Nkhumba zokoma "Gypsy": kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana ndi chithunzi cha kukongola kofiira

"Gypsy" - choyambirira chosiyana ndi khungu la buluu ndi buluu ndi labwino kwambiri, zamkati zokoma, zabwino zokometsera. Mbatata imagulitsidwa bwino, imagwiritsidwa ntchito paresitilanti kapena kuphika kunyumba, inakula kwa iwo eni ndi kugulitsa.

M'nkhaniyi mupeza zambiri zokhudza mbatata "Gipsy" - kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana, zithunzi ndi zizindikiro. Mudzadziŵanso zofunikira za kulima, kupeza momwe matenda angagwiritsidwe ntchito podikirira kubzala komanso momwe mungatetezere ku tizirombo.

Mbatata "Gypsy": kufotokoza zosiyanasiyana ndi zithunzi

Maina a mayinaMkazi wa Gypsy
Zomwe zimachitikaotchuka mbatata kuswana ndi nsalu zofiirira ndi thupi lofewa
Nthawi yogonanaMasiku 70-90
Zosakaniza zowonjezera12-14%
Misa yambiri yamalonda100-130 gr
Chiwerengero cha tubers kuthengo6-14
Perekampaka 250 kg / ha
Mtundu wa ogulitsazabwino kukoma ndi mkulu zili ndi kufufuza zinthu
Chikumbumtima92%
Mtundu wa khunguzofiirira
Mtundu wambirizoyera kapena zonona, pakhoza kukhala mizere yofiira
Malo okonda kukulamalo ndi continental komanso nyengo yozizira
Matenda oteteza matendakusagwira kwa mbatata nsomba zazing'ono, nkhanambo, imvi yovunda
Zizindikiro za kukulaAmafuna nthaka yathanzi komanso chinyezi nthawi zonse
WoyambitsaDzina la wobereketsa ndi chaka chokolola choyamba chosadziwika

Makhalidwe apamwamba a mitundu ya mbatata "Gypsy":

  • Tizilombo ting'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono
  • mawonekedwe ozungulira-oval;
  • Tizilombo toyipa bwino, zotayirira, zopanda mawanga ndi ziphuphu;
  • peel bluish-wofiira, monochromatic, woonda, wofiira;
  • maso onyenga, ang'onoting'ono, ochepa, osaphunzitsidwa;
  • Masamba pa odulidwa ndi oyera kapena kirimu;
  • Zowonjezera zigawo zowonjezera kuyambira 12 mpaka 14%;
  • zakudya zamapuloteni, mavitamini, ayodini, ndi zina zamtengo wapatali.

Mitengo ya mbatata "Gypsy" imatanthawuza oyambirira kapena osakaniza, malingana ndi nyengo yoyendera. Zosiyanasiyana zimakhala ndi dzina lake mtundu wakhungu wofiirira. Thupi loyera limapanga kusiyana kwakukulu ndipo limapangitsa kuti tubers zizikhala bwino kuphika. Kuchita bwino kuli bwino, kufika pafupifupi 250 peresenti pa hekitala.

Mu tebulo ili m'munsi tasonkhanitsa zizindikiro zofunikira zosiyanasiyana za mbatata, kuti muthe kuyerekezera ndi Gypsy:

Maina a mayinaKupereka (kg / ha)Kukhazikika (%)
Mkazi wa Gypsympaka 25092
Santana96-16892
Taisiya90-16096
Caprice90-11697
Danube Buluu100-20095
Krone100-13096
Karatop60-10097
Innovator120-15095
Gala110-14085-90
Komabe, tubers sichikugwirizana ndi kulemera, mbatata zazikulu ndi ndalama zogulitsa zimangiriridwa pansi pa chitsamba chimodzi. Kutentha kwa dothi, kutentha kwa mpweya, kuthirira kumakhudza kwambiri maonekedwe ndi khalidwe la mizu mbewu.

Mu tebulo ili m'munsimu mudzapeza zokhudzana ndi kulemera kwa tubers mu mitundu ina ya mbatata:

Maina a mayinaZamtengo wapatali wa tubers (gr)
Mkazi wa Gypsy100-130
League90-125
Svitanok Kiev90-120
Borovichok120-200
Nevsky90-130
Lapot100-160
Belmondo100-125
Gourmet90-110
Mkuntho60-150
Ladoshka180-250
Onetsetsani90-150

Chidutswa cha mitundu yosiyanasiyana - khungu lofewa komanso losaoneka bwino. Amapanga makina opangira zovuta zokolola zokolola zikakololedwa. Izi zimachepetsa ubwino wa zosiyanasiyana kwa minda yayikulu. Koma pa minda yaing'ono, mbatata imakula ndikusonkhanitsa popanda mavuto, alimi okondweretsa alimi ndi amaluwa omwe amakonda kwambiri kukoma. Mbatata yosakanizika imasungidwa bwino, musataye kapena kuuma. Kutengeka kwautali kumasamutsidwa.

Werengani zambiri zokhudza kutentha ndi moyo wa alumali, zomwe nthawi zambiri zimakumana ndi mavuto. Komanso zokhudza kusungirako m'nyengo yozizira, mabokosi ndi khonde, m'firiji ndi kuyeretsedwa.

Mitengo si yaitali, yaying'ono, osati kufalikira. Mapangidwe obiriwira a mtundu wautali ndi ofala Masamba ndi osakanikirana, amdima wobiriwira, ndi mitsempha pang'ono ndi mitsempha yosamalitsa bwino. Zimayambira mdima, ndi nsalu ya bluish. Bright buluu lalikulu maluwa amasonkhanitsidwa ang'onoang'ono nkhata, zipatso sizimangidwe kwambiri. Mizu yayamba bwino.

Zomera Kulimbana ndi matenda ambiri oopsa: khansa ya mbatata, nkhanambo yofala, imvi yovunda, mavairasi osiyanasiyana: Alternaria, Fusarium, Verticilliasis. Kulimbana bwino ndi vuto lochedwa. Chiwombankhanga cha Colorado mbatata chingatheke.

"Gypsy" - mbatata zokoma kwambiri, zoyenera kudya ndi chakudya cha ana.

Mnofu ndi wachifundo, wosakhwima, ndi wolemera, osati kukoma kwa madzi. Khungu lofewa, lofewa lili ndi ayodini wambiri ndi mavitamini. Thupi loyera kapena lofewa silimdima mnthawi ya kudula, pamene kuphika mbatata kumatetezera kapangidwe kake, koma usaphike mofewa. Oyenera kuphika, kuphika mbale zabwino kapena saladi.

Nawa ena zithunzi za mbatata "Gypsy":

Chiyambi

"Gypsy" ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya kuswana, yomwe inali yotchuka kwambiri ku Dutch Baron ndi Blue Danube. Mitunduyi siidaphatikizidwe mu Register Register; mbatata imapezeka kwambiri ku Russia ndi Ukraine. Si oyenera ku kulima mafakitale.chifukwa zimakhala zovuta kwambiri pakusakaniza makina. Kaŵirikaŵiri amabzala m'minda yaing'ono, komanso m'minda yachinsinsi.

Mbatata yopangira bwino "Gypsy" m'madera omwe ali ndi nyengo yozizira kapena yam'mlengalenga.

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Ubwino waukulu wa zosiyanasiyana ndi:

  • kulawa kwambiri makhalidwe a tubers;
  • kusamba msanga;
  • zokolola zabwino;
  • chosavuta chachibulu-chofiirira;
  • kukana matenda aakulu.

Pali zolakwika zosiyana siyana. Nkhani ingaganizidwe Kufuna chakudya cha nthaka komanso chinyezi.

Vuto lina - zochepa kwambiri, zomwe zimathandiza kuchepetsa tizirombo toyambitsa matenda, koma sizikuphatikizapo kugwiritsidwa ntchito pophatikizapo nthawi yokolola.

Zizindikiro za kukula

Pa ulimi, kubzala Mitundu ikuluikulu ya tubers siidapweteka ndi tizilombo toonongeka kuchokera kukulu, tchire wathanzi. Kubzala zinthu zopanda ntchito kumachepetsa zokolola, mbatata imatha kuchepa.

Musanadzalemo, tubers ndi kuzifota, zouma, zothandizidwa ndi akukula. Pambuyo pake, amaikidwa poyera kuti amere. Zikumera zimawonekera mwachikondi mwayi wodzala osati wathunthu tubers, koma zigawo ndi maso. Mbewu yachitsulo imadulidwa ndi mpeni wosatetezedwa asanayambe kubzala.

Nthaka ya mbatata iyenera kutenthetsa bwino. Kutentha koyenera kumachokera ku madigiri 12. Nthaka imamasulidwa mosamala, posankha zotsalira za zomera, humus ndi phulusa la nkhuni zimayikidwa mumabowo. Zitsamba zaikidwa pamtunda wa masentimita 30-35, ndikusiya mzere wa masentimita 70.

Pa kulima mbatata osachepera 2 times spud, kupanga mapiri okwera. Dosed ulimi wothirira ndiwothandiza, iwo amakula kwambiri zokolola. N'zotheka kudyetsa ndi mchere wambiri kapena zinthu zakuthupi, koma osapitirira 1 nthawi pa nyengo.

Werengani zambiri za momwe mungadyetse mbatata, nthawi komanso momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito feteleza, momwe mungachitire mutabzala.

Kuphatikizira kumatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuthetsa namsongole.

Mlungu umodzi musanakolole, tikulimbikitsidwa kuchotsa nsonga zonsezi, izi zidzalola kuti tuber kulemera komanso kuti adzipeze zinthu zothandiza. Simungalole kuti mbatata ikhale pansi Chotsani bwino posachedwa. Njirayi idzakuthandizani kupewa matenda (mwachitsanzo, kuchepa kwachedwa).

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Gypsy zosiyanasiyana sizitsutsa matenda ambiri owopsa: khansara ya mbatata, wamba wamba, mavairasi osiyanasiyana. Zokwanira mokwanira kuti zisawonongeke mochedwa, sizikukhudzidwa ndi imvi zowola. Pofuna kupewa, m'pofunikira kubzala mbeu za tubers ndi fungicides musanadzale ndi kuthira nthaka ndi mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Ndibwino kuti musinthe malo oti mubzala kamodzi pa zaka 2-3, izi zidzateteza matenda osakondweretsa ndikulimbikitsanso chitetezo chomera.

Zopindulitsa kwambiri za mbatata ndi phacelia, mafuta odyera, masamba, kapena kabichi. Mitundu iyi idzazaza nthaka ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, kuteteza kupezeka kwa matenda omwe ali nightshade.

Mofanana ndi mitundu yambiri yokhala ndi khungu la buluu, "Gypsy" nthawi zambiri imayesedwa ndi Colorado kafadala kapena dinani kafadala. Choyamba chowononga nsongazo, mphutsi zachiwiri (wireworms) zimayambitsa ma tubers, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti kuchepetsa ndi kugulitsa khalidwe la malonda.

Chotsani tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda komanso tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Ntchito yotheka mankhwala osokoneza bongo, iwo amafunikira makamaka pa mapangidwe a tubers. Nthawi zambiri amalimbikitsidwa kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala a herbicides ndi fungicides kuti apindule bwino.

Monga tanena kale, kubzala mbatata kumaopsya ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda monga Colorado matenda a mbatata.

Pawebusaiti yathu mudzapeza zambiri zofunika zokhudzana ndi momwe mungagwirire nazo.

"Gypsy" ndi mitundu yochititsa chidwi yomwe imakhala yabwino kwambiri m'mapulasi kapena m'mapulaseri.

Ndibwino kuti ziwetozo zikhale zokongola kwambiri, zidzasungidwa kwa nthawi yaitali. Mbewu sizimayenderana ndi kuwonongeka, zikhoza kusonkhanitsidwa pa chiwembu chaka ndi chaka.

Pa webusaiti yathu mudzapeza zambiri zothandiza za momwe mungamere mbatata: luso la Dutch, pansi pa udzu, mumatumba, mu mbiya, mabokosi. Komanso momwe mungakhalire oyambirira mitundu, momwe mungapezere bwino zokolola popanda weeding ndi hilling.

Timalangizanso kuti mudzidziwitse ndi mitundu ina ya mbatata ndi mawu osiyana:

Kutseka kochedwaKukula msinkhuSuperstore
NikulinskyBellarosaMlimi
KadinaliTimoJuvel
SlavyankaSpringKiranda
Ivan da MaryaArosaVeneta
PicassoImpalaMtsinje
KiwiZorachkaKaratop
RoccoColetteMinerva
AsterixKamenskyMeteor