Zokuthandizani maluwa: Kodi ndi nthawi iti yomwe mungakulitse gerbera mutagula?

Gerbera ikufalikira, maluwa okongola omwe amawoneka ngati daisy. Icho chiri cha banja la Astrov, liri ndi mitundu pafupifupi khumi ndi iwiri ya anthu ake.

Chomeracho chikhoza kukhala ndi mitundu yambiri, koma chokhacho ndi buluu. Madera aakulu omwe amachokera ku gerbera ndi South Africa, amatha kupezeka ku Asia.

M'nkhani yathu mudzapeza zambiri zokhudza nthawi komanso momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito gerbera kunyumba. Komanso ndikuuzeni momwe mungasamalire bwino chomera chokongolacho mutatha kuziika.

Kodi ndifunika liti kusinthitsa mutagula?

Monga zomera zambiri, Kuti apitirize kukhala ndi moyo komanso kukongola kwa gerbera, ayenera kubzala nthawi zonse. Choyamba, muyenera kulingalira za kuika duwa mwamsanga mutagula, chifukwa nthaka yomwe ikugwiritsidwa ntchito pozindikira za inflorescences si yoyenera kulima nthawi yaitali, dothi silikufanana ndi kukula kwa maluwa ndi maluwa.

Gerbera sagwirizanitsidwa bwino miphika osati miphika, komanso pa flowerbed pabwalo. Kuwonjezeranso kwina kukuchitika pamene ukukula.

Ndi liti pamene ndibwino kutumizira ku mphika wina?

Nthawi yabwino yosankha duwa ndi yotentha kapena kutha kwa chilimwe. Koma musathamangire kuika gerberas m'nyengo yamaluwa, ngati n'kotheka kusokoneza chikhalidwe cha mbewu. Komanso, musachedwe kukasambira pa tsiku la kugula, chipatso chiyenera kusinthira chipinda chomwe chidzakula.

Pa malamulo ofunika kwambiri okhudza gerberas mu miphika, mukhoza kuwerenga apa.

Kodi mungakhale bwanji kunyumba?

Pofuna kubzala kunyumba, chisamaliro chapadera chiyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito posankha mphika.. Ndibwino kuti musankhepo pang'ono kuposerapo duwa, ngati mutayikidwa mu mphika waukulu kwambiri, gerberas sidzaphuka kwa nthawi yaitali.

Mphamvu ziyenera kusankhidwa kuganizira mozama za mpweyaChoncho, chisankho chabwino ndikugwera pamphika, popeza dongo ndi malo abwino komanso zachilengedwe omwe amalola mizu kulandira mpweya wabwino.

Kusinthasintha kwabwino kwa okosijeni kuyenera kuchitidwa mozama pafupifupi masentimita makumi anai kuchokera mu nthaka yosanjikiza, popeza gerbera ili ndi mizu yambiri.

Chinthu chofunika kwambiri pa moyo wa zomera ndi nthaka. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya gerberas imalephera kulemekeza dothi loyambira. Zinachitika kuti gerbera ankakhala mumtambo wambiri. Matendawa amachititsa kugwiritsa ntchito mapeyala ndi makala, kapena mumatha kumwa madzi ndi mchere wapadera, koma simungalole kuchuluka kwa acidity.

Ndi kulumikiza kwa akatswiri, kubzala zochitika zimapangidwa ndipo dongosolo la magetsi limakhazikitsidwa ndikukonzekera dothi kumasinthidwa, kuganizira zochitika za mtundu uliwonse wa banja la Astrov. Kwa mafani, komabe njira yokhayokha yokonzekera dothi ndi yabwino, yomwe mitundu yonse yamitundu yosiyanasiyana imavomereza popanda mavuto enaake. Kunyumba, chomera chomera sichimayambitsa mavuto ambiri. Nthaka ikhoza kukonzekera potsatira izi:

  • Gawo limodzi la peat;
  • Gawo limodzi la sphagnum (lingasinthidwe ndi mchenga);
  • Zidutswa ziwiri za tsamba loyera padziko lapansi.

Mukhoza kukonzekera dothi lanu, kapena kugula lokonzekera limodzi, momwe ziwerengero zonse zatha kale.. Pokonzekera chidebe ndi nthaka, nkofunika kupereka mpweya wabwino. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kupanga mabowo pansi pa mphika, kapena kuti mupange chithovu kapena makungwa, zitsulo zabwino kuchokera ku vinyo. Ndiye gawo la nthaka ladzaza, kudula kudabzalidwa, ndipo nthaka yonse yadzaza. Pofuna kuzungulira, pang'onopang'ono kuwonjezera madzi.

Maumboni ozama

Gerbera - chomeracho sichikhalitsa, patapita nthawi yaitali maluwa, chimatha ndipo chiyenera kusinthidwa ndi maluwa atsopano. Zomera zimabzalidwa pansi, potsulo, molunjika pansi pa wowonjezera kutentha kapena zitsulo.

Talingalirani njira yobzala mu ming'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono monga chingwe (momwe mungabzalitsire gerbera ndi momwe mungasamalirire, werengani apa). Pambuyo kumera, kuthirira madzi okwanira ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuti asungunuke.

Ndibwino kuti tiyike mphete yothandizira zomera, zomwe zimapereka malo abwino kwambiri okwanira ndi kusamalira. Gerbera ikhoza kufalitsidwa m'njira zingapo, monga:

  1. split chitsamba;
  2. kufesa mbewu;
  3. kusonkhanitsa.

Kukhazikika mwa kugawa chitsamba kungapangidwe kuchokera ku msinkhu wa gerbera osachepera zaka zitatu. Njira yogawira chitsamba ndiyo yoyenera kulima mitundu yofunika kwambiri ya Astera. Pogawa gerberas muyenera kusankha inflorescences omwe ali ndi maulendo awiri okhwima.

Mukhoza kulekanitsa zimamera pamanja kapena ndi mpeni. Ikani mdulidwe akulimbikitsidwa kuwaza ndi makala kuchokera ku nkhuni. Patapita nthawi pamene mphukira idzayambira mizu yatsopano, imatha kuikidwa m'magawo osiyana, popeza idatsuka kale ndi kutentha madzi ndi madzi otentha, pofuna kupewa kuipitsidwa kuchokera ku zomera zapitazo.

Ngati chisankho chanu chinagwera pa kuchulukitsa mbewu, tsatirani malamulo ofunikira:

  • Kufesa mu nthaka yosalala.
  • Kufesa mbewu ziyenera kuchitika kumayambiriro kwa masika.
  • Kuti zimere kumera kuchokera ku mbewu, m'pofunikira kusunga kutentha kwa madigiri 21 Celsius.
  • Ndikofunika kuti nthaka isunge chinyezi.

Mbewu yoyamba imayamba kumera pafupifupi sabata.. Kusindikizidwa kwa mphukira pawokha m'nthaka iyenera kuchitika mu masabata awiri, pamene masamba oyambirira akuwonekera. Tchire tating'ono tiyenera kubzalidwa kotero kuti kutalika kwa pansi mpaka mapepala oyambirira kunali pafupi masentimita 10.

Aftercare

Ponena za chisamaliro mutatha kusinthitsa zomera, muyenera kulingalira kuti gerbera imabwera kuchokera ku nyengo yotentha ndi yamvula ya kum'mwera kwa Africa. Dothi la Gerbera liyenera kukhala hydrated nthawi zonse, kuyanika kumalepheretsa chitukuko cha mizu, chomwe chikhoza kutsogolera, matenda, ndikumapeto kwa imfa.

Pofuna kuteteza dothi, chinthu chapadera choyesa chinyezi chimagwiritsidwa ntchito, ndodo yake imayikidwa mkati mwa rhizome, ndipo sensa imasonyeza ubwino wa chinyezi.

Zipatso zimafuna feteleza nthawi yake ndi mineral feteleza.. Malo a poto ayenera kusankhidwa kumbali ya dzuwa, kotero kuti gerbera imatenthedwa ndi kuwala kwa dzuwa, kuwala kokonzanso sikuyenera. Pakati pa maluwa, zomera zimasowa kutentha, ndipo panthawi ya dormancy, chipatso chimakonda kukongola (chifukwa chiyani gerberas sizimafalikira, ndipo ndi chithandizo chotani chomwe chikufunikira pa izi, werengani apa).

Gerbera poyerekeza ndi zomera zina sizowona, koma zikufunabe chisamaliro (momwe mungakulire gerbera ku Russia?). Chomerachi chidzakongoletsa mkati mwako, ndikupatseni chisangalalo tsiku ndi tsiku, komanso kungakhale mphatso yabwino kwa okondedwa.