Ardiziya Gorodchataya: kunyumba

Mtengo wamakorali kapena hardi krenat ndi chomera chamkati chokhala ndi zokongoletsa kwambiri.

Zipatso zake zofiira zimavunduka mu December ndipo zimakhala zokongoletsera za Khirisimasi panyumba panu.

Momwe mungakulire alendo otenthawa ndipo tidzakambilana m'nkhaniyi.

Malongosoledwe a zomera

Ardiziya gorodchataya (krenat) ndi tsinde limodzi. Nthaŵi zina pali mapangidwe a chitsamba mumayendedwe angapo. Nthambizi zimakongoletsedwa ndi masamba obiriwira obiriwira. Masamba obiriwira otentha amafika kutalika kwa masentimita 8-13 ndi masentimita angapo lonse.

Zokwanira kuti zikule panja kapena m'nyumba ndi zikhalidwe zabwino. Kawirikawiri, mtengo wa mabulosi amchere amawoneka wokongola kwambiri ndi maluwa, komanso ndi zipatso zopangidwa. Nthaŵi ndi nthawi, koronayo ndi yochepa kwambiri yochepetsera kukongola kwa chomeracho.

Mukudziwa? Dziko la South Asia, China, Taiwan, Korea ndi Japan. Ku Ulaya, chomera chokongola ichi chinawoneka posachedwapa - kuyambira m'ma 1800.

Kutchire, chimanga chimakafika mamita 8. Choncho, akakula kum'mwera zigawo kuthengo, wamaluwa amakumana ndi vuto la kumera kwa mphukira zambiri.

Maluwa mu masango a maluwa ang'onoang'ono oyera kapena oyera otuluka patsiku kumapeto kwa chilimwe. Maluwa onunkhira ndi amuna kapena akazi okhaokha, choncho chitsamba sichifunikira mavitamini. Inflorescences - panicles kapena maambulera. Zimazizira, zimasanduka magulu a zipatso zofiira zomwe zimapitirira miyezi ingapo.

Maluwa ndi zipatso zimapangidwa pakati pa mtengo. Mbewu ingathe kufalikira ndi mbalame ndi anthu. Akukula, amapanga shrub wambiri. Umboni weniweni wakuti zipatsozo ndizoopsa - ayi. Iwo sakulimbikitsidwa kuti agwiritse ntchito chifukwa cha chidziwitso chokwanira cha katundu wa chomera ichi chosadziwika mu latitudes. Kuonjezerapo, chifukwa cha mtundu wobiriwira wa zipatsowo sali okonzeka kuikidwa mu zipinda ndi ana ang'onoang'ono. Mavitaminiwo ndi okongola ndipo mwanayo angafune kudya.

Ardiziya kanchatchataya amawoneka okongola ndipo akhoza kutenga malo apakati mu chipinda chilichonse. Analimbikitsa kukula mu munda wachisanu, wowonjezera kutentha kapena chipinda. Nthawi zonse, nkofunika kupanga zinthu pafupi ndi chirengedwe.

Ndikofunikira! Tsamba la masamba Ardizii - kuphulika pamphepete mwa pepala. Ichi si matenda, koma mawonekedwe a kukhalapo kwa mabakiteriya okonza nayitrogeni. Mitengo yambiri m'mapiri otentha "akhoza" kupeza mchere kuchokera kumlengalenga, makamaka nitrogen. Ndikofunikira kuti chitukuko chikhale bwino.

Zomwe zimakulira kunyumba

Khalani chomera chowala kwambiri. Amakondanso mvula yambiri ndipo amakula ngati nthawi zonse mumatulutsa mpweya wozungulira. Kuti muchite izi, mukhoza kuyika chidebe ndi duwa mu thireyi ndi miyala yozungulira ndi madzi.

Pakapita nthunzi, nthunzi imapangitsa kuti chinyezi chizikhala mozungulira pang'onopang'ono. Musaiwale kuti sipangakhale madzi "ochepa" mu thireyi kuti musapange malo abwino kuti apange tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Manyowa ndiwofunikira pakukula nyengo - kuyambira masika mpaka autumn.

Malo

Mukakula mumphika, Ardizia imatha kufika mamita 90 cm ndipo kukula kwake kumakhala 30-38 masentimita. Choncho, ndi bwino kuyika pafupi ndi mipando ikuluikulu kapena pafupi ndi khoma lopanda kanthu. Kunja kuli koyenera malo okongoletsera ndi gazebos. M'chilengedwe chimasokoneza kulekerera dzuwa. Koma iwo akadali osafunika. Chitsamba chimakula bwino pansi pa denga la mitengo, mumthunzi wakuya kwambiri, wotetezedwa ku mphepo yozizira ndi youma. N'zotheka kukhala ndi dzuŵa lachindunji osaposa maola angapo patsiku.

Ndikofunikira! Pamwamba kwambiri (pamwamba pa 80%), zipatso za Ardizia ziyamba kutha.

Kutentha

Ngakhale kuti chiyambi cha zachilengedwe, Ardizia gorodchataya amakonda kukonda. 15 ° C. Kutentha kwakutentha, kutentha kumakhala koyenera. Kutentha kumatha kukhala + 15 ... + 24 ° C.

Kutsika m'munsimu + 8 ° C sikuvomerezeka - masamba obiriwira amafa pansi. Ndipo pa kutentha pamwamba + 24 ° C muyenera kukhalabe ndi mvula yambiri nthawi zonse.

Kutentha kwa mpweya

Sinthani chinyezi malingana ndi kutentha:

  • kutentha kwa + 15% + 20 ° C, chinyezi mu chipinda ndi 60% ndipo sichiyenera kusintha;
  • pa kutentha pamwamba pa 24 ° C (chilimwe), ikani chidebecho ndi mpweya mu khola ndi miyala yowonongeka. Chinyezi chidzakwera kufika 70 peresenti kumidzi, kuzungulira chitsamba;
  • pa kutentha pamwamba + 28 ° C, kutsanulira mpweya ndi masamba kuchokera botolo lazitsulo kuti muonetsetse kuti mumatha kupuma bwino.

Kusamalira kwanu

Ardizia krenat akhoza kusangalala pakhomo ndi kunja. Kusamalira kunyumba kumakhala ndi kuthirira, kudyetsa komanso kutentha kwa nthawi. Zosankha, koma zoyenera kuchita:

  • kudulira ndi kupukuta korona m'chaka;
  • nthaka mulching kuti akwaniritse kutentha, chinyezi ndi nthaka looseness.

Ardizia amakonda nthaka ndi zinthu zambiri zakutchire, koma panthawi imodzimodziyo ikhoza kufalikira pa nthaka iliyonse. Choncho, mutabzala mu mphika, pangani chisakanizo chotayirira komanso chopatsa thanzi. Kuphatikizana kumalimbikitsa kukula kwa zomera.

Kubzala kapena kuziika zimachitika m'chaka. Ngati mbeu ikuchulukana ndi mbewu, kumbukirani kuti imakula pang'onopang'ono. Choncho, mbewuzo zidzasanduka chomera chokwanira pasanathe miyezi 18.

Mukudziwa? Ardizia amaonedwa kuti ndi udzu wa ku Australia, makamaka m'nkhalango zam'madera otentha.

Kuthirira

Muchitetezo cha kukula, madzi a shrub ndi firiji madzi nthawi zonse zofunikira kuti nthaka ikhale yonyowa. Pakati pa nthaka yothirira ayenera kukhala ndi nthawi yowuma.

Chiwerengero cha madzi chofunika ndi chomera chimadalira pazinthu zambiri: kuchuluka kwa kuwala komwe kumalandira, kutentha kwa mpweya, chinyezi. Ndibwino kuti muthe kumwa maluwa kamodzi pa sabata ndikusintha kayendedwe ka nthaka chifukwa cha nthaka yomwe mwakhama. Mangani pa zosowa za ndege.

Kuthirira zomera zotentha kumalimbikitsidwa kuchokera pamwamba. Koma ngati mukufuna kuchepetsa kuthirira, musasunge madzi m'kati mwa mphindi khumi ndi mphambu zisanu ndi ziwiri mphambu zisanu ndi ziwiri, kuti musapititse patsogolo mabakiteriya.

Kupaka pamwamba

Panthawi ya kukula, feteleza imachitika milungu iwiri iliyonse. Maganizo a feteleza - kuyambira kasupe mpaka autumn. Mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza: manyowa, manyowa ovunda. Kuchokera mu sitolo, ndi zofunika kugula feteleza, momwe chiwerengero cha nayitrogeni chidzakhala 2 peresenti yochepa kusiyana ndi potaziyamu ndi phosphorous. Ichi ndi chifukwa chakuti mothandizidwa ndi mabakiteriya opanga nayitrogeni, Ardysia Krenat amalandira nayitrogeni kuchokera mlengalenga. Manyowa omwe amapangidwa kuti azitentha kwambiri (monga azaleas, rhododendrons, ndi camellias) amakhalanso oyenerera ku hardizia.

Kokani mulch ndikugwiritsira ntchito njira ya feteleza mwachindunji pansi pa shrub. Malo oyandikana ndi mizu akufikira pafupi ndi nthambi yayitali kwambiri. Tsatirani malangizo pa phukusi la feteleza, pamene ndondomeko ndi zizindikiro za ntchitoyo zingasinthe.

Kudulira

Ardizia ndi shrub yowonjezera yowonjezera. Choncho, amafunikira kudulira mitengo pakhomo. Ikuchitika mu February-March isanafike nyengo yokula. Kudulira nthambi zowonongeka, kudula ngati zikufunikira. Amadula nthambi mofanana ndi mitengo ina.

Matenda a tizilombo toyambitsa matenda nthawi zambiri samakhala owonekera. Choncho, onetsetsani kuti mukugwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa musanadule. Izi zidzathandiza kupeŵa matenda ndi mabakiteriya.

Ndikofunikira! Chifukwa chakuti Ardiziya amapeza zakudya m'mizu, imamera msanga, ngakhale itadulidwa.

Kuwaza

Pofuna kupeza zotsatira zabwino, masika amalowa m'malo miphika yomwe ingakhale 2-4 masentimita aakulu kuposa mphika wawo wakale. Kuwedza kumachitika pachaka mpaka mbande ifike pamtunda waukulu.

Kusakaniza kwa mphika kumakhala koyenera kwambiri komanso kumasuka mokwanira kuti mizu yipe mpweya. Konzani chisakanizo cha gawo limodzi la manyowa, munda wa nthaka ndi kuwonjezera mchenga kapena perlite. Cholinga cha zigawo zake:

  • kompositi - chigawo cha zakudya;
  • nthaka ya dothi ndi nthaka yosakaniza;
  • perlite, sawdust, mchenga - chimango chomwe chimapangitsa kuti munthu asasinthe.

Cholinga cha kuikapo ndi kubwezeretsa nthaka, kuteteza kuti isamangidwe ndi kupereka chomera ndi zakudya. Pochotsa maluwa mosavuta kuchokera pamphika wakale - kutsanulira madzi ambiri ofunda firiji.

Malangizo othandizira:

  1. Sakanizani chidebe pa nyuzipepala kapena pepala ndikuchotsa mosamala chomeracho.
  2. Ikani kukhetsa mumphika watsopano (miyala, miyala, miyala ya ceramic shards).
  3. Lembani ndi mankhwala okonzedwa kapena ogulidwa.
  4. Musasambe mizu ya nthaka yapitayi, kuti musawawononge.
  5. Ikani mphika pakati pa mphika ndi kudzaza ndi primer pambali.
  6. Sungani nthaka.

Mukudziwa? Mizu, masamba ndi zipatso za Ardizia krenat zimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'mazinenero achi China.

Kuswana

Kawirikawiri wardia imakula kuchokera ku mbewu zomwe zafesedwa m'chaka, ngati mbewu zomwe zimakhalapo nthawi zonse. Ndibwino kuti muzitha kukolola mbewuzo ndi kukula kwazowunikira kuti muzitha kuyambanso kumera ndikuwonjezeretsa matenda.

Nkhumba yambewu imadzazidwa ndi nthaka yokonzedwa bwino, yofesedwa, yofesedwa mbewu ndi kuwaza mchenga. Kenako onetsetsani ndi kumamatira filimu kuti ikufulumizitse kumera. Pambuyo kumera, mbande zidzakula kwa miyezi 18 isanafike mbewuyi.

Njira ina yobweretsera ndi kupeza cuttings ku mphukira yotsatira kumapeto kwa kasupe kapena kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe. Cutlets ya mphukira yowonjezera mosavuta imasiyanitsidwa ndi tsinde lalikulu. Ikani iwo mu miphika yodzazidwa ndi peat moss ndi mchenga.

Sakanizani osakaniza ndikusunga nthawi zonse. Pa rooting idzatenga masabata 6-8. Ngati chipinda sichifunda bwino, ikani miphika mu chidebe chomwe chikhoza kuphimbidwa ndi zojambulazo, kutulutsa wowonjezera kutentha mpaka mizu ikuwonekera.

Zingakhale zovuta kukula

Mwinamwake mavuto mu chitukuko cha zomera:

  • sichimasintha;
  • kukonzanso mtundu.

Ngati Ardizia gorodchataya sichiphulika, ndiye kuti ilibe dzuwa ndipo imasowa chinyezi. Chotsani chomera pafupi ndi zenera. Muzitaya m'mawa kuti muwonjezere chinyezi.

Ngati kuwala kwa dzuwa kuli kwakukulu, ndiye kuti chomeracho chidzawotchedwetsa, kuwonetseredwa ndi mabala a bulawuni pa masamba ndi zipatso zosweka. Chotsani chomera kuchokera ku magetsi.

Kugwetsa maluwa kungayambidwe ndi mpweya kapena mpweya wozizira. Ardiziya amakonda kukondwa, koma osati kuzizira. Choncho, sungani chomera ku malo otentha.

Mofanana ndi zomera zina, zikhoza kuyesedwa ndi tizirombo:

  • nsabwe za m'masamba;
  • scythes;
  • nyongolotsi.

Nyongolotsi zambiri zimakonda kukhala m'munsi mwa tsamba. Pakapita nthawi kuti muwazindikire - ayang'anirani chitsamba masiku angapo. Kupeza tizilombo, tithandizeni zomera ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Kuonetsetsa kuti nyengo ikuyenda bwino, nyengo ya ulimi wothirira ndi feteleza zimathandiza kuti zomera zizikhala bwino. Ndipo mukhoza kusangalala ndi maonekedwe ake okongola.