Kumeneko ndi momwe nkhumba zimakhalira zisa

Mmodzi mwa mbalame zochititsa chidwi ndi zokongola ndi zowomba. Iwo moyenerera amanyamula udindo wa mafumu pakati pa mbalame, chifukwa ngakhale mphungu zikhoza kuchitira nsanje chisomo ndi kukongola kwawo. Ntchentche zokongola zimenezi zimakhala zosangalatsa osati kwa onithologists okha, komanso kwa anthu wamba, chifukwa aliyense amakonda kuganizira zovuta zawo komanso zosavuta kuyenda m'madzi okongola. Mu nkhani yathu, tidzakambirana magawo akuluakulu a moyo wa swans, kuyambira nthawi ya mating ndi kumanga chisa ndi kumaliza ndi kuika, kuyamwa mazira ndi kusamalira ana. Kotero, tiyeni timvetse.

Nthawi yolimbana

Nkhwangwa ndi mbalame zapadera komanso zapadera zomwe zimadziwiranso kukhala okhulupirika. Choncho, amasankha okhaokha kamodzi kokha m'moyo wawo wonse ndipo atatha kusintha osasintha.

Yang'anirani mitundu yambiri yotchuka ya swans, komanso ena mwa iwo: nyongolotsi ndi mdima wakuda.

Pokhapokha, nyengo yozembetsa ya mbalameyi imayamba sabata yotsatira pambuyo pofika kuchokera kumphepete mwautentha, ndiko kumapeto kwa March kapena kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa April, pamene kutentha kumakhala kozizira. Nkhwangwa ndi mbalame zocheperapo mu ukalamba. Choncho, mbalame za m'gululi zimatha kubala kwa zaka 4 kuchokera panthawi yobadwa.

Kusankhidwa kwa peyala kumachitika mkati mwa sabata itatha. Panthawiyi, swans amapanga waltz weniweni pamadzi, kuvina ndi kuthawa kuchokera kumalo osiyanasiyana. Mu kuvina kotereku, ndipo ubale umamangidwa pakati pa akazi ndi amuna.

Mukudziwa? Swans ndi zodabwitsa ndi maluso ndi zizoloƔezi zambiri. Pakati pawo tingathe kusiyanitsa liwiro lawo pa kuthawa pa 60-80 km / h, yomwe imakhala yofulumira kwambiri kwa mbalame. Chifukwa cha minofu yamphamvu, swans amatha kuyenda makilomita zikwizikwi popanda kupuma, pokwera phiri lokongola la mamita 8,000.

Atatha kuvina, amayamba masewera awo. Panthawi imeneyi, amuna ndi akazi amasankhidwa pamtunda, komwe nyamayi imakhala yofunika komanso amadzikuza kutsogolo kutsogolo kwake, kutsogoloza khosi lake, nthawi zonse kupukuta mapiko ake, kubwezeretsa mkokomo.

Patapita nthawi, mkazi amadziwulukira kumalo atsopano, ngati kuti ayang'anitsitsa kukula kwa zolinga zake. Mnyamata amamuluka pambuyo pake ndikubwereza mwambo wake wodzikuza. Ndiye, mbalame zikaganiza kale kuti zidzakhala zamoyo, mkaziyo amayamba kumanga chisa.

Kodi swans amapanga liti komanso malo awo pati?

Ntchito yomanga chisa imayamba mwamsanga masewerawo. Mnyamata amasankha malo owuma pa phiri, koma nthawi yomweyo pafupi ndi gombe. Njira yabwino yopezera chisa ndi dothi la nyanja kapena phiri laling'ono pamphepete mwa nyanja. Komanso, banjali limatha kupanga chisa pa miyalayi, ngati malo ake ali abwino kwa mbalame.

Mukudziwa? Zisamba za nsomba zimamangidwa kuchokera ku bango, nthambi ndi udzu. Zotsatira zake, kukula kwa chisa ndi zodabwitsa, chifukwa kutalika kwake kuli mamita atatu, ndipo kutalika ndi pafupifupi mita imodzi.

Momwe nkhumba zimamangira chisa

Amuna atasankha malo a tsogolo lamtsogolo, amatha kusonkhanitsa katundu. Pachifukwachi, amatha kuyenda makilomita ambiri kukafufuza ofesi yomwe amaganiza kuti ikhala chisa. Mkazi amaonetsetsa mwachangu nthambiyo pambuyo pake kuti nthambiyo ifike pamalo ake abwino, pang'onopang'ono kukonza mawonekedwe a swan house.

Masonry

Pafupipafupi, banja lachibwana limatha kuyamwa mazira 4 mpaka 8 nthawi imodzi. Mwatsoka, nthawi zambiri zimachitika kuti swans achoka chisa chawo. Kusankha kotereku kungayambitsidwe ndi zifukwa zambiri, kuphatikizapo imfa ya mmodzi wa makolo.

Ndikofunikira! Kuchokera nthawi yomweyo posankha malo a chisa ndi kufikira pamphepete mwa nsomba zamkuntho, amawopsya komanso molimba mtima kuteteza malo awo. Amamenyana ndi aliyense amene amalowa m'dera lawo. Musamakhudzidwe ndi njira zawo zokhazokha zolimbana, monga kupukuta mapiko ndi kulira. Phokoso limodzi la phikolo, swan imatha kuthyola mkono wa mnyamata. Zosafunika kunena, ngati mkokomo wamphamvu wa swan ukuikidwa mu nkhondo.

Koma nthawi zambiri, mtsikanayo amatha kupirira nthawi yowambaza mazira ndipo patapita nthawi, nkhumba zokongola zimabadwa. Mazirawo ali ndi mtundu wobiriwira, womwe nthawi zambiri umakhala wofiirira. Chipolopolocho chimadziwika ndi malo ena oyipa. Mu kukula, dzira ngatilo limadutsa masentimita 10 m'litali ndi masentimita 6 m'lifupi mwake.

Kukuta mazira

Kugona kwa kuchedwa kwachangu kumatenga masiku 33 mpaka 40. Panthawi yonseyi, mwamuna wokhulupirika amayang'anira swan yake, ndipo ngati n'koyenera, amachenjeza za ngozi yomwe ingakhalepo. Ngati mbalamezo zimasokonezeka, ndiye kuti akugona mofulumira ndikuyala nthambi kuti azibisala kwa nyama.

Alimi a nkhuku ayenera kulingalira mbali zonse za kuswana nkhumba kunyumba.

Makolo enieni amatha kuchoka panyumba pawo ndikukwera pamwamba pa chisa, kuyembekezera mlendo kuti amuukire kapena alamu ndibodza. Mosamala ndi mosamala kuyang'ana kuzungulira clutch gawo, mwamuna ndi mkazi akhoza kubwerera ku chisa.

Kusamalira ana

Pambuyo masiku 33-40, nestlings obadwa kudziko akuwonjezera chisamaliro chachikulu kwa makolo awo. Ana amawoneka ataphimbidwa ndi phulusa-imvi pansi. Ndipo kokha pambuyo pa molt mtundu wofanana ndi mtundu wawo watengedwa: woyera kapena wakuda.

Chaka chonse chotsatira, abambo ndi amayi a azimayi nthawi zonse amakhala ndi ana awo, kuwathandiza m'njira zonse ndikuwaphunzitsa zovuta zonse za moyo uno. Tizilombo tating'onoting'onoting'onoting'onoting'onoting'onoting'onoting'onoting'onoting'onoting'onoting'onoting'onoting'onoting'onong'onong'onong'onong'onong'onong'onong'onong'onong'onong'onong'onong'onong'onong'onong'onong' Ana amapanga madzi osaya, chifukwa ndi abwino kwa iwo.

Mudzakhala othandiza kuphunzira momwe mungamangire dziwe pa tsamba lanu ndi manja anu.

Imodzi mwa ntchito za amayi ndikuteteza anapiye awo pozizizira, chifukwa chophimba chawo chokwanira sikokwanira kuteteza ku usiku wozizira. Chifukwa nkhumba zimasungidwa pansi pa phiko la mayi, kumene amagona usiku wonse. Njira ina yosonyezera chikondi cha amayi ndi kukwera kumbuyo kwanu. Nsomba zing'onozing'ono zimakwera mmbuyo kwa mayiyo ndipo iye amazisungira izo mozungulira dziwe.

Nkhumba zimatha kuthawa kwa miyezi 3-4 pambuyo pa kubadwa. Chakudya cha mbalame zodzitamandirachi chimapangidwa makamaka ndi zamasamba. Choyenera pa chakudya cha tsiku ndi tsiku cha achinyamata ndi mitundu yonse ya tizilombo ndi mitundu ina ya timagulu timene timagwiritsa ntchito mollusks. Izi zimatheka chifukwa chakuti thupi la nkhuku limakula limakhala ndi mavitamini ndi mineral, komanso makamaka mapuloteni a nyama, omwe ndi ofunika kwambiri pa kukula ndi chitukuko.

Mbalamezi zimatha kusonkhanitsa chakudya pamadzi ndi m'madzi ake. Pofuna kuthamanga pansi pa madzi, nkhumba zimatsika makosi awo ataliatali ndikumira kutsogolo kwake. Pankhaniyi, paws ndi mchira zimakhala pamwamba pa madzi, ngati kuyandama.

Ndikofunikira! Mitundu yonse ya swans imatchulidwa mu Bukhu Loyera ndipo imatengedwa kuti ili pangozi. Mbalame zabwinozi zimafunikira kuthandizidwa ndi chitetezo chaumunthu, chifukwa chiwerengero cha swans padziko lapansi sichiposa theka la milioni.

Kawirikawiri pamoyo wa tsiku ndi tsiku a swans ndikutuluka pamtunda. Ndipo ngakhale amayenda molimbika, akugwedeza kumbali, ngati atsekwe, koma izi siziwaletsa kuti asamawononge udzu watsopano.

Nkhwangwa ndi mbalame zowonongeka, chifukwa anthu akuluakulu akhoza kudya mpaka 4 makilogalamu a zomera ndi zam'mlengalenga patsiku. Moyo wa swans wodzazidwa ndi zochita zambiri zapadera zomwe ziri mwambo wamakono. Ngakhalenso zochita zowonongeka kwa mbalame, monga kumanga chisa, zimakhala zowoneka bwino, mosamala kuika nthambi iliyonse ndikuyang'anitsitsa pansi ndi nthenga, kotero kuti anapiye awo amakhala omasuka ndi ofunda.

Tikukupemphani kuti muwerenge za angati a swans omwe amakhala.

Ndipo ponena za chibadwa cha mbalame yachifumu iyi, mukhoza kuwonjezera nthano. Apa iwo ali, mafumu a ufumu wa mbalame, wotchedwa swans. Mitundu yambiri imagwiritsa ntchito mbalame zopatulika ngati mbalame zopatulika, azitsamba ndi amatsenga. Zinsinsi za Swan zimachititsa chidwi, ndipo chidwi cha mbalame sichimatha. Chinthu chachikulu ndicho kusungira ndi kutulutsa cholengedwa chodabwitsa cha chilengedwe kwa ana.

Video: Black swan imathandiza kumanga chisa cha banja