Odzichepetsa mbatata "Svitanok Kiev": kufotokoza zosiyanasiyana, makhalidwe ndi zithunzi

"Kiev Svitanok" - tebulo zosiyanasiyana mbatata, yotchuka ku Ukraine ndi Russia. Tubers ali ndi kukoma kokoma, kusinthasintha, bwino kusunga khalidwe.

Zosiyanasiyana zimakhala zosavuta kusunga, zogula mtengo, osati zopanda nzeru, zoyenera kwa minda yapadera ndi yachinsinsi.

M'nkhani ino tapeza zambiri zothandiza zokhudza mbatatayi, kuphatikizapo kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana, makhalidwe ake, makamaka kulima.

Makhalidwe

Tiyeni tione mwatsatanetsatane mbatata zosiyanasiyana "Svitanok Kievsky, khalidwe la muzu mbewu. Mbatata zosiyanasiyana "Svitanok Kievsky" si okalamba, koma bwino kutsimikiziridwa.

Kulima kulimbikitsidwa kuti ugwiritse ntchito, komanso kuswana pa mafakitale. Yokonzeka ku minda. Zosiyanasiyana zingakhale amadziwika ngati oyambirira kucha kapena m'ma oyambirirazambiri zimatengera dera la kulima.

Kutentha kwa nyengo, kumayambiriro kwa tubers kudzapsa. Nyengo yokula imatambasula mpaka autumn, yotsiriza tubers ikukololedwa mu zaka khumi zachiwiri za September.

Mbatata "Svitanok Kiev": kufotokoza zosiyanasiyana ndi zithunzi

Maina a mayinaSvitanok Kiev
Zomwe zimachitikamkulu-zokolola zosiyanasiyana
Nthawi yogonanaMasiku 85-105
Zosakaniza zowonjezera18-19%
Misa yambiri yamalonda90-120 g
Chiwerengero cha tubers kuthengo8-12
Perekampaka 460 c / ha
Mtundu wa ogulitsakukoma kwakukulu, koyenera mbatata yosenda
Chikumbumtima95%
Mtundu wa khungupinki
Mtundu wambirikirimu
Malo okonda kukulaNorth-West, Central, Middle Volga, Ural, East Siberian, Far Eastern
Matenda oteteza matendamoyenera atengeke ndi mochedwa choipitsa pa bottova ndi tubers, atengeka tsamba tsamba zofewa tizilombo, moyenera kugonjetsedwa ndi zithunzi mavairasi, wamba nkhanambo ndi wakuda mwendo, kugonjetsedwa ndi khansa ndi rhizoctoniosis
Zizindikiro za kukulaluso lamakono laulimi
WoyambitsaAnakhazikitsidwa ku Institute of Potato UAAN mu 1987

Zosiyanasiyana mbatata "Kiev Svitanok" anabedwa ndi Achiyukireniya obereketsa, adapangidwira kumadera okhala ndi nyengo yozizira, yamapiri, ndi yam'mlengalenga. Mbatata imakula ku Ukraine, Russia, Moldova, ndi Belarus. Ku Russia, mitundu yosiyanasiyana yatsimikiziridwa mu Mitsinje, ku Western Siberia, m'dera la Volga.

Kuchita bwino kuli bwino kuchokera zana akhoza kusonkhanitsa kuchokera makilogalamu 200 mpaka 300 anasankha tubers. NthaƔi yokolola imadalira nyengo. Kumadera ndi nyengo yozizira, nkhumba zoyambirira zimakumbidwa mu June, mu madera ozizira, nthawi yokolola imayamba pafupi ndi August.

Yerekezani zokolola za zosiyanasiyanazi ndi ena, mukhoza kutchula tebulo ili m'munsimu:

Maina a mayinaPereka
Kubankampaka makilogalamu 220 / ha
Felox550-600 c / ha
Maso a buluumpaka makilogalamu 500 / ha
Zabwino170-280 c / ha
Wofiira wofiirampaka makilogalamu 400 / ha
Borovichok200-250 makilogalamu / ha
Bullfinch180-270 c / ha
Kamensky500-550 c / ha
Colomba220-420 c / ha
Spring270-380 c / ha

Mbatata chitsamba chowongoka, chotsika, champhamvu. Mizu yayamba bwino.. Chomeracho ndi chogwirana kwambiri, zimayambira zimasonkhana palimodzi, sizingagwedezeke, kuti zikhale zosavuta kusamalira zomera. Masamba ndi ang'onoang'ono, amdima wobiriwira, mapangidwe a zobiriwira ndi ochepa. Maluwa ambiri, corollas wa zofiirira zofiirira kapena mtundu wofiira.

Mbatata "Kiev Svitanok" amasangalala bwino akuyenerera chifundo wamaluwa kuti kudzichepetsa, kulekerera kwa agrotechnical zolakwika.

Sakani sichitha ngakhale pambuyo pa malo osiyanasiyana, sichifuna kusintha.

Mbatata ya mbande modekha imalekerera kusinthasintha kwa kutentha, chilala chochepa, chinyezi chokwanira, mikhalidwe yovuta siimakhudza kumera ndikumveka bwino maonekedwe a tubers.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imagonjetsedwa ndi matenda ambiri a nightshade.. Chipinda sichimakhudzidwa ndi khansa, mochedwa kupweteka kwa masamba ndi tubers, rhizoctoniosis, wamba nkhanambo, phesi lakuda.

Mbatata ikhoza kukhala zowonongeka ndi matenda a tizilombo: kusungunuka masamba kapena fodya. Monga njira yowonetsetsera, mbewu zimachiritsidwa ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo, nthawi zonse amasankha izo, kutaya tuber.

Mbatata zosiyanasiyana Svitanok Kievsky yabwino kwa zophikira kuyesera. Zosakaniza kwambiri, mapuloteni ndi mchere amapatsa tubers chisangalalo chosangalatsa popanda madzi. Pambuyo kuphika, tubers imayamba kugwedezeka, kuyamwa, kusungunuka pakamwa.

Ndibwino kuti mupange kuphika, kuphika, stewing, mashing, zosiyanasiyana kudzaza, kuphika. Zokwanira kwa mwana kapena chakudya cha chakudya. Zakudya zokonzeka zimakhala ndi mtundu wabwino. Momwe mungasunge mbatata peeled ndi firiji, onani nkhani zina pa tsamba lathu.

Mu tebulo ili m'munsiyi mudzapeza deta zomwe zili mu starch zosiyanasiyana zosiyanasiyana za mbatata:

Maina a mayinaZosakaniza zowonjezera
Onetsetsani11-15%
Tiras10-15%
Elizabeth13-14%
Vega10-16%
Lugovskoy12-19%
Romano14-17%
Santa10-14%
Tuleyevsky14-16%
Mkazi wa Gypsy12-14%
Nkhani14-17%

"Kiev Svitanok" - mbatata zosiyanasiyana pa chithunzi pansipa:

Chiyambi

Mbatata zosiyanasiyana "Kievsky Svitanok" anali bred ndi Ukraine obereketsa, adalowa mu zolembera mu 1987. Zaperekedwa kumpoto kwa West-West, Central, Ural, Middle Volga, Siberia ya Kumadzulo, kumadera akutali a Far Eastern.

Mbatata imalimbikitsidwa kulima m'madera ndi minda, mwinamwake kulima mafakitale. Tubers ali ndi khalidwe labwino la kusunga., zabwino kwambiri zamagetsi.

"Svitanok Kiev" - zosiyanasiyana mbatata zogulitsa, ndipo inu mukhoza kuchita izo mwamsanga atatha kukolola, ndipo pambuyo miyezi ingapo yosungirako. Momwe mungasungire bwino mbatata m'nyengo yozizira ndi mabokosi, ndi zifukwa ziti zomwe muyenera kuzipeza muzolemba zathu

Ubwino

Pakati pa waukulu ubwino zosiyanasiyana "Kiev Svitanok":

  • zabwino kukoma kwa tubers;
  • Zakudya zambiri zowonjezera, zowonjezera, zakudya;
  • zokolola zabwino;
  • chigwirizano cha tuber, kusowa kwa ndalama zopanda phindu;
  • kudziletsa, kukana chisokonezo cha nyengo;
  • chitetezo chabwino.

Palibe zoperewera zazikulu mu zosiyanasiyana.

Zizindikiro za kukula

Kalasi "Kiev Svitanok" zosavuta zosiyana, palibe wapadera agrotechnical njira iye safuna. Mbatata amasankha dothi lopanda mchenga.

Ndibwino kuti nthawi zonse musinthe minda yofesa, kubzala phacelia, radish kapena mbewu zina zomwe zimadyetsa nthaka m'miyezi yaulere.

Mbewu sizimatha, zingagwiritsidwe ntchito kwa zaka zingapo mzere. Sakani ali ndi bwino kwambiri kumera, samafuna zowonjezera zowonjezera.

Mbatata imabzalidwa mu Meyi, koma m'madera okhala ndi nyengo yozizira ingatheke kumapeto kwa theka la mwezi wa April.

Kuchokera pa nthawi yoyamba mpaka kukhwima zida za tuber pafupi masiku makumi asanu ndi awiri. Komabe, zosiyana zimasonyeza zokolola zabwino kwambiri patapita miyezi itatu pambuyo pa kumera.

Sakani omvera pamwamba pa kuvala pamwamba, amakonda kwambiri mvula, koma osati nthaka yonyowa. Nthawi yolima 2-3 nthawi yomwe idyetsedwa ndi mullein kapena kuchepetsedwa kwa mbalame.

Chovala cha mineral n'chotheka pogwiritsa ntchito ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate kapena superphosphate. Mankhwalawa amafunika kugwiritsidwa ntchito asanayambe kuthirira. Zomwe mungagwiritse ntchito feteleza, komanso momwe mungachitire mutabzala, werengani zowonjezera zamtundu wathu.

Mbatata imafunika 2-3 kuphulika ndi kupalira mobwerezabwereza. Musasokoneze ndi kukulumikiza.

Kuwonjezera pa fetereza mu kulima mbatata amagwiritsa ntchito zida zosiyanasiyana ndi mankhwala. Mikangano yokhudza ubwino wawo ndi yambiri.

Tikukufotokozerani mwatsatanetsatane zokhudzana ndi momwe zimapangidwira komanso chifukwa chake zimapangidwira, fungicides ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Tikukufotokozerani zinthu zambiri zokhudzana ndi njira zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimamera mbatata: pansi pa udzu, m'matumba, m'mbale, komanso mu teknoloji ya Dutch.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Mbatata "Svitanok Kiev" - zosiyanasiyana kugonjetsedwa ndi matenda aakulu a nightshade: bowa, mavairasi, mbatata nyama, nematode.

Kwa prophylaxis amalimbikitsa nthawi ndi nthawi sintha minda yofesa, mosamala kukolola, kusankha kuchokera ku malo oiwala tubers.

Kutaya, kumayambitsa mchere ndi kuwonongeka, kumakhala malo obereketsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Mbatata ingakhudzidwe ndi Colorado mbatata kafadala kapena wireworms. Industrial ndi Farm Herbicides analimbikitsa musanafike.

Pa webusaiti yathuyi mudzapeza zambiri zokhudza matenda omwe amapezeka ngati mbatata monga Alternaria, Fusarium, Verticillis.

Svitanok Kievsky ndi chipatso chokolola chomwe chavomerezeka payekha ndi minda zapadera. Large, chokoma kwambiri wowuma tubers kugulitsa ndi kugwiritsa ntchito pawekhapopanda kutaya khalidwe la ogula kwa miyezi ingapo.

Timalangizanso kuti mudzidziwe bwino ndi mitundu ya mbatata yomwe ili ndi mawu osiyana:

Kumapeto kwenikweniKuyambira m'mawa oyambiriraPakati-nyengo
VectorMunthu WosunkhiraChiphona
MozartNkhaniToscany
SifraIlinskyYanka
DolphinLugovskoyLilac njoka
GaniSantaOpenwork
RognedaIvan da ShuraDesiree
LasockColomboSantana
AuroraOnetsetsaniMkunthoSkarbInnovatorAlvarWamatsengaKroneBreeze