Kodi mungadyetse bwanji geranium kwa maluwa ambiri kunyumba?

Geranium kapena pelargonium zimakondweretsa mwiniwakeyo ndi maluwa obiriwira, kotero amatha kupezeka pawindo la ambiri wamaluwa. Mitengo yamaluwa nthawi zonse imayenera kumusamalira bwino, ndipo chimodzi mwa zikuluzikuluzi zimadya zakudya za geranium.

M'nkhaniyi tiona mitundu ya feteleza yomwe ikufunikira maluwa, malamulo omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito komanso zowonjezera zothandiza kusamalira mbewu.

Kodi kuvala pamwamba ndi chiyani?

Kwa chitukuko chokhazikika ndi zomera zambirimbiri zimasowa zakudya zowonjezera, koma ngakhale nthaka yachonde imatha mkati mwa miyezi 2-3 mutabzala.

Maluwa okongola sangathe kupeza zakudya zam'mlengalenga, monga momwe amakulira m'miphika, pamene mukukula geranium m'nyumba, muyenera kuwonjezera feteleza - zovuta za feteleza zopangidwa ndi mchere, mavitamini ndi zakudya zomwe zomera zikufunikira.

Njirayi imalepheretsa kutaya dothi mu mphika ndi chomera komanso zotsatira zabwino pa kukula kwa duwa.

Mukudziwa? Dzina la duwa limachokera ku liwu lachi Greek "geranos" ndipo kumasulira kumatanthauza "crane".

Kupaka pamwamba kungakhale:

  • nthawi zonse - amapanga malinga ndi ndondomeko kuti asunge zakudya zamtundu m'nthaka pazigawo zosiyanasiyana za moyo wa maluwa;
  • mwamsanga - zimabweretsa ngati maluwa amasonyeza zizindikiro za kusowa kwa chinthu chimodzi kapena zingapo zofunika.
M'nthaka yokha yomwe imapindula ndi zinthu zofunika, geranium ikhoza kukhala ndi maonekedwe abwino ndipo nthawi zonse imasangalala ndi maluwa okongola komanso aakulu.

Zomwe zimasamalira magerani

Monga aliyense m'nyumba, geranium amafunika kusamalira. Duwa silikusowa zofunikira kuti zikule, koma zosachepera zofunika kusamalira zimalimbikitsidwa kuti ziwonedwe.

Mndandanda wa malamulo ofunikira a kusamalira mbewu umapezeka pansipa:

  • mphika wa geraniums uyenera kuikidwa poyera, chomera chikusowa dzuwa;
  • Kutsimikizira kutentha kwa mpweya m'chipindacho kumachokera ku +12 mpaka + 20 ° С (koma osachepera + 10 ° С);
  • Pelargonium ayenera kuthiriridwa mochuluka, koma osati mobwerezabwereza, koma sangathe kupopedwa;
  • Miphika yamabowo pansi imagwiritsidwa ntchito kukula maluwa;
  • Geraniums amafunika kupeza mpweya watsopano, koma simungakhoze kuzilemba mu zolemba;
  • Kwa maluwa okongola, zomera zimakula mu nthaka yachonde ndipo nthawi zonse zimadyetsedwa;
  • ndikofunika nthawi ndi nthawi kudula masamba a chikasu ndi zouma zowonongeka pofuna kusunga mawonekedwe okongoletsera a chomera ndikupatsani mphamvu kuti apange masamba atsopano.

Tikukulimbikitsani kuphunzira momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito geranium kwa mankhwala.

Malamulo ambiri akudyetsa

Sikovuta kupanga mavalidwe a maluwa, koma maulendo osayenerera kapena zolakwika mu teknoloji yake akhoza kuvulaza mbewu, Choncho, pamene feteleza kwa geranium, zimalimbikitsa kutsatira malamulo awa:

  • Ngati geranium ili kutentha kwa nthawi yaitali, ndiye kuti asanayambe kudyetsa iyenera kusunthira kumthunzi kwa ola limodzi;
  • Ola limodzi musanakhale umuna, chomeracho chiyenera kuthiriridwa kuti asatenge mizu yotentha;
  • N'zotheka kudyetsa duwa kuyambira May mpaka September, popeza m'dzinja ndi m'nyengo yachisanu ndipuma;
  • feteleza sangathe kugwiritsidwa ntchito pa matenda a mbeu: choyamba, m'pofunika kudziwa chomwe chimayambitsa matenda ndikuchiritsa;
  • Pambuyo popanga zovala zapamwamba, ndikulimbikitsanso kumasula nthaka kuti ipume bwino;
  • Kudyetsa achinyamata a pelargonium ayenera kugwiritsa ntchito theka la mlingo wa feteleza;
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito kavalidwe kapamwamba kumadalira mtundu wa kuvala pamwamba ndikukhala masiku 7 mpaka 20.

Ndikofunikira! Pokonzekera njira yothirira madzi a feteleza, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito madzi ofunda (pafupifupi 20 ° C) kuti mankhwalawo asungunuke bwino.

Momwe mungadyetse geranium ndikudyetsa maluwa ambiri kunyumba

Kuti pelargonium iphuke kwambiri, ndipo feteleza ndi opindulitsa, amayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito malinga ndi malamulo ena. Choyamba, ndikofunika kudziwa m'mene mungamvekere maluwa, ndikudziwanso momwe mavalidwe apamwamba akugwirira ntchito.

Kuti maluwa azikhalapo nthawi zonse, chomeracho chimasowa mchere, mavitamini ndi zakudya zochepa.

Video: Geranium kuvala kwa maluwa okongola

Taganizirani za sayansi yamakono yopatsa:

  1. Potaziyamu ndi phosphorous ndizimene zimapangitsa kuti mapangidwe apamphuphu apambane. Ayenera kuwonjezeredwa ku madzi omwe akufunira kuthirira maluwa, ndikupanga masiku khumi ndi awiri.
  2. Kuti mukwaniritse maluwa a pelargonium m'nyengo yozizira, imathirira madzi heteroauxin kapena glucose yankho masiku asanu ndi awiri.
  3. Mukamagwiritsa ntchito organic fertilizer Iwo amasungunuka m'madzi ndipo sagwiritsa ntchito kamodzi pa milungu itatu iliyonse.
  4. Kuti maluwa okongola azifunika kupanga mavitamini B1, B6, B12. Amagulidwa mu buloules ndi kusungunuka m'madzi (2 malita a madzi a 1 ampoule). Pelargonium imatsanuliridwa pamapeto pa masabata atatu, kupatula mavitamini pamodzi.

Ganizirani mwatsatanetsatane mtundu wanji wa feteleza woyenera ku geranium, ndi malamulo ake oyamba.

Werengani komanso nthawi yabwino kubzala geraniums kunyumba.

Manyowa opangira

Mitundu ya organic ingayambitse kutentha kwa pelargonium, kotero akulimbikitsidwa kuti asatulutse. Koma ndiloledwa kugwiritsira ntchito mitundu ina ya feteleza yotereyi ndi ndalama zochepa.

Mfundo zazikuluzikulu zogwiritsa ntchito zogwiritsira ntchito zamoyo zili m'munsimu:

  • Kudyetsa inu mungagwiritse ntchito zitosi za nkhuku zowonongeka ndi madzi mu chiŵerengero cha 1:20;
  • Mukhoza kutsanulira geranium ndi njira yofooka ya manyowa a ng'ombe (10 malita a madzi adzafunika 1 l wa manyowa);
  • kotero kuti pamakhala mizu ya Pelargonium, ndikofunika kugwiritsa ntchito manyowa ndi zinyalala zokha.

Kuti mupange duwa, mungagwiritse ntchito mitundu imodzi yokha ya zinthu zakuthupi.

Mchere wamchere

Kuti pelargonium ikondwere nthawi zonse komanso maluwa obiriwira, imafunika mchere wambiri. Manyowa abwino kwambiri a geranium - makonzedwe okonzeka okonzekera zakudya zam'mimba, chifukwa ali ndi zinthu zonse zofunika.

Mukudziwa? Kununkhira kwa geranium kumapangitsa kuti moleyoyo ayambe kutentha. Pofuna kuteteza tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa, ndikwanira kuyika maluwa ochepa a chomera atakulungidwa mu thumba mu chipinda ndi zovala.

Zachigawo zikuluzikulu zomwe ziyenera kukhalapo pa zokondweretsa ndi:

  • nitrogen - zofunikira kuti achinyamata zomera zithandize kukula kwa wobiriwira misa ndi wamkulu pelargoniums pambuyo kukonzekera kasupe kudulira. Musanayambe maluwa, kuchuluka kwa nayitrojeni pamwamba kumalimbikitsa kuchepetsedwa kotero kuti chomeracho sichitha mphamvu zake pokha pa kukula kwa masamba;
  • phosphorus - kumalimbikitsa maluwa a pelargonium ndi kupanga maluwa;
  • potaziyamu - ali ndi mphamvu zolimbikitsa, zimapangitsa kuti nthawi yayitali maluwa a geraniums. Kuchuluka kwa potaziyamu m'kudyetsa kukulimbikitsidwa kuwonjezeka pamaso pa maluwa;
  • sulphate ya magnesium - kumalimbikitsa kupanga mapangidwe atsopano;
  • calcium - kumalimbitsa chomera, chimapangitsa kuti zimayambira ndi masamba otsekemera;
  • chitsulo - zimathandiza kuti mtundu wa photosynthesis ukhale wabwino, umakhala ndi mtundu wobiriwira wa masamba;
  • zinki - amatenga nawo mbali ya photosynthesis, ndikofunika kuti chitukuko chikhale bwino;
  • boron - kumapangitsa maluwa ndi kukula kwa geraniums.
Pogwiritsira ntchito feteleza zovuta kuzungulira, muyenera kutsatira mosamala malangizo okonzekera omwe akuwonetsedwa pa phukusi.

Mankhwala a anthu

Kuwonjezera pa kugula feteleza, mankhwala ochiritsira angagwiritsidwe ntchito kudyetsa maluwa pelargonium. Panthaŵi imodzimodziyo, chisamaliro chiyenera kutengedwa ndi kuchulukitsidwa kwakukulu kwa zigawozikulu kuti asapweteke maluwa.

Mankhwala am'gwiritsidwe ntchito a feteleza pelargonium, ndi zizindikiro za ntchito zawo zili pansipa:

  1. Iodini. Pophika, muyenera kupasuka 1 dontho la madzi okwanira 1 litre. Mlingo umodzi wa feteleza chotero kwa geranium - 50 g.

    Video: Kudyetsa ayodini ya geranium

  2. Mkaka. Lili ndi calcium, magnesium, potaziyamu ndi phosphorous. Kwa madzi okwanira 1 litre, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito 100 ml mkaka ndi madzi geranium ndi zotsatira zake 2-3 pa mwezi. Kumayambiriro kwa chakudya choterocho kumakhala ndi kuthirira nthawi zonse.
  3. Banana peel. Chomeracho chimakhala ngati chitsime chabwino cha nayitrogeni. Musanagwiritse ntchito ndondomekoyi, tsambani bwino ndi madzi ndikudula tating'ono ting'ono. Kenaka amaikidwa m'manda ndi pelargonium pang'onopang'ono.
  4. Phulusa. Ali ndi potaziyamu, nthaka, magnesium ndi chitsulo. Kukonzekera basal kuvala muyenera kuchepetsa 1 tbsp. l ndalama mu madzi okwanira 1 litre. Imwani madzi a geranium ndi osakaniza masiku 10-14.
  5. Mazira a nkhuku. Zimatumikira monga gwero la calcium ndipo zingagwiritsidwe ntchito monga wosanjikizidwa pakamwa pamene mutumizira pelargonium ku mphika watsopano.
  6. Yiti. Limbikitsani kukula kwa mizu. Manyowa a feteleza amakonzekera yankho la madzi okwanira 1 litre, 3 g ya yisiti ndi 2 tbsp. l shuga The chifukwa osakaniza ndi madzi geranium 1 nthawi pa sabata.
  7. Aspirin. Amathandizira kuwonjezeka kwa zomera kutsutsana ndi matenda, amachititsa mapangidwe a masamba. Kudyetsa pelargonium ndi aspirin, sungani piritsi limodzi mu madzi okwanira 1 litre ndi kupopera mbewuyi ndi chisakanizo. Ndibwino kuti mugwiritse ntchito mankhwalawa ngati njira yothandizira matenda komanso kuchepa kwa maluwa, kusiyana pakati pa mankhwala ndi masabata awiri.

Ndikofunikira! Pamene feteleza maluwa ndi madzi amadzimadzi a ayodini, ayenera kutsanulira kokha pamakoma a mphika kuti asatenthe mizu.

Zosakaniza feteleza

Nthawi zina, malamulo odyetsera pelargonium, omwe ali pamwambawa, ayenera kusintha. Izi zimachitika nthawi yopangira mbewu kapena pamene maonekedwe ake amachepa chifukwa cha matenda kapena chisamaliro chosayenera.

Kuwonjezera apo mu nkhani yomwe tikulingalira malamulo odyetsera pelargonium muzochitika zoterezi.

Against yellowing masamba

Chifukwa chofala cha masamba achikasu masamba a geraniums ndi zolakwika za chisamaliro. Pofuna kuthetsa vutoli, muyenera kudziwa chomwe chimapangitsa kuti musamalidwe.

Dziwani zambiri za zomwe zimayambitsa masamba a chikasu a geraniums.

Malamulo a feteleza pamene masamba a chomera amatembenukira chikasu malinga ndi momwemo:

  • ngati chifukwa cha masamba achikasu ndi madzi okwanira, ndiye kuti maluwawo amaikidwa mu mphika watsopano ndikukhazikitsanso mpweya wosanjikiza, kenaka amadyetsedwa ndi pang'ono feteleza ndi kapangidwe ka shuga;
  • ngati masamba akutembenukira chikasu chifukwa cha geranium kukhala yochepa mu mphika wakale, chomeracho chimasamutsidwa ku mphika wawukulu ndipo patapita kanthawi, amamwetsa ndi njira yofooka ya ayodini;
  • masamba akhoza kutembenukira chikasu chifukwa cha kuwonjezera kwa feteleza mcherepamene chomeracho chatentha mizu. Pachifukwa ichi, pelargonium imachotsedwa mu mphika, mizu yake imatsukidwa pansi pa madzi ndipo imaikidwa mu nthaka yatsopano, koma feteleza amchere sagwiritsidwa ntchito. Pamene maonekedwe a maluwawo amakula bwino, mukhoza kuwonjezera pang'ono kavalidwe kake.
Pofuna kuteteza chikasu cha masamba a pelargonium, ndibwino kuti tigwirizane ndi zotsatirazi:

  • kuthirira;
  • peŵani zidutswa;
  • Tsatirani malamulo a feteleza omwe anakonzedweratu;
  • Panthawi yake yikani maluwa mu mphika watsopano pamene ukukula.
Mukudziwa? Geranium masamba ali ndi bactericidal katundu. Iwo akhala atayikidwa kale mitsuko ya kupanikizana kuti ateteze nkhungu.

Pakuika

Pelargonium imalimbikitsidwa kuti ikule mumaluwa aang'ono, koma imayenera kuikidwa nthawi zonse monga mizu ikukula.

Kawirikawiri imachitika kamodzi pachaka, koma ngati chomeracho chakumwa mowa kwambiri kapena kusokoneza makina, ndiye kuti chimaikidwa ngati chinthu chofunika kwambiri.

Mzere wa mphika watsopano suyenera kukhala waukulu kwambiri kusiyana ndi kukula kwa mphika wakale. Mu mphamvu yaikulu kwambiri, mizu ya geranium imakula mofulumira, imalimbikitsa kukula kwakukulu kwa mtundu wobiriwira ndi kuchepetsa kupangidwe kwa masamba.

Kuwotchera kumachitika mwa kutumiza pelargonium mu mphika watsopano ndi clod yadothi. Malamulo okhudzana ndi feteleza pokhapokha ngati mukupalasa duwa ndi awa:

  • Masabata awiri isanafike, musagwiritse ntchito kuvala;
  • Ngati geranium ikuikidwa m'nthaka yogula, zatha kuwonjezera kokha magnesiamu ndi nayitrogeni;
  • Ngati nthaka yokonzera duwa inakonzedwa ndi inu nokha, ndiye kuti feteleza wothira mafuta ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kotero kuti pa tsamba la pelargonium silikusowa zakudya;
  • mungagwiritse ntchito feteleza ogulitsidwa omwe amasakanikirana ndi dothi ndikuikidwa mu mphika watsopano panthawi yopatsa duwa;
  • Pamene malangizi onsewa akukwaniritsidwa, ziyenera kutenga miyezi iwiri kuchokera pakugwiritsira ntchito geranium ndikudyetsa.

Dziwani mitundu yambiri yofunidwa ya geraniums.

Zizindikiro za fetereza zosayenera

Pelargonium amawoneka kuti akusowa zakudya zoperewera komanso zimakhala zochepa kwambiri ndipo zimasintha maonekedwe ake pamene feteleza amagwiritsidwa ntchito mosayenera, choncho muyenera kuyang'anitsitsa mkhalidwe wa mbeuyo kuti muwone bwinobwino zizindikiro za nthawiyo ndikuyankhira bwino. Zizindikiro zotsatirazi zikuwonetsa kudyetsa kosayenera:

  • masamba amakhala opusa ndi otumbululuka;
  • chomera chimachepetsa kukula;
  • m'mphepete mwa masamba amatembenukira chikasu ndi youma;
  • palibe pachimake;
  • pelargonium amawoneka mwachidwi;
  • Geranium imatulutsa masamba.

Ndikofunikira! Ndizosatheka kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza kamodzi pa sabata - izi zidzakhudza kwambiri mizu ya pelargonium.

Kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza moyenera kumapangitsa dothi mu mphika wa pelargonium wathanzi komanso wothandiza. Zimathandizira kukula kwa zomera, kumalimbikitsa maluwa obiriwira, komanso kumathandiza kukhala ndi maonekedwe okongola a duwa.