Momwe mungamere, madzi ndi kusamalira begonia kuti iwononge kwambiri? Malangizo othandiza

Begonia, yomwe imakhala ndi masamba aakulu, imakondweretsa diso. Iwo amaonedwa kuti ndi okongola kwambiri a malo odyera komanso malo okongola, komanso malo ogona ndi nyumba. Kuti chomera chikondweretse diso ndi nthawi nthawi pachimake, nkofunika kutsatira malamulo oyang'anira chisamaliro, imodzi mwayo imakhala yokonzeratu kuthirira. Kuchokera m'nkhaniyi mungapeze bwino kumwa madziwo, ndi momwe mungachitire kunyumba, komanso feteleza begonias ndizofunika kuchita ngati zolakwa zinapangidwa.

Mbali za kukula ndi kusamalira

Mbali zazikulu za kusamalidwa kwa mbeu ndizo zotsatirazi zomwe ziyenera kuganiziridwa pobzala ndi kusamalidwa:

  • Kuyeretsedwa. Maluwa amafunika kuunikira mokwanira, makamaka ngati posachedwa akuphuka kapena ali ndi mtundu wokongola. Tikulimbikitsidwa kuika duwa pafupi ndi mawindo akuyang'ana kumadzulo kapena kummawa.
  • Kutentha. M'nyengo ya chilimwe, kutentha kwake kumakhala madigiri 20 mpaka 22, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira, kuchokera madigiri 15 mpaka 18. Kawirikawiri kutentha m'chipinda.
  • Chinyezi. Duwa limakonda kwambiri kutentha kwa mpweya, choncho zimalimbikitsa kuyika pamphuno, ndikuyiyika mu bwalo pomwe pali dongo kapena moss, zomwe zimayambitsidwa nthawi ndi nthawi. Koma panthawi yomweyi sikofunika kuwonjezera chomeracho.
  • Feteleza. Ndikofunika kusankha mchere wamchere feteleza maluwa mkati, ngakhale mulibe nayitrogeni. Mavitamini azitsulo amathandiza masamba kukula, koma sapereka masamba ndi maluwa. Ndikofunika kugwiritsa ntchito madiresi apamwamba kamodzi pamasabata awiri.

Momwe mungasamalire begonia kunyumba mutagula, mukhoza kuwerenga m'nkhani yathu, komanso za kulima ndi kusamalira begonia pamsewu, pezani apa.

Tikukupatsani inu kuti muwonere kanema pa chisamaliro cha begonia:

Kufunika kwa kuthirira bwino

Chifukwa cha kayendedwe ka madzi okwanira bwino, duwa lidzasunga mawonekedwe abwino ndipo lidzasangalatsa mabungwe chaka ndi chaka ndi maluwa okongola komanso ochuluka. Ndi njira yolakwika yodiririra, zomera zimakhoza kuuma, kudwala, kapena chifukwa cha mvula yambiri ya rhizomes imayamba kuvunda, ndiye kubzala kumayenera (momwe mungameretse begonia mumphika ndi momwe mungasankhire mphamvu, werengani apa).

Ndi madzi ati omwe angagwiritsidwe ntchito?

Kuthirira begonia ndi madzi ozizira ozizira sayenera kukhala. Zovuta kukhwima, zimakhala ndi zotsatira zoipa pa kukula kwa zomera ndi zomera. Ndipo madontho otentha amatha kuyambitsa masamba ndi maluwa. Timasonkhanitsa madzi mu chidebe ndikuchikhalitsa kwa maola 24.. Mukhozanso kugwiritsa ntchito madzi osankhidwa kapena kugwiritsa ntchito madzi owiritsa.

Njira ina ingakhale kugwiritsa ntchito peat ya m'munda kuti athetse madzi. 10 malita a madzi ayenera kugwiritsa ntchito kilogalamu imodzi ya peat, yomwe imalowetsedwa mu chidebe mu phukusi lokhazikika pamadzi, lomwe limalola kuti madzi asakanize ndi kusamutsa katundu kunthaka.

Chomera Chakudya

Pali zakudya zambiri zosiyana siyana za begonias, koma Mfundo zoyenera kuziganizira pakuwonjezera feteleza:

  • Manyowa adzafanana ndi chisamaliro chapamwamba kwambiri, kuyeretsedwa ndi kuthirira okwanira (ndi malamulo ati a kusamalira duwa kunyumba?).
  • Kufotokozera feteleza ndi bwino madzulo.
  • Nthaka iyenera kukhala yonyowa.
  • Manyowa okhawo sayenera kugwirizana ndi begonia, mankhwalawa akhoza kuwononga mbewu.
  • Ndikofunika kutsatila muyeso, kuchulukanso kwa zinthu zidzatsogolera ku zotsatira zowawa.
  • Dyetsani begonias bwino kamodzi pa milungu iwiri iliyonse. M'nyengo yozizira, ikhoza kuchepetsedwa kamodzi pamwezi.

Kumathirira bwino maluwa mumphika pakhomo

Ndikofunika kuthirira maluwa wogawana, kumamatira ku nthawi inayake. Ndi bwino kumwa madzi mmawa. M'chaka ndi chilimwe, madzi okwanira ayenera kukhala ochuluka, mwinamwake masambawo ayamba kutha. Sungani kayendedwe kabwino ka kuthirira malingana ndi kutentha kwa mpweya, mukhoza kuthirira begonia tsiku lililonse kutentha, kapena kamodzi masiku angapo kumapiri ozizira.

M'nyengo yozizira, chomeracho chiyenera kuthiriridwa pamene dziko lapansi limayambira. (momwe mungasungire begonia m'nyengo yozizira panyumba mungapezeke pano). Nthawi yodziwika pakati pa kuthirira imakhala sabata. Imathirira madzi ndi madzi ofunda kuti ateteze chinyezi m'nthaka.

Thandizo! Njira ina yothirira pakhomo idzakhala ikuphika mphika mu mbale yomwe ili yayikulu kuposa kukula kwa mphika. Imani mphika mu chidebe chodzaza ndi madzi ofewa ndikudikirira mpaka dziko lapansi lidzaze. Nthawi zambiri amatenga pafupifupi mphindi 20-30. Timatulutsa mphika pamphuno, chinyezi chonse chidzatuluka, ndipo nthaka idzakhala ndi kuchuluka kwa chinyezi.

Kusuntha panthawi ya maluwa

Pakati pa maluwa, bungwe la kuthirira ndi losiyana ndi kuthirira. Panthawiyi, chomeracho chimafuna mphamvu kuti zidyetse, choncho zimadalira chinyezi. Yabwino ndi kuthirira zomera kamodzi patsiku, kukhazikitsidwa ndi madzi. Pambuyo pa kumaliza maluwa, madzi okwanira ayenera kubwezeredwa kuzolowera.

Kodi muyenera kuchita chiyani ngati zolakwa zapangidwa?

Ngati madziwa asanamveke bwino, koma mbewuyi inalibe nthawi yoti iwonongeke kuchokera ku nthaka youma kapena siinayambe madzi. Muyenera kupita ku njira yoyenera ya ulimi wothirira, mungathe kuchita ngati chomeracho sichikhala ndi chinyezi chokwanira.

Ngati maluwawo asanakhale ndi nthawi yokwanira kudzaza madzi, ndiye kuti mukufunika kuziika mu nthaka yatsopano.. Kuyang'anitsitsa mizu, yomwe ingayambe kuvunda. Kenaka muyenera kuchotsa malo ovunda ndi kuziyika chomera kumalo atsopano, ndi kuthirira mbewuyo molingana ndi chitsanzo choyenera.

Begonia ndi chomera chodzichepetsa chimene sichifuna chidwi chowonjezereka, monga ma orchids. Chitsamba chokonda chinyezi sichitha kuuma bwino, kotero muyenera kuyang'ana chinyezi cha nthaka ndi chikhalidwe chake. Ndiye chomera kwa nthawi yaitali chidzakondweretsa inu ndi a pabanja lanu ndi mawonekedwe abwino ndi maluwa okongola.