Ndondomeko yodyetsa nkhuku za broiler ndi maantibayotiki ndi mavitamini

Zimadziwika kuti nkhuku za broiler zimakhala ndi mphamvu zowonjezera kwa mabakiteriya, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, malo osakhala bwino a nkhuku kuposa nkhuku zamba. Pofuna kuteteza ziweto, abambo ambiri adayesetsa kutaya nkhuku zotere kuyambira masiku oyambirira a moyo. Katemera wamakono wa ma antibiotic ndi mavitamini akhoza kuonjezera kuchuluka kwa nyama zinyama pafupifupi 100%. Zotsatirazi zikufotokoza kuti ndi mankhwala ati omwe angagwiritsidwe ntchito kudyetsa nkhuku ndi ndondomeko zotani zomwe zikuchitika.

Nkhuku yodyetsa nkhuku

Ponena za kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala opha tizilombo, eni ake amagawanika amagawidwa m'magulu akulu awiri: oyamba amakhulupirira kuti n'zosamveka komanso koopsa kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala opha majeremusi kuyambira masiku oyambirira a moyo wa nkhuku.Ena amakhulupirira kuti mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda amachititsa kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda komanso tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Ndikofunikira! Pogula nkhuku ndikofunika kuphunzira kuchokera kwa mlimi wa nkhuku zomwe ndendende ogulitsa nthenga, mapiritsi ndi maantibayotiki omwe apatsidwa kale, kaya atemera katemera.

Cholinga choyamba

Otsatira njirayi akutsutsana ndi chisankho chawo: Pa kubadwa, makanda amakhala ndi microflora m'magazi osabereka, ndipo chifukwa cha zakudya zoyenera komanso kudya mavitamini a m'matumbo amayamba ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, zomwe zimayambitsa kupanga chitetezo champhamvu. Njira imeneyi ndi yotchuka kwambiri pakati pa alimi a nkhuku.

Chiwembu cha kumwa №1:

Masiku 0-1.Ana amapatsidwa yankho la shuga pofuna kuthamanga mwamsanga kwa yolk zatsalira. Chakumwachi chimakhalanso ndi zotsutsana ndi zotupa, zowonongeka, zotsutsana ndi nkhawa, zomwe zimayambitsa matenda, zimalimbitsa thupi. Kwa kuthirira kukonzekera 3-5% shuga njira. Chogulitsidwa chingathe kugulitsidwa pa pharmacy kapena kukonzekera kunyumba: 1 tsp. shuga pa madzi okwanira 1 litre.
Masiku 2-7.Panthawi imeneyi, mukhoza kuyamba kupereka mavitamini. N'zotheka kugwiritsa ntchito kukonzekera "Lovit" (5 ml pa 1 l).
Masiku 8-11.Pa nthawiyi, kuyambitsidwa kwa ma antibiotic kumayambira. Mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito "Enrofloks", "Baytril", "Ernostin."
Masiku 12-18.Kutaya mavitamini ndi maantibayotiki.

Pambuyo panthawi yopuma, muyenera kupatula anawo mavitamini ndi maantibayotiki mpaka kuphedwa.

Tikukudziwitsani kuti mudziwe mankhwala omwe ali ndi ziweto zomwe zingakhale zothandiza kwa mlimi pakukula broilers.

Chigwirizano chachiwiri

Otsatira njirayi kuyambira masiku oyambirira a moyo, anapiye amadyetsedwa ndi maantibayotiki pofuna kulimbikitsa chitetezo cha mthupi, makamaka mwa anthu ofooka.

Chiwembu chakumwa nambala 2:

Masiku 0-5.Kuyamba kwa mankhwala opha tizilombo kumayamba. Mwachitsanzo, mankhwalawa "Baytril" amatsanulidwa m'madzi (ampoule imodzi ya 1 ml pa 2 malita a madzi). Mukhozanso kugwiritsa ntchito Enroxil.
Masiku 6-11.Panthawiyi, mavitamini ojambulidwa ndi jekeseni. Mwachitsanzo, mankhwalawa "Aminovtal" (2 ml pa madzi okwanira 1 litre) kapena "Chiktonik" (1-2 ml pa madzi okwanira 1 litre).
Masiku 12-14.Pa nthawiyi, nkofunika kuteteza coccidosis. Coccidiostatics imagwiritsidwa ntchito paichi. Mwachitsanzo, "baykoks" 2.5% (ampoule imodzi ndi volume ya 1 ml pa madzi okwanira 1 litre).
Masiku 15-17.Maphunziro a vitamini akubwerezedwa ndi kukonzekera komwe kunagwiritsidwa ntchito masiku 6-11.
Masiku 18-22.Mankhwala oyambitsa maantibayotiki omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito masiku oyambirira a moyo akubwerezedwa.

Ndikofunikira! Pa 9 paliponse pali nkhuku zambiri-14 tsiku.

Ovomerezeka mankhwala

Pali mankhwala ochuluka omwe angagwiritsidwe ntchito pafupipafupi, koma si onse omwe ali oyenerera zinyama zazing'ono, makamaka mitundu ya nyama. M'munsimu tikambirana za mankhwala omwe amaperekedwa ku nkhuku za broiler.

Baycox

Koktsidiostatic, ingagwiritsidwe ntchito ponse podziletsa komanso mankhwala. Zimatengedwa mwachindunji: yankho limakonzedwa (1 ml ya mankhwala ndi 2.5% pa 1 l madzi) ndipo imatuluka ndi mbalame kwa maora 48. Mankhwalawa alibe zotsatira zake, koma ayenera kutenga masiku osachepera asanu ndi atatu kuchokera kumagwiritsidwe ntchito ka mankhwala kuti aphe mbalamezi. Ngati kuphedwa kunkachitika pasanafike nthawi, nyama imaletsedwa kudya; Zingagwiritsidwe ntchito popanga nyama ndi mafupa.

Mankhwalawa "Baikoks" amagwiritsidwa ntchito pochizira matendawa mu broilers.

"Baytril"

Mankhwala oteteza ma antibiotic ochokera ku gulu la fluoroquinolones. Chogwiritsira ntchito ndi enrofloxacin, chifukwa mankhwalawa amalembedwa ku matenda onse omwe tizilombo ta tizilombo timagwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa:

  • salmonellosis;
  • streptococcosis;
  • colibacteriosis;
  • mycoplasmosis;
  • campylobacteriosis;
  • necrotic enteritis.

Konzani njira yothetsera vutoli (0.5 ml pa 1 l) ndi solder panthawi yomwe inanenedwa ndi veterinarian. Asanaphedwe ayenera kutenga masiku osachepera 11 kuchokera ku phwando lomaliza. Mankhwalawa sangagwiritsidwe ntchito limodzi ndi mankhwala ambiri, kotero musanagwiritse ntchito muyenera kuwerenga mosamala malangizo.

"Tromeksin"

Mankhwala osokoneza bongo omwe ali ndi sulfanilamide, tetracycline, trimethoprim, bromhexine. Amaperekedwa kwa matenda otsatirawa:

  • kamwazi;
  • khwangwala;
  • chibayo;
  • pasteurellosis;
  • septicemia;
  • enteritis.
Zimatengedwa mwachinsinsi, kwa achinyamata broilers, yankho limakonzedwa molingana ndi chiwembu ichi:

  • Tsiku limodzi: 1 g wa mankhwala mu madzi okwanira 1 litre;
  • 2-3 tsiku: 0,5 g pa madzi okwanira 1 litre.

Ponena za mankhwala a prophylactic, ndi bwino kufunsa dokotala. Kupha mbalame kumaloledwa patapita masiku asanu kuchokera pa nthawi yogwiritsira ntchito mankhwalawa.

Mukudziwa? Mawu akuti "broiler" amachokera ku mawu a Chingerezi broil, kutanthauza "kuthamanga pamoto."

Enroxil

Mankhwala a antibiotic ndi mankhwala othandizira enrofloxacin, kotero zizindikiro zogwiritsira ntchito mankhwalawa zikufanana ndi mankhwala "Baytril". Pogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ovomerezeka, makinawa amakonzedwa (0,5 ml ya 10% yothetsera madzi okwanira 1 l madzi) ndipo amatha kusanduka kwa masiku atatu (ndi salmonellosis, mlingo ukuwonjezeka kwa masiku asanu). Kupha mbalame kumaloledwa patapita masiku asanu ndi atatu kuchokera pa nthawi ya phwando lomaliza. Mankhwalawa samayambitsa zotsatira ndi kuwonjezera, polemekeza malamulo ovomerezeka. Komabe, sungagwiritsidwe ntchito panthawi imodzimodzimodzi ndi mankhwala a tetracycline gulu, macrolide, ndi mitundu ina ya maantibayotiki. Choncho, musanagwiritse ntchito, onetsetsani kuti mukuwerenga malangizo.

"Enrostin"

Mankhwala oteteza ma antibayotiki ophatikizapo enrofloxacin ndi colistin. Zizindikiro za Enrostin zikufanana ndi za Enroxil ndi Baytril. Njira yothetsera imagwiritsidwa ntchito pamlomo (0,5 ml pa 1 lita imodzi ya madzi) kwa masiku 3-5. Kupha mbalame kumachitika patatha masiku 11.

Zidzakhala zothandiza kwa eni ake a nkhuku kuti apeze chomwe chimayambitsa imfa ya mbalame ndi momwe angazichotsere.

Ndiletsedwa kutenga mankhwalawa pamodzi ndi mankhwala ambiri.

"Enrofloks"

Mankhwala ena oletsa maantibayotiki otengera enrofloxacin. Zisonyezo za kuvomereza zofanana. Mankhwala amapangidwa ndi 10%, yothetsera vutoli (0,5 ml pa 1 l ya madzi) ndipo amagulitsidwa kwa mbalame masiku asanu ndi atatu. Kuphedwa kukuchitika patapita masiku khumi ndi anayi kuchokera ku ntchito yomaliza.

Tikukulangizani kuti muphunzire za matenda omwe ali opatsirana komanso omwe sali opatsirana a nkhuku za broiler ndi njira zawo zamankhwala.

Farmazin

Mankhwala oteteza maantibayotiki ochokera ku gulu la macrodedes lochokera ku chinthu tylosin. Pofuna kupewa ndi kuchiza ma broilers, Farmazin-500 imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mawonekedwe osakaniza madzi. Njira yothetsera (1 g ya ufa pa 1 lita imodzi ya madzi) imadyetsedwa kwa nkhuku mmalo mwa madzi masiku atatu. Mankhwalawa amagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka popewera ndi kuchiza mycoplasmosis mu mbalame. Ikhoza kugwiritsidwanso ntchito kwa kamwazi, chibayo, ndi sinusitis.

"Ivermectin"

Mankhwala a antiparasitic omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mofanana. Mu nkhuku za broiler zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pa matenda otsatirawa:

  • ascariasis;
  • capillariasis;
  • heterosis;
  • entomoz.

Mukudziwa? Nthanga za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya nkhuku, makamaka broilers, zimatchedwa "mitanda", ndipo kuyendayenda kotereku kumatchedwa "kuswana."

Mankhwalawa amasungunuka mumadzi (0,4 ml pa madzi okwanira 1 litre) ndipo amagulitsidwa kuti akhale ndi mapiko a masiku awiri. Kuphedwa kungapangidwe patatha masiku asanu ndi atatu kuchokera ku phwando lomaliza.

"Fenenvet"

Mankhwala a antihelmintic ophera flubendazole. Mankhwalawa, 3 g ufa amakhala osakaniza ndi 1 makilogalamu a chakudya, njira yamachiritso ndi masiku asanu ndi awiri. Mankhwalawa ndi othandiza ku ascariasis, histomonasis. Kupha nkhuku zodya nyama kumatha masiku asanu ndi awiri kuchokera pa nthawi yomaliza.

Werengani za chakudya chambiri chomwe chimadyetsa musanaphedwe ndi momwe nkhuku imagwiritsira ntchito fakitale.

"Chiktonik"

Dyetsani zakudya zowonjezera kudyetsa zakudya za mbalame ndi mavitamini ndi amino acid. Kukonzekera kuli ndi ma vitamini A, E, K, D, gulu B, komanso amino acid: lysine, arginine, alanine, glycine, ndi zina zotero. Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa zowonjezera kuli ndi zotsatirapo pa thupi:

  • zimayambitsa njira zamagetsi;
  • kuwonjezera kukana zovuta zachilengedwe;
  • kukonza chitetezo cha mthupi;
  • kuwonjezera kukula kwa achinyamata;
  • kumadzaza kusowa kwa zakudya.
Mabililers akukonzekera njira yothetsera kumwa (1-2 ml pa 1 lita imodzi ya madzi) kwa masiku asanu.

Zokuthandizani zoweta

Waukulu amalimbikitsa pamene akudyetsa broilers:

  1. Mankhwala opha majeremusi ayenera kuperekedwa malinga ndi ndondomeko yoyenera yomwe yanenedwa m'malamulowo, kapena pothandizidwa ndi veterinarian. Ngati maantibayotiki amaperekedwa mwachisawawa, atasokoneza maphunzirowo ndipo mwadzidzidzi amabwezeretsa, mankhwala osokoneza bongo angayambitsidwe - kukana kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kwa mankhwala.
  2. Ndikofunika kuchepetsa mankhwala mu madzi olekanitsidwa, ziribe kanthu - yaiwisi kapena yophika.
  3. Ndi bwino kugwiritsira ntchito madzi ozizira, okhala ndi magnesium ndi calcium salt. Ngati madzi amdera lanu sakugwirizana ndi izi, muyenera kugula botolo.
  4. Zimakhala zopanda nzeru kukonzekera njira zothetsera mavitamini ndi maantibayotiki pasadakhale, chifukwa patapita tsiku sothetsa vutoli kulibenso machiritso. Ngakhale madziwo atakhalabe mwa omwa, patatha maola 24, ayenera kutsanuliridwa ndi kukonzedwa kwatsopano.
  5. Ngati oledzera angapo akuyikidwa mu kanyumba kakang'ono kapena bokosi, muyenera kuonetsetsa kuti zitsulo zonse zimatsanulidwa m'mitsuko yonse.
  6. Okumwa ayenera kutsukidwa bwino nthawi iliyonse yatsopano.
  7. Ngati zizindikiro zimadetsa nkhuku imodzi kapena zingapo, nkhuku iyenera kuikidwa ndipo ngati n'kotheka, imatumizidwa kwa veterinarian kuti akayese. Inde, matenda ambiri amabwera mofulumira kwambiri m'khola, ndipo ena amawopsyeza anthu.

Ndikofunikira! Ndizoopsa kuti mbalame zisafe ndi ma antibayotiki. Komanso, simukuyenera kukhala achangu ngati kukula kwa achinyamata kukuwoneka kolimba ndi kathanzi, palibe zopotoka pa chitukuko ndi dziko la thanzi.

Mungagwiritse ntchito njira zosiyana zoyamwitsa nkhuku: zomwe zatchulidwa pamwambapa kapena zopangidwa mosasamala. Komabe, akatswiri onse amavomereza kuti popanda mankhwala apadera okonzera mavitamini ndi mavitamini, nkovuta kuthetsa zinyama zopanda malire, zomwe zimakhudzana ndi zozizwitsa za chitetezo m'thupi. Kuwonjezera pa kuyambitsa chitetezo cha mthupi, kudyetsa kunja kumakhala ndi zotsatirapo zina zambiri: zimapangitsa kukula ndi kulemera kwa phindu, kumapangitsa kuti kagwiritsidwe kake kagwiritsidwe ntchito, kachepetse mavuto omwe amabwera chifukwa cha kupanikizika.

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