Timafunika kukolola koyambirira, chomera mbatata "Ariel": kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana, chithunzi, makhalidwe

Ariel ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zipatso za ku Dutch, zomwe zimasinthidwa bwino ku minda ya Russia ndi minda yapadera.

Mbatata imakhala ndi machitidwe abwino komanso osakanikirana bwino, ogulitsa malonda kapena ntchito zawo.

M'nkhani ino tidzakudziwitsani mwatsatanetsatane za zomwe mbatata za Ariel ziri, zomwe zili ndizo, kaya mukusowa zofunikira zaulimi.

Malingaliro osiyanasiyana

Maina a mayinaAriel
Zomwe zimachitikaMitundu yosiyanasiyana yomwe imapangidwa kuti ikhale yolima m'mabanja
Nthawi yogonanaMasiku 65-70, kukumba koyamba ndi kotheka pa tsiku la 45 mutatha kumera
Zosakaniza zowonjezera13-16%
Misa yambiri yamalonda80-170 gr
Chiwerengero cha tubers kuthengo10-15
Pereka220-490 c / ha
Mtundu wa ogulitsaZakudya zabwino kwambiri, zimakhala ndi beta-carotene komanso mapuloteni, omwe amawotcha, zipsu, ntchentche
Chikumbumtima94%
Mtundu wa khungukuwala kofiira
Mtundu wambirikuwala kofiira ndi zonona
Malo okonda kukulanthaka iliyonse ndi nyengo, akulimbikitsidwa kumadera akummwera
Matenda oteteza matendaKulimbana ndi nkhanambo, golide mbatata nematode, wakuda mwendo, kuvunda ndi khansara ya mbatata, osakhudzidwa ndi choipitsa
Zizindikiro za kukulaDothi lachonde, lopangidwa ndi mchenga kapena dothi lakuda, limakonda
WoyambitsaAgrico (Netherlands)

Makhalidwe

Ariel - kalasi yoyamba kucha. Kuyambira kumera mpaka kukhwima kwa tubers, masiku 65-70 apita. Mbatata yoyamba imadula masiku 45 mutabzala, koma nthawi zambiri zokolola zimatumizidwa kumapeto kwa nyengo yokula.

Zosiyanasiyana ndi zabwino kwambiriMalinga ndi zikhalidwe zomwe zikukula, kuchokera ku hekta 1 kuchokera ku 220 mpaka 490 omwe amasankhidwa mbatata akhoza kusonkhanitsidwa. N'zotheka kupeza zokolola 2 pachaka. Anasonkhanitsidwa ma tubers amasungidwa bwino, kusunga khalidwe kufika mpaka 94%.

Poyerekeza zokolola ndi kusunga khalidwe la zosiyanasiyana ndi ena, mungagwiritse ntchito tebulo ili m'munsimu:

Maina a mayinaKukonzekera (c / ha)Kukhazikika (%)
Serpanok170-21594
Elmundo250-34597
Milena450-60095
League210-36093
Vector67095
Mozart200-33092
Sifra180-40094
Mfumukazi Anne390-46092

Mitengo ya kukula kwasinkhu kapena mtundu wapamwamba, wowongoka, wamkati. Nthambizi zimakhala zowonongeka, kupangidwa kwa mtundu wobiriwira kumakhala kosavuta.

Masambawo ndi ofiira, wakuda, ndi mapiri. Chokongoletseracho chimapangidwa ndi maluwa akuluakulu ofiira ofiira omwe amatha msanga ndipo sapanga zipatso.

Mzuwu wapangidwa bwino, 10-15 osankhidwa tubers amapangidwa pansi pa chitsamba chilichonse. Kuchuluka kwa zinthu zopanda mpikisano kuli kochepa..

Mbatata Ariel imakonda nthaka yobiriwira, yokolola chifukwa cha nthaka yakuda kapena mchenga. Pa heavy loam zipatso ndi kwambiri yafupika.

Kudyetsa sikofunika, ndikwanira kuika kompositi pang'ono m'mitsitsi mutabzala. Kuthirira ndi kukwera mobwerezabwereza ndi kuchotsa udzu kumalimbikitsidwa.

Zosiyanasiyana Kulimbana ndi matenda ambiri Solanaceae: mbatata nsomba zakhwangwala, golide pakhosi nematode, wamba nkhanambo, masamba azipiringa.

Zomwe zimayambitsidwa ndi mavairasi, mosamala, sizikumva zowawa ndi blackleg kapena mizu yovunda. Kutseka koyambirira kumateteza tubers ndi masamba kumapeto kwa choipitsa.

Mbatata ndi yosiyana zokoma zokoma zokoma. Tubers pamene kudula ndi kuphika musadetse mdima, mumakhala mthunzi wokongola wonyezimira.

Oyenera kuphika mbale zosiyanasiyana, kuchokera ku magawo a ntchentche ku mbatata yosenda. Pamene kuphika muzu masamba musaphike mofewa, thupi limakhala lachikondi komanso lopweteka. Kukoma kwa mbatata kumadalira makamaka kuchuluka kwa wowuma mu tubers yake. Mu tebulo ili m'munsimu mukhoza kuona chomwe chizindikiro ichi chili ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana:

Maina a mayinaZosakaniza zowonjezera
Phika12-15%
Svitanok Kiev18-19%
Cheri11-15%
Artemis13-16%
Toscany12-14%
Yanka13-18%
Lilac njoka14-17%
Openwork14-16%
Desiree13-21%
Santana13-17%

Chiyambi

Ariel - mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya ku Dutch. Zinalembedwa mu Register Register ya Russian Federation mu 2011. Amagawidwa kwambiri m'mayiko osiyanasiyana: Ukraine, Moldova, ndi kum'mwera ndi m'chigawo chapakati cha Russia.

Kulima kulimbikitsidwa m'mapulasi ndi minda yothandizira. N'zotheka kukafika kumalonda.

Mbatata yotuta imagulitsidwa, imatha kunyamula kutalika. Tubers sizimataya khalidwe la malonda kwa nthawi yaitali.

Chithunzi

Mu chithunzichi, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mbatata Ariel:

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Pakati pa ubwino waukulu mitundu:

  • kukoma kwa mizu masamba;
  • kucha kucha msanga;
  • chokolola chachikulu;
  • matenda;
  • kulekerera kwa chilala;
  • zabwino malonda makhalidwe a tubers;
  • kuthekera kwa kusungirako nthawi yaitali;
  • Mukhoza kutenga mbewu ziwiri pachaka.

Pafupifupi zophophonya. Zopaderazi zikuphatikizapo zofunikira za zakudya zamtundu.

Takukonzerani inu mndandanda wa zolemba za kusungirako mbatata. Werengani zolemba zambiri zokhudza nthawi, kusungira mabokosi, momwe mungachitire m'nyengo yozizira. Komanso zonse zokhudza kusungira masamba oyeretsedwa ndi friji.

Zizindikiro za kukula

Teknoloji yaulimi ya zosiyanasiyanazi si zovuta kwambiri. Mazira a Ariel nthaka m'mtunda wotentha kwambiri. Kutentha kwake sikuyenera kugwera pansi pa madigiri 10-12. Kawirikawiri, kukwera pansi kumapangidwira kumapeto kwa May.

Nthaka imamasulidwa mosamala ndipo imamera ndi humus. Kuwala ndi kumapatsa thanzi nthaka, yayikulu komanso yopanda thanzi la tubers. Za momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito feteleza ndi nthawi yanji, komanso momwe mungachitire bwino pamene mukudzala, werengani m'nkhani zosiyana za malo.

Musanadzalemo mbatata akhoza kuchiritsidwa ndi kukula stimulatorndiyeno zimera mu kuwala kapena mu yonyowa.

Njira yotsirizirayi imathandizira kuti munthu ayambe kumera mwamsanga. Kudula tubers sikovomerezeka., kukolola kwakukulu kumawonetsedwa ndi mbewu zonse.

Zitsamba zili pamtunda wa masentimita 30 kuchokera pa wina ndi mzache, zimakhala zololedwa mzere wa masentimita 60. Zironda zimakula ndi masentimita 8 mpaka 10. Kuti zikhale zokolola zambiri komanso kuchepetsa matenda Ndibwino kuti musinthe malo oti mubzalitse zaka 1-2.

Zitsulo zabwino kwambiri za mbatata ndi udzu, udzu, lupins, nyemba, kapena kabichi. Masamba omasulidwa akhoza kufesedwa ndi phacelia kapena mafuta osekemera radish.

Mbatata sakusowa kudyetsa kwina. Kuti chitukuko chikhale chonchi, feteleza imodzi yokha yobzala feteleza ndi yokwanira.

Kupaka ulimi wothirira kumalimbikitsidwa makamaka makamaka mutabzala chidutswa chachiwiri cha mbatata. Ngati simungathe kukhazikitsa njira yowonongeka, kubzala masentimita 1-2 kumathirira madzi, dothi liyenera kuyamwa chinyezi pafupifupi masentimita 50. Kukulunga kumathandiza kuchepetsa namsongole.

Kukolola kumalimbikitsidwa kumapeto kwa nyengo yokula. Mlungu umodzi musanakolole, mukhoza kudula nsonga zonse, tubers zidzakhala zazikulu komanso zokoma.

Mbatata yokololedwa imasankhidwa, zouma m'malire kapena pansi pa denga. Mbewu zakuthupi Kusankhidwa mosamala kwambiri kusungidwa mosiyana. Miphika yomwe idzakhala operekera kubzala mbatata, yodziwika ndi zilembo zowala.

Pali njira zambiri zowonjezera mbatata. Pa webusaiti yathu mudzapeza zonse zokhudza teknoloji ya Dutch, komanso za kukula pansi pa udzu, m'matumba ndi mbiya.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Mbatata cultivar Ariel Kulimbana ndi matenda ambiri oopsa: khansara ya mbatata, golidi yoyambira nematode, tsamba lopiringa, zovunda zosiyanasiyana, Fusarium, Alternaria, verticillus.

Kutseketsa koyambirira kumateteza zomera kuchokera m'mavuto ochedwa. Sungani mbatata kutali ndi matenda adzathandiza kuvala musanadzalemo, kusinthasintha kwa mbeu, kulumikiza nthawi yake. Pa mliriwu, zomera za phytophthora zimapangidwa mobwerezabwereza ndi zokonzekera zamkuwa.

Mbatata yachinyamata yobiriwira imayambitsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. NthaƔi zambiri nkhuku zimakhudzidwa ndi kachilomboka ka mbatata ya Colorado, nsabwe za m'masamba, nthata zamatenda, tubers amavutika ndi mbozi.

Pofuna kuteteza nyembazo, nthaka imamasulidwa mosasunthika, mizu yawo imasankhidwa zomera zomwe zingakhale malo ozaza tizirombo. Kupopera mankhwala ndi tizilombo toyambitsa mafakitale kapena mankhwala osakanikirana omwe amathandizanso.

Ponena za kachilomboka ka mbatata ya Colorado, othandizira mankhwala amathandizira polimbana nawo: Aktara, Corado, Regent, Commander, Prestige, Lightning, Tanrek, Apache, Taboo.

Mitengo yodabwitsa komanso yopindulitsa Ariel akuyenera kuyang'anitsitsa kwambiri alimi ndi okonda wamaluwa. Iye makamaka zabwino kwa madera otentha. Mu mikhalidwe ya yotentha yotentha chilimwe Zosavuta kupeza 2 mbewu zambiri, kudzipereka yekha ndi mbatata kwa chaka chonse.

Pamene mukukula mbatata, mankhwala ena amagwiritsidwa ntchito popititsa patsogolo zokolola kapena zowononga tizilombo.

Werengani zonse za ubwino ndi zoopsa za fungicides, mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi tizilombo m'nkhani zothandiza pa tsamba lathu.

Timakupatsanso inu mitundu ina ya mbatata ndi mawu osiyana:

Kutseka kochedwaKuyambira m'mawa oyambiriraKumapeto kwenikweni
PicassoBlack PrinceMakhalidwe abwino
Ivan da MaryaNevskyLorch
RoccoKumasuliraRyabinushka
SlavyankaMbuye wa zotsambaNevsky
KiwiRamosChilimbikitso
KadinaliTaisiyaKukongola
AsterixLapotMilady
NikulinskyCapriceVectorDolphinSvitanok KievWosamaliraSifraOdzolaRamona