Momwe mungayankhire jekeseni kwa ng'ombe ndi ng'ombe

Mitundu yamakono ya ziweto imadwala nthawi zambiri - kuchuluka kwa nyama kumakhala kuti matenda osiyanasiyana amakula mofulumira pakati pa anthu onse. Monga chiwopsezo, nyama zimasowa katemera nthawi ndi nthawi. Pochita izi, mlimi aliyense wa ng'ombe ayenera kugwiritsa ntchito sering'i, podziwa kumene angakonde.

Kumene mungakonzere jekeseni kwa ng'ombe ndi ng'ombe

Masiku ano zamoyo zamatenda, pali njira zingapo zoperekera mankhwala ndi jekeseni - subcutaneously, intramuscularly, intravenously ndi nasally.

Mukudziwa? Chithunzi choyamba cha sirinji chinapangidwa pafupi zaka 2500 zapitazo ndi dokotala wotchuka wachi Greek wakale Hippocrates. Chojambuliracho chinali chubu chopanda pake, pamapeto pake chomwe chinayikidwa malo osungirako madzi, omwe anapangidwa ndi chikhodzodzo cha nkhumba.
Pazifukwa zonse, nkofunikira kusankha malo ena pa thupi la nyama:
  1. Mankhwala amamwa jekeseni pansi pamsana kwa nyama zazikulu pamwamba pa chikhomo, pakati pa magawo atatu a khosi, m'dera la chisokonezo kapena kumbuyo kwa scapula. Majekeseni a m'magulu amchere amalowa m'kati mwa magawo atatu a khosi kapena mkati mwa chiuno.
  2. Majekeseni amtundu wa ng'ombe amapangidwa ndi minofu yayikulu - malo awa ayenera kukhala kutali kwambiri ndi mitsempha yayikulu, mitsempha yambiri ya mitsempha ndi matope. Malo abwino kwambiri a izi ndi awa: gawo losasangalatsa la minofu ya pectoral, triceps minofu pamapewa, kumtunda kwa khosi, ndi mnofu wa gluteus pakati pa chiyambi cha mchira ndi femur (pelvis).
  3. Majekeseni osakanikirana a ng'ombe amachitira mitsempha yambiri. Malo abwino kwambiri m'dera lino amalingaliridwa kukhala malire pakati pa gawo lachitatu lakumtunda ndi la pakati.
  4. Njira yamphongo imaphatikizapo kulandira mankhwala mwachindunji mumphanga.

Momwe mungaperekere ng'ombe

Ngakhale kuti njirayi ikuwoneka yosavuta, zimakhala zovuta kujola ng'ombe. Izi sizidzasowa luso linalake, koma komanso dzanja lolimba, komanso molondola - pokhapokha mutha kulowa mankhwalawa moyenera kwa inu ndi nyama.

Intramuscularly

Ndondomeko ya jekeseni ya m'mimba:

  1. Konzani thupi la ng'ombe. Pachifukwachi, sichikuthandizidwa ndi chithandizo cha makina oletsedwa. Ngati palibe, ng'ombeyo imamangiriridwa ku khola kapena zitsulo zina - thupi la nyama limamangiriridwa mwamphamvu ndi nyanga, chifuwa ndi mchiuno mwachidwi ndi chithandizo cha mtundu wa lasso.
  2. Sankhani malo opangira jekeseni. Chifukwa cha jekeseni wa m'magazi, gawo la khosi ndilolopambana kwambiri, chifukwa chaichi n'zotheka kupeŵa chiwonongeko chilichonse cha minofu yomwe imasokoneza ubwino wa nyama.
  3. Konzani sitiroko ndipo muyimirire kuchuluka kwa mankhwala.
  4. Lembani mbali yowopsya ya minofu ndikuyang'anapo - izi zidzakuthandizani kupewa mankhwala oyamba kunja kwa malo oyenera.
  5. Ikani nyamayi mobwerezabwereza ndi nkhonya mmalo mwa jekeseni ndikuika mwaluso singano mu thupi.
  6. Pambuyo pa chifuwacho komanso kupwetekedwa kwapadera, jekani mankhwalawa ndikuchotsani syringe.
    Ndikofunikira! Mukamachita izi, peŵani kupeza singano kunja kwa minofu. Izi zingachititse kuwonongeka kwa mitsempha ya magazi, yomwe ikhoza kupha nyama.
  7. Sakanizani jekeseni - izi zidzakuthandizani kuthetsa ululu kuchokera mu njirayi.
  8. Tulutsani nyamayi momasuka.
Video: momwe mungapangire jekeseni la m'mimba mwa ng'ombe

Zosasangalatsa

Miyeso yayikulu ya jekeseni ya m'mimba:

  1. Konzani thupi la ng'ombe, monga momwe zinalili kale.
  2. Sankhani malo a jekeseni - chifukwa ichi muyenera kuyang'anitsitsa thupi lililonse la mitsempha yambiri pamthupi. Jekeseni wa mitsempha yokhayo sayenera kuchitidwa, chifukwa ndilovomerezeka kokha pansi pa zovuta kwambiri.
  3. Konzani sitiroko ndipo muyimirire kuchuluka kwa mankhwala.
  4. Ngati muli ndi kuwala komanso kosalala, sungani singano mu chombo cha 45 °, ndiyeno pang'onopang'ono mulowetse mankhwalawo m'thupi. Kuthamanga ndi kuyambitsidwa kwa mankhwala sikuli koyenera, chifukwa kumwa madzi mwamphamvu kwambiri kungayambitse thupi loipa.
  5. Tulutsani syringe kunja kwa mitsempha ndi kumasula nyamayo momasuka.
ku_kugwedeza chotengera ndi chala; b - kumangirira chotengera ndi harni

Subcutaneously

Zotsatira za jekeseni yapansi:

  1. Konzani thupi la ng'ombe.
  2. Ganizirani malo a jekeseni - yoyenera kwambiri kwa jekeseni ya subcutaneous ndi malo pafupi ndi mapewa kapena kufota.
  3. Konzani sitiroko ndipo muyimirire kuchuluka kwa mankhwala.
  4. Pitirizani ku jekeseni - chifukwa ichi muyenera kumeta khungu pang'ono ndi dzanja limodzi ndi kutenga syringe ndi yachiwiri.
  5. Ikani singano ya sirinji mu khungu, 1-2 masentimita pansi pa malo olankhulana. Jekeseni iyenera kuchitidwa bwino, pofuna kupewa kuthamanga kupyola pakhungu.
  6. Chotsani singano kuchokera mthupi, ndikupukuta danga lanulo ndi kusungunuka kuti musatenge madzi.
    Ndikofunikira! Pamene jekeseni mankhwala mu chiwalo cha nyama, nkofunikira kuonetsetsa kuti palibe mpweya waulere mu syringe, mwinamwake ng'ombe ikhoza kukhala ndi mpweya wobweya.
  7. Tulutsani nyamayi momasuka.

Mphuno (imani mu mphuno)

Njira zazikulu zowonjezera ma nasal:

  1. Konzani thupi la ng'ombe.
  2. Yambani mutu wake mwamphamvu ndi leash kuti ng'ombe isasunthe.
  3. Konzani sirinji yapadera ndi nsonga ya pulasitiki ndipo muyimirire kuchuluka kwa mankhwala.
  4. Ikani nsongayo mu imodzi mwa mphuno ndipo imwani mofulumira mankhwala.
  5. Tulutsani nsonga ya pulasitiki ndikubwezeretsani ndondomekoyi ndi ndondomeko yotsatira.
  6. Tulusule nyamayo ndi kumasula iyo ku ufulu.
Tikukulangizani kuti muwerenge za mankhwala omwe amafunika kuti athetsere ng'ombe.

Malangizo othandiza

Kawirikawiri, alimi amatha kupha ng'ombe bwino, ngakhale kuti alibe nzeru komanso luso lapadera. Koma pofuna kuonjezera zotsatira za ndondomekoyi ndikupewa zotsatira zoipa pa thupi la nyama, Muyenera kutsata ndondomeko zotsatirazi kuchokera kwa okalamba akudziwa:

  • Ng'ombe ikakhala yosasamalidwa, nkofunikira kupereka chokhazikika cha mutu wake - izi zidzakuthandizira kuchepetsa kuvulala kotheka, zonse zinyama ndi antchito;
  • Zinyama ziyenera kupatsidwa mankhwala aliwonse pokhapokha atakambirana ndi veterinarian wodziwa bwino;
  • jekeseni iyenera kuchitidwa mwakachetechete ndi mwamtendere, izi zidzakuthandizani kuchepetsa mavuto onse a ndondomekoyi;
  • Pa jekeseni muyenera kukhala chete, ngati phokoso loposa likhoza kuyambitsa chiwawa cha nyama;
  • mankhwala onse ayenera kusungidwa molingana ndi malingaliro a wopanga, mwinamwake kuthandizira kwake kudzachepetsedwa kangapo;
  • majekeseni ndi singano kuti agwiritse ntchito kangapo kamodzi kaletsedwe;
  • Pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi, ndizitsulo zokhazokha zothandizira, zowonongeka komanso zopanda kanthu, ziyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito;
  • Gwiritsani ntchito masipiringi molingana ndi mlingo wa mankhwala - yaing'ono mlingo, mochepa muyenera kusankha syringe;
  • mankhwala osokoneza bongo amaletsedweratu ku ziweto;
    Mukudziwa? Mipiritsi yoyamba yotayika inayambidwa ku United States mu 1954 ndi kampani Becton, Dickinson ndi Company, koma kugawa kwao kunayamba kokha pakati pa zaka za m'ma 1980.
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo amodzimodzi sikuletsedwa;
  • jekeseni iyenera kuchitidwa kunja kwa khola, mwinamwake pamalo osungirako nyama yowopsya ingakuvulazeni;
  • Kukonzekera ma intravenous administration nthawi zonse kumatenthedwa ku kutentha kwa thupi kwa nyama - izi zidzakuthandizani kuchepetsa kupweteka kwa thupi lake;
  • Nthawi zonse samalirani nyama - izi zidzakuthandizani kupewa kuvulala, komanso zochitika zosayembekezereka.
Luso la kupweteka ndi limodzi mwa luso lalikulu lomwe mlimi aliyense ayenera kukhala nalo. Amapereka mpata woonetsetsa kuti ali ndi thanzi labwino, komanso kuthana ndi matenda.
Dziwani zambiri zokhudzana ndi ng'ombe.

Kawirikawiri ndondomeko ya jekeseni sivuta, koma nkofunika kutsatira malamulo ena. Pokhapokha, jekeseniyo idzakhala yotetezeka komanso yogwira mtima.