Kusunga zinziri m'nyumba yosasangalatsa

Anthu omwe amafuna kuti azidya zakudya zokhudzana ndi nyama komanso mazira atsopano, zimatha kuyamba kubzala mbalameyi m'nyumba, makamaka popeza nthawi siidya komanso yowonjezera. Nkhaniyi ikukuuzani momwe mungachitire izi, kuyambira ndi kusankha mbalame, ndikumaliza ndi zomwe zimasunga ndi kuswana.

Kodi ndingasunge zinziri m'nyumbayi?

Muzochitika zadziko, zomwe zili ndi zinziri zomwe zimakhala m'nyumba sizinthu zatsopano. Mu Japanese, mwachitsanzo, mbalamezi ndizomwe zimakhala m'makolo a zoo zoweta zoweta zoweta zazing'ono, monga zithaza kapena mapuloti. Zing'onoting'ono ndi mbalame zopanda ulemu, chifukwa momwe zinthu zimakhalira m'nyumba zimakhala zokwanira kuti zisamalire, ndipo sizipanga phokoso m'mizinda ya kumudzi. Pano pali zosavuta zofunikira pa kuswana ndi kukonza:

  • zipangizo za maselo abwino;
  • chakudya choyenera;
  • kusamalira njira yowala;
  • kugwiritsa ntchito hoods;
  • kusamba kwa tsiku ndi tsiku.
Mukudziwa? Mu 1990, zinziri za mazira ndi mazira zimatumizidwa mu mlengalenga, zomwe anapiye anazigwiritsa ntchito panthawi yomwe ankauluka. Awa ndiwo "matope" oyambirira, obadwa kunja kwa dziko lapansi.

Kusankha kwa mbalame

Kuti mupeze bwino mbeu ndi kukula zikopa, muyenera kudziwa mtundu womwe uli wabwino kwambiri, ndipo musankhe mbalame zazing'ono ndi zathanzi molondola.

Ndi zinziri ziti zomwe zimapindulitsa kwambiri kusunga (mtundu)

Nkhuku zomwe zimakhala ndi chilengedwe zimakhala zolemera kwambiri komanso zimakhala zochepa kwambiri, choncho obereketsawo amapanga pafupifupi mitundu yatsopano 40 ya mitundu ya nyama ndi mazira, yomwe mitundu yotsatirayi imapindulitsa kwambiri pobereka ndi kusamalira:

  1. Zilombo za ku Japan. Mbalame za dzira lolowera. Amuna amalemera mpaka 130 g, akazi - mpaka 150 g. Chigwa cha Japan cham'mala ndi 280-300 mazira pachaka. Zimapindulitsa kubereka izi chifukwa zikazi zake ndizokula msinkhu: pa miyezi 1.5-2 ali okhoza kale kuika mazira.
  2. Farao. Nyama zimaswana. Ma Farao akutsogolera pakati pa mitunduyi popanga phindu lolemera - kufika pa 280 g, akazi omwe ali ndi 300 g. Ubwino wa mtundu uwu ndi wakuti ali ndi mazira akuluakulu oposa 18 g. Dzira limapanga 180-200 zidutswa pachaka.
  3. Zinziri za Estoni. Nkhuku zogwiritsidwa ndi nkhuku zimatha kunyamula mazira 285 pachaka. Kulemera kwa akazi ndi 190 g, pakuti amuna amatsitsa pang'ono. Ubwino wa mtunduwu ndi: kupatula masiku 35-40, 90% yobereka mazira, 80% zopanda mphamvu komanso kupulumuka kwa 100%.
  4. Zinziri zaku French. Nkhuku nyama ndi kayendedwe ka dzira. Kulemera kwa mtundu wamwamuna wa Chifaransa kumafikira 300 g, ndi akazi - 400 g. Kutulutsa nkhuku ndi kochepa, kufika mazira 225 pachaka, koma kupindulitsa ndikuti dzira limodzi likhoza kulemera 16 g, lomwe liri 5 g kuposa kuposa mtundu wa dzira.

Werengani za mitundu yabwino kwambiri ya zinziri popangira.

Njira yaikulu yosankhira mbalame

Njuchi ziyenera kusankhidwa malinga ndi izi:

  1. Ngati simukukonzekera kubereka mbalame, ndiye kuti mungathe kugula akazi.
  2. Ndikofunika kudziwa momwe mbalame zimagula - nyama kapena mazira. Chochititsa chidwi n'chakuti nkhuku zimatha kutulutsa makokosi kwa miyezi 10.
  3. Nthenda yabwino kwambiri ya mbalameyi ndi miyezi 1.5: pazaka zino, zinziri zingathe kugwirizana bwino ndi malo atsopano ndi kudyetsa.
  4. Ndikofunika kumvetsera maonekedwe a anapiye: anthu wathanzi akugwira ntchito, mokweza kwambiri, amakhala ndi chilakolako chabwino, chimbudzi chowoneka bwino, maso omveka, mafunde oyera pamtunda wa cloaca.
  5. Mbalame siziyenera kukhala zowonongeka kapena zowonjezereka.
  6. Kupuma kwa nkhuku kuyenera kumveka bwino.
  7. Samalani mawonekedwe a mlomo wa nyama zinyama: ngati zowonongeka ndi zomveka, ndiye izi ndizisonyezero kuti mbalamezo ndizolemba. Sitiyenera kukhala ndi kukula komwe kuli pafupi ndi mapiri a anapiye.
Mukudziwa? Zilembo zakale za ku Igupto zinali ndi hieroglyph monga mawonekedwe a zinziri zazing'ono, zomwe zimatulutsa mawu akuti "y" ndi "in."

Zizindikiro za zomwe zili ndi malamulo a chisamaliro

Pofuna kupeza zotsatira zabwino pakuweta mbalame mu malo a nyumba, nkofunika kuti iwo azionetsetsa kuti ali ndi microclimate yoyenera komanso kuti asamalire bwino.

Zinthu zakuthupi

Nazi zina zofunika pa malo omwe mbalame zimasungidwa:

  1. Nkhosa sizilekerera phokoso lawonjezeka, mwinamwake iwo angayambe kulavulira mazira, ndipo dzira lawo-lokha lidzatsika. Choncho, amafunika chipinda chopanda kukhalapo kwa munthu nthawi zonse, kupatulapo phokoso lopangidwa ndi zipangizo zapanyumba komanso magalimoto.
  2. Mukhoza kusunga mbalame mu chipinda chilichonse chokhazikika, kutetezedwa ku ma drafts.
  3. Ndikofunika kuti nthawi zonse mupange chipinda ndi zinziri kuti muchotseko fungo lochokera ku ntchito yawo yofunikira.
  4. Kutentha kwakukulu mu chipinda momwe mbalame zimasungidwira sizitsitsa kuposa madigiri a +18 (ndizovomerezeka pamwambapa).
  5. Tsiku lowala m'nyumba siliyenera kupitirira maora 17.
  6. Kuunikira sikuyenera kukhala kowala kwambiri. Ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito nyali zapachikapu pa izi.
  7. Chinyezi mu chipinda sichingakhale chapamwamba kapena chapansi kuposa 60%.
  8. Ngati mutatsatira malamulo onse osavuta, mbalame sizichotsa fungo losasangalatsa la nthenga iliyonse, komanso zimakhala zotetezeka komanso zowonongeka.

Zofunika za khola

Zotsatira izi zimayikidwa pa khola kumene mbalame zidzasungidwa:

  1. Mapangidwe ayenera kukhala ndi kukula kofanana ndi chiwerengero cha ziweto: 1 mwamuna ndi akazi 4 amaikidwa mu khola limodzi. Khola liyenera kukhala ndi magawo awa: kutalika - 40 cm, m'lifupi - 30 cm, kutalika - 25 cm.
  2. Maselo pa galasi ayenera kufanana ndi zaka zinziri kuti mbalame zisagwe pansi.
  3. Kuti mukhale oyeretsa, malo osungirako amatha kukhala pansi pa matope ndi phala lapadera: kupyolera mu maselo chidepacho chidzasonkhanitsidwa mu chipinda.
  4. Muyenera kudzaza mafuta okhuta kapena utuchi mu poto: izi zimatengera fungo losasangalatsa.
  5. Zisumba ziyenera kukhala ndi sitayi yomwe ili ndi malo otsetsereka mazira.
  6. Mabanki okhala ndi mbalame sangathe kuikidwa pamalo pomwe dzuwa limalowa.
  7. Maofesi ayenera kukhala osiyana ndi akuluakulu.
  8. Pofuna kusunga malo mu chipinda, ndiloledwa kupanga maselo m'magulu angapo.
  9. Zisamba ndi zowonongeka mkati mwa maselo sizinakonzedwe.
  10. Denga losalowetsedwa siliyenera kukhala lochepetsetsa komanso lolimba, mwinamwake mbalame zivulazidwa zikachotsedwa.
  11. Omwera ndi odyetsa ayenera kuikidwa kunja kwa khola, kuwapachika ku gridi kutsogolo.

Phunzirani momwe mungapangire khola kuti mukhale ndi zinziri ndi manja anu.

Ndikofunikira! Pakatha masiku khumi, zikopa zimafunika kusambira mumchenga-kusambira phulusa, kuti mbalame ziyeretsedwe.

Kodi mungadyetse bwanji zinziri?

Nkhola ziyenera kudyetsedwa nthawi zonse ndikupeza madzi oyera. Amadyetsa mbalame katatu patsiku panthawi imodzimodzi ndi zakudya zomwe zimayenderana ndi msinkhu wawo.

Chick

Chakudya cha nyama zinyama chiyenera kukhala ndi zakudya zotsatirazi:

  1. Bristles, phala, mapuloteni. Kuyambira masiku oyambirira, nkhuku zimapatsidwa owiritsa zophika komanso zowonjezera mazira, kuwonjezera pa oat, chimanga kapena tirigu wambiri (mu chiwerengero cha dzira limodzi ndi mazira atatu) ndi mapira. Komanso, onetsetsani kuti mumalowa mu zakudya zam'madzi, mkaka wowawasa, tchizi, mapira. Mndandandawu udzakuthandizani kudzaza thupi la anapiye ndi mapuloteni, maphika, microelements ndi mavitamini B, komanso kulimbikitsa kukula bwino ndi kupweteka kwa minofu. Chakudya cha tsiku ndi tsiku kwa nkhuku iliyonse ndi osachepera 5 g.
  2. Gravel Kukhalapo kwa miyala yabwino mu zakudya zinziri kwenikweni. Izi zidzathandiza kuti chimbudzi chikhale bwino kwambiri m'mimba mwa nyama zinyama. Kukula kwa granules sikuyenera kupitirira 2-3 mm.
  3. Mchere wambiri. Pambuyo pa sabata yoyamba ya moyo, odyetsa zinziri amaikidwa ndi mchenga wosungunuka, amawerengedwa mu poto yowonongeka, komanso zitsulo zokhala ndi zipolopolo zong'ambika, zipolopolo za mazira ndi choko. Mavitaminiwa amathandizira mafupa a anapiye ndikudzaza thupi ndi calcium, ayodini ndi magnesium. Mphamvu ya tsiku ndi tsiku ya zowonjezera - 1.2%.
  4. Zakudya zabwino komanso zokoma. Kuyambira masabata anayi, nkhuku zimasamalidwa ndi zakudya zowonjezereka zowonjezereka. Kuwonjezera apo, nkhuku, soya, mphodza, nyama ndi mafupa ndi chakudya cha nsomba, yisiti, nthanga, tirigu, tirigu, kaloti, beet, komanso kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa mapuloteni. Muyeso wotere ndi wofunikira kuti asayambe kuyambitsa mazira oyambirira, omwe angakhudze thanzi la ziweto ndi tsogolo la dzira. Kudyetsa chakudya cha tsiku ndi tsiku pa zaka izi ndi 20 g.
Ndikofunikira! Ng'ombe sizimagonjetsedwa ndi matenda, choncho safunikira katemera.

Mbalame yaikulu

Pamene mukudyetsa akuluakulu a zinziri, kuchuluka kwa chakudya pa tsiku ndi 30 g pa 1 mbalame. Zakudya za akuluakulu zikopa ziyenera kukhala ndi zakudya zotsatirazi:

  • chimanga cha chimanga - 40% chakudya champhongo kapena nsomba yophika ndiwonjezeredwa. Zakudya izi zimatengedwa ngati mankhwala;
  • mafuta odzola - gwero la microelements ndi mavitamini;
  • tirigu - tirigu wa tirigu ndiwowonjezereka kuonjezera ndi kusunga zokolola za nkhuku;
  • nyemba (soya, nandolo ndi mphodza) - ndi opereka mapuloteni, mafuta ndi amino acid;
  • fishmeal - amapereka thupi la mbalame ndi mapuloteni owonjezera ndi phosphorous kuti apangidwe mafupa;
  • mkaka (yogurt, kanyumba tchizi, dzira yophika) - olemera mu mapuloteni ndi calcium;
  • chodulidwa mizu masamba ndi masamba - Gwero la mavitamini ndi mavitamini;
  • choko, miyala ya shell, miyala, mazira - mchere wothandizira mafupa mapangidwe ndi bwino dzira-atagona.

Werengani za kudyetsa bwino anthu akuluakulu ndi zinziri.

Mbali zoberekera zinziri m'nyumba

Zileta zilibe chidziwitso, choncho panyumba pazinthu izi mungagwiritse ntchito makina apadera osiyana siyana. Nazi zina mwachinsinsi zomwe muyenera kuzidziwa mukamagwiritsa ntchito makina osakaniza:

  • Ngati chipangizochi chinapangidwa kuti chikhale ndi mazira 20, nkhuku ikhoza kukhala ndi zinziri 80;
  • mazira amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga makina atsopano osapitirira 1 sabata;
  • m'masiku 10 oyambirira, kutentha kwa chofungatira kuyenera kusungidwa pa 38.5 ° C;
  • sabata lotsiriza la kutentha kwa makina ayenera kukhala 38 ° C, ndipo asanabadwe anapiye - 37.5 ° C;
  • Ndikofunika kukumbukira kuti kusiyana kwa kutentha kwa kanyumba kameneka kuchokera pakati mpaka pamphepete ndi madigiri 0,5, kotero mazira ayenera kusinthidwa nthawi ndi nthawi;
  • zinziri zinayamba kuvunda pambuyo pa masiku 17.5. Ntchitoyi ikhoza kukhala maola asanu okha.
Ndikofunikira! Chifukwa cha kuyesera kwa obereketsa kubzala mitundu yatsopano ya zinziri, mbalame zinatayika kayendedwe kake ka makina. Chifukwa cha kulima kwawo ndikofunika kugwiritsa ntchito makina opangira.
Nkhuku mu maminiti oyambirira a moyo zakhala zitaphimbidwa ndi chimbudzi komanso yogwira ntchito. Kuti iwo akule ndikukula bwino, amafunika kusamalidwa bwino:

  • mwamsanga atangobereka, amaikidwa m'zinyalala (zokopa zapadera kapena mabokosi a nyama zinyama);
  • Kutentha kwa chipinda chofunikira kuti tizisunga anapiye tiyenera kukhala osachepera 34 ° C;
  • kuyambira mwezi umodzi mukhoza kuchepetsa kutentha kwa 25 ° C;
  • Ndikofunika kukonzekera kuti zida zowonongeka zimapereka maunikiro oyang'ana maola, zomwe zingachepetsedwe pang'onopang'ono kufikira maora 17 pa tsiku.

Kuchokera pa mphindi zoyambirira za anapiye a moyo amafunikira chakudya chokhala ndi mavitamini ambiri, mchere ndi mapuloteni. Kuphatikiza pa zakudya zopanga zokha, mungagwiritse ntchito chakudya chokonzekera chomwe chingawononge anapiye 100%.

Dzidziwitse nokha ndi zofunikira posankha chotsitsa chowongolera bwino, komanso malamulo oyendetsa zinziri mazira.

Kuphatikizira pazifukwa za pamwambazi, tikuwona kuti kubzala zinziri m'nyumba sikumayambitsa mavuto ambiri, choncho, popatsidwa malangizo mu nkhani yathuyi, mutha kuchita bwino bizinesi yosangalatsa komanso yopindulitsa.

Video: Zokhudzana ndi zinziri m'nyumba