellosis (kolera)

Kutenga ndi kolera kungabwere chifukwa cha chakudya, madzi, kulumidwa ndi tizilombo, kukhudzana ndi nyama zomwe zili ndi kachilombo, ndi zina zotero. Zizindikiro Zizindikiro zazikulu za kolera ndi:

  • kusowa kwa njala;
  • ludzu;
  • zinyama ndi zofooka mu mbalame;
  • zida zotayirira ndi maziza;
  • malungo;
  • kutupa kwa ziwalo za m'mapazi.
Chithandizo. Palibe mankhwala othandiza kolera. Mitembo ya nyama zakufa inatenthedwa.

Mukudziwa? Mitundu ya Mulard yokhazikika, imene inakhazikitsidwa pamene Peking ndi Indo-abakha akuwoloka, zimasungidwa mu mdima ndipo zimadetsedwa kwambiri kuti chiwindi chikhale ndi foie gras.

Kupewa. Pofuna kuteteza kuphulika kwa pasteurellosis, nkofunika kukhalabe aukhondo m'nyumba, kuyang'anira ukhondo wa abakha, komanso kupeĊµa kukhudzana ndi nyama zowonongeka.

Matenda a parasitic

Kawirikawiri, chifukwa cha zakudya zopanda phindu ndi zakumwa, abakha amawopsa ndi mphutsi kapena mphutsi. Mafinya amathera mu oviduct, m'mimba komanso m'mimba.

Zizindikiro Zizindikiro zazikulu za kukhalapo kwawo ndi izi:

  • kupweteka kwakukulu kwa mbalame;
  • kutha kwa mazira;
  • kukana chakudya.
Chithandizo. Chotsani tizilomboti tithandizire mankhwala ngati awa, mwachitsanzo, "Albendazole." Mapiritsi akuwonjezeka ku chakudya pa mlingo wa 35 mg wa mankhwala pa 30-40 makilogalamu a kulemera kwa indoutok. Iyenera kutengedwa kuchokera masiku awiri mpaka atatu. Mu mankhwala amtundu, anyezi, adyo ndi singano amagwiritsidwa ntchito, zomwe zimaphatikizidwanso ku nkhuku chakudya. Kupewa. Njira zowonetsetsa kuti ndizofunika kuchepetsa kuyanjana ndi nyama zowonongeka ndipo nthawi zonse zimasokoneza nyumbayo. Mbalame zodwala n'zosalekanitsa.

Ndikofunikira! Kuchokera pamtima ndi chiwindi, indoutok imapanga mankhwala oteteza tizilombo toyambitsa matenda "Oscillococcinum". Mankhwalawa ndi a homeopathic, ndipo angagwiritsidwe ntchito popewera chimfine ndi pachimake matenda opatsirana ndi tizilombo, ngakhale kwa ana, odyera komanso amayi oyembekezera ndi okalamba.
Tsopano mukudziwa zomwe matendawa amakhudzidwa ndi momwe angakonzekerere bwino chithandizo chawo. Kuchokera pamwambapa, zikhoza kutheka kuti zakudya ndi ziweto za nkhuku ziyenera kuyang'aniridwa nthawi zonse pofuna kupewa matenda ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda zomwe zingasokoneze thanzi la mbalame.

Video: matenda a musk bakha, kupewa