Kufotokozera ndi kulima phwetekere "Golden Stream" kuti mutsegule

Pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mbewu zakulima, yomwe imakhala yotchuka pakati pa wamaluwa, kukhalabe ndi malowa kwa zaka zingapo, kenako amaiwalika bwino. Ndipo pali mitundu yomwe ili mu "chikhalidwe" kwa zaka zambiri. Palibenso zambiri zedi zomwe zimachitika kuti abambo azitsuka. Matimati "Golden Stream" - imodzi mwa iwo.

Malingaliro osiyanasiyana

Mtundu wosakanizidwa "Golden Stream" unalumikizidwa ndi obereketsa Kharkov ku Institute of Vegetable and Melon-Growing. Poyamba, mitundu yosiyanasiyana inayamba kutchuka ku Moldova ndi ku Ukraine, ndipo patapita kanthawi inadziwika ku Russia, kumene kwa zaka pafupifupi khumi ndi theka izo zakhala zikutsogolera pakati pa zokonda za wamaluwa.

"Mtsinje wa Golden" - mitundu yosiyanasiyana yambiri. Patatha miyezi itatu mutabzala mbewu, mukhoza kupanga saladi ya tomato. Kuwonjezera pa maonekedwe okongola, osaiŵalika, zipatso zimakhala ndi kukoma kwabwino, zimakula bwino ndipo zimapsa nthawi yomweyo.

Phunzirani za nthawi ya zochitika za m'munda wa tomato pa kalendala ya mwezi.

Akufotokoza mitundu yodziwika. Chitsamba chidzasungunuka musanawonekere 5-7 maburashi, pakadali pano akufika kutalika kosaposa 0.7 mamita. Pambuyo pake, chomeracho sichitha kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ndi zinthu zothandiza kuti ukhale wobiriwira, ndikusintha kwa mapangidwe ndi kukula kwa zipatso.

Tomato ndi abwino kugwiritsa ntchito yaiwisi, yosungidwa bwino, pokonzekera timadziti ndi zakumwa za zipatso. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imanyamula mosavuta komanso yosungirako.

Ndi chisamaliro choyenera, n'zotheka kusonkhanitsa kuchokera pa 1 lalikulu. mamita 10 kg wa tomato. Mpaka matani 35 a mbewu akhoza kukolola kuchokera pa ha 1.

Zina mwa ubwino wa "Golden Stream" ndi izi:

  • zokolola zabwino;
  • Kukaniza matenda ndi tizirombo;
  • mosavuta kusamutsa yosungirako ndi kayendedwe;
  • kusinthidwa ku nyengo zosiyana;
  • Zipatso zimakula kukula mofanana;
  • oyenera ntchito zosiyanasiyana (yaiwisi ndi yosungidwa).
Mukudziwa? Botany amaona mabulosi a tomato. Kumapeto kwa zaka za m'ma 1900, Khoti Lalikulu Kwambiri ku United States linapereka chigamulo malinga ndi zomwe phwetekere ndi masamba. Kumayambiriro kwa zaka za XXI, EU idatcha chipatso. Ngati tayamba kuchokera ku malo a EU pa nkhaniyi ndikuona chipatso cha phwetekere, ndiye kuti chipatsochi chimakhala choyamba padziko lonse. Mankhwala opangidwa ndi tomato padziko lapansi ndi 30 peresenti kuposa mlingo wa nthochi zonse zomwe zimakula padziko lapansi, zomwe zimakhala pamalo achiwiri.

Zipatso makhalidwe ndi zokolola

Tomato a kukula kwapakati amalima 6-9 zidutswa pa bura limodzi. Iwo ali ndi mawonekedwe a maonekedwe a maonekedwe a maluwa, okongola, a chikasu, pafupifupi zipinda zocheperako (4-6 zidutswa) ndi mbewu zingapo. Zipatso zobala - 65-80 g.

Mnofu ndi wandiweyani komanso wokoma, wokhala ndi zinthu zambiri za carotene ndi yaikulu, monga tomato, shuga - oposa 4%.

Monga tanena kale, chomeracho chimayamba kubala chipatso cha masabata 13 mutabzala mbewu. Malingana ndi malo a dera lanu, kutentha kwa mpweya ndi nthawi yofesa mbewu, mutha kupeza tomato yoyamba kumapeto kwa June.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imakhala yochepa kwambiri, komanso imathandizidwa kwambiri ndi tomato: "Amamera", "Raspberry Giant", "Klusha", "Chokoleti", "Rio Fuego", "Riddle", "Stolypin", "Sanka", "Zikuwoneka Invisible", "Lazyka" "Bobkat", "Liana", "Newbie", "Balcony chozizwitsa", "Chio Chio-San".

Kusankhidwa kwa mbande

Ngati mukufuna kupeza tomato wabwino, ndikofunika kusankha mbande zoyenera. Zikatero, ngati mbewuzo sizinali zapamwamba kwambiri, mungathe kuzipulumutsa, koma zingatenge nthawi yambiri ndi khama pa zomera zanu ndi inu.

Komanso, mbande zabwino zimakukhululukirani zinazake zosamalidwa komanso zosapweteka zidzakhululukidwa zolakwika zazing'ono.

Ndi bwino kugula mbande kuchokera kwa woyang'anira wotsimikiziridwa yemwe ali mwapadera mu zosiyanasiyana. Koma si onse alimi amaluwa omwe ali ndi anzako otero, kotero muyenera kupita kumsika.

Ndikofunikira! Musagule mbande ndi mazira. Ngati izi zikuchitika, ziyenera kuchotsedwa pakudza.
Taganizirani kuti kugula mbande pamsika nthawi zonse ndiloti. Osati chenicheni chakuti muli ndi mwayi, ndipo inu mudzatengedwera kwa wojambula wokongola. Choncho, kuti muyambe, kambiranani ndi wogulitsa zobzala, funsani za makhalidwe, zosiyanasiyana.

Aliyense wamaluwa, wokondwera ndi bizinesi yake, yemwe amamera mbande osati zochuluka zapindula monga "chifukwa chokonda luso", adzakupatsani zambiri zambiri zokhudza tomato amene mumakonda. Kawirikawiri, munthu wokhutira ndi wovuta kuima, koma ndi pafupifupi zana limodzi mwinamwake akhoza kutsutsana kuti mwafika pamalo abwino.

Tsopano mukhoza kupitiliza kufufuza deta yakunja ya mbande:

  1. Nthawi yabwino yobzala mbande "Golden Stream" pansi ndi masabata 8-9. Pokumbukira nthawi yomwe mukufunikira kukonza komaliza kwa mabedi, muyenera kugula zokolola pamsinkhu wa masiku 50-55.
  2. Mbeu yabwino iyenera kuyang'ana ngati: kutalika - 26-30 masentimita, chiwerengero cha masamba - kuyambira 7 mpaka 10.
  3. Tsinde la tsinde liyenera kukhala lochokera ku 0,6 mpaka 0,8 mm, mtundu wonyezimira wobiriwira, popanda zizindikiro zowuma.
  4. Onetsetsani mosamala mizu ya kuphulika ndi malo owuma. Ndikofunika kuti mizu ikhale yothira pansi.
  5. Masamba ayenera kukhala ndi mawonekedwe abwino, osasokonezeka ndi kupachika masamba.
  6. Ngati mutasamala mtundu wowala kwambiri wa masamba, pamene iwo adakali ndi zofooka za petioles, mwinamwake, pakukula muchuluka chogwiritsira ntchito kukula zopatsa. Ndi bwino kuti musagule mbande zoterozo.
Mukudziwa? Ananena kuti zinthu zothandiza kwambiri zomwe zimapezeka masamba atsopano. Ponena za tomato, mawu awa ali owona okha. Chowonadi ndi chakuti lycopene (antioxidant yomwe imapezeka tomato) pamene mkangano umatulutsidwa kuchokera mu memphane ndipo zimakhala bwino kwambiri m'thupi.

Mavuto akukula

Kubzala tomato woyenera dothi la mchenga wopanda putolo (6.0-7.0). Tomato amasangalala m'madera kumene kaloti, anyezi ndi beets zakula. Ndizovomerezeka kubzala mbeu pambuyo pa radish ndi nkhaka. Koma pambuyo pa nyemba, dzungu (kupatula nkhaka) ndi anzawo - tomato, ndi bwino kuti musabzale mbewu, chifukwa dzikoli lapereka kale zakudya zonse kwa oyambirirawo.

Kukonzekera nthaka ya tomato iyenera kugwa. Mabedi amtsogolo ayenera kukumba, kuchotsa udzu ndi manyowa (pa 1 sq. M):

  • humus - 6 makilogalamu;
  • superphosphate - 50 g
Kutentha feteleza kumunda kumakhala ndi (pa 1 sq. M):

  • zinyalala (nkhuku kapena njiwa) - 1 makilogalamu;
  • kupukuta nkhuni phulusa - 1 makilogalamu;
  • ammonium sulphate - 25 g
Ngati nthaka pH ili pansi pa 6.0, mu kugwa, pamene mukumba, mandimu iyenera kuwonjezeredwa, pamtunda wa 3 makilogalamu a laimu pa 5 mita mamita. mamita a nthaka.

Phunzirani momwe mungadziwire acidity ya nthaka, momwe mungameretse nthaka, momwe mungakonzekerere nthaka ya mbande ya phwetekere, momwe mungasamalire dziko lapansi.

Mawu ochepa okhudza kukula kwa mbeu zomwe zomera zimapindulitsa kwambiri:

  1. Musati mubzale tomato mu nthaka mpaka itapsa mpaka 14 ° C. Pa nthawi yomweyo, kutentha kwa mpweya tsiku ndi tsiku kuyenera kukwera ku +24 ° С ndi kupitirira, ndipo usiku sayenera kugwa pansipa +15 ° С.
  2. Tomato amafunika kumwa madzi okwanira nthawi zonse (2 pa mlungu ndi mvula yolimbitsa thupi).
  3. Kuzizira kozizira sikuyenera kuloledwa; ngati chimakhala chozizira, yikani malo ozungulira mizu ndi mulch.
  4. Mabedi ayenera kutetezedwa kuchokera ku zowonongeka ndi dzuwa, koma panthawi yomweyi, zomera zimasowa kuwala kokwanira.

Kukonzekera mbewu ndi kubzala

Pafupifupi miyezi iwiri musanayambe kamera kakang'ono pamtunda, mbewu zimabzalidwa pa mbande.

Nthawi imatha kutsimikiziridwa molondola motere: ndikofunika kudziwa pamene kutentha kwa mpweya kudera lanu kumayikidwa pamwambamwamba (masana - +24 ° C komanso pamwamba, usiku - osati pansi + 15 ° C), ndipo nthaka imapsa +14 ° C. Kuchotsani miyezi iwiri kuyambira tsiku lino - iyi ndiyo nthawi yoyenera kufesa mbewu za mbande.

Musanadzalemo, mbewu ziyenera kubwezeretsedwa. Ngati mwagula zokolola kuchokera kumapanga olemekezeka, ndiye kuti mukufunika kumera mbeu, iwo adutsa kale zotsalirazo (disinfection ndi hardening).

Ndikofunikira! Musanafese, mbewu ziyenera kuuma bwino. Ngati izi sizikuchitika, zidzasintha padziko lapansi.
Ngati mbewu zogulidwa pamsika kapena billet wanu, ziyenera kukonzedwa.

Poyambira, mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ayenera kuchitika:

  1. Pachifukwa ichi, gwiritsani ntchito 1% yothetsera potassium permanganate. Kuyala zakuthupi kumayikidwa mu njira yothetsera mphindi 15-25, kenako kutsukidwa ndi madzi oyera.
  2. Choyenera komanso 0.5% yothetsera sodium bicarbonate. Ndondomeko yotereyi imangosintha, koma imathandizanso kuti mbeu imere.
  3. Mankhwalawa "Fitosporin-M" ndi mankhwala ena omwe agwira bwino ntchito ya mankhwala. Gwiritsani ntchito malingana ndi malangizo.

Phunzirani zambiri zokhudza chithandizo choyamwitsa mbeu za phwetekere.

Gawo lotsatira ndi kukonzekera nthaka ya mbande. Mukhoza kugula zosakaniza zokonzeka m'masitolo, kapena mukhoza kukonzekera gawo lanu:

  • Sakanizani zigawo zofanana, peat ndi mchenga, osakaniza ayenera kuthiridwa ndi njira iyi: superphosphate - 20 g, potaziyamu sulphate - 10 g, urea - 10 g (pa 10 l madzi ofunda);
  • kapena mutenge 1/3 mbali ya humus, peat ndi turf, sakanizani bwino, onjezerani 10 g wa superphosphate ndi makapu awiri a phulusa ku 10 malita a gawo lapansi.
Nthaka imapanganso chithandizo chamankhwala, ndipo aliyense - kaya ndi munda kuchokera m'munda kapena chisakanizo cha sitolo yapadera.
  1. Phimbani ndi masentimita 2-3 pa pepala lophika ndikutumiza ku uvuni kwa mphindi 20 (t - + 190-210 ° C).
  2. Wotentha kwa mphindi zitatu pazomwe mungapange mu uvuni wa microwave.
  3. Sungunulani mu malita 10 a madzi otentha 1 tsp. ndi potassium permanganate, kutsanulira nthaka yokonzedwa ndi zotsatira zake (mapulasitiki asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu ndi imodzi ndi mabowo opangidwa pansi angagwiritsidwe ntchito kukhetsa madzi).

Momwe mungatetezere nthaka nthaka ya mbande: kanema

Mbewu ndi nthaka zitatha, mukhoza kuyamba kubzala. Chidebe chokonzekera mbande (mabokosi, zida za pulasitiki, ndi zina zotero) zodzazidwa ndi gawo lapansi pamlungu musanafese mbewu. Nthaka ikusowa masiku angapo kuti igone bwino. Panthawi yofesa nthaka ayenera kukhala wothira pang'ono.

Pa nthaka pamwamba, kupanga grooves ndi kuya kwa 10-15 mm. Mwa iwo pamtunda wa masentimita 2-2.5 kuchokera kwa wina ndi mzake, ikani nyembazo, ikani pamwamba ndi gawo lapansi.

Mitengo ya mbewu imaphimba filimuyo, idzayambitsa microclimate yofunikila. Kutentha kwapakati pa mpweya kumene mbande ziyenera kukula ndi +24 ° С. Tsegulani zojambulazo tsiku lililonse kwa mphindi zisanu ndi zisanu ndi zisanu ndi zisanu ndi zisanu kuti muwonetsetse kutuluka kwa mpweya Pambuyo pooneka mphukira zoyamba, chivundikirocho chimachotsedwa kwathunthu.

Mukudziwa? Tomato ndi abwino kudya odwala matenda a shuga. Iwo ali ndi chromium yambiri, yofunikira kuti asunge shuga yowonongeka ya magazi.

Kubzala phwetekere: kanema

Kusamalira ndi kusamalira

Mbande zimakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi nthaka chinyezi. Onetsetsani kuti dziko lapansi siluma. Ngati pamwamba pa nthaka ndi youma - gwiritsani ntchito tsache.

Komabe, sizingatheke kusefukira mphukira. Pankhaniyi, m'pofunika kuyika mbewuzo pamalo otentha kwambiri (pafupi ndi fitolamps kapena mabatire) pofuna kuyanika mwamsanga dothi. Pambuyo tsamba lachitatu likuwonekera, mphukira imafunika kuyendayenda - kusiya zolimba kwambiri, kupukuta mpumulo.

Musalole ma drafts. Perekani chidwi pa mfundoyi ngati matanketi okhala pansi ali pawindo.

Phunzirani zambiri za momwe mungasankhire nthawi yabwino yofesa tomato, kusamalira phwetekere mbande, momwe mungasamalire tomato molondola, momwe mungadyetse phwetekere mbande mutabzala tomato mutseguka pansi.

Kuwombera kumafunika kuumitsa. Padzakhala nyengo yozizira yopanda mphepo, mutsegule zenera kwa mphindi 6-8, mukhoza kutulutsa zomera pa khonde kapena pamsewu. Ndikoyenera kubwereza ndondomekoyi nthawi zonse, koma ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti kukwera kwa mbande kumatsutsana mosiyana.

Pamene mbande zanu zikufika pazimenezi (kutalika - 26-30 cm, pafupifupi masamba 10), ziyenera kubzalidwa pansi. Nthaka ndi mabedi panthawi ino ziyenera kukonzekera kale. Ngati ikadali yozizira panja, mungagwiritse ntchito filimu yamaluwa kuti mupange chivundikiro.

Musanabzala, onetsetsani kuti mukuwumitsa dzuwa, nthawi zonse muwonjezere nthawi yotsalira, mwinamwake mbande idzawombedwa ndi dzuwa ndipo sichidzachira

Ndipo mukhoza kuchepetsa kukula kwa mbande, kuchepetsa kutentha kwake ndi mpweya kutentha. Ndondomekoyi ndi yopanda phindu, ndondomeko yamagetsi yokhayokha muzomera kwa kanthawi kochepa.

Bedi liyenera kukonzedwa motere.:

  1. Zitsamba zokonzedweratu. Mtunda pakati pa tchire mumzere umodzi - mamita 0.3, mtunda wa pakati pa mizere yoyandikana (mkati mwa mabedi omwewo) - 0,4 mamita.
  2. Pazigawo zosankhidwa kwa masiku 2-3 musanadzalemo, kukumba mabowo m'njira yoti agwirizane ndi chitsamba ndi clod ya dziko lapansi. Zitsime ziyenera kutsanulidwa ndi madzi otentha ndi potaziyamu permanganate (1 tsp Per 10 malita a madzi). Kenaka muthe madzi abwino ofunda ndi kuphimba ndi filimu yamaluwa.

Onetsetsani ndondomeko yodzala tomato.

Nthawi ikadzadzala mbeu pamabedi, mosamala kuti asawononge mizu, chotsani mbande mumabokosi.

  1. Mu dzenje lokonzekera muyenera kuyika mmera bwino, kuti mizu ikhale pamwamba pa nthaka.
  2. Mizu ikamadzala sayenera kuikidwa pansi, nthaka mozama siinasinthe.
  3. Sapling ayenera kuthidwa ndi dothi, mopepuka kugwedeza nthaka ndi manja ake.

Nthanga za phwetekere ziyenera kubzalidwa popanda kutentha kwa chisanu.

Ubwino wofunikira wa zosiyanasiyana ukhoza kuonedwa kuti ndi wautali wautali, womwe umaloleza kuti usagwiritsire ntchito ntchentche, ndi chipangidwe chake chokwanira, chifukwa chitsamba sichifuna kupanga mapangidwe. Pamene chitsambacho chikafika kukula kwake, chidzasiya kukula popanda kukulemetsa ndi mavuto osafunikira.

Ngakhale chitsamba sichiri kukula kwakukulu, garter sichidzakhala chosasangalatsa. N'zotheka kukhazikitsa tapestries, ndipo n'zotheka kumanga munthu pambali pa chitsamba chilichonse. Garter amafunika, choyamba, kuti pakhale zosavuta kuti chomeracho chilimbane ndi kuuma kwa chipatso panthawi yokolola kwambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Kupita ndikofunikira kokha pamene tomato akukula m'madera mwadzidzidzi, kusintha mwadzidzidzi nyengo.
Pakatha masiku atatu muyenera kuthirira madzi tomato ndi madzi okwanira, kenako nkufunika kudutsa mu nthaka kuti musadzazidwe ndi kutumphuka. Pamodzi ndi kumasulidwa ayenera kumeta mabedi.

Tomato ayenera kuthiriridwa pazu, pofuna kupewa matenda, tsatirani kuti chinyezi sichitha pamapepala

Mu masabata atatu oyambirira, dothi lomasula limakhala pafupifupi masentimita 10. Kenaka nkofunika kuchepetsa kuya kuya 5-7 masentimita, pamene mizu ikukula, ndipo kulowera kwa nthaka kumawopsa.

Pakatha masabata atatu mutabzala pansi, mutengapo mbeu, mutakhala mutangoyamba kutulutsa pansi, mutha kukamanga msangamsanga. Ndondomekoyi idzapangitsa kuti mizu ikhale yabwino komanso ikuthandizira kukula.

Kwa kukula koyenera ndi fruiting, phwetekere amadyetsedwa katatu. Nthawi yoyamba - masiku 15 mutabwerera pansi. Mu nthawi ya mapangidwe a mazira ambiri apange kachiwiri kudya. Mwamsanga zipatso zikayamba kucha, feteleza zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kachitatu.

Phunzirani momwe mungadyetse tomato pa fruiting.

Poyamba kudya, ammonium nitrate ingagwiritsidwe ntchito (30 g pa 20 l madzi). Chofunika cha chomera chimodzi ndi pafupifupi 0,5 l ya yankho.

Kachiwiri, kudyetsa superphosphate (15 g) ndi potaziyamu chloride (7 g) n'koyenera. Pofuna kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza, m'pofunika kupanga masentimita asanu pansi pa mabedi, masentimita 25 kuchokera ku phwetekere. Iwo ayenera kufalitsa mosakaniza feteleza, ndi kuwawaza pamwamba ndi nthaka yonyowa.

Kachitatu kupanga ammonium nitrate, muyezo womwewo nthawi yoyamba.

Zabwino zodyetsa ndi mullein, koma ziyenera kuvunda, mwinamwake kukhalapo kwake kudzakhudza kukoma kwa tomato. Sungunulani makilogalamu 5 a manyowa mu 25 malita a madzi, mulole izo zikhale kwa milungu iwiri. Sakanizani mankhwala ndi madzi (1:20) - madzi madzi ndi njira iyi (1 l pa chitsamba).

Pambuyo pa kutsika, tomato amadyetsedwa ndi nayitrogeni, potaziyamu ndi magnesium. Panthawi imene zipatso zimayamba kupanga, mukhoza kupanga ammonium nitrate.

Mukudziwa? Nyamayi imodzi yaikulu imakhala ndi 2/3 ya zosowa za anthu tsiku ndi tsiku za ascorbic acid.

Matenda ndi kupewa tizilombo

Mwatsoka, tomato akutsutsidwa ndi tizirombo tosiyanasiyana ndi matenda ena.

  • Chipatala cha Colorado. Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi owopsa kwambiri kwa zomera, kuwononga masamba ndi ovary. Pofuna kuthana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, pali tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ("Bankol", "Bombardier", "Mvula yamkuntho", etc.) yomwe imayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito malinga ndi malangizo. Kuchokera ku mankhwala owerengeka angatchedwe monga: kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa kulowetsedwa kwa phulusa ndi chowawa, tincture wa wamkulu Colorado maluwa, pollination ya birch chomera phulusa pa maluwa.
  • Medvedka. Kachilombo koopsa - wokonda tomato. Amakhala mumtunda wothirira madzi. Угроза для растений исходит и от личинок, и от взрослых насекомых. Паразиты роют норы, грызут корни помидоров, нанося им тем самым непоправимый вред. Для уничтожения применяют "Конфидор", "Боверин", "Медветокс" согласно инструкции.Kuchokera ku agrotechnical amatanthauza kuti ndi koyenera kusiyanitsa zoterozo: kumasula nthawi zonse pakati pa tchire ndi mabedi (kotero inu muwononge dzira-kutayika tizilombo), pewani kugwiritsa ntchito manyowa. Mukhoza kubzala marigolds kuzungulira tchire - tizirombo tiyesetse kuti tisayandikire.
  • Wireworm. Matenda ena omwe amakhudza mizu ndi mapesi a tomato. Polimbana ndi izi ndizothandiza kwambiri "Basudin". Mankhwalawa akusakanizidwa ndi mchenga, akugona muzitali zakuya pafupi ndi chitsamba ndikuwaza dziko lapansi.
  • Tsani pa tomato. Mbozi imayamba kudya pamwamba pa zomera, kenako imapita ku ovary. Kwambiri mantha kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa adyo kulowetsedwa.

Matenda ambiri omwe amagwira ntchito tomato ndi phyllossticosis, malo oyera, mwendo wakuda.

  • White spotting. Chizindikiro chodziwika - malo otentha pamasamba, omwe anangoyamba kumene. Gwiritsani ntchito matendawa pogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala a 1% a Bordeaux osakaniza (10 g pa 10 l madzi). Popeza tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timakhala ndi masamba omwe ali ndi kachilombo, masamba onse a chaka chatha ayenera kuchotsedwa ndi kuwotchedwa.
  • Msolo wakuda. Matenda a fungal. Musanabzala, nthaka iyenera kuchitidwa ndi colloidal sulfure (0.005 g pa 1 sq. M) ndi njira ya potassium permanganate (1 tsp Per chidebe cha madzi).
  • Phyllosticosis Amapezeka m'magulu pansi pa chitsamba. Pamwamba pa pepala ndi mtundu wa dzimbiri, kumbali inayo ndi mthunzi wobiriwira-wachikasu. Masamba amafota ndi kugwa. Ngati tomato imakula mu wowonjezera kutentha, m'pofunika kuchepetsa mpweya kukhala 55-58%. Analimbikitsa kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa mkuwa sulphate (100 g pa 10 malita a madzi).

Ndikofunikira! "Kuthamanga kwa golide" kulimbana kwambiri ndi matenda. Chifukwa cha kukula kwake msinkhu, samangokhala ndi nthawi yodwala matenda ena, mwachitsanzo, kuchepa kwachedwa.

Kukolola ndi Kusungirako

Kumapeto kwa June - kumayambiriro kwa June, mukhoza kusangalala ndi zipatso zabwino kwambiri za golide. Mitundu yoyambirira ya Ultra imayamba kubala zipatso pafupifupi nthawi yomweyo, nthawi yomweyo. Sizomwe zimakhala zokolola mwamsanga, pomwe pamtunda umodzi muli zipatso za kukula kwake - kuchokera kubiriwira kuti zizitsuka.

Ngati mukufuna kuwonjezera nthawi ya fruiting, tomato ayenera kukolola chosapsa, muyeso yotchedwa digirii ya kukhwima. Zipatso zomwe zimasonkhanitsidwa pamtunda uwu zidzafika ndipo sizidzasiyana mosiyana ndi zomwe zimasonkhanitsidwa.

Koma, mutatha kukolola ndi masamba, mudzamasula zomera. Mmalo mogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu pa kucha kwa phwetekere (zomwe ziri bwino mokwanira mokwanira komanso mosasunthika), chitsamba chidzawatsogolera iwo kuti apange mazira omanga atsopano.

Tomato akhoza kukonzekera adjika, madzi a phwetekere, kuzifutsa, tomato wothira, saladi, tomato mu odzola.

Chakumapeto kwa chilimwe, kuchepa kwa kutentha, zomera zimachepetsa njira zawo zamagetsi, ndipo posakhalitsa zimafa. Panthawiyi nkofunika kusonkhanitsa mbewu zotsalira, mwinamwake zipatso za kuthengo zidzawononga.

Mitedza yonse imakhala yovuta kwambiri. Zikatero, ngati kutentha kwa usiku kumatsika mpaka 5 ° C, ndipo chomeracho chikadali ndi zipatso, sichikulirakulira.

Ngati chisanu chiri "pamphuno" ndipo pali zipatso pa tchire, mukhoza kuchita motere:

  1. Zomera zimakumbidwa kunja kwa munda wonse, pamodzi ndi mizu.
  2. Zitsamba ndi zipatso zimagwidwa mu mulu ndi kutalika kwa 0.7-0.9 m, zonse mizu ziyenera kutsogozedwa mu njira imodzi.
  3. Muluwu umakhala ndi udzu ndipo umasiyidwa. Pambuyo pa masiku 10-12, tomato ena adzaphuka, ayenera kuchotsedwa ku chitsamba, panthawi imodzimodzi kuchotsa zowola kapena kuonongeka.
Choncho chitani mpaka zipatso zonse zipse.

Mukudziwa? M'mawonekedwe a tomato oposa 90% ndi madzi. Ngati mukufunadi kuponya mapaundi angapo, chipatso ichi ndi chofunika kwambiri kwa inu. Ndili ndi mchere wambiri, womwe umapindulitsa kwambiri m'thupi, ndi potaziyamu, zomwe zimathandiza kuchotsa madzi ambiri ndi poizoni kuchokera m'thupi.
Mukhoza kusiya tomato pansi pa wowonjezera kutentha, ndikuyika filimu yamaluwa pansi pawo, ndikuphimba ndi udzu pamwamba. Kutentha kotereku ndi 16-23 ° C. Kutentha kwa mpweya - 70-80%. Kutentha kwa wowonjezera kutentha kumayenera kukhala woyera ndi mandimu kuti dzuwa lotentha lisatenthe tomato.

Chokongola, choyambirira komanso mosadzichepetsa powasamalira tomato, n'zosadabwitsa kuti mwamsanga mwatchuka. Olima munda amanena kuti "Golden Stream" idzatha kukula ngakhale woyambitsa masewera. Ndipo ngati muwonjezerapo makhalidwe awa abwino kwambiri, okoma oyambirira kucha, matenda osakanikirana ndi kusinthasintha kwa mitundu zosiyanasiyana, kukayikira konse kumasoweka - mukufunika kukula izi zodabwitsa m'munda mwanu.

Maphunziro a Gulu

Nyengo yotsiriza ine ndinabzala mtsinje wa golide, mbewu zinabweretsedwa kuchokera ku Ukraine mmalo mwa golide wagolide, zomwe ine ndinalota. Ndinkakonda kwambiri mtsinje uwu: ana, oyambirira, osagwira kutentha, kutalika kwa 50-56 cm, zipatso zooneka ngati lalanje za 65-70 g. , chokoma chabwino cha chakudya ndi mchere. Kodi ndingatumize ndani? Malingana ndi zomwe ndaphunzira, ndikumana ndi matenda.
Olga
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