Momwe mungatetezere mankhwala osayenera kwa akalulu

Maselo akuda ndiwo omwe amachititsa matenda a m'madera ndi matenda a akalulu.

Tizilombo toyambitsa tizilombo timapitirirabe ngakhale nthawi zonse timakhala ndi nyumba.

Momwe mungapulumutsire ziweto kuchokera ku imfa, zomwe mungachite kuti musamatsitsire malo okhala adiresi komanso momwe ziyenera kukhalira nthawi zambiri - tidzakambirana za izi pambuyo pake.

Kodi ndi chifukwa chiti komanso nthawi yanji yomwe ikuyenera kupangidwa ndi disinfection ya maselo a kalulu?

Kuchotsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda m'thupi mwa kalulu si kophweka. Saganizira kwambiri kutentha kwapamwamba komanso kutentha, mwamsanga zimakhala ndi malo am'madzi owopsa komanso amadziwika ndi ntchito yofunika kwambiri. Kwa nthawi yayitali, matendawa amatha kuchulukira mu zinyalala, pamakoma ndi pansi pa khola, mu odyetsa ndi akumwa, mu zipangizo zokolola. Kuyeretsa nthawi zonse kumathandiza kuthetsa 40 peresenti ya mabakiteriya omwe ali ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, koma m'malo ovuta kufikapo akadakali mchenga ndi dothi, zomwe zimathandiza kuti chitukuko chikule.

Pambuyo pake, pamene matenda amayamba kukula m'mabwalo, ngakhale mankhwala omwe amadziwika bwino komanso mankhwala oyenera nthawi yake sangawathandize kuti selo lisatetezedwe kwathunthu, komanso zipangizo zonse zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Ndikofunikira! Pambuyo polemba milandu ya salmonellosis mu akalulu, ndibwino kuti muzigwiritsa ntchito ngati mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda: otentha 2.5% sodium solution, formaldehyde 2% kapena 20% kuyimitsidwa kwa mandimu.

Malinga ndi akatswiri, ndikofunikira kuchita miyezi isanu ndi umodzi yowononga tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, mosasamala kanthu za kukula kwa kalulu. Kawirikawiri, kupeweratu kotereku kumakonzedwa mu kugwa kapena kasupe, koma ngati mwadzidzidzi, mankhwala amatha osatheka.

Kuloledwa kutetezedwa kwa maselo a kalulu:

  • musanayambe kuika nyama zinyama kwa akuluakulu;
  • pamaso pa okolom;
  • pambuyo pa matenda.

Njira zotsitsimula

Popeza mabakiteriya ndi mavairasi omwe amawopseza akalulu amakhala othandiza kwambiri, amayang'aniridwa ndi njira zowonongeka.

Masiku ano ogwira ntchito kwambiri ndi awa:

  1. Mankhwala processing - imagwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsira ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo pamene akutsuka malo amkati ndi akunja a nyumba zoyera komanso zouma. Pambuyo pake, tsambani ndi madzi oyera ndikuumitsani maselo.
  2. Mankhwala opanga mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda - luso lamakono ali pafupi kwambiri ndi lomwe lapitalo, likudziwika ndi kuyanjana kwa manja ndi zinthu zoopsa.
  3. Kutha - kumagwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito blowtorch kapena fupa lamoto ndipo ndiwothandiza kwambiri.
  4. Mwadzidzidzi kuyeretsa galimoto kusamba "Kärcher".
  5. Kutsegula m'mimba ndi chowumitsa nyumba.

Ndikofunikira! Kuchiza mankhwala motsutsana ndi matenda a staphylococcal, formaldehyde (4%), chloramine (2%), ndi kutaya (8%) amagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Njira iliyonseyi imathandiza kuthetsa chilengedwe, koma sizimatsimikizira kuti anthu ambiri ali ndi chitetezo chokwanira. Choncho, oweta odziwa bwino amalangiza njira yothetsera vutoli mwakuya, mwa kugwiritsa ntchito mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya disinfection. Opambana kwambiri mwa iwo, molingana ndi obereketsa, ndi kuphatikiza kwa kuwotcha ndi chlorination.

Mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda

Okonzanso zamakono "zamadzimadzi" mosiyanasiyana anawathandiza kuti azisamalira zinyama. Mu sitolo iliyonse mungapeze mitundu yambiri ya tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Mukamabereka akalulu, nkofunika kuti mudziwe kuti akalulu amatha kudwala matenda monga coccidiosis, pasteurellosis, listeriosis, myxomatosis, encephalosis, rhinitis, kutsegula m'mimba, VGBK, versicolor, zilonda m'makutu ndi maso.

Nazi mndandanda wa otchuka kwambiri:

  • bleach - amagwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe a 10%, pambuyo pake m'pofunika kuyembekezera mphindi 30 ndikutsuka bwino;
  • formaldehyde - Kutsimikiziridwa kuti mugwiritse ntchito 2-% yankho, limagwiritsidwa ntchito kupopera mbewu (pamtunda wa mamitala 10 pa mita imodzi) kwa mphindi 25-30, ndiye tsatsani ndi payipi;
  • soda phulusa - 2% ya mankhwalawo amasungunuka m'madzi otentha ndipo mothandizidwa ndi chinkhupule amatha kukonza khola, oledzera, odyetserako ziweto, kusamba pambuyo pa theka la ora;
  • "Oyera" - njira yothetsera ikukonzekera mu chiĆ”erengero cha 1:10, kenaka kadzulu wa spray amatsukidwa mkati ndi kunja kwa kalulu amakhala ndi chithandizo cha botolo la kutsitsila; patatha ora ilo likusambitsanso ndi louma;
  • ayodini - imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mawonekedwe a 5%; pambuyo pa ora limodzi mutatha kugwiritsa ntchito lingathe kutsukidwa;
  • chakumwa cha phulusa - analangizidwa kuti asokoneze maselo a kalulu pambuyo pa chlorination, yankho limakonzedwa ndi madzi otentha ndi phulusa la nkhuni kuphatikizapo chiĆ”erengero cha 3: 1;
  • formalin - Kupopera mbewu pamtunda kumachitika ndi njira ya 2%, pambuyo pa mphindi 25 pamenepo mankhwalawa akhoza kutsukidwa;
  • caustic koloko - njira yothetsera 2% imagwiritsidwa ntchito pa matenda ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, komanso kupititsa patsogolo mphamvu yake, 10% ya sodium chloride yawonjezeredwa;
  • hydrated laimu - amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mawonekedwe a 10-% ya limestone, pambuyo pa maola 3, kutsuka;
  • caspos - mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda amapezeka ndi mankhwala atatu, omwe amatsuka pambuyo pa maola atatu.
Kuonjezerapo, mankhwala ophera tizilombo ta akalulu amatha kugula m'masitolo owona zamagetsi. Mankhwalawa amadziwika bwino, koma osapindulitsa chifukwa cha mtengo wapatali.

Ndikofunikira! Pamene kutentha kuli pamwamba pa zero, njira yowononga tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ingakhale yozizira, ndipo ikakhala pansi pa zero, ikhoza kutentha.

Malinga ndi ndemanga za ogulitsa kalulu, adatsimikiza kuti:

  • Viros;
  • Bromosept-50;
  • Chithunzi;
  • Virkon C;
  • Chithunzi;
  • Ecocide C;
  • Glutex;
  • Delegol;
  • Diabak-Vet.

Kukonzekera njirayi

Kutaya mwadzidzidzi ndi njira iliyonse ndi njira sizingatheke mu chipinda chosayera. Musanayambe ndondomekoyi, kukonzekera mokwanira n'kofunika, osati kokha poyeretsa zinyalala ndi zogona, komanso kumatsuka mwakuya kwa nyumba zonse za kalulu. Kuti apange kukonza kwapamwamba, akatswiri akulangiza kuchita zinthu zotsatirazi:

  1. Choyamba, nyama zonse zimalowa m'zipinda zazing'ono.
  2. Chotsani onse odyetsa, oledzera, ndi zidutswa zina zotha kuchoka ku khola.
  3. Pogwiritsa ntchito phulusa, scraper, brush kapena tsache, chotsani malita akale ndi zitsulo zake pansi. Manyowa oyeretsedwa sayenera kutayidwa pansi pansi pa khola. Ikusonkhanitsa mu chidebe kapena thumba lachitsulo chobwezeretsanso.
  4. Pambuyo pake, yang'anani mosamala selo kuti likhale lokhulupirika. Kuwonongeka kwa mkati ndi kuwonongeka kwapakati kumakhala kotheka, chifukwa alimi ali makoswe. Ngati ndi kotheka, chotsani zolakwika zonse.
  5. Pukutani dothi lonse ndi jet wamphamvu ya madzi otentha, kulipira mosamala kwambiri zatsalira zouma zakumwa ndi zakudya. Pa malo ovuta kuyeretsa, gwiritsani ntchito burashi yolimba kwambiri kapena chovala. Komanso amapanga kunja kwa selo.
  6. Pambuyo pake, tsutsani kamangidwe kachiwiri pogwiritsira ntchito detergent.
  7. Siyani khola kwa nthawi kuti muume. Ndibwino kuti muziyiyika pamalo abwino kwambiri panthawiyi.
  8. Sambani bwino ndikusambitsa odyetsa, zakumwa, komanso zipangizo zonse zothandizira akalulu.
  9. Pamene selo likuwanika, yonyezimira m'chipinda momwe imaima nthawizonse. Pachifukwa ichi, nkofunika kuti usasule ndikuchotsapo intaneti, komanso kusamba microflora ndi tizilombo tolimba.

Mukudziwa? Kalulu kumbuyo kwamanzere m'mitundu yambiri ya dziko, kuphatikizapo ku Ulaya, kumpoto ndi South America, Africa ndi China, amalemekezedwa ngati chiwonongeko cha chimwemwe. Mwinamwake, kukhulupirira mu mphamvu zamatsenga za chinthu ichi kunayambira ku 600 BC kuchokera kwa anthu a Chi Celtic omwe ankakhala m'mayiko a ku Ulaya.

Momwe mungatetezere maselo a kalulu

Pambuyo poyeretsa nyumba ya kalulu, ndibwino kuti mupite ku disinfection. Tiyeni tione mwatsatanetsatane njira zamakono zotchuka.

Cell ikuwombera ndi blowtorch

Motsogoleredwa ndi moto, ambiri tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, bowa ndi mphutsi zimapha. Choncho, kugwiritsira ntchito blowtorch ndi njira yokondweretsera abambo ambiri. Kuonjezera apo, sichimafuna ndalama zina zowonjezera komanso zowonjezereka, ndipo pambuyo pa njirayi, selo siliyenera kutsukidwa ndi kuyimitsidwa.

Koma zokha zamatabwa zokhala ndi matope zikhoza kukhala zoterezi. Galasi, ceramic, slate ndi akalulu apulasitiki si oyenera kuwotcha moto.

Ndikofunikira! Zitsulo zamtengo wapatali, galasi, zitsulo ndi mapulasitiki zomwe sizingatheke kuwombera, panthawiyi ayenera kuyamwa mosamala asanayambe kuikidwa.

Pofuna kuti thupi likhale lopambana, abambo odziwa bwino amalangiza kutsatira malangizo awa:

  1. Chotsani zinthu zonse zowonongeka kuchokera kumalo komwe kalulu akukonzekera kuti akwaniritsidwe ndi kukonzekera blowtorch kuti agwire ntchito.
  2. Kuthamanga kwa moto kumoto kumalo onse amkati a selo, kotero kuti yunifolomu moto imangokhala pambali kwa mphindi ziwiri.
  3. Chitani chimodzimodzi kunja kwa kapangidwe. Chotsatira chake, mtengo uyenera kutembenuka pang'ono.
  4. Pambuyo pa disinfection, musiyeni khola kuti uzizizira kwa kanthawi. Padakali pano, kuphika nkhuni zamatabwa.
  5. Mofananamo, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Pambuyo pake, yikani dongosolo la utakhazikika mmenemo ndikukonzekera ndi zinthu zonse zosowa, zodzaza zinyalala pansi ndikubwezeretsanso nyumba.

Ng'oma ya akalulu yotaya matenda: kanema

Kutaya maselo a maselo "Belize"

Chlorin-containing substances amachititsa kutchuka pakati pa onse omwe amadziwika ndi antiseptics, chifukwa cha kupezeka kwawo. Akatswiri amalangiza kuti onse azigwira ntchito ndi "Belize" m'magolovesi, chifukwa madzi amadziwika ndi kuwonjezereka ndipo akhoza kuwononga khungu.

Ndiponso, kutuluka kwakukulu kwa madzi kumayambitsa kuledzeretsa kwakukulu ndi kusokoneza thupi m'thupi. Choncho, musanayambe kukonza, sizingakhale zosasamala kuti muteteze njira zanu zotetezera.

Mukudziwa? Maso a kalulu amaikidwa mwanjira yakuti angakhoze kusamala zomwe zikuchitika kumbali ndi kumbuyo, popanda kukulunga mitu yawo.

Kuchotsa matenda a kalulu "Belize" moyenera kumaphatikizapo izi:

  1. Choyamba, konzekerani mankhwala osokoneza bongo mumsewu mwa kutaya botolo lonse la "Whiteness" mu chidebe cha 10-lita imodzi ya madzi ofunda. Onetsetsani madzi bwino.
  2. Pambuyo pake, tsitsani mankhwala ophera tizilombo mu botolo lopopera ndi kuthira pazitsulo zonse za mkati ndi kunja kwa selo yoyamba yosambitsidwa ndi youma. Gwiritsani ntchito mosamala kwambiri malo otsetsereka komanso malo ovuta kufika.
  3. Mbali zonse zowonongeka za kalulu, komanso chiwerengero chomwe amachigwiritsa ntchito pokonzekera, chimachitidwa chimodzimodzi.
  4. Pambuyo pomaliza ntchitoyi, pitirizani kumanga ola limodzi.
  5. Pambuyo pa nthawi yeniyeni, yambani "Whiteness" ndi ndege yayikulu yamadzi otentha, komanso gwiritsani ntchito nsalu. Pambuyo pake, kukhudzana ndi zinthu zotero za klorini zidzatha molakwika kwa chiweto.
  6. Lembani khola liume, ndipo pakalipano, perekani padenga, makoma ndi malo pomwe malo a kalulu ali. Patatha ola limodzi, pitani pa malo opatsiranawo ndi madzi kuchokera mu phumba ndipo muwume.
  7. Madzi omwe ali mu khola, komanso malo omwe nthawi zonse amaima, sungathe kukhalapo, mukhoza kukonza zinthu zonse mmalo ndikukhala mkati mwa akalulu.

Ndi chithandizo cha galimoto yosamba "Kärcher"

Choyeretsa choterechi chimakonda kwambiri alimi amakono. Chipangizocho chimakhala chovuta kwambiri kuganiza kuti kuyeretsa kulikonse mnyumba popanda izo. Kuwonjezera pamenepo, ndi gawo ngakhale ngakhale zochepa kwambiri mu kalulu cloister zimapezeka.

Sitiyeretsedwe chifukwa cha kumwa madzi okwanira, koma ndi madzi otentha. Chosavuta cha kusamba kotero ndi chimodzi - mtengo wotsika, womwe umayambira pa $ 500. Koma ngati muli ndi "Kärcher" m'nyumba mwanu, ndiye kuti tchimo silikukuthandizani kuti muzisamalira kalulu.

Kuti mukhale ndi matenda ophera thupi, chitani motere:

  1. Konzani kutsuka kwa galimoto kuti mugwire ntchito.
  2. Tembenuzani chipangizochi mu chipinda cha mphamvu ndikuchizira mosamala pamwamba pa malo onse a selo. Penyetsani mwapadera malo omwe mukutsutsana. Musachedwe. Ndikofunika kuti nthunzi yotentha yotentha imakhala yovuta kufika kumalo.
  3. Chitani zofanana ndizo kuchokera kunja kwa khola, komanso ndi zinthu zochotsedwa mmenemo, zolemba.
  4. Lolani mapangidwewo aziuma kwa ola limodzi ndi mpweya mutatha mpweya wotsekula m'madzi. Akatswiri amalangiza izi kuti aike nyumbayi pamalo abwino.
  5. Tsopano, mwa mfundo yomweyi, sanitize makoma, denga ndi pansi mu chipinda chomwe nyumba ya kalulu idzakhala.
  6. Zonse zikakhala zouma, ikani khola m'malo mwake ndikuzikonzekera ndi odyetsa, oledzera, mudzaze chakudya ndikuphimba pansi ndi udzu. Thirani ku malo ogona nyumba.
Kuyeretsa akalulu ndikofunika kwambiri pofuna chitetezo cha ziweto.

Ndikofunikira! Polimbana ndi pasteurellosis, imodzi mwa njirazi imagwiritsidwa ntchito: slaked lame (20%), solutiondehyde (0.5%), chlorine yankho (2%), hot xylonaph (2%).

Kumbukirani kuti ndi bwino kuteteza vuto kusiyana ndi kulimbana nalo. Monga momwe mukuonera, pali njira zambiri zowonjezera maselo osati zonse zomwe zimafuna zina zowonjezera kapena ndalama. Chinthu chachikulu - musakhale waulesi ndikusamalira ukhondo wawo.