Chiberekero cha abakha a Cayuga: momwe mungasamalire ndi momwe mungadyetsere kunyumba

Cayuga bakha wokongola kwambiri ku America ndi kawirikawiri kafukufuku wosiyanasiyana m'mayiko osiyanasiyana. Ndipo izi sizosadabwitsa, chifukwa maluwa ake ofiira a mtundu wobiriwira omwe ali ndi tchire lobiriwira ndipo amavomereza kuti zitsulo zimakhala zosiyana pakati pa mitundu ina. Komabe, maonekedwe siwo okhawo amene amathandiza mbalameyi, komanso imakhala ndi zotsatira zabwino kwambiri, imakhala yosamalidwa bwino, ndipo nyama yake ili ndi kukoma kosavuta, kosasangalatsa. Momwe mungakulire "American" ndi zomwe mungadye, tiyeni tiwone.

Mbiri yopondereza

Kwa nthawi yoyamba, abakha akudawa anadziwika mu 1809 pafupi ndi malo a Cayuga omwe ali m'dera lalikulu kwambiri la US - New York. Nzika za m'derali zinayamba kulumikiza mbalame zakutchire zomwe zinkafika m'nyengo yozizira, ndikuzilowetsa ndi mitundu ya anthu. Chifukwa cha chisankho ichi, mtundu watsopano unayambika - Kayuga. Komabe, monga mitundu yodziimira, bakha adadziwika patatha zaka 65, mu 1874. Panthawiyi, ntchito yaikulu idayamba pa kusankha nkhuku, kusintha kwa maonekedwe ake ndi zokolola.

Phunzirani za malamulo a kubereketsa abakha ndi mitundu yodziwika kwambiri ya mbalamezi kuti zinyamule pakhomo.

Maonekedwe ndi thupi

Bakha wakuda ndi zovuta kusokoneza ndi oimira mitundu ina. Amadziwika ndi maluwa okongola kwambiri, omwe amathiridwa ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana yobiriwira ndi ya buluu ndipo ali ndi chomera chodabwitsa kwambiri. Mtundu wonyezimira kwambiri komanso wokhutira kwambiri umatha kuwonetseredwa kumtunda kwa thupi, kuwala kowala ndi kofunika kovomerezeka pachifuwa. Zizindikiro za maonekedwe ndi awa:

  • Malinga ndi malamulo ake, ma Cayugas ndi amphamvu komanso amphamvu, okhala ndi mapiko amphamvu ndi mapiko amphamvu, olimba thupi;
  • thupi lawo liri ndi mawonekedwe oblong;
  • mutu ndi wozungulira, m'malo mwachinyama kutsogolo kwa thupi, maso ndi ofiira, mlomo ndi waukulu, wakuda;
  • Ntchafu za mbalame zikuda, osati motalika;
  • chifuwa - chachikulu, bwino kwambiri;
  • mchira - kukula kwasinkhu, kumanga;
  • miyendo abakha amafupi, koma olimba ndi okhazikika.
Mukudziwa? Mphuno ya akazi ndi yochepa kwambiri kusiyana ndi amuna, ndi mbali iyi yomwe ndi yosavuta kwambiri kusiyanitsa pa nthawi yoyesedwa.

Makhalidwe othandiza

Cayuga imatanthawuza mtundu wa zonyamula nyama, zomwe zimadziwika ndi:

  • mawerengero olemera a nthenda ya drake - 3.5 mpaka 4 makilogalamu, akazi - 3-3.2 makilogalamu;
  • Mazira - mazira 150 pachaka;
  • dzira lolemera - pafupifupi 75-100 g.

N'zochititsa chidwi, koma m'masiku oyambirira a dzira, mazira a bakha ali ndi mdima wobiriwira, koma pang'onopang'ono, poyamba nyengo yotentha ndi dzuwa, mitundu yawo imatembenuka moyera ndi pang'ono.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati abakha akuleredwa mwakuthupi, ndiye kuti akuyenera kuphedwa ali ndi miyezi iwiri. Pambuyo pake, Cayuga imayamba molting, yomwe imakhala yovuta kwambiri kuphulika nthenga.

Zomwe amangidwa

Cayuga ndi mbalame yamphamvu ndi yamphamvu yomwe imasinthika bwino mpaka ku chilengedwe. Ndimodzichepetsa komanso safuna chisamaliro chapadera.

Zofuna zapanyumba

Kuti mukhale ndi zinyama zathanzi zazing'ono, samalirani nthawi ngati mumanga nyumba:

  1. Kwa abakha a ku America ndi bwino kukonza nkhuku yayikulu, kutentha komwe m'nyengo yozizira sikuyenera kugwera pansi pa madigiri +5. Mbalame zimatha kupirira bwino ndi tizilombo tating'onoting'ono, koma zizindikiro zawo zowonjezera zidzatsika kwambiri. Sitiyenera kuiwala za kupanga mpweya wokwanira m'chipinda, koma popanda kukhalapo kwazithunzi ndi kutulutsa mpweya.
  2. Monga chinthu chogona pansi ndikulimbikitsidwa kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zakuthambo monga udzu, udzu, utuchi kapena peat. Zomalizazi zimapindulitsa kwambiri chifukwa zimatenga chinyezi bwino, zomwe zimathandiza kuti zinyalala zikhale zowonjezereka. Kamodzi pa mwezi ayenera kuyeretsa pansi, kuyeretsa zitosi ndi dothi.
  3. Kayugam ayenera kukonzekera chisa, kumwa oledzera ndi feeders. Onetsetsani kuti muyang'ane ukhondo wa odyetsa, musati muwasiye chakudya choda, chifukwa, kuphatikiza ndi zitosi, zidzasokoneza zinyalala. Ndikofunika kuti nthawi zonse amasinthe madzi akumwa, chifukwa abakha amamwa kwambiri masana.
Mukudziwa? Cayugi - mbalame zanzeru kwambiri, iwo amatha kupeza njira yawo kupita ku gombe ndi kumbuyo, kotero palibe chifukwa cholamulira kayendetsedwe ka mbalame.

Malo oyendamo ndi kupeza madzi

Kukonza nthawi zonse Kayug mu nyumba za nkhuku sikuthandiza kukula kwathunthu Mbalame zimayenera kukonza kuyenda nthawi zonse ndi kupeza madzi. Udzu waukulu wozunguliridwa ndi mpanda wawung'ono womwe udzateteze mbalame ku zigawenga ndi zowonongeka ndizoyenda bwino. Kwa mbalamezo zinali ndi mwayi wobisala ku dzuwa lotentha, mvula kapena chisanu, pamapeto amodzi ozungulirawo amapanga matabwa a matabwa kapena plywood.

Nkofunika kupereka abakha ndi kupeza madzi. Ngati pali malo pafupi ndi malowa, ndizotheka kuteteza gawo lake laling'ono lokonzekera kayendetsedwe ka madzi Kayug, ali ndi ukonde. Ngati palibe nkhokwe, ndikulimbikitsidwa kukumba zitsulo zing'onozing'ono pansi kapena kukumba beseni ndi madzi kumene mbalame zimatha kusambira.

Ndikofunikira! Pamene mukukula msanga, nkofunika kukumba matanki osakanikira pansi, monga nkhono zimasambira bwino ndipo zimatha kumira.

Kodi kulipirira yozizira yozizira

Abakha a ku America amalola nyengo yozizira, imatha kupirira mafunde ozizira, omwe sakhudza moyo wawo. M'kati mwake zimalimbikitsa kupanga mawindo ang'onoang'ono otsegula mawonekedwe a mpweya wabwino. Kutentha kotsika sizotsutsana ndi mbalame zoyenda. Mabakha angatengedwere kuyenda, koma musanalole kupita, muyenera kuchotsa malo oyenda kuchokera ku chipale chofewa, nthambi zowuma ndi zinthu zina zomwe zingakhale zoopsa zomwe mbalame zingakhoze kuvulazidwa nazo. Kuti mbalamezi zisasunthike miyendo, osamalitsa amasamala nthaka ndi tsinde kapena udzu.

Zimene mungadyetse gulu la akulu

Ngakhale kuti Cayugas ndi odzichepetsa kwambiri, kuti akhale ndi nyama zabwino komanso mazira abwino kwambiri, amafunika kupanga mavitamini ndi mchere.

Kwa abakha sangathe kuwuluka kutali ndi bwalo, ayenera kuyendetsa mapikowo bwinobwino.

M'chilimwe

Nthawi zambiri masiku onse m'nyengo ya chilimwe, abakha amatha kudya msipu, kumene amadya udzu, komanso tizilombo tosiyanasiyana, mphutsi, slugs, nkhono, ndi zina. M'nyengo yozizira, ndikwanira kudyetsa abakha kawiri patsiku, pamene mbewu zowuma zimayenera kupezeka nthawi zonse.

Pofuna kutsogolera chimbudzi, mchenga woyera umawonjezera ku mbalame, ndipo calcium imagwiritsidwa ntchito kulimbitsa minofu ya mafupa. Musaiwale za chakudya chapadera, chomwe chiri chabwino kwambiri pamaso pa fattening. Komanso, masiku 15 asanamwalire, Kayug akuyamba kunenepa kwambiri, kupereka chakudya kangapo patsiku. Pa nthawiyi, nthenga zimapereka chakudya chopatsa thanzi kuchokera ku chimanga (chimanga, tirigu, balere), wothira mkaka kapena msuzi wa nyama.

Kuti abakha azikhala omasuka, amafunika malo osungira. Tikukulangizani kuti mudziwe momwe mungamangire dziwe laling'ono ndi bwenzi lanu.

M'nyengo yozizira

Zakudya zachisanu za abakha zimalimbikitsidwa kuti zikhale ndi vitamini-mineral complexes, zomwe zimalola mbalame kukhazikitsa ndi kusunga dzira-kuika pa mlingo woyenera. Chakudya chobiriwira m'nyengo yozizira chimalowetsedwa ndi masamba owiritsa, udzu wa udzu, kuphatikiza chakudya chomwe chiri ndi zakudya zonse zofunika. Ndipo musaiwale kuti mu mbale zodyera ziyenera kukhala zatsopano, madzi oyera.

Nkhumba zoberekera kunyumba

Akazi a Kayug ali ndi chibadwa chabwino cha amayi komanso chibadwa chokhazikika. Nthaŵi zambiri, sikofunika kugwiritsa ntchito makina osakaniza, popeza mbalame zimakhala ndi mazira chaka ndi chaka ndikuzisamalira bwino. Mazira a Kayug ali ndi ubwino wokhala ndi ubwino wokhala ndi ubwino wokhala ndi ubwino wokhala ndi thanzi labwino.

Kusakaniza kwa mazira

Kwa chaka, Cayuga amatha kubweretsa mazira 150. Chifukwa chogona mu chofungatira, ndibwino kuti musankhe mazira atsopano omwe ali ndi masiku 8 mpaka 14, atakhala ndi mtundu woyera wobiriwira, wotengedwa ndi mbalame zokhwima.

Ngati mukuganiza kuti mukule ducklings kuchokera ku chowotcha, dziwani bwino ndi makulitsidwe a mazira a bakha, komanso maonekedwe a ena ogwiritsira ntchito nyumba: Neptune, Сovatutto 24, Laying, Ide hen, Cinderella, Titan.

Pachifukwa ichi, zipangizo zamakono ziyenera kukhazikika, popanda kuwonongeka, ming'alu kapena zipsu. Nthawi yosakanikirana kuyambira masiku 26 mpaka 28. Nthawi zambiri, zingatenge masiku 35. Panthawi yopuma, tsatirani malamulo awa:

  1. Ndikofunika kufufuza mosamala kutentha kwa mpweya wabwino, mwinamwake mazira amafa. Tsiku loyamba mazirawo sasintha ndipo amatha kutenthedwa ndi kutentha kwa 38% +38,5 ° C. Kenaka pamasabata otsatirawa, zipangizo zamakono zimasinthidwa kangapo patsiku.
  2. Komanso, mazira ali ndi mpweya wokwanira komanso wouma utakhazikika tsiku lililonse, kutsegula chivindikiro chachitetezo kwa mphindi khumi.
  3. Mpaka tsiku la 26, chofungatiracho chimasungira kutentha pafupifupi madigiri +37.5, ndipo chimapanga kawiri kawiri kowonongeka ndi kowuma. Pa tsiku la 27, zizindikiro za kutentha zimachepetsedwa kukhala chizindikiro cha +37 ° C ndipo zimawathandiza mpaka atathamanga.
  4. Nkhumba zowuma zobadwa ndi kuwala zimatengedwa kuchokera mu chofungatira ndikusamutsira kumalo osakaniza.

Kusamalira achikulire

Kusamalira anapiye ndi ofanana ndi achikulire. Mwezi woyamba wa nkhono ankakhala malo otentha, owala komanso odzaza mpweya wabwino.

Ndikofunikira! Nkhumba sizimasiyanitsa pakati pa zakudya ndi zakudya zopanda kanthu, kotero ndikofunikira kuti asatenge zinthu zosafunikira zomwe zingachititse imfa ya anapiye.
Chotsitsa cha Kayug chochepa chiyenera kukhala chosasunthika kuti mabakha asatengeke. Tsiku lirilonse liyenera kukhala lokonzeka kuyenda mbalame, koma nthawizonse pansi pa kuyang'aniridwa. Mukasungira tizinthu m'nyengo yozizira, kutentha ndi kuyatsa kwowonjezera kudzafunika.

Zimene mungadye

Nyama zazing'ono zimadyetsedwa kasanu patsiku, pamene chakudya chachikulu chiyenera kupindula ndi calcium ndi mavitamini onse oyenera. Zida zazikulu zingagwiritsidwe ntchito:

  • masamba atsopano;
  • Zakudya za mkaka: Cottage tchizi, kefir, yogurt, yomwe imasakanizidwa ndi zinthu zina;
  • azungu akuphika;
  • nthaka dzira chipolopolo.
Kuchokera sabata la msinkhu, nyemba zophika, zakudya zophatikizana zimatha kuwonjezeredwa ku zakudya. Kuchokera pa sabata yachiwiri, ndibwino kuti tidziwitse mavitamini ndi mineral.

Kubereketsa mwapadera ndi zachilendo ku America bakha Cayuga ndi zosangalatsa kwambiri komanso zochititsa chidwi. Komanso, mbalameyi siidzakhala yovuta kwambiri m'thupi, imakhala yovuta kwambiri m'thupi, imakhala ndi chitetezo champhamvu kwambiri, thanzi labwino, ndipo imalekerera ndi chisanu. Pogwiritsa ntchito nthawi yochepa komanso ndalama za miyezi iwiri yokha, mukhoza kukula nyama yowononga ndi nyama yokoma komanso yathanzi.

Ndemanga

Iye sanadzipenyere ake omwe, kunja kwake, amawoneka ofanana ndi kukula kwake, dzira ndi laling'ono chabe. Kukula ngati abakha onse. Mosiyana ndi mitundu ina, iwo amakhala chete, atanyamula mazira 130-150 pa nyengo, atakhala ndi chidziwitso champhamvu kwambiri.
Vyacheslav 63
//fermer.ru/comment/1076758187#comment-1076758187

Cayugas ndi okwanira kwambiri ndipo amasangalala ndi mitundu yonse yambiri ya mankhwala, ndi zina zotero, ndimayimitsa "ma helikopita" tsiku ndi tsiku (kuwomba)
Nata M.
//www.pticevody.ru/t6388-topic#699934