Mbatata Zachijeremani za Molly - Zokoma Zabwino ndi Zowonjezera Zapamwamba

Mitundu ya mbatata ya Molly ndi ubongo wa agronomists a ku Germany, omwe amaleredwa bwino m'mayiko ena a Soviet.

Maonekedwe okongola, kukoma kwabwino komanso zokolola zambiri zimapangitsa kuti Molly akhale wotchuka komanso wotchuka kwambiri.

Werengani m'nkhani yathu tsatanetsatane wa zosiyana siyana, makhalidwe ake ndi zikhalidwe za kulima, kulandira matenda ndi kukumana ndi zirombo.

Malingaliro osiyanasiyana

Maina a mayinaMolly
Zomwe zimachitikaMitundu ya German yolimbana ndi chilala zosiyanasiyana
Nthawi yogonanaMasiku asanu ndi limodzi ndi asanu ndi limodzi mphambu zisanu ndi zisanu ndi zisanu ndi zitatu (55-65), yoyamba kukumba imatha pambuyo pa 40-45 masiku kuyambira pachiyambi cha zomera
Zosakaniza zowonjezera13-22%
Misa yambiri yamalonda100-150 gr
Chiwerengero cha tubers kuthengompaka 25
Pereka390-450 c / ha
Mtundu wa ogulitsaKukoma kwabwino, maonekedwe olimbitsa atatha kutentha, kuyima kwachisinkhu
Chikumbumtima82%
Mtundu wa khunguchikasu
Mtundu wambirichikasu
Malo okonda kukulaCentral, North-West
Matenda oteteza matendazotsutsana ndi kuchepa kochedwa
Zizindikiro za kukulamodzichepetsa amathetsa chilala, kuthirira kumawonjezera zokolola
Woyambitsaolimba "Norika Nordring-Kartoffelzucht-und Vermehrungs-GmbH" (Germany)

Chitsamba chingakhale chokwera komanso chosakanikirana (kutalika kwa masentimita 55 mpaka 75). Mtundu wa mbewu ndi wosakanikirana - magawo onse oyenera ndi ofalitsa mtundu wamkati. Masamba ndi osakaniza mpaka aakulu mu kukula, wobiriwira wobiriwira ndi wobiriwira. Mphepete mwa pepala ili ndi mphamvu yofooka.

Kumayambiriro kwa nyengo yokula pali kuchulukanso kwa nsonga, koma maluwa amapangidwa ang'onoang'ono. Kukonzekera kwa maluwa kumakhala ndi choyera choyera.

Chithunzi

Zizindikiro

Mitundu ya mbatata ya Molly ndi imodzi mwa anthu opanga makina oyambirira omwe amagulitsa masitera. Mbatata, yokhazikitsidwa ndi obereketsa ku Germany, imatenga malo amodzi mwa mitundu yokoma ndi yopindulitsa kwambiri. Kulima kuli kofala ku madera akutali ndi kumpoto chakumadzulo.

Mitundu ya mbatata imeneyi ndi yakucha kucha. Nthawi yochokera kumera mpaka kukula msinkhu ndi masiku 70-75. Kukumba koyamba kumatha masiku 45-55 kuchokera kumayambiriro kwa nyengo.

Molly ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana yololera. Mbatata imadziwika ndi oyambirira tuber mapangidwe, omwe akukhala oyambirira kusonkhanitsa mbewu kale pakati nyengo kukula.

Zowonjezera zokolola pa 45th mutatha mphukira ndi matani 15-17 pa hekta imodzi ya nthaka, pa tsiku la 55 - matani 18-22. Mukamaliza kuchapa, zipatso zochuluka zimakwana 30-36 matani pa hekta imodzi ya nthaka yamaluwa.

Pa zokolola za mitundu ina mudzapeza zambiri mu tebulo ili:

Maina a mayinaPereka
Ilinsky180-350 c / ha
Maluwa a chimanga200-480 c / ha
Laura330-510 c / ha
Irbitmpaka makilogalamu 500 / ha
Sineglazkampaka makilogalamu 500 / ha
Adrettampaka 450 kg / ha
Alvar290-440 c / ha
Breezempaka 620 c / ha
Zekura450-550 c / ha
Kubankampaka makilogalamu 220 / ha

Ponena za kusungirako mbatata, zosiyana zimasonyeza khalidwe labwino lokusunga. Werengani zambiri za momwe mungasunge mbatata m'nyengo yozizira, mabokosi, mufiriji, komanso momwe mungagwirire ndi mankhwala oyeretsedwa kale omwe ndi nthawi yosungirako, onani nkhani pa webusaiti yathu.

Mitundu ya mbatata Molly amatha kupirira chilala modzichepetsa, koma nthawi yayitali amafunika kuthirira.

Momwe mungakonzere ulimi wothirira mbatata, werengani m'nkhani yapadera pa tsamba lathu.

Mtundu wa nthaka umasokoneza. Zimalima bwino pamtunda wosakanikirana ndi wochepa kwambiri. Molly - mbatata zosiyanasiyana. Oyenera kukula pansi pa filimu, kumera ndi kusungirako. Mtundu wa tubers uwu ndi wapamwamba kwambiri. Kawirikawiri, pali njira zambiri zowonjezera mbatata. Pa webusaiti yathu mudzapeza zonse zokhudza chipangizo cha Dutch, za kukula m'matumba, mu mbiya, pansi pa udzu.

Mbatata ya Molly ili ndi kukoma kokoma, komwe kumakhala ndi chizindikiro cha 4.1 pa mlingo wa zisanu. Pambuyo kuphika, thupi limakhala landiweyani, siliphika mofewa (nthawi zina pamakhala chiwerengero chokwanira).

Kuwonongeka kusagwiritsidwe mokwanira. Pambuyo yokolola, kugulitsa ndi 89-92%. Ndi kusunga khalidwe la mitundu ina ya mbatata, mungapeze mu tebulo ili m'munsimu:

Maina a mayinaKunyada
Burly97%
Felox90%
Triumph96%
Agatha93%
Natasha93%
Dona wofiira92%
Red Scarlet98%
Uladar94%
Bullfinch95%
Rosara97%

Molly ali ndi zotalika kwambiri Zisanachitike matenda: Khansara ya mbatata, matenda a tizilombo: Alternaria, Fusarium, Verticillus, Cyst-forming nematode. Relative kukana amawonedwa kuti mochedwa choipitsa nsonga ndi tubers, nkhanambo.

Ponena za tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, palibe amene angatetezedwe, mwachitsanzo, kachilomboka ka Colorado mbatata. Kulimbana ndi njira yothetsera.

Werengani zonse zokhudza njira zamtundu ndi mankhwala zomwe zingathe kuwononga mdani uyu.

Tiyenera kudziwa kuti kubzala mbatata kumalimbikitsidwa pambuyo pa udzu wosatha, udzu wamakale ndi fulakesi, zomera zowonongeka, mbewu zachisanu. Kuyika mbewu pa dothi la mchenga ndi bwino kubereka pambuyo pa lupini. Kuphatikizana kumathandiza kuthana ndi namsongole.

Kusamalira zomera, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi matenda zopangidwa monga mwachizolowezi. Za feteleza, mungadziwe zambiri pa nthawi komanso momwe mungazigwiritsire ntchito, komanso ngati muyenera kuchita izi mutabzala.

Timaperekanso kudzidziwitsira ndi mitundu ina ya mbatata yomwe ili ndi mawu osiyana:

Kumapeto kwenikweniKuyambira m'mawa oyambiriraSuperstore
SonnyKumasuliraMlimi
GaniMbuye wa zotsambaMeteor
RognedaRamosJuvel
GranadaTaisiyaMinerva
WamatsengaRodrigoKiranda
LasockChiwonetsero ChofiiraVeneta
ZhuravinkaOdzolaZhukovsky oyambirira
Makhalidwe abwinoMkunthoMtsinje