Chiyambi ndi mbiri ya nkhuku

Nkhuku, ndithudi, ndi yofala kwambiri mbalame zam'mlengalenga, zomwe zikukula mofulumira padziko lonse lapansi. Masiku ano zimakhala zovuta kulingalira nyama iyi yomwe ikukhala kuthengo. Ndipo sizosadabwitsa, chifukwa amakhulupirira kuti nkhuku ndilo cholengedwa choyamba chimene munthu adatha kuchigwiritsa ntchito. Ndizosangalatsa kwambiri kupeza momwe ubale pakati pa mwamuna ndi umodzi mwa zikuluzikulu zake zam'mimba zimayambira ndipo unayambika kwa zaka mazana ambiri - izi zikuwonjezeranso m'nkhaniyi.

Chiyambi ndi mbiri ya nkhuku

Sayansi yamakono sidziŵa kuti nkhuku zimayamba bwanji. Poyamba, kunali mwambo kunena kuti izi zinachitika pafupifupi zaka zikwi zinayi zapitazo, kenako deta inaonekera yomwe inalola kuti nthawiyi ifike kumapeto kwa zaka chikwi chachinai BC, ndipo lero asayansi amaganiza kuti nkhukuyi idalimbikitsidwa kwa zaka zisanu ndi zitatu kapena khumi. !

Makolo achilengedwe

Zimakhulupirira kuti makolo a onse omwe alipo omwe ali osanjikiza ali nkhuku zofiirawotchedwanso zilombo za bankivans (Dzina lachilatini "Gallus gallus", kapena "Gallus bankiva"). Mbalamezi ndizilombo zakutchire ndipo zimapezeka kudera lakumwera chakum'maŵa kwa Asia, makamaka ku India, Myanmar (Burma), ku Malacca peninsula ndi pachilumba cha Sumatra, kukonda nkhalango zam'mapiri ndi zitsamba zakuda zitsamba. Gallus gallus Mbalamezi ndizochepa (kukula kwa amuna sizingapitirire 1.2 makilogalamu, zigawo zolemera 500 g kapena pang'ono), ntchentche bwino, chisa pansi ndikukhala ndi mantha. Mu mitundu yawo, kawirikawiri mikwingwirima yakuda imakhala yofiira kapena golide, yomwe imakhala yofanana kwambiri ndi nkhuku za ku Italy zotsalira, zomwe zimatchedwanso brown brown. Ng'ombe za Banki Kwa nthawi yoyamba, Gallus gallus adatchulidwa ngati kholo la nkhuku yodyerako, Erasmus Darwin, yemwe mdzukulu wathu tonse timadziwa kuti ndi amene analemba zozizwitsa zamoyo, ndipo anabwereza kuganiza kwa agogo ake mu bukhu lake "Changing Animals and Plants in Home Condition" (1868).

Mukudziwa? Zimakhulupirira kuti mbiri ya mbalame inayamba pafupi zaka 90 miliyoni zapitazo, ndipo mbalame zoyamba zinali ndi mano omwe analowetsedwa ndi mulomo wamakono zaka makumi atatu pambuyo pake!

Kuwonjezera pa zofiira, pali mitundu itatu ya nkhuku zowirira - imvi, Ceylon ndi zobiriwira, ndipo mpaka posachedwa zimaganizidwa kuti makolo athu amagwiritsa ntchito Gallus gallus kuti aziwombola. Gallus sonneratii Komabe, kafukufuku waposachedwa akuyitanitsa funso ili. Kotero, mu 2008, asayansi ochokera ku yunivesite ya Uppsala adatsimikizira kuti pofanana ndi maonekedwe a nkhuku zapakhomo kwa Gallus gallus, imodzi mwa majini imayandikira kwambiri mitundu yofiira ya m'nkhalango. Kuchokera pano, kuganiza kochititsa chidwi kuti nkhuku zamakono ndi mbeu ya mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya nkhuku za m'nkhalango. Mwinamwake, Gallus gallus yosiyanasiyana anaitenga, kenako anawoloka ndi Gallus sonneratii (nkhuku zakuda).

Video: Gallus gallus mabenki

Nthawi ndi malo odyetserako zoweta

Popeza zizindikiro zonse zakunja ndi khalidwe la nkhuku zamakono siziri zosiyana kwambiri ndi makolo awo, mwachiwonekere, mwamunayo sanafunikire kugwira ntchito mwakhama, kumusamalira woimira mbalameyi.

Ndondomekoyi inayamba, kuweruza ndi Gallus gallus, kwinakwake Asia. Palibe lingaliro limodzi pokhapokha pa tsiku lenileni (kapena osachepera) lomwe likuyendetsa mbalameyi, koma ngakhale ngati ilo linkachitika pang'onopang'ono, kufalikira kuchokera ku malo amodzi ku dziko lonse lapansi, kapena kufanana ndi malo osiyana. Choncho, akatswiri ofufuza zinthu zakale anapeza zinyama za nkhuku zapakhomo pa chilumbachi Hindustan - amadziwika kuti ayamba kumayambiriro kwa zaka 2 BC, pomwe a Chinese amapeza kwambiri akale - ali pafupi zaka zikwi zisanu (ngakhale kuti deta ili kale ikufunsidwa lero). Ndipo kumapeto kwa zaka makumi awiri mphambu makumi awiri mphambu makumi awiri (100), anthu ambiri amanena kuti dziko lakale la nkhuku ndilo Thailand.

Ndikofunikira! Zikuoneka kuti nkhuku zimakhala zikuchitika m'malo amodzi mosiyana. Pali malo okwana asanu ndi anayi lero, ndipo ali m'madera osiyanasiyana a Southeast Asia ndi Indian Subcontinent.

Komabe, mbiri ya mbalame zam'madzi imakhala ndi chinsinsi komanso chifukwa chakuti, masiku ano Gallus gallus ayamba kale kuyang'ana maonekedwe awo chifukwa cha kusamalidwa kwawo kosalekeza ndi nkhuku zowakomera. Engraving ndi Francis Barlow (1626-1704) Koma lero zowona kuti zoweta zapakhomo zimachitika posankha mbalame zazikulu kwambiri zakutchire ndi kudutsa pakati pawo zimayesedwa zodalirika. Kupeza kumeneku kunachititsa kuti nkhuku zidziwe bwino kwambiri kuposa ma nyama a nyama zakutchire.

Kufalitsa nkhuku

Kuchokera kum'mwera chakum'mawa kwa Asia, nkhuku zoweta zikufalikira pang'onopang'ono padziko lonse. Mwinamwake, mbalamezo zimagunda koyamba Middle Eastmakamaka ku Mesopotamia, Egypt ndi Syria.

N'zochititsa chidwi kuti m'mayikowa, mbalame yodabwitsa siinali chakudya koma ngati nyama yopatulika. Mafanizo a zinyama anapezeka m'manda a afiira a Aiguputo (makamaka Tutankhamen, amene anafa mu 1350 BC) komanso pa zipilala za Babulo.

Mukudziwa? Iwo anali Aigupto akale omwe anali a lingaliro la choyambira choyamba. Zoonadi, "mazira" oyambirira omwe amapanga mazira ndiwo anali ansembe, atumiki a Osiris. Koma m'nthaŵi yamdima ya zaka za m'ma Ages, izi zinkakhala zosiyana ndi zida za satana ndizoletsedwa ku imfa.

Chithunzi cha tambala, Korinto, V st. BC er M'nthaŵi zakale za nkhuku zidalowa mu gawolo Kale wakale. Mwinamwake, mu zaka V - VI zaka BC. er iwo anali kale kale kwambiri, ndipo, molingana ndi umboni wa wachigiriki wakale wachikondi Aristophanes, ntchitoyi inali yotsika mtengo ngakhale kwa osauka.

Komabe, Agiriki, omwe amadziwika kuti amakonda masewera, ankawona nkhuku makamaka ngati mbalame yowonongeka, kotero izo zinali kwa Arisene omwe zosangalatsa zosautsa, monga cockfighting, zimawonekera. Nkhondo yolimbana Phiri la Pompeii, National Archaeological Museum ku Naples

Malingana ndi nthano, mu 310 BC, panthawi yachangu cha Alexander Wamkulu mu India, kalonga wa Punjab adalipira mkulu wamkulu ndi ndalama zasiliva, pomwe tambala wamkulu anali ojambula kwambiri.

Panthawi imodzimodziyo, nkhuku zinawonekera m'mayikowa Central Asia - Khorezm, Margiana, Bactria ndi Sogdiana, kumene iwo ankapembedzedwanso poyamba monga nyama zopatulika, omvera abwino, odziwika ndi dzuwa ndi kutsutsa zionongeko za zoipa. Zowoneka kuti, malingaliro amenewa akugwirizana ndi mbali ya khalidwe la tambala ndi kulira kwachondomeko kuti alengeze kuyamba kwa tsiku latsopano, zomwe makolo athu amakhulupirira zamatsenga amazindikila ngati chizindikiro chopambana cha chigonjetso cha Kuwala pamwamba pa Mdima. Mafupa a nkhuku anapezedwa ndi akatswiri ofukula mabwinja m'manda akale a maikowa, omwe amatsindikanso mtima wosakhala ndi mimba kwa nyama iyi.

Kuchokera ku Girisi wakale ndi zigawo zake nkhuku zinalowa mu gawo lonselo Western Europekomanso mkati Kievan Rus. Edgar kuthamanga "Nkhuku ndi nkhuku zitatu" Mkhalidwe ndi mbiri ya kugonjetsa nkhuku ndi zovuta kwambiri Africa ndi America. Dziko lapansi lakuda, monga momwe talingaliridwe poyamba, linatsegukira mbalame chifukwa chothokoza ku Egypt, koma pali umboni wakuti izi zikanakhoza kuchitika kale kwambiri. Motero, malinga ndi chimodzi mwa Mabaibulowa, nkhuku za kudziko zinabwera ku Somalia ndi Arabia Peninsula kuchokera ku India, ndiko kuti, iwo adalowa ku continent osati pamtunda, koma ndi nyanja, ndipo izi zinachitika pafupi ndi zaka 2,000 BC.

Sizinali zotheka kukhazikitsa bwinobwino ngati nkhuku inabweretsedwa ku America ndi aSpanish kapena mbalame iyi "idapeza" Dziko Latsopano kale Columbus.

Nkhuku zoweta zosiyanasiyana

Kwa zaka zambirimbiri, pamene munthu amakoka nkhuku zowakomera, mitundu yambiri yosiyana ya mbalamezi inamera. Njira yokongoletsera ndi kumenyana kwa kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa mbadwa za Gallus gallus imasungidwabe, koma lero malo omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri kwa chinyama ndi mafakitale. Komabe, chifukwa mazira a nkhuku ndi otchuka kwambiri kusiyana ndi nyama monga zakudya malo akuluakulu atatu:

  • dzira;
  • nyama ndi dzira;
  • nyama.

Oimira mitundu iliyonse ya mbalamezi amasiyana mosiyana.

Dzidziwitse nokha ndi kuwerengera kwa dzira ndi nyama nkhuku.

Mitundu ya mazira

Chinthu chachikulu mu mtundu wa dzira - mazira okwera mazira. Pankhaniyi, ndikofunika kuti mazira omwe ali ndi nkhuku imodziyi adziwe chaka chonse, komanso mliri wa dzira (zaka za koyamba komanso nthawi yosungirako zokolola). Kuti akwaniritse magawo amenewa, wina ayenera kupereka makhalidwe ena omwe amayamikiridwa ndi nkhuku. Chifukwa chake, mitundu ya mazira imasiyanitsa:

  • kuyambira koyambirira kwa dzira - kawirikawiri miyezi 4-5;
  • nambala ya pachaka ya mazira kuchokera ku nkhuku imodzi imachokera ku 160 mpaka 365;
  • kukula kochepa;
  • kuwonjezereka kwa kuchuluka kwa chakudya komanso makamaka pa calcium mkati mwake (ndikofunikira kupanga mapangidwe a dzira, komanso kuikidwa mu dzira lokha);
  • chochita;
  • osalongosoka mwatsatanetsatane.

Zizindikiro za kunja kwa mitundu ya mazira, kuwonjezera pa kukula kwake kwazing'ono, ndizomwe zimakhala zazikulu kwambiri, komanso thupi lophweka ndi mapiko opangidwa bwino. Mitundu yodziwika kwambiri ya mazira ndi mitanda, zizindikiro zawo zazikulu zikuwonetsedwa patebulo:

Dzina la kubala Dziko lochokera Chiwerengero cha mazira Chiwerengero cha dzira lolemera Avereji zazikulu (kukula kwa tambala / nkhuku, kg)
AndalusiyaSpain190-220553,2-3,6/2,3-2,7
Chizungu cha RussiaUSSR220-25055-602-2,5/1,6-1,8
Chigawo cha ItalyItaly180-240602-3/1,5-2
HamburgGermany, UK, Holland220552-2,5/1,5-2
KampinskayaBelgium135-14555-601,8-2,6/1,5-2
LeggornItaly36555-582,3-2,6/1,5-2
Carpathian greensmillPoland (mwinamwake)180502,2-2,7/1,8-2,3
MinorcaSpain, Holland20056-593,2-4/2,7-3,6
Czech golideCzechoslovakia150-17054-572-2,5/1,6-2,2
HisexHolland300602,4-2,6/1,8-2

Amuna a araukan, ameraukan, legbar, uheilyuyu, maran, amatha kusangalatsa ndi mazira a mitundu yosiyanasiyana - kuchokera ku buluu ndi azitona ku chokoleti.

Mitundu ya mazira

Chinthu chachikulu cha miyalayi ndi njira yawo kusinthasintha. Mbalame zoterezi zimayenerera bwino minda yaing'ono, chifukwa zimatha kukhala ndi mazira atsopano komanso nyama yophika kwambiri patebulo. Nkhuku za nkhuku zimakhala zochepa pang'onopang'ono kusiyana ndi nyama, komabe kukula kwake nthawi zambiri zimaposa anzawo pamayendedwe a dzira. Mbali ina ya pafupifupi mitundu yonse ndi kuti nthawi zambiri imakhala "dzira", kusonyeza kukwiya komanso zovuta kwambiri zomwe zili muzitseke zatsekedwa. Mitundu yopambana kwambiri ndi mitanda ya nyama ndi mazira:

Dzina la kubala Dziko lochokera Chiwerengero cha mazira Chiwerengero cha dzira lolemera Avereji zazikulu (kukula kwa tambala / nkhuku, kg)
Kuchinsky zakaUSSR200603-3,8/2,3-2,6
Moscow wakudaUSSR180612,9-3/2,3-2,6
Silver AdlerUSSR170623,6-3,8/1,2-1,4
YerevanArmenia160572,9-3,2/1,9-2,1
Rhode chilumbaUSA170603,2-4/2,5-2,8
New HampshireUSA200653,9-4/2,5-2,9
SussexGreat Britain150-200602,9-3/2,3-2,5
AmroxGermany220604-4,5/3,3-3,5
HerculesRussia200-24060-706-6,5/3,3-3,7
PushkinskayaRussia220-27058-602,5-3/1,8-2
PlymouthUSA17055-504,8-5/3,3-3,6

Mukudziwa? Otsatira pa kudya nkhuku ndi Ayuda. Malingana ndi chiwerengero, aliyense wokhala mu Israeli amadya pafupifupi 67.9 makilogalamu a nyama iyi pachaka. Ku US, chiwerengerochi n'chochepa, koma 51,8 makilogalamu okha, ndipo ku Russia munthu wokwana 22.1 kg okha nkhuku pachaka amawerengedwa.

Mitundu ya nyama

Mitundu ya nkhuku ndi zazikulu. Zimakhala zolemetsa komanso zowonongeka, zimakhala ndizitsulo zazikulu komanso zofewa. Kawirikawiri mbalame zoterezi zimakhala zovuta kwambiri, siziwopseza, siziwopa anthu, sizikufuna kuti zikhale zovuta. Mitundu ya nyama siimangoyenda mofulumira monga mitundu ya mazira, koma chibadwa cha nkhuku mu nkhuku zakula bwino. Mitundu yambiri ya nyama ndi nkhuku ndi izi:

Dzina la kubala Dziko lochokera Chiwerengero cha mazira Chiwerengero cha dzira lolemera Avereji zazikulu (kukula kwa tambala / nkhuku, kg)
BramaUSA125604-4,5/3-3,5
Chimphona cha JerseyUSA18055-565-5,9/3,6-4,5
DorkingGreat Britain140654-4,5/3-3,5
CochinquinChina100-13550-605-5,5/4-4,5
ChimangaGreat Britain130-16056-603,5-4/3-3,3
MalinBelgium140-16053-654-5/3-4
OrpingtonGreat Britain160-18060-614-5/3-4
FireballFrance160-18055-584-4,5/3-3,5
LangshanChina100-11055-563,5-4/3-3,5
Mutu wakudaHungary20060-706-7/2,5-2,9
Foxy chickHungary250-300704-4,5/3,5-4

Palinso magulu ena a nkhuku - kukongoletsa (mwachitsanzo, silika, sybright, gudan, paduan, shabo, milfleur), kumenyana (chamo, sumatra, azil) ndi vociferous (jurlovskie).

Zokhutira ndi khalidwe

Mkhalidwe wa nkhuku zapakhomo zimadalira kwambiri mtunduwu. Kawirikawiri, tikukamba za mbalame yosadzichepetsa. Kwa iye, pafupifupi chipinda chilichonse chouma ndi choyera ndi choyenera. Nkhuku zowonongeka zimakhala ndi malo osungirako mwapadera kuposa ma phlegmatic beef congeners. Pachiyambi choyamba, m'pofunikira kupitiliza kuwona kuti pamtunda umodzi wa danga panalibe zoposa 2-3 nthenga zamphongom'chiwiri amatha kupeza malo kwa anthu 3-5. Nthenda za mazira sizimangokhalira kukangana, choncho m'gulu lino ndi bwino kutsogoleredwa ndi zofanana ndi za mazira. Pakatikati mwa nyumba, zikopa ziyenera kukhala zokonzedwa (zimakhala pamtunda wa mamita 1 pamwamba pa pansi pa mlingo wa malo 20 cm pa mbalame iliyonse), komanso zimapereka zisa kwa dzira likugona. Pansi paliphimba ndi matabwa, ndiye m'nyengo yozizira sipadzakhala chosowa chowonjezera. Kuwonjezera pa odyetsa ndi oledzera, nkhukuyi iyenera kukhala "malo osamba" ochapa, omwe muyenera kutsanulira (ndi nthawi yotsitsimutsa) chisakanizo cha phulusa, mchenga ndi dongo. Ndondomekoyi ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yopezera matenda osiyanasiyana a khungu ndi nthenga.

Ndikofunikira! Nkhuku zambiri zimalekerera bwino ozizira bwino, koma kwa iwo ndikofunikira kuti palibe dothi ndi chinyezi mu chipinda.

Chikhalidwe chofunikira kwa ziweto zabwino ndizo kuyeretsa nthawi zonse nkhuku nkhu ndi kusintha zogonangati imagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Kwa nkhuku zambiri, makamaka dzira ndi ming'alu ya dzira, kuyenda panja kumathandiza kwambiri. Choncho mbalamezi zimakhala ndi mwayi wosiyanitsa zakudya zawo mosiyanasiyana ndi tizilombo tosiyanasiyana komanso tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, zomwe zimangowonjezera chitetezo chawo, komanso zimalola mlimi kusunga ndalama pa chakudya.

Zakudya zabwino ndi kudyetsa

Mapuloteni, mafuta, chakudya, mchere ndi mavitamini (makamaka A, B ndi D) ayenera kukhala pa chakudya cha nkhosa zamphongo. Pali chakudya chapadera chokhudzana ndi nkhuku, momwe izi zimaperekedwa mwa mawonekedwe oyenera, koma chakudya chomwecho chidzapangitsa mlimi kugula mtengo kwambiri.

Ndi ndalama zambiri kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ndi zinyumba zapakhomo popatsa mbalame, makamaka, cholinga ichi chikuyenera:

  • mbatata, kaloti, ma bee, maungu, kabichi (masamba), maapulo, mapeyala, plums, masamba ena ndi zipatso, kuphatikizapo kuyeretsa ndi kukonza, komanso zosawonetsera zochepa (zochepa kapena zouma, koma sizowola kapena zowonongeka );
  • Mkate wakuda ndi woyera, kuphatikizapo ziphuphu ndi zinyenyeswa (zonsezi ziyenera kuikidwa kale);
  • kuchotsa nsomba ndi zotsalira mutatha kudula nsomba ndi nyama, kuphatikizapo mafupa otupa;
  • mkaka, whey, kanyumba tchizi, mkaka wowawasa (mandulu, achule, mbozi, mphutsi ndi nyama zina ndizo zimayambitsa mapuloteni, koma ngati nkhuku zili ndi mwayi wopita, zidzasamalira gawo ili la zakudya);
  • masamba ndi chakudya.

Komabe, maziko (pafupifupi 60%) a nkhukuyi ayenera kukhala tirigu, makamaka mbewu, tirigu, oats, rye, balere, komanso nyemba.

Mukudziwa? Kukula kwa nkhuku padziko lapansi kukukula mofulumira, kutalika kwa kukula kwa nyama ndi nkhumba. Choncho, m'zaka makumi asanu ndi makumi asanu ndi ziwiri zapitazo, pafupifupi matani 20 miliyoni za nkhuku zinapangidwa padziko lapansi, zaka makumi awiri ndi makumi anai chiwerengerochi chafika pa 40 miliyoni, ndipo pofika chaka cha 2020, kudzakhala matani 120 miliyoni. Mndandanda wa ziwerengerozi ndi wochititsa chidwi kwambiri: Mu 1961, nkhuku za 6.5 biliyoni zinaphedwa, mu 2011 - 58.4 biliyoni, ndipo mu 2014 - kale anthu 62 biliyoni!

Mukhoza kudyetsa mbalame yaikulu kawiri kapena katatu patsiku, ndipo mu theka la tsiku ndi bwino kupereka chakudya chofewa (masamba, phala, masamba, etc.), ndipo madzulo ndi ouma (tirigu). Ndi njira iyi yodyetsera zotsalira zosatha ndi zowonongeka zingachotsedwe mnthawi yake, popanda kuwasiya usiku usiku.

Kuswana

Pofuna kuonetsetsa kuti mazira apamwamba ndi opangidwa ndi mazira abwino kwambiri, amafunika kutsatira kutsatira malamulo:

  1. Konzekerani nkhuku nkhu ndi zitsamba zotentha (mabokosi a matabwa pafupifupi 35 masentimita akuya akhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito) atayikidwa ndi udzu, udzu kapena utuchi ndipo amaikidwa pamalo otetezeka kwambiri.
  2. Sinthani zowonongeka muzitsulo ndikusakaniza pansi ndi makoma a nkhuku nkhuku (ndibwino kuti muchite izi pamene ziweto zili pamtunda).
  3. Apatseni mbalame ndi kuyatsa bwino: mawindo a nyumba ya nkhuku ayenera kukhala osachepera 1/10 pansi. Kuonjezerapo, m'nyengo yozizira, m'pofunika kuwonjezera maola a masana maola 12 mpaka 12 mothandizidwa ndi kuunikira kwapadera.
  4. Kutentha kwa mpweya wa nkhuku sikuyenera kupitirira + 25 ° C, kuchepa kwake sikuyenera kugwera m'munsimu + 15 ° C.

Kulera

Mawu akuti "nkhuku mu kugwa akuganiziranso" adadziwika bwino.Chowonadi ndikuti nkhuku zatsopano zowonongeka zimakhala zovuta kwambiri pantchito yawo ndipo zimatha kufa mwezi woyamba kuchokera ku hypothermia, kutentha, kukonza zakudya, zakudya zopanda thanzi, komanso chifukwa cha kuphwanya zofunika pa ukhondo ndi kuuma kwa chipindacho.

Ndikofunikira! Kutentha kwapakati kwa anapiye ndi otsika kwambiri. Pa masiku asanu oyambirira a moyo iwo adzafunika 29-30 ° C, ndiye kutentha kumachepetsedwa pang'onopang'ono ndi 2-3 ° mlungu uliwonse. Pamene anapiye ali ndi mwezi umodzi, amatha kumva bwino pa 18 ° С.

Ndibwino kutenthetsa chipinda chomwe nkhuku zimasungidwa ndi nyali zam'kati.

Kwa ana ndikofunika kupanga malo okwanira. Choncho, ngati nkhuku zatsopano zong'onongeka zingathe kusokoneza anthu 20-25 pa mita imodzi, ndiye kuti nthawi yomwe amatha kufika mwezi umodzi, nambalayi iyenera kuchepetsedwa kufika 15, ndi miyezi iwiri kapena itatu - mpaka 10 pamtunda wa mita imodzi. Zakudya zoyambirira kwa anapiye zisamaperekedwe nthawi yomweyo atachoka dzira, koma pambuyo pa maola 12 mpaka 16 (mukhoza kusiya mbalameyo yodyetsedwa tsiku: pali chakudya chokwanira chotsalira kuchokera ku dzira kuti mwanayo asakhale ndi njala), ndipo chifukwa chaichi Chinthu chabwino kwambiri sichimawotcha dzira yolk, monga momwe amachitira, koma ufa wa chimanga (zakudya zamapuloteni, malinga ndi zomwe zatchulidwa posachedwapa, zimakhala zonenepa kwambiri kwa anapiye aang'ono).

Poyamba, anapiye akhoza kusungidwa mu bokosi lapadera - broder.

Masiku oyambirira nkhuku amadyetsedwa maola awiri, pang'onopang'ono kuchepetsa chiwerengero cha chakudya, choyamba mpaka 7, ndiyeno katatu kapena kanayi patsiku. Kuyambira pa tsiku lachitatu, tchizi ta kanyumba, masamba odulidwa bwino, nthaka ya oatmeal, komanso chakudya chapadera kwa nkhuku timayambitsa pang'onopang'ono zakudya. Kuyambira sabata yachiwiri, mbatata, masamba ophika ophwanyika amawonjezeredwa, ndipo pamene anapiye akukula, chakudya chawo chimatulutsidwa mokwanira ku nkhuku zazikulu. Kubwezeretsa nkhuku kungakhale kuyerekezera kofunika ndi kukonzekera kwa gudumu. Kuchokera pamene ndondomekoyi inayamba zaka zikwi zingapo zapitazo, anthu adzipanga mitundu yambiri yosiyana siyana ndi mbalamezi. Amakula lero osati nyama ndi mazira, komanso nthenga komanso ntchentche, komanso zosangalatsa (kumenyana ndi mitundu) komanso kukongola (zokongoletsera). Malingana ndi makhalidwe abwino ndi zokolola, palibe nyama, ya onse, yomwe yakhala ikuyendetsedwa ndi munthu, ikhoza kupikisana ndi nkhuku.