Zomwe zimawombera nsomba

Ndi anthu ochepa omwe alibe chidwi ndi mbalameyi, yokongola kwambiri. Nthano ndi nthano zinalembedwa za kukhulupirika kwake, ndipo iyeyo wakhala weniweni wokongola, chisomo ndi ungwiro. Inde, tikukamba za nyenyezi. Masiku ano, okonda nyama zakutchire akuganiza za kumusunga pakhomo, kotero poyambira, zidzakhala zothandiza kupeza nthawi yomwe moyo wa nkhumba umakhalapo panyumba ndi kunyumba.

Kufotokozera ndi mawonekedwe a mbalameyi

Swan (lat. Cygnus) ndi mbalame za Anseriformes, abakha. Systematics masiku ano amadziwika mitundu isanu ndi iwiri ya: wakuda, wakuda, wakuda, wamkokomo, American, wamng'ono ndi wochita.

Mukudziwa? Chodabwitsa, awiri a swans wakuda nthawi zina amakhala ndi amuna awiri. Pankhaniyi, mkazi yemwe anaika mazira, amathamangitsa kuchoka pa chisa ndipo amathyola nthata zake.
Maonekedwe a mbalameyi:

  • kulemera - 15 kg ndi zina;
  • mapiko - mamita awiri;
  • mvula - yowuma, yopanda madzi;
  • mtundu - woyera, woyera, wakuda kapena imvi;
  • thupi - lamphamvu, minofu;
  • khosi - yaitali, kusintha;
  • Paws ndizowonjezereka;
  • Mlomo - ndi kukula pansi;
  • amuna ndi akazi amawoneka mofanana.
Ndikofunikira! Mbalame ndi makolo abwino kwambiri ndipo pamodzi zimasamalira ana awo kwa chaka chimodzi chibadwire.

Ndi angati ang'ombe omwe amakhala

Koma zinyama, n'zosavuta kutsatira moyo wawo, koma ndi nyama zakutchire zinali zovuta kwambiri. Ndipo kungoyang'ana mbalame ndikuwatsatira mothandizidwa ndi ma beacon kunatilola kudziwa nthawi yomwe moyo wawo ulili. Mwa njirayi, mphunzitsi wa ku Denmark, Hans Mortensen, ndiye woyamba kuyimba mbalame, kuika mphete zitsulo ndi nambala yake pa iwo.

Kunyumba

Ali mu ukapolo, kumene mbalameyo imaperekedwa nthawi zonse ndi zinthu zabwino ndi chakudya chokwanira, nthawi ya moyo wake nthawi zambiri imakhala yaitali kuposa kuthengo.

Muyenera kukhala ndi chidwi chodziwa momwe mbalame zina zimakhala ndi moyo: nkhunda, abakha, nkhuku, atsekwe, zinziri.

Malingana ndi ziwerengero, panyumba, mbalamezi zimakhala pafupifupi zaka 25, ngakhale pali zochitika zomwe zakhala zikukwaniritsa zaka 30 zawo. Pali chidziwitso chosatsimikizirika kuti mbalame iliyonse idakhala ndi zaka 50 kapena ngakhale 70. Popeza kuti zaka zapamwamba zolembedwa zakale za mbalame zakutchire zinali zaka zoposa makumi anayi, chiwerengero choyamba chikuwonekera ndithu.

Mu chilengedwe

Kafukufuku akutsimikizira zimenezo pansi pa zochitika zachibadwa, mbalameyi imakhala ndi moyo zaka 15-20. Ngakhale anthu okalamba amalembedwa mwalamulo, komanso, panthawi imeneyo iwo anali amoyo, kutanthauza kuti nthawi yomaliza ya moyo wawo ndi yaikulu kwambiri:

  • Mute Swan (Germany) - zaka 28 miyezi 7;
  • Klikun (Denmark) - zaka 26 za miyezi 6;
  • ochepa (UK) - zaka 23 miyezi 7.

Werengani za m'mene mungabwerere nkhumba kunyumba.

Koma zonsezi sizingatheke kufanana ndi zaka za wogwira ntchito. Kotero, pafupi zaka zisanu ndi zinayi zapitazo, swan yafa inapezeka pa gombe la Denmark, kumanzere kwamanzere komwe mphete yomwe inalembedwa ndi "Helgoland 112851" inapezeka. Zakafukufukuzo zinasonyeza kuti mbalameyo inamveka pachilumba cha Heligoland ku Germany pa February 21, 1970 ali ndi zaka pafupifupi 2.5. Kotero, iye anaswa zolemba zonse za moyo wautali, wakhala moyo kwa zaka zoposa 42.

Mukudziwa? Nkhumbazi, ngakhale kuti zimakhala zochititsa chidwi kwambiri, zimauluka bwino. Zina mwa mitundu yawo zimatha kukwera mtunda wa makilomita asanu ndi atatu ndikufika msinkhu wa 65 km / h.

Mmene mungakulitsire moyo wa swans

Kuti nkhuku zikhale moyo wautali, muyenera:

  • Kukonza malo abwino okhala ndi moyo - nyumba ndi mpanda wolimba;
  • kupereka chakudya choyenera, choyenera;
  • Perekani mwayi wopeza madzi oyera ndi oyera;
  • musapitirire;
  • musadye mkate ndi kuphika zina;
  • Musapereke mafuta ndi zakudya zamchere;
  • Musapereke mankhwala a "anthu" - soseji, chips, chokoleti ndi zina zambiri.

Ngati nyamayo ikudwala, simungathe kunyalanyaza izi ndikuzisiya, ziyenera kuchitidwa. Choncho, ngati muli ndi poizoni, mungagwiritse ntchito njira yothetsera shuga 5% kapena kuwonjezera potassium permanganate ku madzi anu amwe (mpaka kuwala kofiira).

Ndikofunikira! Mankhwala ovomerezedwa ndi veterinarian ayenera kuperekedwa osakaniza ndi nsomba yaying'ono kapena nyama yamchere.

Swan imangokhalira kukongola ndi mawonekedwe ake aakulu ndikukupangitsani kufuna kusunga kukongola kwake malinga ngati n'kotheka. Kupeza nyama yamtundu wotere, muyenera kusamalira thanzi lake ndi chitetezo chake, ndipo muzinthu zina zonse muyenera kudalira chikhalidwe ndi mphamvu zamtundu wa maubwenzi anu atsopano.