Momwe mungadyetse ana a ng'ombe kuti akule msanga

Kupereka chisamaliro chapamwamba ndikutsatira malamulo oyamwitsa ana ang'onoting'ono ndi gawo lofunikira loweta ng'ombe ndi ng'ombe zabwino. Ambiri obereketsa akuganiza kuti n'zotheka kudyetsa ana aang'ono mofanana ndi akuluakulu. Izi nthawi zambiri zimakhala chifukwa cha zinyama zosiyanasiyana zomwe zingayambitse imfa yake.

M'nkhaniyi tiona momwe mungakhalire zakudya za mwana wang'ombe ndikuzisintha pamene mukukula, komanso momwe mungasamalire mwana wanu.

Zomwe mungadyetse ng'ombe kuchokera masiku oyambirira a moyo

Nkhosa yomwe imayenera kudya moyenera imatsimikiziridwa ndi mtunduwo, phindu lolemera tsiku ndi tsiku, mlingo wamadzimadzi, womwe umadalira nthawi ya chinyama.

Obadwa kumene

Chakudya chimene amapatsidwa kwa mwana wakhanda chiyenera kukhala ndi mphamvu zamphamvu ndipo mosavuta zimakhudzidwa ndi thupi lachinyama. Masiku khumi oyambirira pambuyo pa kubadwa kwa ana a ng'ombe akudyetsedwa ndi colostrum.

Lili ndi mavitamini ambiri, mchere, mafuta okwanira, mapuloteni komanso mafuta. Colostrum imathandiza thupi kuti liziteteza motsutsana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Ndikofunikira! Kutentha kwa colostrum kudyetsa kuyenera kukhala kofanana ndi 37 ° C.

Mwanayo amalandira gawo loyamba la theka la ora atabadwa ndi 1.5-2.5 malita. Pa masiku 4 oyambirira, mwana wang'ombe amadyetsedwa kasanu ndi kamodzi patsiku. Kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwakudyetsa pang'onopang'ono. Pa tsiku la 10, nyama imadyetsedwa katatu patsiku. Masana, amadya pafupifupi 7 kg ya chakudya. Mkaka wabwezeretsedwa m'malo mwa mkaka wa amayi, kenako - pa mkaka wa dziko ndi m'malo ena. Pa sabata lachinayi la moyo, amaloledwa kudyetsa ndi mbatata yophika mu minced form, mafuta oatmeal kapena decoy, ndi udzu wambiri (osati oposa 1 makilogalamu pa tsiku). Musaiwale komanso za madzi oyera, mbale ya kumwa imayenera kukhala yopanda kanthu.

Miyezi 1 mpaka 3

Pambuyo pa mwezi woyamba, ana amapitiriza kudya mkaka. Mphamvu yake imachepa ndipo sabata lachisanu ndi chimodzi la moyo ndilopitirira 4 malita patsiku. Pang'onopang'ono, zakudya zotsalira ndi zowonjezera zimayambitsidwa kudya. Kubwereranso kuyenera kusintha mkaka mu zakudya.

Muzowonjezerapo mungathe kuwonjezera masamba ndi tizilombo tating'onoting'ono, udzu wofiira mu saline, wothira oatmeal. Mukhoza kudyetsa mwana wanu wamphongo ndi mazira a mbatata, kaloti odulidwa, maapulo, ndi zina zotero.

Mukudziwa? Nthawi ya katemera mu ng'ombe ndi miyezi 10.
Pa sabata lachisanu ndi chitatu cha moyo, yikani ming'oma ya bran, mbewu ndi mafuta. Iyenso amaloledwa kuwonjezera chakudya. Ngati nyengoyi ikugwera m'chilimwe, kuwonjezera zitsamba zodyera zinyama zidzakhala zoyenera. Mtengo wotsimikiziridwa ndi 2 kg pa tsiku.

Mpaka miyezi 6

Patsiku lachinayi la moyo, yonjezerani kuchuluka kwa chakudya chamadzimadzi chomwe chimadya mpaka makilogalamu 3-4. Mlingo wa kudumpha pa tsiku umachepetsedwa kufika pa malita atatu.

Mu mwezi wachisanu wa moyo, mwana wa ng'ombe amaperekedwa masana:

  • 1.5-1.6 makilogalamu a zakudya zowonjezera;
  • 5 kg wa udzu watsopano;
  • 2-2.5 makilogalamu a udzu.
Phunzirani momwe mungasankhire mwana wang'ombe pakagula, komanso dzina lomwe mungapeze.

Pambuyo pa miyezi 6

Pa mwezi wachisanu ndi chimodzi, moyo wa chinyama umayamba kunyinyirika kwambiri. Zakudya zowonjezera ziyenera kukhala zapamwamba kwambiri, zolimbikitsidwa. Mlingo wa chakudya chofiira pa tsiku ndi 1.6 kg kapena kuposa.

Mtundu wa zitsamba zatsopano mu zakudya ukuwonjezeka mpaka 6.5-7 makilogalamu, udzu - mpaka 3-3.5 makilogalamu. Kuyambira mwezi wachisanu ndi umodzi, kubwerera sikuperekedwe konse, ndipo masamba ndi zipatso amaloledwa kudyetsedwa mofanana ndi anthu akuluakulu.

Kusamalira ndi kusamalira ana kuchokera kubadwa

Pambuyo pa kubadwa, mwana wang'ombe wapukutidwa wouma ndikuikidwa mu cholembera choyera kapena malo osiyana m'chipinda ndi mayi. Nyumba yabwino. M'masiku oyambirira a moyo, zinyalala ziyenera kukhala zakuya ndi kusintha tsiku ndi tsiku.

Ndikofunikira! Obadwa samalola kuleza ndi kuzizira.

Kutentha kwa mpweya wabwino ndi 12 ... +15 ° ะก. Madontho akuluakulu sayenera kukhala. Ali ndi miyezi isanu ndi umodzi, nyama zinyama zimatumizidwa ku khola lalikulu la nyumba zogwirira ntchito. Katundu wambiri wa zinyalala amasinthidwa tsiku ndi tsiku kuti nthawi zonse zikhale zouma, ndipo nthawi yayitali mu masabata atatu.

Patapita nthawi, mwana wang'ombe atayamba kuzizira, amayamba kutulutsa panja, kuyamba ndi mphindi khumi. M'chilimwe, ng'ombeyi imadyedwa pamphepete mwachitsulo chobiriwira m'mawa ndi madzulo. Pamphepete mwa nyama zakutentha simulangizidwa kuti mukhalebe dzuwa.

Ndi bwino kuyeretsa ng'ombe tsiku ndi tsiku. M'nyengo yotentha, kusambira tsiku lililonse kudzakhala koyenera. M'pofunikanso kuyang'anira mkhalidwe wa thanzi la nyama, kuti azichita kafukufuku wamatenda nthawi zonse ndipo nthawi yake amupatse chithandizo chamankhwala. Ndikofunika kumvetsetsa kuti chakudya cha mwana wakhanda, mwezi uliwonse, mwana wamwamuna wa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi komanso wamkulu wamkulu ndi wosiyana. Pamene mwana amadya mkaka ndi mkaka, okalamba amadya mkaka wosakaniza, chakudya chosakaniza ndi masamba, pamene ng'ombe ndi ng'ombe zazikulu zimadya udzu, udzu, masamba ndi zipatso.

Mukudziwa? Ng'ombe zimakumbukira mosavuta nkhope za anthu. Angathe kuzindikira mwini wakeyo ngakhale patatha miyezi isanu ndi umodzi yopatukana.
Mwana wamng'ono atangoyamba kukhala yekha, amawotha. Pamene akukula, amasamutsira ku khola limodzi ndi kuuma. Chipinda cha nyama chiyenera kukhala choyera nthawi zonse. Musaiwale za kufunika kokhala ndi kafukufuku wamakono nthawi zonse, ndipo anthu okhala m'munda wanu adzakhala ndi thanzi labwino.