Nkhalango zoyera za New Zealand: Akasamalidwe ndi momwe angadyetse

Nkhumba ya New Zealand yoyera (NZB) imatengedwa kuti ndi imodzi mwa oimira mitundu yambiri ya nyamazi pansi. Mbiri yake inayamba zaka zopitirira zana zapitazo, ndipo lero ikupambana kugonjetsa mitima ya abereketsedwe ndi zizindikiro zake ndi kusamalira modzichepetsa. Pansipa tikufotokozera zomwe zimadziwika pa mtundu uwu, komanso momwe tingasamalire, kusamalira ndi kubereka Fuzzies awa.

Kufotokozera ndi mbiri ya mtunduwo

Nthano ya New Zealand ndi chitsanzo cha zokolola pakati pa akalulu a mitundu yosiyanasiyana, popeza ali ndi kachilombo:

  • kwa zikopa;
  • nyama;
  • monga nyama zosonyeza;
  • ndipo, mwatsoka, amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa maphunziro a labotale.
Mukudziwa? Nkhumba ya New Zealand yoyera imatengedwa kuti ndi kalulu wofulumira kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi: mwana wamwamuna wazaka 8 angathe kulemera makilogalamu awiri.

Mbiri yopondereza

Ngakhale kuti mtunduwu umatchedwa New Zealand, suli womangirizidwa ku geography: unalembedwa ku USA, ku California mu 1916, kumene unalandira kulembedwa kwalamulo. Poyamba oyimira mtunduwo anali akalulu ofiira, omwe anapezeka chifukwa cha kalulu wa siliva Champagne ndi giant Belgian. Patangopita nthawi pang'ono, alubino anasankhidwa kuchokera ku litters kuti athetse mtundu wa akalulu a New Zealand. Oyimira oyambirira a mitundu yoyera anafika ku Ulaya m'zaka za m'ma 1920, kumene adalandira bwino kuchokera kwa obereketsa akalulu.

Ndikofunikira! Mu akalulu, mano amakula m'moyo wawo, choncho, kuti akwaniritse zofunikira za chilengedwe kuti azipera mano, zidutswa zamtengo wapatali za matabwa kapena mwala amchere angathe kuikidwa m'maselo.

Maonekedwe ndi thupi

Nkhumba ya NZB imasiyanitsidwa ndi zikhalidwe zotsatirazi zomwe zikugwirizana ndi miyezo yosasinthika ya mtundu:

  • mutu wawung'ono;
  • mphuno yaying'ono yokhala ndi zikopa zowonongeka;
  • kuluma kolondola;
  • maso ofiira, monga amafunika albino;
  • mawonekedwe a thupi lokhala ndi thupi lopangidwa bwino, minofu yogwedezeka;
  • Thupi la thupi: pakati pa amuna - 47.5 masentimita, mwazimayi - 49.5 cm;
  • muzimayi, kukhalapo kwa dextye wofanana wofanana ndilololedwa;
  • zocheperapo makutu 10 cm kutalika;
  • mawere ambiri;
  • kutsogolo ndi msana, kubwerera mu sacrum yayikulu ndi ndodo yozungulira;
  • kulimbika ndi kuimitsa paws ndi mizere yoyera;
  • yunifolomu chipale choyera;
  • ubweya wonyezimira, wofiira ndi wandiweyani wotsalira pang'ono;
  • Mdima wamdima pamphuno, malingaliro a makutu, paws ndi mchira ndi ololedwa;
  • kulemera kwake kwa munthu wamkulu kumachokera ku 4 mpaka 5 kg.

Zizindikiro Zogwira Ntchito

Anthu a ku New Zealand ali ndi ubwino wolemera chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa mkaka wa mkaka ndi mkaka wambiri.

Tikukulimbikitsani kuti mudzidziwe ndi kufotokozera ndi zochitika za mtundu wa mtundu wa kalulu monga Ober, Russian Ermine, Gray Giant, Silver, Risen Gold, Poltava Silver, Rex, Giant Giant ndi Viennese Blue.

Kukula kwa chiŵerengero cha kuŵerengera kulemera kwa ngongole ya mwezi uliwonse, kugawidwa m'masukulu, ndi:

KalasiMiyezi 2 / makilogalamuMiyezi 3 / makilogalamuMiyezi 4 / makilogalamuMiyezi 5 / makilogalamuMiyezi 6 / kgMiyezi 7 / makilogalamu
Achilendo1,8-1,92,6-2,73,33,84,0-4,14,5-4,6
Ine1,5-1,62,42,83,33,53,8
II1,52,12,62,8-2,93,13,5
III1,2-1,31,92,02,43,32,5-2,6

Kuwonjezeka kwakukulu kwa kutalika kwa kalulu watsopano wa New Zealanders ndi mwezi:

  • Mwezi umodzi - 0,6 cm;
  • Miyezi iwiri - 1.6 cm;
  • Miyezi itatu - 2.5 masentimita;
  • Miyezi 4 - 3.2 cm;
  • Miyezi 5 - 3.5 cm;
  • Miyezi 6 - 3.8 cm;
  • Miyezi 7 - 4.1 cm;
  • Miyezi 8 - 4.3 cm;
  • Miyezi 9 - 4.5 masentimita
Komanso, akalulu amakhala ndi ubwino wokhala ndi zaka zoyambirira zakupha, kukula kwa nyama ndi okrol:
  • Chifukwa cha kukula kwachangu ndi kupindula kwabwino, amatha kutenga miyezi 4-6;
  • mliri wa kalulu panthawiyi ukhoza kulemera makilogalamu 3.5-5;
  • kalulu amasiyanitsa ndi ubwino wabwino ndipo ali wokonzeka kukwatirana pa miyezi isanu;
  • okrol imodzi imabweretsa ana 8-10;
  • kwa chaka mkazi amatsogolera akalulu 35.
Pezani zomwe mungachite ngati kalulu wakhala ndi mafuta, kodi kalulu ayenera kukhala ndi umuna, ndi akalulu angati omwe amalemera ndi zomwe angawapatse kuti apeze phindu, ndizotheka kuwatukula ndi makutu, akalulu amakhala ndi zaka zingati komanso momwe angadziwire zaka.

Makhalidwe

Mafiira a White amakhala ndi abwenzi abwino komanso oyenerera, sali wamanyazi ndipo amakana ndi kayendedwe kadzidzidzi ndikumveka kosayembekezereka. Chifukwa cha kukwiya kwawo, amatha kusungidwa ndi ziweto zina.

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Ubwino waukulu wa mawonekedwewo ukhoza kuganiziridwa:

  • mkulu;
  • kukula kwa akalulu akalulu;
  • kupindula kwakukulu;
  • bwino kupha zipatso;
  • kukwiya;
  • maganizo otsutsa.

Kuipa ndi zizindikiro zotsatirazi:

  • khungu la khungu;
  • mafuta ochuluka pamwamba pa mapewa;
  • kufunafuna mtundu wa chakudya;
  • kufunika kokwanira chaka chonse m'maselo otsekedwa;
  • musalekerere kutentha kwapamwamba.

Kusamalira ndi kusamalira

Mavuto apadera pokonza ndi kusamalira akalulu NZB asabweretse, ngati mutatsatira zotsatila zonse zofunika, zomwe zidzakambidwenso.

Mukudziwa? Ku Ulaya, zinyama zotchuka kwambiri ndi amphaka, agalu ndi akalulu.

Kusankhidwa ndi makonzedwe a maselo

Abale okonda kwambiri amamva m'matumba. Nazi zina zofunika pazowonjezera:

  • zitsulo ziyenera kukhala zazikulu kuti akalulu athe kusuntha momasuka;
  • m'maselo, mungathe kuchita popanda zinyalala, popeza nsanja za New Zealand zakhala zophimbidwa ndi ubweya wa nkhosa, zomwe zimawathandiza kuti azilowerera pamatope;
  • Ngati zinyalala zimaperekedwa muzitsulo, ndiye kuti udzu wouma ungagwiritsidwe ntchito pazinthu izi;
  • maselo akhoza kuikidwa pamtunda angapo (osaposa atatu), kukonza mwa iwo omwa ndi odyetsa;
  • Mu khola limodzi mukhoza kukhala ndi anthu angapo a msinkhu womwewo, malingana ndi kukula kwake.
Dzidziwitse nokha ndi zochitika za kuswana ndi kusunga akalulu muzitsime, dzenje ndi aviary.

Zomwe amangidwa

Pali zofunika zina zomwe zimayendera kalulu NZB:

  • m'madera omwe muli malo osungirako, kutentha kumayenera kusungidwa pa madigiri 18-24, kupitirira kunasonyeza zovuta kwa ziweto;
  • m'chipinda chokhala ndi akalulu sikuyenera kukhala chinyezi;
  • onetsetsani kupereka mpweya wokwanira popanda kukhalapo kolemba;
  • Sizingatheke kuti mazenera a akalulu agwire dzuwa, mwinamwake likudzaza ndi kutentha kwa ziweto.

Chisamaliro ndi ukhondo

Kuti atsopano a New Zealand aziwoneka bwino komanso osapweteka, zikhalidwe zina ziyenera kukumana:

  1. Kuwonjezera apo, nkofunika kuti muziyeretsa nthawi zonse, kuchotsa zinyalala komanso kugwiritsa ntchito zinyalala, zomwe zingakuthandizeni kuti ubweya wa kalulu ukhale woyera komanso kukhala ndi zotsatira zabwino pa nyama.
  2. Nthaŵi zonse muyeretseni ogulitsa kuchokera ku zinyalala za zakudya.
  3. Sungani oledzera ndikudzaza tsiku ndi tsiku ndi madzi oyera.
  4. Kawiri pachaka (autumn ndi kasupe), tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda komanso kufalikira kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.
  5. Sakanizani zothandizira zothandizira: matabwa - ndi madzi otentha, soda ndi sopo, ndipo sungani zitsulo ndi operekera pulasitiki kwa mphindi 30. mu njira ya soda phulusa.
Zingakhale zothandiza kuti muwerenge ngati kalulu akusowa chilakolako mu khola, komanso momwe angasamalire khola.

Katemera

Katemera otsatirawa ndi ovomerezeka kwa akalulu a NZB, omwe ayenera kugulidwa kokha mndandanda wa mankhwala, kutsatira malangizo awa:

  1. Kuthetsa myxomatosis - pa masiku 28, pa miyezi inayi, kenako miyezi isanu ndi umodzi.
  2. Kuteteza tizilombo toyambitsa matenda matenda a akalulu (UHD) - masiku 45, miyezi inayi, kenako miyezi isanu ndi umodzi.

Kudyetsa ndi kuthirira bwino

Pochita kusankha, mtundu umenewu unasinthidwa kuti ukhale ndi moyo wambiri m'maselo, choncho umasowa kupeza chakudya chosadetsedwa. Ofufuzawo anapeza kuti nyamayi imadya katatu patsiku m'magawo ang'onoang'ono.

Izi zimawathandiza kuti azikhala bwino ndikudya chakudya. Choncho, njirayi idzakhazikitsidwa m'maselo a bunker feeders ndi sennik. Anthu a ku New Zealand amafunikira chakudya choyenera. Ngati nyama ikudyetsedwa bwino, nyama yake idzakhala yosavuta komanso mafuta ochepa, komanso sipadzakhala fungo lenileni.

Ndikofunikira! Pokumbukira kuti chithandizo chachikulu cha kalulu NZB ndi nyama, nkofunikira kutenga njira yodalirika yokonzekera chakudya chawo ndi kachitidwe ka zakudya: zinyama zapamwamba zimakhala ndi mafuta owonjezera ndi kulemera, ndipo izi zingayambitse kufa kwa chinyama.

Kodi mungadye chiyani?

Zodyetsa ziweto zimafunikira 2 pa tsiku. Chilimwe ndi nyengo yozizira zimadyetsa chakudya, koma zimakhala ndi zakudya zatsopano komanso zosiyanasiyana, ndi mavitamini okwanira.

Zakudya za chilimwe:

  • nettle;
  • clover;
  • katsabola;
  • parsley (yochepa);
  • rapese;
  • spartret;
  • alfalfa;
  • chomera;
  • Tiyi;
  • Kusakaniza tirigu (zochepa);
  • phala phala ndi kuwonjezera masamba;
  • nthambi yodyetsa;
  • masamba ndi zipatso (zochepa).

Zimazizira:

  • Kusakaniza tirigu (zochepa);
  • chakudya cha akalulu;
  • hay;
  • mizu masamba;
  • nthambi za singano
  • masamba ndi zipatso (zochepa).
Video: kalulu chakudya chachisanu

Kuposa ayi

Muyenera kupewa kupewa zitsamba zopweteka ndi zowopsa kuti azidyetsa akalulu:

  • chodabwitsa;
  • spurge;
  • chisangalalo;
  • dope
  • tansy;
  • mthethe woyera;
  • hemlock;
  • chowawa;
  • chimanga;
  • letesi la madzi oundana;
  • kabichi wofiira ndi yoyera;
  • juniper
Werengani zambiri za zomwe zingaperekedwe kwa akalulu, zomwe muyenera kuzipereka, komanso kupeza mavitamini kuti aperekedwe kwa makoswewa.

Timaperekanso mndandanda wa zoletsedwa kuti akalulu azidya zakudya za munthu:

  • bowa;
  • mbatata;
  • mbewu za mpendadzuwa;
  • beet;
  • mikate ndi cookies;
  • shuga;
  • mkaka ndi mkaka;
  • mtedza;
  • oatmeal ndi muesli;
  • chokoleti;
  • tomato;
  • phokoso;
  • yamatcheri;
  • adyo;
  • soya;
  • sorelo

Momwe mungadzamwe madzi

Malinga ndi akatswiri, akalulu amalekerera kusowa zakudya mophweka kusiyana ndi ludzu, motero amafunika kumwa mowa wabwino, kusungunuka bwino, kuyerekezera zakudya ndi kuthetsa mankhwala opangidwa ndi mankhwala.

Kufunika kwa zinyama kumamwa kumadalira zinthu zambiri:

  • pogwiritsa ntchito chakudya cha granulated, kusowa kwa madzi kukuwonjezeka: Pa kukula kwachangu pakati pa zaka 9 ndi 26 masabata - 1.7-2.4 malita;
  • mu theka lachiwiri la nthawi yakuyamwitsa - mpaka 1 l tsiku;
  • pa lactation - 2-2.5 l.

Ndikofunikira! Musapereke madzi kwa ziweto zisanayambe kudya kapena kudyetsa chakudya chodetsa, mwinamwake iwo adzalandira timimba m'mimba.

Zowonjezeranso zina zowonjezera zokonzekera zakumwa zakumwa:

  1. Pakuti akalulu ayenera kukhala okonda kumwa mowa. Ngati palibe, zinyama zimathiriridwa kawiri patsiku pokhapokha kufalitsa chakudya.
  2. M'chilimwe, ziweto zimamwa madzi ozizira (madigiri 18-20).
  3. M'nyengo yozizira, madzi amasungunuka kufika madigiri 30-35.
  4. Madzi a akalulu ayenera kukhala oyera, osaonekera, opanda kukoma ndi kununkhiza.

Kubereka ana ang'onoang'ono kunyumba

Pakubereka kalulu woyera wa New Zealand, nkofunika kulingalira mfundo izi:

  1. Chifukwa chakuti mitunduyi imayambiriro ndi "oyambirira", ndi bwino kuti tizivale zazimayi kuyambira miyezi isanu ndi umodzi mpaka 4.5.
  2. Mkazi, yemwe ali mu nthawi yogwira ntchito yobereka, ayenera kumangidwa mu nthawi yochokera tsiku la 10 mpaka 20 pambuyo pa kubadwa. Apo ayi, nyama ikhoza kuyamba kunenepa kwambiri.
  3. Asanayambe kuswana, akalulu ayenera kuonjezera chitetezo chokwanira ndipo asanakhale ndi katemera woyenera, nyama zina zofooka zikhoza kubereka ana ochepa.
  4. Nkhaniyi iyenera kuchitika mwachizoloŵezi cha akalulu: Zovala ziwiri ndizokwanira kwa mphindi zisanu, zinyama ziyenera kugawidwa.
  5. Mimba pa kalulu imatenga masiku 28-32.
  6. Mu malitawa amodzi amwana 8 mpaka 12 akulemera 45 g.

Pambuyo pa caulking mkazi ndi ana, ndi koyenera kuonetsetsa bwino:

  1. Mu maola oyambirira ndi masiku atabadwa, muyenera kuonetsetsa kuti ana onse amadyetsedwa ndipo nthawi zonse ali ndi kalulu. Mbuzi imadyetsa ana ake kawiri pa tsiku - m'mawa ndi madzulo.
  2. Ndikofunika kumvetsetsa kuti ngati mkazi atenga zinthu zonse zofunika ndi chakudya, mkaka wake udzakhala wonenepa komanso wathanzi, choncho anawo amatha kulemera mwamsanga. Pochita izi, zakudya zake ziyenera kupindula ndi zitsamba zomwe zimayambitsa lactation (katsabola, parsley, elecampane), komanso udzu watsopano (m'nyengo yozizira), mchere, mafuta a nsomba, nyama ndi fupa ndi choko.
  3. Pamene ana ayamba kudya ndi amayi awo, chakudya chambiri chiyenera kuwonjezeka kangapo.

Monga mukuonera, akalulu a White New Zealand ndiwotchukitsa kuti akukula pakhomo komanso m'minda.

Mukudziwa? Kalulu wamng'ono amatenga mazira ambiri kuposa momwe amabala ana. Asayansi akufotokoza izi chifukwa chakuti mazira ena akhoza kupasuka chifukwa cha vuto la kalulu. Kulongosola kwina: mwa njira iyi, njira zowonetsera mitundu ya zamoyo zimagwirira ntchito.
Zimakhala zosavuta kusunga, kupereka zokolola zooneka bwino za nyama ndi ubweya wa ubwino, pomwe ntchito ndi ndalama zomwe akugwiritsa ntchito ndizochepa. Ngati mukutsatira malangizowo onse, kuswana kwawo kungakhale ntchito yosangalatsa komanso yopindulitsa.

Mayankho ochokera ku intaneti

Inde, mtundu wabwino. Chinthu chachikulu chimene ndimakonda pa mtundu uwu ndi chakuti malinga ndi zomwe ndikuwona iwo ali opanikizika kwambiri komanso amayi abwino
ARTHUR.BY
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Pakuyambitsa mtundu uwu anagwiritsidwa ntchito mtundu: Belgium, hare, ndi flanders. Anakhazikitsidwa ku USA mu 1910 monga mtundu wa nyama (broilers). Chovalacho ndi chaching'ono, chowopsa, cholimba komanso cholimba. Mtundu wa tsitsi ndi wofiira wofiira kapena wofiira chikasu. Thupi ndilolumikiza, kumbuyo kuli minofu, gawo la sacro-lumbar liri lonse. Mutu ndi waung'ono ndipo uli ndi makutu aang'ono, khosi ndi lalifupi, chifuwa chimakhala chozama komanso chosalala popanda kuvala, kumbuyo kuli kochepa komanso kochepa ndi mbali yopangidwa bwino ya sacral-lumbar, miyendo imakhala yochuluka komanso yochepa. Akalulu amatha kulemera makilogalamu 4.5-5, kutalika kwa thupi 47-49.5 cm, akazi ndi aakulu kuposa amuna. Akalulu ali ocheperako (akalulu 9-12 pa 1 okrol), ali ndi mkaka wabwino ndipo ali ndi makhalidwe abwino a amayi. Akalulu ali ndi mphamvu zopambana kwambiri ali aang'ono. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka popanga akalulu a kalulu, i.e. Zinyama zazing'ono zimasungidwa pansi pakazi kwa masiku 60 mpaka 70 pansi pa akazi, kenako nkuphedwa kuti zipeze nyama. Ndizo zakudya zopanda ulemu ndipo yesetsani njirayi ya Mikhailov yobereketsa mtundu uwu ndiye kuti mutenga zonse zomwe ali okonzekera.
Diana Malinina
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