Zipatso za Rosana zomwe zimayesedwa nthawi: zofotokozera zosiyanasiyana, chithunzi, chikhalidwe

Mitundu ya mbatata ya Rosan yakhalapo kwa zaka zopitirira makumi awiri, koma idakali yotchuka pakati pa wamaluwa ku Russia ndi m'mayiko ena.

Zimayamikiridwa chifukwa cha kukula kwake msinkhu ndi kudzichepetsa, komanso zokolola zodabwitsa.

Werengani zambiri zokhudza mbatata ya Rosan m'kufotokozera: kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana, makhalidwe ake akuluakulu. Kuphatikizanso ndi zida za kulima, matendawa, omwe amatha kugwidwa ndi tizirombo.

Zolemba zosiyanasiyana za Rosana

Maina a mayinaRosana
Zomwe zimachitikaMitundu yakucha yoyamba bwino komanso kukoma kwake komanso matenda osakaniza
Nthawi yogonanaMasiku 70-75
Zosakaniza zowonjezera13-14%
Misa yambiri yamalonda145 gr
Chiwerengero cha tubers kuthengopalibe deta
Pereka145-245 c / ha
Mtundu wa ogulitsazokoma kwambiri, sizingagwe, zingagwiritsidwe ntchito kuti ziwume
Chikumbumtimazabwino
Mtundu wa khungupinki
Mtundu wambirikuwala kofiira
Malo okonda kukulaCentral
Matenda oteteza matendaKulimbana ndi khansara ya mbatata, golide mbatata ndi nematode ndi zina zotupa matenda
Zizindikiro za kukulaamafunika kusamalidwa asanayambe kubzala
Woyambitsainayambika ku Germany

Mbatata Rosana imatchedwa mitundu yoyamba yakucha. Nthawi yonse kuchokera pakuwonekera kwa mbande mpaka kukula kwa mbatata iyi kumatenga masiku 70-75.

Inalembedwa mu Register Register ya Russian Federation ku Central Region. Kuchokera pa hekita imodzi ya nthaka nthawi zambiri amakolola kuchokera ku 145 mpaka 245 okwana mbewu.

Izi muzu masamba ali ndi kukoma kokoma, siritsani zofewa ndipo zingagwiritsidwe ntchito poyanika komanso kutsatila mu mawonekedwe owuma. Iye mosavuta kulekerera nyengo youma ndipo sizimapangitsa kuti pakhale zofunikira zapadera pa nthaka.

Rosana mbatata zosiyanasiyana amasonyeza kutsutsa matenda osiyanasiyana, khansara ya mbatata, golide wa mbatata nematode ndi matenda ena.

Zizindikiro za mbatata

Pakati pa mbatata zosiyanasiyana, zitsamba zazikuluzikulu zitsamba za mtundu wapakati ndizosiyana, zomwe zingakhale zoongoka kapena zowonongeka. Iwo ali ndi masamba omwe angakhale a sing'anga kapena aakulu. Masamba onse amatsekedwa komanso mtundu wamkati, ndipo mtundu wawo ukhoza kukhala wobiriwira kapena wobiriwira.

Corollas wa zomera zimenezi amasiyana mosiyanasiyana ndipo amakhala ndi mtundu wofiirira ndi wofiira tinge. Rosan mbatata tubers ali ndi mawonekedwe ovunduka mawonekedwe. Kulemera kwake kwa tuber izi ndi 145 gm. Iwo amadzazidwa ndi mtundu wofiirira wofiira. Mnofu wodulidwa uli ndi mtundu wachikasu. Nkhumba zomwe zili mumzuzi wa kalasiyi ndi pa 13-14%.

Mukhoza kufanizitsa chizindikiro ichi ndi mitundu ina pogwiritsira ntchito deta yomwe ili pansipa:

Maina a mayinaZosakaniza zowonjezera
Aurora13-17%
Skarb12-17%
Ryabinushka11-18%
Makhalidwe abwino17-19%
Zhuravinka14-19%
Lasock15-22%
Wamatsenga13-15%
Granada10-17%
Rogneda13-18%
Dolphin10-14%

Dziko la kuswana ndi chaka cholembera

Mitundu ya mbatata ya Rosan inalembedwa ku Germany m'zaka za m'ma 1900.

Chithunzi

M'chithunzi mungathe kuona zosiyanasiyana za mbatata za Rosana:

Zizindikiro za kukula

Mtundu wa mbatata amafunika kusamalidwa asanayambe kubzalazomwe zikusonyeza kulima, kumera ndi kusuta. Izi zidzathandiza kuchepetsa kukula kwa tchire, kuonjezera zokolola ndi kuteteza munda ku matenda ndi tizirombo.

ZOFUNIKA KWAMBIRI! Mukamabzala mbatata iyi, mtunda wa pakati pa tchire ukhale masentimita 60, ndipo pakati pa mizere - 35 masentimita.

Kuzama kwa kubzala tubers kuyenera kukhala kuyambira 6 mpaka 9 masentimita. Kulowera kuyenera kuikidwa m'mizere yopita kumpoto mpaka kummwera.

ZOFUNIKA KWAMBIRI! Pofuna kupanga mapangidwe apamwamba a mbatata, dothi lakutentha liyenera kukhala pakati pa 17 ndi 20 madigiri Celsius.

Panthawi ya kukula kwa nyengo, madzi okwanira ayenera kukhala opanda pake, ndipo panthawi ya maluwa ndi maluwa - wochuluka kwambiri.

Kuchita mizu ndi maonekedwe a foliar kuyenera kuchitika pa nthaka yochepa, komanso pamene tchire ndifooka kapena pang'onopang'ono kukula. Kodi ndi nthawi yanji yomwe mungagwiritsire ntchito fetereza, komanso momwe mungachitire mutabzala, werengani zipangizo zina.

Kukula mbatata, ndikofunikira kwambiri kuyang'ana njira zoyenera zaulimi ndikugwiritsira ntchito zowonjezera zowonjezera kuonjezera zokolola ndikuchotsa tizirombo.

Tikukufotokozerani nkhani zogwiritsira ntchito fungicides, herbicides ndi tizilombo.

Werengani zowonjezereka zokhudzana ndi njira zina za mbatata zowonjezera: pansi pa udzu, m'thumba, mu barre, teknoloji ya Dutch.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Rosana Mbatata kawirikawiri amavutika ndi matenda osiyanasiyana.

Komabe, mungathe kuchita mankhwala opopera mankhwala opangira mankhwala. Izi ziyenera kuchitika nyengo yozizira, pamene mame akuuma. Mafunde otentha ayenera kukhala pa madigiri 18 Celsius.

Mukhoza kuwerenga zambiri zokhudza matenda omwe amapezeka ku Solanaceae pa webusaiti yathu: webusaiti ya fusarium, nkhanambo, Alternaria, verticillis, zoipa zochedwa.

Kuteteza nsonga kuchokera ku Colorado mbatata kachilomboka kungathandize kuthetsa sopo ndi phulusa. Mukhozanso kugwiritsa ntchito njira zina zotchuka kapena kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala.

Rosana zosiyanasiyana zimakhala ndi makhalidwe abwino, kuphatikizapo zake kusunga bwino khalidwe ndi kuyenda.

Ndicho chifukwa chake si chaka choyamba chomwe ali ndi udindo waukulu pakati pa mitundu ya mbatata.

Ndi kusunga khalidwe la mitundu ina yomwe mungathe kuiwona mu tebulo ili m'munsiyi:

Maina a mayinaChikumbumtima
Kiranda95%
Minerva94%
Juvel94%
Meteor95%
Mlimi95%
Timo96%, koma tubers zimakula msanga
Arosa95%
Spring93%
Veneta87%
Impala95%

Timakumbukiranso zinthu zambiri zokhudza kusungirako mbatata: m'nyengo yozizira, mabokosi, mufiriji, kuyeretsedwa. Ndiponso ndizomwe ziganizo za muzu umenewu.

Pansi pa tebulo mudzapeza zokhudzana ndi nkhani za mitundu ya mbatata yakucha nthawi zosiyana:

Kumapeto kwenikweniKuyambira m'mawa oyambiriraKutseka kochedwa
AuroraBlack PrinceNikulinsky
SkarbNevskyAsterix
ChilimbikitsoKumasuliraKadinali
RyabinushkaMbuye wa zotsambaKiwi
Makhalidwe abwinoRamosSlavyanka
ZhuravinkaTaisiyaRocco
LasockLapotIvan da Marya
WamatsengaCapricePicasso