Chilichonse cha Zagorskaya Salmon Kubereka Chiku: kufotokoza, makhalidwe, zithunzi

Mwa mitundu yambiri ya nkhuku, "Zagorsk Salmon" imadziwika momveka bwino, ndipo sizimaimira dzina lake losazolowereka komanso mtundu wofanana nawo, komanso chifukwa cha zizindikiro zake. Zambiri mwatsatanetsatane za zibadwidwe, zomwe zili mkati mwake - zowonjezera m'nkhani.

Chiyambi cha kubala

Mtundu umenewu unabzalidwa m'masiku a Soviet Union ku Institute of Farming in nkhuku mumzinda wa Sergiev Posad, womwe mpaka chaka cha 1991 unkatchedwa Zagorsk. Mwachidziwitso, chipatso cha kudutsa kwa mitundu inayi yolemekezeka inalembedwa mu 1955.

Mitundu yotsatirayi inagwira nawo ntchito yobereka:

  • "Yurlovskaya vociferous";
  • "White Russian";
  • "Rhode Island";
  • "New Hampshire".
Dzina limaperekedwa polemekeza mzinda ndi mthunzi wa nthenga za nkhuku, zofanana ndi mtundu wa nyama ya salimoni.

Kufotokozera Maonekedwe

Mbalame yapakatikati yomwe ili ndi thupi lonse, laling'ono, losasunthira mmbuyo ndi malo. Nthiti ya nthiti imakhala yochuluka, yotalika, ndi mapiko kwambiri kwa thupi. Mchira uli waung'ono, ukukwera mmwamba. Zingwe zolimba zopanda maula, kuwala kofiira. Khosi lalitali limakhala ndi mutu wozungulira, ndi mulu wofiira wonyezimira pang'ono komanso chophimba chofiira ndi mphete.

Onani nyama - mazira a nkhuku monga: Plymouth, Moscow, Kuchinskaya Jubile, Master Grey ndi Tetra.

Mtundu wa nkhuku uli m'munsi pamimba, pachifuwa ndi nsomba, mapiko ali ndi mabala a bulauni, pamchira nthenga zina zimakhala zakuda. Mizere ikhoza kukhala ndi mitundu itatu: wakuda, woyera, wachikasu. Kulemera kwakukulu: mazira - mpaka 3.7 kg, nkhuku - 2.2 makilogalamu.

Zosangalatsa komanso zotsutsana ndi mtunduwu

Zowonjezera zoyamba zikuwoneka mkhalidwe wosasinthasintha wa mbalame, sizinkhanza, zimakhala mosavuta ndi ena a phukusi, kupatulapo, ali ndi chibadwa chabwino cha amayi.

Mwa zina zabwino:

  • Kusintha popanda mavuto mu malo atsopano;
  • chisamaliro;
  • Kukolola sikukhudzidwa ndi kusuntha kapena kubwezeretsa tambala;
  • Kukolola kwakukulu m'mbali ziwiri: nyama ndi dzira;
  • Chifukwa cha chipolopolo cholimba, mazira a mazira amalekerera kayendedwe;
  • kudzichepetsa pa chakudya ndi mikhalidwe;
  • chitetezo cha mthupi;
  • chiwerengero chachikulu cha achinyamata (achinyamata - 90%, akuluakulu - 80%).

Zina mwazovuta:

  • nkhuku zimayenda movutikira, mosavuta kulumphira pa mipanda, zimatha kuwononga zamasamba;
  • kuledzera kwa kunenepa kwambiri.
Koma zovuta zonse zoyambirira ndi zachiwiri zimachotsedwa mosavuta.
Mukudziwa? Nkhuku ndi zinyama zinkazindikiritsidwa ngati zizindikiro ndi zizindikiro zosiyana za mayiko ambiri ndi mayiko. Mwachitsanzo, tambala amawonetsedwa pa malaya a Kenya, ndi imodzi mwa zizindikiro za Portugal, nkhuku zakutchire ndi chizindikiro cha dziko la Sri Lanka.

Zotsatira zokolola

Salimoni "Zagorskaya" mwachizolowezi sagonjera mazira a dzira:

  • amayamba kuthamangira pa miyezi inayi, nthawizina pang'ono;
  • mlingo wolemera wa dzira ndi 65 g;
  • zokolola pachaka - mazira oposa 200.

Kusamalira ndi kusamalira

Kuwunikira malo oyendamo ndi nkhuku nkhuku, tiyenera kukumbukira kuti mbalameyo imakonda kupita kutalika. Bwalo lakuyenda liyenera kumangidwa ndi khoka ndi denga, kuti musayang'ane ziweto zanu kuzungulira munda ndi pafupi ndi gawo lanu. Mu nyumba ya nkhuku mumayenera kukhazikitsa mapepala apamwamba kusiyana ndi mitundu yamba.

Ndikofunikira! Zida zamtundu uwu sizikulimbikitsidwa: mazira ndi zizindikiro za nyama zikukulirakulira.

Zochita Zamagetsi

Anthu ochepa kwambiri amapatsidwa mazira owiritsa, m'masiku ochepa amapereka kanyumba tchizi, mapepala omwe amathyoledwa. Kenaka, chimanga, masamba odulidwa ndi zipatso, ndipo amadyera amayamba pang'ono kudya. Onetsetsani kupereka nkhuku za nkhuku, kuwonjezera pa chakudya. Ndi miyezi iƔiri adasamalidwa ku chakudya chachikulu. Akuluakulu amadyetsedwa chakudya, moyenera, ndi zowonjezera zofunika. Zakudya zambewu, ndiwo zamasamba ndi zipatso zimapatsidwa mwa kuwonjezera thanthwe lachiko ndi shell. Mukhoza kupereka nsomba yaiwisi minced, koma mosamalitsa mu gawo limodzi kuti likhale yatsopano. Amakonzeranso phala ndi tirigu, mapeyala kapena mapeyala, yogurt kapena madzi owiritsa, kuwonjezera chakudya champhongo, zipolopolo za mazira monga mchere ndi mavitamini.

Ndikofunikira! M'nyengo yozizira, pamene mbalame zikuyenda mochepa, kuti zitha kupera chakudya mu goiter, mbalame zimafunika kuika mbale ndi mchenga wambiri.

Zithunzi zoberekera

Izi ziyenera kuzindikiridwa kuti pali chinthu chimodzi chofunika kwambiri pakubereka: kuti abereke mtundu wosakanizidwa, ngati mkazi ali "Zagorskaya", ndiye wamwamuna ayenera kukhala "Cornish" kapena "Jubilee Kuchinsky", ndipo ngati mwamuna ndi "Zagorsky", ndiye wamkazi mtundu wa "New Hampshire" kapena "Silver Adler."

Chithunzi chotsatira chikuwoneka ngati ichi:

  1. Sankhani anthu amtali ndi wathanzi ndi zokolola kwambiri.
  2. Nkhuku iyenera kukhala yosachepera miyezi isanu ndi iwiri, nkhukuyi iyenera kukhala eyiti.
  3. Anthu awiriwa amadya mavitamini ndi mapuloteni.
  4. Mazira amafalitsidwa pogwiritsira ntchito chofungatira, chifukwa chaichi, sankhani masentimita kukula kwake mpaka 60 g ndikuyiyika mu mtanda umodzi.
  5. M'zaka 10 zoyambirira, kutentha kwa kanyumba kameneka kumakhala pa +37.7 ° C, ndipo kumatsikira ku +36.9 ° C.
  6. Kudya anapiye amasungidwa mu chosakaniza mpaka atayima ndipo ali pubescent.
Mukudziwa? Nkhuku zimatha kukhala ndi zibwenzi zambiri. Kuti mwanayo akhale wathanzi komanso wathanzi, mkazi amatha kuchotsa mbewu ya wofooka.

Nkhuku za mtundu "Zagorskaya salimoni"

Anthu obadwa kumene amasiyana kale ndi amuna / akazi: amuna a mtundu wachikasu, kumbuyo kwa nkhuku amadziwika ndi zida zakuda. Ali ndi zaka zisanu, nthenga zimayamba kukulira pamapiko: muzimuna zakuda, nkhuku, zofiira. Kukula, kachikazi pa chifuwa ndi mimba kumapeza mtundu wa mtundu wa mtunduwo. Nkhuku zimathamanga mofulumira: pokhala wolemera 35-40 g, ndi miyezi itatu zinyamazo zakhala zikulemera mpaka 2 kg, nkhuku zimafika polemera kwambiri ndi miyezi isanu ndi umodzi. Pomaliza, ndikufuna kunena kuti nkhuku ya Zagorskaya Salmon ndi kusankha koyenera komanso kwabwino kwa munda waukulu wa nkhuku komanso nkhuku ya nkhuku kwa anthu khumi. Mbalamezi zatsimikiziranso mofanana bwino pa dzira ndi nyama, ndipo analandira mayankho abwino kuchokera kwa alimi a nkhuku.

Video: Zagorskaya saumoni mtundu