Sinningia hybrid kapena gloxinia: kubzala mbewu, tubers ndi kusamalira maluwa amkati mutatha kuwatsitsa

Gloxinia kapena hybrid sinningia ndi duwa lokongola lomwe limadabwa ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi maonekedwe ake. Nthawi yake yamaluwa imachokera mu March mpaka October.

Kulima kwachitsulo komweku kunabwera kuchokera ku Brazil, ndipo kumakondwera ndi maluwa ake ambiri chaka chilichonse.

Kamodzi, pamaso pa wolima aliyense amene anaganiza kuti akule gloxinia, pali funso lofunika - momwe angalitsire? M'nkhaniyi tiona momwe tingabzalitsire ntchito mbeu ndi tubers. Kuphatikizanso malamulo oyang'anira duwa mutatha kuziika.

Zofunikira ndi nthawi

Nthaŵi yonse ya Gloxinia ndi January ndi kuyamba kwa February. Choncho, kwambiri Nthaŵi yabwino yopanga kapena kubzala mbewu ndikumapeto kwa February., panthawi ino, tubers nthawi zambiri amadzutsidwa. Komabe, ndi bwino kumvetsera mwatsatanetsatane ngati mukufuna kukalima nthawiyi. Popeza samadzuka nthawi zonse mu February, nthawi zina izi zimatha kuchedwa mpaka May.

Chizindikiro chosiyana cha kuwuka - masambawa amapangidwa pa tuber. Ndiponso, ngati kuwuka kwakumayambiriro sikuyamba kwa nthawi yaitali, mukhoza kumudzutsa ndi njira yopangira.

Ndikofunika kuti musaphonye kuyamba kwa kuwuka, chifukwa ngati simubzala nthawiyo, izi zimakhudzanso chomeracho ndipo zikhoza kuwononga.

Zinthu zimakhala zosavuta pobzala mbewu, chifukwa zimatha kubzalidwa nthawi iliyonse, koma zimakhala zovuta kwambiri kuti zimere chomera cholimba. Koma, pakukula mbewu kunyumba, mukhoza kupanga zachilendo zakusakaniza kapena kusangalala ndi zosawerengeka zosawerengeka.

Ngakhale mbeu ingabzalidwe nthawi iliyonse, m'pofunika kulingalira kutentha, chinyezi ndi kuunikira kwa chilengedwe chimene kulima kukuchitika. Choncho pamene tikufika m'nyengo yachisanu-yozizira, tifunika kuganizira za kuyatsa kwina, chifukwa tsiku lowala la zomerali ndi maola 12-14, ndipo kutentha ndi 20-24 ° C.

Kuti gloxinia yanu isangalale chaka chonse, mungathe kukonzekera malo omwe amakhalapo kapena masaliti ofunda poyatsa magetsi maola 14 pa tsiku. Chifukwa chiyani gloxinia sichimasintha ndi momwe angamuthandizire kumasula masamba, phunzirani kuchokera ku nkhani yathu.

Kukonzekera: kuyambira ndi mphika

Gloxinia sichikufuna kwambiri kuyika kwa gawo lapansi, kotero sipangakhale mavuto ndi kusankha. Ndi bwino kupatsa nthaka yochepa ndi zakudya zokwanira zomwe zimadutsa chinyezi ndi mpweya bwino. Zigawo zogwidwa ndi peat zili zabwino kwambiri. kapena nthaka yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kubzala violets.

Komanso mungathe kukonzekera dothi lanu posakaniza gawo limodzi la nthaka, kuchokera pansi pa mtengo uliwonse (kupatulapo thundu), peat (ndi otsika kwambiri acidity) ndi 0.5 mchenga, mukhoza kuwonjezera manyowa kapena humus. Musanabzala, dothi liyenera kukhala ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi madzi otentha kapena njira yochepa ya potassium permanganate.

Mukamagwiritsa ntchito dothi lachangu kwambiri mumakhala zovuta zowola., chifukwa zingayambitse kusungira madzi m'nthaka komanso kusowa kwa mpweya.

Kusankha mphika kumadalira kukula kwa tuber:

  • Mlingo wa poto uyenera kukhala wa masentimita 4-6 kupitirira kuposa tuber wokha.
  • Kutalika kuyenera kuwerengedwa pa 3-4 masentimita a zitsulo zamadzi, nthaka ndi tuber yophimba.
  • Chinthu chovomerezeka ndi kupezeka kwa mabowo kuti asateteze madzi osapitirira.
  • Mukhoza kusankha nkhani yanu, palibe malire pano.
  • Mtundu wa mphikawo ndi wopepuka kotero kuti gloxinia sichitentha kwambiri dzuwa.

Ndibwino kuyamba kuyambitsa minda yaing'ono m'mitsuko yambiri.kotero kuti duwa silinayambe kumanga mizu, chifukwa ilo lidzabwezeretsa maluwa a gloxinia patapita nthawi. Komabe, sikofunika kuti tisawonongeke, chotengera chomwe chili cholimba kwambiri (zosakwana 9 cm) sichingakhale chopindulitsa ku chomera. Ikhoza kuyamba kufota ndi kukhetsa masamba, ndipo nthaka idzauma nthawi zonse.

Kodi mungabzala bwanji?

Tsopano ganizirani funso la momwe mungamalire bwino tuber ya chipinda chotero maluwa monga gloxinia. Monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, nkofunika kuti tisaphonye kuwuka kwa tuber, komwe kumayambira kumapeto kwa February. Chizindikiro chake - kutuluka kwa mphukira zatsopano. Malangizo ndi ndondomeko zidzakuthandizani kumvetsetsa momwe mungayambire tubers.

Khwerero ndi Gawo Malangizo

  1. Zomwe zingatheke kuchotsa tuber ku mizu yakale yowuma, kusiya masamba ofunika kwambiri. Ndiye atsopano adzakula kuchokera kwa iwo.
  2. Ganizirani kumene chifuwacho chiri pansi ndi pamwamba, kuti musabzalidwe pansi (kuchepa kwapang'ono kumalo komwe kumamera mtsogolo - izi ndizomwe zili pamwamba, kumbali ina palipansi - pansi, mbali iyi iyenera kubzalidwa m'nthaka).
  3. Gwiritsani ntchito tuber kuti iwonongeke, zowola, chifukwa ichi chikhoza kusambitsidwa. Ngati zowonongeka zilipo, dulani mosamala ndi kuwonetsa malo awa ndi makala kapena kuti muzitsatira ndi "Mix" ndi "Kornevina", ndikusiya tuber kuti iume tsiku limodzi. Opaleshoniyi imathandiza kuthetsa vuto.
  4. Kukonzekera malo. Pansi pa mphika munali chithovu cha mchere 1-3 masentimita ndi kutsanulira pamwamba pa nthaka yokonzedwa.
  5. Pangani phokoso pansi ndikuyika tuber kumeneko.
  6. Timagona ndi 2/3 ndikusiya pamwamba pa tuber pamwamba kuti nthaka isagwire mphukira.
  7. Imwani nthaka kuzungulira tuber. Onetsetsani kuti madzi samagwa pamwamba pa tuber, pomwe pali concavity.
  8. Patapita nthawi, pamene tuber ikukula, ikhoza kukonzedwa ndi gawo latsopano.
Ngati mubzala tuber yogona, chomeracho chikhoza kufa chifukwa cholephera kuyamwa chinyezi ndi zakudya pamaso pa mphukira ndi mizu ikuyamba kukula.

Nthawi yotsala yopuma ya gloxinia ndi miyezi 3-4. (za zozizira za Gloxinia zitha kupezeka apa). Komabe, zomera zina zimafuna nthawi yambiri kuyambitsa nyengo yatsopano.

Kodi mungadzutse bwanji tuber ngati sichizindikiro cha ntchito kwa nthawi yaitali?

  1. Kutsukidwa, kuyang'anitsidwa ndi kuyimitsidwa tuber imayikidwa mu thumba lolimba-bwino ndipo gawo lochepa lachinyontho la peat ndilowonjezeredwa.
  2. Chikwama chatsekedwa chimakhala chotentha (pansi pa kuwala kwa dzuwa kapena phytolamp). Ndikofunikira kukumbukira za kuwala ndi kutentha kofunikira kuti chitukuko chikhale choyenera (onani pamwambapa).
  3. Pambuyo masiku 14, madontho amapezeka mkatikati mwa filimuyo, ndipo pa tubers pali impso zokonzeka kukula. Izi zikusonyeza kuti ndi okonzeka kubzala.

Timapereka kuwonera kanema pazomwe zimabzala mbeu za gloxinia:

Momwe mungabzalitsire mbewu?

  1. Mbewu imabzalidwa pamwamba pa nthaka yonyowa ndi lotayirira. Kuwongolera iwo pansi sikofunikira. Palibe chifukwa chosankhira gawo lina lililonse. Mukhoza kugwiritsa mapiritsi a peat.
  2. Nthaka iyenera kuyamitsidwa.
  3. Mphamvuyi imakhala yopanda kanthu, ndipo nthaka yosanjikiza ili pafupifupi masentimita atatu, chifukwa mbande imatha kukula.
  4. Mbewu zikagawanika mofanana pansi, zimatulutsidwa mu botolo lazitsulo ndipo chidebecho chimakhala chophimbidwa ndi filimu kuti chinyezi chisasunthike ndipo chimayikidwa pamalo otentha komanso owala.

Kale patatha masiku 7-10, mphukira zazing'ono zimayamba kuoneka pansi. Zochitika zina ndizo kuthirira nthawi zonse ndipo, ngati kuli kofunikira, amasankha.

Werengani zambiri za momwe mungamerezere gloxinia kunyumba kuchokera ku mbewu, werengani apa.

Tikukupatsani inu kuti muwone vidiyo yokhudza kukula maluwa ndi mbewu:

Kodi mungasamalire bwanji kusamuka?

Pofuna kusamalidwa bwino, mutengapo mbali zotsatirazi:

  • Gloxinia ndi chomera cha tsiku lakutali, chotero, kuti mupeze chomera cholimba, chochuluka kwambiri, ndikofunikira kupereka kuunikira kwabwino mu kuwala kosawoneka. Koma musati muwonetsetse kuwala kwa dzuwa, maluwawo akhoza kuyaka.
  • Pa kumera kwa tuber, mpweya kutentha ayenera pang'ono pamwamba madigiri 25, kuti imathandizira kukula kwa achinyamata mphukira. Koma musafikire 28, pamene chomera chikuleka kukula.
  • Akufunika chinyezi chowonjezeka.
  • Kupereka madzi okwanira kumafuna madzi ofunda. Onetsetsani kuti muyang'ane kufanana kwa ulimi wothirira kuti mbali zonse za muzu zilandire gawo lawo la chinyezi.
  • Chipinda chomwe gloxinia chimakula chiyenera kuwonetsedwa nthawi zonse kuti matenda a fungalidwe asapangidwe. Koma simungalole zida zamphamvu. Ponena za matenda ndi tizilombo toononga a Gloxinia, komanso njira zomwe tingachitire nawo, werengani pano.
  • Pamene duwa lizulidwa (masiku 15-20), mukhoza kupanga kudyetsa. Musanayambe maluwa, ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala omwe ali ndi nayitrogeni.
    Musanagwiritse ntchito kuvala pamwamba musaiwale kutsanulira gloxinia.

Kuti mudziwe momwe mungapititsire bwino ndikukula Gloxinia, werengani pano, ndipo kuchokera mu nkhaniyi muphunzira momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito bwino madzi ndi kudyetsa mbewu.

Malangizo a mavidiyo a chisamaliro cha gloxinia:

Kutsiliza

Kuti mukule gloxinia wamphamvu ndi yathanzi, muyenera kuyesetsa mwakhama, koma zotsatira zake ndi zoyenera. Musaiwale kulipira chifukwa chodziletsa chomera.kotero kuti maluwa akumwerawa angakondweretse maso a ena ndi anu kwa nthawi yaitali kwambiri. Maphunzirowa ndi ndondomeko yothandizira pang'onopang'ono kukuthandizani kulima ndi kusamalira zomera bwino, ndipo Gloxinia idzakupatsani maluwa ambiri okongola.