Malamulo ofunika kusamalira gerberas miphika: Kodi muyenera kupewa chiyani mukamakula maluwa?

Masiku ano, kukula kwa zomera zowonjezera kunyumba, zomwe poyamba zinkawoneka ngati munda wamasewero, zikufalikira. Izi zikuphatikizapo gerbera. Maluwa okongola omwe amachititsa chisangalalo cha masika m'nyumbamo.

Komabe, ndikofunikira kudziŵa kuti maluwa okongola awa amakonda, kuti angakondweretse iwe ndi maluwa ake owala kwambiri. Perekani zithunzi zojambula za maluwa okongoletsedwa.

M'nkhani ino tidzakambirana mmene tingasamalirire, matenda omwe amapezeka kwambiri ndi zomwe tingachite kuti tithandizenso kubzala.

Makhalidwe

Chomera chosatha cha herbaceous, mbali ya banja lalikulu la Compositae. Mitundu ya mtundu wa gerbera imapezeka ku Africa, makamaka m'madera otentha a ku Asia. Maluwa a Gerbera akhoza kukhala mtundu uliwonse kupatula buluu..

Chodziwika ndi chomera chokhazikika, pinnate masamba, kufika kutalika pafupifupi 30 cm, anasonkhana mu rosette. Mphepete mwa masamba a mapesi a gerbera amasindikiza kwambiri. Kutalika kwa peduncle kumadalira zosiyanasiyana ndipo kumatha kufika 50 cm.Maluwa a Gerbera ndi mabasiketi omwe ali ndi masentimita 5 mpaka 25. Mtengo wawo mumphika umasiyana ndi ruble 200 mpaka 370.

Mu floriculture amagwiritsa ntchito mtundu umodzi wokha wa chikhalidwechi - gerbera ya Jameson. M'malo otentha, kudulidwa, amakula padziko lonse lapansi, komanso amalimidwa monga munda wamaluwa ndi kukula m'nyumba, miphika.

Chithunzi

Onani zithunzi zowonjezera za maluwa ophika:





Malamulo a kukula maluwa

Mukhoza kukula gerbera mu mphika wa mbewu. Pogula kugula zakuthupi ndi kofunikira kwambiri kumvetsetsa pazamulo, moyo umamera kumapeto kwa miyezi isanu ndi itatu mutatha kukolola. Pa njira zina zoberekera gerbera ndipo pambuyo pake anamusamalira, tinamuuza nkhaniyi.

Moyo wa gerbera m'phika ukhoza kugawanika mu magawo awiri:

  1. Nthawi yopumula - Latha kuyambira August mpaka March. Panthawiyi, chomerachi chikukula mobiriwira, ndikukonzekera maluwa.
  2. Maluwa nthawi. Mutabzala, chomeracho chimayamba maluwa pambuyo pa miyezi 9-11.

Kuthira zomera mu mphika ziyenera kupangidwa ndi mchere wothira, zokhazokha zowonongeka. Pakati pa maluwa, gerbera imadyetsedwa kamodzi pa milungu itatu iliyonse ndi feteleza omwe ali ndi potassium.

Mu nthawi yamasiku, kugogomezera kuyenera kuikidwa pa zowonjezereka ndi kuwonjezeka kwa nayitrogeni.

Kukula chomera ichi mu mphika sikumakhala vuto lapadera, kotero ngakhale wopanga mphukira akhoza kupanga bungwe lake la mini gerbera wowonjezera kutentha pawindo.

Kodi mungapeze kuti?

Chinthu chachikulu chakutonthoza mtima kwa gerbera ndiko kuunikira bwino.. Chifukwa chake, malo oyenera kwawo ndi malo okhala ndi kuwala kowala koma kosiyana. Kutalika kwa maluwa a gerbera kumadalira kutalika kwa masana. Pofuna kupanga chomera chowonjezera kuunikira, mungagwiritse ntchito Fitolampa.

Chipinda chimene chomeracho chiyenera kukhala nthawi zambiri chiyenera kukhala mpweya wambiri, pamene sitingagwiritsidwe ntchito. M'chilimwe, gerbera ikhoza kusamutsira kumalo kapena kumunda. Pachifukwa chachiwiri, zingakhale bwino kuika duwa pansi pa mtengo wofalikira, kutetezera ku dzuwa.

Ngati gerbera imangobweretsedwa kuchokera ku nyumba yosungirako ana kapena sitolo, muyenera kuyang'anitsitsa mosamala kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndikudzipatula kuchokera ku zomera zonse pa nthawi yokhazikika (pafupifupi sabata).

Kodi mungasamalire bwanji nyumba?

Kuthirira

Nthaka mu mphika iyenera kukhala yodzichepetsa nthawi zonse.. Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti kuthirira madzi sikugwa pa maluwa. Ndi bwino kuthirira madziwa pamphepete mwa mphika kapena poto, kudikirira mpaka madzi atakwaniridwa mu nthaka, ndi kukhetsa zina zonse. Madzi okwanira ayenera kukhala ofunda, pafupifupi madigiri +20 ndipo ayime osachepera tsiku.

Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti musamamwe maluwa ndi madzi ozizira mukakhala otentha m'chipinda. Kusiyana kwa kutentha kwa dothi ndi mpweya kudzakhudza chomeracho. Poganizira kuti sizingatheke kupopera gerbera, kuti mukhale ndi bwino kukula bwino mungathe kuyika mwapadera mthunzi wapadera kapena matayala ndi moss ndi miyala yowonongeka pafupi ndi duwa.

Pakati pa maluwa a gerbera madzi ambiriM'nthaŵi yotsala, kuthirira kwachepa kwambiri. Ndikokwanira pang'ono kuthira nthaka, osalola kuti dothi ladothi liume. Ngakhale kuti chomera ndi chikondi chinyezi, ndikofunika kuti musapitirize kumwa madzi. Zingawononge mizu.

Kudulira

Kudulira Gerbera kumachitika mwamsanga mutatha maluwa. Mitengo ya maluwa akufa, masamba owuma ndi masamba owonjezera mu rosette ayenera kuchotsedwa. Zitsulozo zimapangidwira kuti zitsitsimutse maluwa atsopano. Gerbera sichifunikira kusowa.

Ndikofunikira! Maluwa owuma ndi masamba akuphulika ndi tsinde pamunsi, kuwadula ndi mpeni sikovomerezeka.

Zovuta za kusamalila kunyumba

Kugwirizana ndi maonekedwe omwe akuyang'anira gerbera kunyumba kudzateteza maluwa ake abwino ndi kukula:

  1. Ngakhale kuti chomeracho ndi chachikondi, kuunika kokwanira kungayambitse maluwa.
  2. Onetsetsani kuti mukutsatira gerbera panthawi ya maluwa, ngati masambawo sakhala aatali kuposa miyezi itatu, chifukwa chake sichiyenera kuyankhidwa mwa kusowa kwaunikira, koma pazinthu zina.
  3. Musamabzala gerbera mumphika waukulu. Izi zidzatsimikizira kuti chomeracho chidzayesa kulimbikitsa mizu ndikusiya kufalikira.
  4. Ngati mutasankha pakati pa kuzizira ndi kutentha, gerbera yotentha imapangitsa kuti madziwa asapite mosavuta. Nthawi zambiri simungathe kusintha mphamvu ya kutentha - imachepetsa kukana kwa maluwa.

Kuti mudziwe zambiri za kufalikira kwa gerbera komanso kusamalidwa bwino, werengani apa.

Mavuto ndi Matenda

Gerbera imatha kutchulidwa ndi zomera zomwe zimakhala zotsutsana ndi matenda. Matenda otsatirawa ndi owopsa kwa iye:

  • Grey kuvunda - Zimakhudza maluwa, mapesi ndi masamba. Maonekedwe amawonekera ngati maluzi imvi. Zimapangitsa kuti mbewuyo ifa mofulumira. Pa chizindikiro choyamba cha maonekedwe ovunda, fungicidal kukonzekera ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito.
  • Mame a Mealy. Matendawa amapezeka makamaka ku zomera. Kunja, zikuwoneka ngati chipika choyera kumbali za masamba. Pang'onopang'ono, bowa amafalikira ku maluwa, masamba, masamba. Mafungicides amathandiza kuthetsa matendawa.
  • Kuwonongeka kochedwa. Kuthira mopitirira malire ndi kuchuluka kwa feteleza kumadzaza ndi zochitika za mochedwa choipitsa. Poyang'ana, matendawa adziwonetsera mwa mawonekedwe a masamba osweka ndi maluwa akugwa. Mizu yovunda idzayambanso. Pachifukwa ichi, kuchepetsa kuthirira, kusankhidwa pang'ono kwa gawo lapansi ndi kugwiritsa ntchito fungicidal kukonzekera kumathandiza kupulumutsa zomera.
  • Aphid. Gerbera, amasunthira m'chilimwe kupita ku khonde kapena munda, akhoza kumenyana ndi aphid. Kuwononga tizilombo kumathandiza kuchiza masamba ndi zimayambira ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.
Chenjerani! Musadutse mpweya mu chipinda. Gerbera akhoza kufota. Ndiponso, mpweya wouma ukhoza kuyambitsa matenda a zomera ndi nthata za kangaude.

Kodi mungabwererenso bwanji?

Gerbera ali ndi luso lapamwamba kwambiri lokonzanso, kotero ngati chomera chiri patsogolo panu chiri chovuta kwambiri, mukhoza kuyembekezera pang'ono ndi matendawa. Njira zotsatirazi zidzathandiza kutsitsimutsa mbewu.:

  1. Chomeracho chiyenera kubzalidwa mu nthaka yoyenera, yosalala ndi yosasuka. Ndi madzi abwino ndi kupuma. Pansi pa mphika ayenera kuikidwa ndi madzi.
  2. Musanadzalemo, kufufuza bwinobwino mizu iyenera kuchitika, kuchotsa zouma zonse ndi zowola mizu. Mizu yathanzi youma ndi ufa ndi nkhuni phulusa - izi zidzathandiza kupewa mapangidwe a bowa ndi nkhungu.
  3. Chomera chomera chimatentha chimachepetsa madzi ndi kuwonjezera kwa akukulirakulira.

Momwe mungapulumutsire gerbera, ngati masamba atembenuka chikasu, mungaphunzire kuchokera m'nkhaniyi.

Ngati kulima kwa gerbera panyumba kutsata ndondomeko zosavuta zothandizira, mungadziwonetse nokha kuti maluwa okongola otenthawa ndi okongola kwambiri.