Kodi nthiwatiwa zimayika mazira kangati

Mazira a nthiwatiwa - zokoma zomwe zikuwonjezeka kutchuka. Kulawa amawoneka ngati nkhuku, koma kukula kwakukulu kumawapangitsa kukhala okoma kwenikweni. Komanso ndi mankhwala othandiza kwambiri omwe mungakonzekere zakudya zosangalatsa. Momwe mungachitire izi, kukoma kotani kumene kumapatsidwa mazira, zomwe zili zofunika ndi chifukwa chiyani mafanowo amakonda, tidzanena pansipa.

Kodi nthiwati zimayamba kuthamanga liti?

Nthiwatiwa zonse zimatha kuyamba kuthamanga kwa zaka ziwiri za moyo. Nthiwatiwa ya Africa ikhoza kuyamba kupanga kale mu zaka chimodzi ndi theka. Kawirikawiri zimakhala zosapangidwira poyamba, khanda limakula ndipo limatha kukhala ndi zaka 2.5-3.

Phunzirani zofunikira za kuswana ndi kudyetsa nthiwatiwa kunyumba.
Ndipo emu emu nthawi zambiri amakhala wokonzeka kusakhalapo kale kuposa miyezi 40-42 ya moyo. Patapita nthawi okhwima aamuna - kuthekera kwa manyowa kumayamba zaka 4 kapena zisanu. Kuti mukhale ndi umuna wokwanira, ubale wotsatira uyenera kutsatiridwa: payenera kukhala amayi awiri pa amuna.

Kodi mazira amkumbati ndi ati?

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mbalame imanyamula mitundu yosiyana siyana, kukula kwake ndi kulemera kwake. Pa maonekedwe ndi ntchito zimakhudzanso malo pomwe kuyala kukuchitika. Koma amakhalanso ndi zinthu zofanana, monga zipolopolo zolimba, kukula kwakukulu ndi kulemera, zomwe zimasiyanitsa ndi ena onse.

Fufuzani momwe kulili kofunika komanso momwe dzira lakumwa limatulutsa.

Kulemera ndi kukula

Mkazi wa mtundu wa Africa amabweretsa mazira olemera 2-2.2 kilogalamu. Amathamanga tsiku lililonse lachiwiri, kawirikawiri amadya chakudya chamadzulo. Ukulu wa izi ndi pafupifupi masentimita 18. Mitundu ina ya nthiwatiwa imanyamula pafupifupi maselo omwewo.

Kawirikawiri, kukula kwake kumakhala kosiyana, chifukwa mazira amalemera kuchokera ku magalamu 600 kufika pa kilogalamu imodzi. Komanso, mkazi aliyense akhoza kunyamula ma thokomi awiri akuluakulu ndi ang'onoang'ono, zonse zimadalira mazunzo, zakudya ndi zaka. Mwachitsanzo, achinyamata a Nandu ndi ofooka kwambiri ndipo amakhala aakulu pafupifupi masentimita 10-12 ndipo ndi olemera pafupifupi 550 magalamu. Emus amaika mazira okwana 1-1.5 kilogalamuyi ndipo amatha masentimita 15. Maziko a kulemera ndi mapuloteni, ndi dzira lake kwambiri.

Chigoba

Mazira onse ali ndi chipolopolo cholimba kwambiri. Zovuta kwambiri kuti zimawoneka ngati mapuloteni. Choncho, nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito pazojambula (ndizojambula bwino, kupanga mapangidwe oyambirira, kapena zolembedwa).

Mukudziwa? Mu nthiwatiwa mazira akhoza kukhala amitundu yosiyanasiyana. Zaka za Africa nthawi zambiri zimabala zoyera, koma Rhea - chikasu kapena pafupifupi golidi, nthawi zina palinso mthunzi wa chikasu wa pinki. Ndipo emu emu akhoza kukhala wobiriwira, wa mtundu wakuda.
Kuwonjezera pamenepo, chipolopolocho ndi chowala kwambiri, koma ndi kovuta kuswa, pakuti pali njira yapadera. Chizindikiro cha mazira, chomwe chimasiyanitsa mtundu wa nthiwati umene unawabweretsa, ndi mtundu. Nthawi zina zimakhudzana ndi nthenga za makolo.

Yolk

Ambiri ndi mapuloteni otuluka m'magazi. The yolk ndi yaikulu, kawirikawiri kutenga gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a voliyumu. Ndi chikasu chowala kwambiri. Zakudya zamakono zonse zomwe zimapangidwa pa magalamu 100: 118-120 calories, mapuloteni okhutira ndi 15.2, mafuta okhutira ndi 12 ndipo ma carbohydrate ali pafupifupi 0,5 gram.

Ndi mazira angati omwe amabadwa chaka chilichonse?

Mitengo yonse ya mbalame kawiri pachaka, kawirikawiri m'dzinja ndi m'nyengo yozizira. Izi zimachitika kwa miyezi iwiri, panthawi yomwe amai nthawi zonse amabweretsanso mazira a chisa. Izi zikutanthauza kuti ngati nthiwatiwa ikuyamba mu February, mapeto ake sadzabwera kale kuposa March.

Alimi ena adanena kuti kuyamba kwa nthawi yolandira mazira kungagwe kugwa ndi masika. Matenda omwe amabwera kumayambiriro kapena kumapeto kwa nyengoyi ndi wamkazi aliyense akhoza kukhala wosapangidwira. M'nthawi yoyamba, mkaziyo amakhala ndi mazira angapo, osapitirira 30 kawirikawiri.

Kwa nthawi imodzi, mutha kupeza mazira 50 mpaka 80 kuchokera pa munthu mmodzi. Zotsatira za gulu limodzi zimatenga nthawi yaitali kwambiri - pafupifupi zaka 30-35, panthawiyi akazi akufulumira. Kuchuluka kwa feteleza ndi 80%, ziphuphu zimapambana pa 85% za milandu.

Werengani zambiri za momwe mungasonkhanitsire ndi kusunga mazira am'mawa musanayambe kusungunuka, komanso momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito mazira a nthiwatiwa kunyumba.

Kawirikawiri, poika mazira 20 oyambirira, mbalameyo imatenga mphindi yochepa, pamene mpweya umatha. Kupuma pakati pa miyendo sikukhala kwa nthawi yayitali, pafupi masiku 8-12. Nthawi zina zimakhala zosiyana pamene mkazi safulumizitsa - pakali pano, iye alibe mwana nthawi yonse. Ndizofunikira zonse zobereketsa, kuchokera kwa amai zikhoza kupindulitsidwa ngakhale masentimita asanu pachaka. Anthu amtundu wa Africa amapezeka mu dzenje lachisawawa, kawirikawiri mazira 40 mpaka 80 pa nyengo. Nanda imayikidwa mu zisa zazikulu, kabati imapangidwa pamodzi ndi amayi 6-7, perekani mazira 15 mpaka 40 pa nyengo.

Nthiwatiwa za emu zimathamanga kwambiri ndipo nthawi zambiri zimatha kuika zidutswa 10-20, ndipo zimathamanga tsiku lililonse, kamodzi pa masiku awiri kapena atatu. Nthawi yosakaniza ndi pafupifupi miyezi 1.5.

Ndikofunikira! Pakubereka, m'pofunika kukumbukira kuti ngati nthawi imodzi munthu amapatsa pafupifupi chiwerengero cha mazira, nyengo yotsatira sichidzabwereza chizindikiro ichi.

Kodi nthiwatiwa imathamanga bwanji mazira ndi motani?

Nkhumba zamphongo zimagona pachilumba chimodzi, ndiyeno zimayang'anitsitsa imodzi mwa imodzi. Izi ndizofunikira chifukwa nthawi zambiri makoswe amabwera chisa, kuvulaza ana. Usiku, mwamuna amatsatira kabati.

Mu chisa chimodzi osaposa 25-30 mazira akhoza kuwombedwa. Chochititsa chidwi ndi chakuti ngati mkazi mmodzi amalowetsa ana a wina, ndiye kuti amaika mazira ake pakati pa chisa, motero amateteza ana ake.

Pafupipafupi, mitundu yonse ya mbalame imaphwanya anapiye kuyambira masiku 30 mpaka 45. Ana amaoneka ngati aang'ono, akulemera pafupifupi 1 kilogalamu, koma akugwira ntchito, akuyesera kutsata akulu kulikonse. Kawirikawiri pa nthawi ino mwamuna amamvetsera ana, omwe amawadyetsa. Mitundu yonse ya anapiye imatuluka kale ndithu, pamatupi awo amakhala obiriwira, kuwala, kapena imvi. Ana amatha kuona kale, ndipo patangopita maola angapo atayika, atatha kuyanika, amatha kudya okha. Tsiku lotsatira, amatha kutuluka ndi makolo awo kukafunafuna chakudya.

Kodi ndi zochuluka bwanji?

Mtengo wa dzira limodzi ku Ukraine ndi pafupifupi 250-300 hryvnia. Zitsamba zingagulidwe mtengo, kwa 130-150 hryvnia. Ku Russia, mtengowu ukhoza kufika pa ruble 1500, ngati mumagula m'masitolo. Ngati mutenga famuyo, ikhoza kukhala yotsika mtengo kawiri, malinga ndi momwe mukufunira komanso mlimi mwiniyo.

Ndikofunikira! Mazira amakhalanso ndi kapu (filimu pafupi ndi chipolopolo), chifukwa amakhala ndi kachilombo koyambitsa matendawa. Izi zimabweretsa kufa kwa mimba. - mazira a 20% amafa. Vuto lomwelo linayamba pamene kubereka mbalame m'dera lathu. M'nyengo yotentha ya dziko lawo, iwo anali otetezeka kwambiri.
Inde, mtengowo ukhoza kusinthasintha, chifukwa ndi koyenera kufotokoza mwachindunji pa famu (kapena yang'anani pa masitolo a sitolo).

Kodi mungaphike chiyani?

Kuchokera ku mazira a nthiwatiwa mukhoza kuphika mbale wamba, monga mazira otsekemera, mazira owiritsa kapena okazinga. Ndi njira iyi yokonzekera, ndibwino kuganizira kuti woyera ndi yolk zikuphikidwa kwa oposa ola limodzi nthawi zambiri zimatenga mphindi 90 kuti ziphike.

Kutchuka kwa mankhwalawa ndi chifukwa cha zinthu zambiri zothandiza:

  • Ali ndi zakudya zambiri. Ndipo iwo ndi ochepa kwambiri kuposa nkhuku zina, chifukwa zimatengedwa ngati zakudya zamagetsi.
  • Mukhoza kuphika zonse zomwe zimapangidwa kapena zigawo, mbale ikhoza kusungidwa mufiriji kwa masiku 3-4. Pali chithunzithunzi chodziŵika chomwe zomwe zili mkatizi zophikidwa zosasinthika.
  • Ali ndi moyo wautali wautali - miyezi itatu.
  • Zokonda zimakhala zowala bwino komanso zabwino, chifukwa zimakhala zokonzeka kukonzekera zakudya zokoma ndi zakudya.
Mukudziwa? Dzira limodzi la nthiwatiwa likhoza kudyetsa anthu khumi, mosasamala kanthu kuti yophika kapena ndi omelette. Mkokomo wa dzira limodzi lofanana ndi nkhuku wamba pafupifupi 40.
Mitengo ina imagula chipangizochi makamaka pa Pasitala, popeza pali njira yapadera yokonzekera mbale yosazolowereka ya tchuthi: dzenje limapangidwa kumtunda, mbali ina ya chipolopoloyo imagawanitsidwa, ndiye kuti zonse zimasakanizidwa mosamala (ndiko kuti puloteni ndi yolk imazengereza) mu uvuni 40-55 mphindi. Ali ndi mbiri yapadera m'malesitanti odyera, komweko amakonza zakudya zamakono pogwiritsa ntchito maphikidwe osiyanasiyana. Mazira a nthiwatiwa sizothandiza chabe, komanso amapezeka. Zakudya zokondweretsa zimakonzedwa kuchokera kwa izo, ndipo dzira limodzi lotero lingadyetsedwe kwa banja lalikulu. Ndipo zimagwiritsidwanso ntchito kupanga zokongoletsera komanso zojambulajambula.

Mayankho ochokera ku intaneti

Nthiwatiwa yathanzi imatenga mazira makumi asanu ndi limodzi mphambu asanu ndi atatu pachaka. Kodi nthiwatiwa imanyamula mazira kangati? Dzira lake limapanga kale lomwe. M'nyengo yozizira, kaŵirikaŵiri nthawi zambiri pamakhala mazira, koma kumayambiriro kwa nyengo ya autumn - ayenera kukhala amphumphu! Chiwerengero cha mazira chimadalira mkhalidwe wa nkhuku, zakudya zake ndi thanzi. Koma pamene zonse ziri bwino, mkaziyo amaika dzira limodzi masiku awiri. Chinthu chimodzi choterechi, mwa njirayi, chikhoza kulemera makilogalamu awiri kuti chifanane ndi mazira atatu a nkhuku.
Hippa
//www.lynix.biz/forum/kak-chasto-straus-neset-yaitsa-0#comment-260477

Nthiwatiwa zimayamba kubadwa zaka 3-4. Koma pakuchita kwathu, panali milandu pamene mkazi adayamba kuika mazira ndipo zaka ziwiri ndizochepa. M'nyengo yozizira, nthiwatiwa sizifulumira, mazira oyambirira amawonekera makamaka mu April. Monga mbalame amayesera kutsata mwambi - dzira ndilofunika kwa tsiku la Khristu Amuna azakazi amayamba kuyala atakwanitsa zaka 2-3, ndipo amuna amatha kukhala ndi umuna kwa zaka 4-5. Nthiwatiwa ya ku Africa imayika mazira, omwe amatha kufika 2,200 g. Amathamanga tsiku lililonse lachiwiri, kawirikawiri masana. Mpweya wabwino ndi wamfupi ndipo umakhala mazira 16-20. Ndi matekinolole oyenerera kuchokera kwa azimayi amodzi mukhoza kupeza mazokwana 4-5 pachaka. Nthawi yosakaniza mazira a ku Afrika ndi masiku 42. Kuchotsa kumatenga masiku 2-3. M'mphepete mulibe dzino la dzino, ndipo amathyola chipolopolo ndi miyendo yawo yamphamvu. Nthiwatiwa ya dzira imaikidwa mu March-April ndipo imatha mpaka October. Kupuma pakati pakati pa mazira ndi masiku 8-10. Pafupipafupi, nthiwatiwa imaika 50 mpaka 60 mazira mazira. Chiberekero chawo chimafikira 80%, ndi mabala a hatchability kuyambira 80 mpaka 85%. Ponena za luso la kubereka, akazi onse omwe adayika mazira osapitirira 25 omwe ali ndi feteleza m'chaka choyamba cha mazira akuyenera kukanidwa. Nthiwatiwa zambiri zimayika mazira pa chisa chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndipo zimagwira ntchito pa kampu masana, anyamata amazitengera usiku. Mu chisa chimodzi, nthiwatiwa imatha kugwira nthawi yomweyo mazira 20-25. Nestlings amadumpha pamodzi, akuwoneka, ali otsika, akuwateteza ku chisanu cha usiku. Patatha maola angapo, anapiye, atayanika, ayamba kudyetsa okha ndipo kulikonse amatsatira mbalame zazikulu. Pali mwamuna yemwe ali ndiang'ono.
Shanty
//otvet.mail.ru/question/43794030