Kodi karoti wofiirira ndi chiyani? Ndi mitundu yanji yomwe ingakhale ndi momwe ingakulire?

Kaloti ndi imodzi mwa masamba otchuka kwambiri pa matebulo athu. Kawirikawiri, kaloti zolowa zimaphatikizidwira tsiku lililonse, koma kuwonjezera pa chizoloŵezi chozoloŵera, pali mizu yofiira.

Kodi karotiyo imasiyana bwanji ndi lalanje, ndi momwe ingakulire ndikugwiritsira ntchito, nkhaniyi ikuthandizani kumvetsa.

Tidzakulangizani momwe mungasamalirire mizu yotereyi komanso mankhwala ake. Kuti ziwoneke, nkhaniyo idzapatsidwa zithunzi za kaloti zowirira.

Ndi chiyani?

Kaloti wamtundu - woimira ambulera banja. Amagwiritsira ntchito subspecies zomwezo monga kaloti wa lalanje - Daucus carota subsp. sativus Chitsamba cha Biennial ndi mizu yotukuka bwino komanso mtundu wa masamba a pinnate.

Mbiri yaifupi ya kusankha

Kawirikawiri karoti karoti ndi zotsatira za ntchito ya obereketsa ndipo poyamba anali wofiira. Zomera zomwe zimalimidwa masiku ano zinachokera ku mitundu zakutchire zomwe mizu yake inali yobiriwira. Kaloti zamtundu wofiira, mwinamwake, ankakonda kwambiri munthu osati ngati mizu yokolola, koma monga gwero la zomera zamasamba.

Kodi zimawoneka bwanji?

Bzalani

Kaloti zamasamba zafalikira pamwamba ndi masamba omwe ali ndi timasamba ta masamba obiriwira. Mu maonekedwe, chomeracho n'chosiyana ndi karoti kakang'ono.

Muzu masamba

M'kupita kwa nthawi, masamba akhoza kufika 20-30 masentimita. Kunja, muzuwo umapangidwa ndi mtundu wofiirira, ndipo mkati mwake uli ndi maziko a lalanje kapena achikasu. Komanso, chombocho chikhoza kupangidwa ndi utoto wofiirira, koma mumthunzi wosiyana, monga wa beets. Pali mitundu yomwe ingakhale nayo mitundu yambiri padulidwe - chikasu, lalanje ndi chofiirira.

Kodi ndi zosiyana bwanji ndi mitundu ina?

Kuphatikiza pa kusiyana kosiyana karoti wofiira ali ndi mankhwala osiyanasiyana. Zakudya zambiri muzu uwu ndizowonjezera kangapo, kotero zimakhala zogwiritsira ntchito mankhwalawa kusiyana ndi mitundu ina ya kaloti.

Kodi ikukula kuti?

Kaloti za Violet ku Russia zingakulire kulikonse, komanso lalanje. Mbewu imeneyi imapititsa patsogolo kuzizira pamalo otseguka, ndipo mutatha kusonkhanitsa kumasiyana mokonzekera bwino.

Mzere

Kaloti za Purple sizikhala ndi mitundu yambiri monga mwachizoloŵezi, koma mitundu yambiri imapezeka kugula.

Chigoba

Mizu yazitsamba imakhala ndi mtundu wofiirira komanso wachikasu. Kutalika kumafika pa masentimita 25, iwo amasiyanitsa ndi kukoma kokoma ndi vitamini A. Zakudya zingagulitsidwe m'masitolo apadera. Mtengo wa thumba la mbewu umasiyana ndi 100-150 ruble.

Purple Elixir

Mbewu yosavuta imasiyanitsa mosavuta ndi mitundu ina ndi mtundu wofiirira. Mu gawoli, iwo ali ndi tricolor - maziko a lalanje, pakati pa chikasu wosanjikiza ndi kunja kwa violet. Kulima malo kumapezeka kwambiri kugula kumasitolo ndi udzu. Mtengo uli ndi 120-150 rubles pa thumba.

Mtambo wofiirira

Zipatso za hybrid iyi ili ndi mdima wofiira kunja ndi lalanje mkati. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yakucha kucha ndipo kale masiku makumi asanu ndi awiri (70) kutuluka kwa mphukira kumakula mpaka 30 cm m'litali. Kukaniza matenda.

M'misika sizingatheke kukomana ndi zokolola za m'kalasiyi, koma zimatha kugula mosavuta kudzera pa intaneti kapena m'masitolo apadera.

Mtengo wa thumba la mbewu ndi 130-160 ruble.

Zisalu zofiirira

Zosiyanasiyana zoyambirira. Violet ndi mthunzi wa rasipiberi, mtundu wa masamba umachokera ku khungu lofewa, lofiira kwambiri. Mkati mwa karoti uwu ndi mtundu wachikasu wa mtundu wa lalanje. Mitengo yambiri yowirira komanso yowawa kwambiri, yotalika masentimita 20. Kuyala zinthu kungagulidwe m'masitolo ogulitsa pa intaneti kapena kunja. Mtengo wa thumba la mbewu umasiyana pakati pa 90-140 ruble.

The mankhwala zikuchokera muzu masamba

Malinga ndi kafukufuku, mankhwala omwe amapangidwa ndi viyoti kaloti amakhala olemera kwambiri kuposa a lalanje wamba. Amakhala ndi mavitamini komanso minerals. Mizu ya mbeu imakhala ndi beta komanso alpha carotene, ndipo mtundu wake wosadziwika umakhalapo chifukwa cha kukhalapo kwa mankhwala a anthocyanin. Mavitamini omwe ali mbali ya - B3, B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, C, E, H, K, PP.

Mineral substances:

  • calcium;
  • magnesiamu;
  • sodium;
  • potaziyamu;
  • phosphorus;
  • chlorine;
  • sulfure;
  • chitsulo;
  • zitsulo;
  • iodini;
  • mkuwa;
  • manganese;
  • selenium;
  • chrome;
  • firiji;
  • molybdenum;
  • chithunzi;
  • vanadium;
  • cobalt;
  • lithium;
  • chithunzi;
  • nickel

Pindulani ndi kuvulaza

  1. Katoloti wamtundu ndi vitamini A. Odya mzu wa masamba kumathandiza kuthetsa kutopa, kumapangitsa maso kuona maso ndi kuchepetsa matenda ena ophthalmologic, monga nthendayi.
  2. Komanso, masamba amachepetsetsa ukalamba m'thupi, zimalimbitsa chitetezo cha mthupi ndipo, pogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala othandizira, amathandizira kuchiza ku matenda a mtima ndi mitsempha ya magazi.
  3. Anthocyanin yomwe ili m'ndandanda imathandiza kupewa matenda a khansa.

Kaloti zamtundu zingakhale zovulaza pakakhala kusagwirizana kapena kuzunzidwa.

Ndi bwino kuchepetsa kumwa masambawa kwa anthu odwala zilonda zam'mimba kapena kutupa kwa m'mimba.

Ndondomeko malangizo: momwe mungakulire?

Kaloti za Purple zili ndi njira zosavuta zaulimi, ndipo Zapadera za chisamaliro chake ziri zofanana ndi zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pa kaloti zonyezi.

Kukonzekera kukwera

  • Inventory. Kukonza mabedi iwe udzafuna fosholo ndi jekeseni. Grooves akhoza kupanga ndi fosholo yapadera ya maluwa. Mudzafunikanso kuthirira ndi bubu ndi mabowo ang'onoang'ono.
  • Nthaka. Yabwino okonzekera kaloti ndi mbatata, anyezi, nkhaka. Nthaka iyenera kukhala yachonde komanso imere bwino.
  • Mbewu. Musanabzala, mbewu ziyenera kufooka kwa tsiku - izi zidzathandizira kumera ndikuthandizira kudziwa mbewu yosadalirika.

Njira yobwera

  1. Tsiku lofika. Mu nthaka karoti mbewu zimabzalidwa kumayambiriro kasupe. Mitundu yamitundu yofiira imakula bwino.
  2. Kulowera. Mbewu imagawidwa mmizere mizere pakati pa 1-2 cm. 15-20 masentimita ayenera kusiya pakati pa mizere.

Chisamaliro

  • Zokwanira microclimate. Kubzala kaloti kumamveka bwino kutentha kwa + 23 + 26 ndipo kumakhala kosafunika kwambiri pankhani za chinyezi. Chinthu chachikulu - kutsatira malamulo a kuthirira. Ngati nyengo ili yotentha, nsonga za kaloti zimatha kupopedwa.
  • Kuthirira. Kuthirira kuthira kaloti kumafuna madzi ofunda osungunuka madzulo. Chinyezi chiyenera kutengeka m'nthaka popanda pirdles ndi stagnation.
  • Kupaka pamwamba. M'nthawiyi, kaloti amadyetsedwa kasachepera kawiri. Yoyamba kuvala ikuchitika mu gawo la 3-4 masamba a ammonium nitrate. Yachiŵiri - itatha kupatulira komaliza, pogwiritsa ntchito feteleza za superphosphate.
  • Kutsegula. Pambuyo pa mphukira za kaloti zimakhala zolimba, nkofunika kumasula nthawi zonse nthaka. Izi zidzakuthandizani kupewa mapangidwe a kutsika pansi.
  • Kupalira. Choyamba kupatulira kumachitika pambuyo poonekera 1-2 masamba enieni. Mbande zazikulu ziyenera kukhala zosachepera 2 cm pambali.
  • Mulching. Kaloti wa violet akhoza kudulidwa udzu, udzasunga chinyezi ndi kuthetsa kusowa kwa nthaka.

Kukolola ndi kusunga mbewu

Kaloti zamasamba zili ndi zochepa zofanana ndi mitundu ya lalanje.

  • Ngati zipatso zoyambirira zimabzalidwa, mbeu imatha kukolola pakati pa chilimwe.
  • Nthawi yokolola yamtunduwu imachotsedwa patatha masiku 80-110 kuchokera pakangoyamba kutuluka.
  • Ma koloti ofiira a kukhwima mochedwa amakololedwa mu kugwa, mu masabata awiri oyambirira a September, mu nyengo yowuma.
Mbewu iyenera kusungidwa muzizizira, podutsa mpweya wabwino, chipinda chouma, momwe mulibe mwayi wodwala ndi tizilombo towononga.

Mndandanda wa zolakwika ndi momwe mungawapewere

  1. Zovuta kumtunda. Kaloti wamtengo wapatali amadziwika bwino ndi kumera bwino, choncho sikoyenera kufesa mbewu. Mphukira yowonongeka imafunika kuchepetsedwa mwa nthawi yake.
  2. Ulimi wothirira. Kulephera kwa ulamuliro wa ulimi wothirira kumabweretsa kusokoneza ndi kuphulika kwa chipatsocho, choncho muyenera kumamatira mwachidwi.
  3. Kuyamba zakudya zatsopano. Musamange kaloti ndi manyowa abwino. Owonjezera nayitrogeni akuwononga mbewu.
  4. Kubzala mbewu mu nthaka yolemera ndi acidity mkulu. Dothi lodzala kaloti liyenera kukonzedwa mosamala, kusinthanitsa zizindikiro zonse.

Matenda ndi tizirombo ndi kupewa kwawo

Kaloti ya Purple imakhala yotsutsa kwambiri matenda ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.Choncho, pamene mukukula mtundu uliwonse wa mitundu yake, kupewa ndizothandiza.

  • Fomoz. Matendawa amakhudza mizu, imakhala ndi mawanga wakuda ndi bulauni. Mavitrogeni othandizira amateteza matendawa.
  • Vuto loyera. Pogwidwa ndi matendawa, zipatso zimakhala zofewa ndipo zimaphimbidwa ndi maluwa oyera. Matendawa amachiritsidwa popanga potaziyamu.
  • Karoti ntchentche. Zowonongeka mizu, ndipo nsonga zimatenga nsalu zamkuwa. Kuteteza chiwonongeko cha tizilombo kumathandizira kukonza nthawi yamsongole, ndikuchotsa tizilombo, kaloti amachizidwa ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo.

Kodi mungagwiritse ntchito bwanji?

Mu kuphika, wofiirira karoti wapeza ntchito yomweyo monga lalanje version.:

  1. Mizu ya masamba imatha kuphika ndi kudulidwa.
  2. Kuphika ndi nthunzi.
  3. Gwiritsani ntchito mchere.
  4. Gwiritsani ntchito mwatsopano.
  5. Zamasamba ndi zothandiza kuphika marinades ndi timadziti.
  6. Angagwiritsidwe ntchito kukongoletsa mbale zina.

Zopindulitsa za kaloti wamba zimadziwika kwa aliyense ndipo zotsatira zabwino za mizu ya lalanje pa thupi ndizosadziwika. Koma nkofunika kudziwa kuti chodabwitsa kwambiri chofiirira karoti mitundu amatha kupereka zakudya osati zokongoletsera chigawo, komanso kuwonjezeka zilipo zofunika kuti akhalebe thanzi.