Kuweta Njuchi

Kwa anthu omwe amadziwa za njuchi ndikumvetsera, zimakhala zovuta kumvetsa zomwe drone ndizofunika komanso chifukwa chake zikufunikira njuchi. Anthu ambiri amadziwa mbali yosautsa ya kukhalapo kwake: drone sichichita chilichonse mumng'oma, koma imadya zisanu. Komabe, mu dzombe lililonse, chilengedwe chimapereka kukhalapo kwa anthu oterowo.

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Timadziwa kuyambira ubwana kuti uchi ndi chokoma komanso chokoma kwambiri. Lero msika umatipatsa ife chiwerengero chachikulu cha uchi. Zina mwa izo, mwatsoka, zimadutsa ndikuwombera. Pofuna kugula khalidwe komanso osati kuvulaza thanzi lanu, ndikofunikira kudziwa mtundu wa uchi ndi katundu wake.

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Ngati maloto anu ndi malo owetera njuchi, choyamba muyenera kudziwa momwe njuchi zimakhalira komanso kusiyana pakati pa njuchi. Mtundu uliwonse umasiyana ndi ntchito yake, khalidwe, kukana chisanu, komanso maonekedwe. Mpaka pano, padziko lonse mukhoza kukhala pafupifupi mitundu khumi ndi iwiri ya njuchi.

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Asanayambe kupanga njuchi, woyambitsa mlimi amayenera kuphunzira mwachidule zofunikira za njuchi. Mutu uno uli ndi mfundo zoyenera kwa mlimi woyamba: kumene mungayambe, momwe mungasankhire njuchi, mtundu wa mng'oma, chisamaliro choyenera, ndi zina zambiri. Zomwe zimayambira kuweta njuchi, muyenera kudziwa choyamba. Zomwe zimayambira kuweta njuchi kwa oyamba ndi mtundu wa zilembo.

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Njuchi zimayambitsa nkhuku ndizofunikira kwa onse alimi. Nthawi zina moyo wa mabanja onse a njuchi umadalira pa izo, ndiyeno mankhwala "Bipin" amathandiza, kuphatikizapo amitraz. "Bipin": kufotokozera, kupanga ndi kumasula mawonekedwe a mankhwala Amitraz, omwe ali chogwiritsidwa ntchito chachikulu cha "Bipin", ndi mankhwala omwe akufuna kulumikizana ndi varroa wa njuchi.

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Kuweta njuchi, mankhwala osiyanasiyana amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuonjezera chiƔerengero cha anthu payekha ndi njuchi. Taganizirani lero limodzi la iwo - mankhwala "Apira". Maonekedwe, mawonekedwe omasulidwa, mauthenga onse "Apira" - mankhwala omwe amachititsa kuti ziphuphu ziwombedwe panthawi yomwe ikugwedezeka. Atakulungidwa mu pulasitiki pinki mitsuko ya 25 g iliyonse, ndi yoyera gel.

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Njuchi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kubisala nyumba zawo m'mabowo kapena korona wodula mitengo. Choncho, kuti tizilombo tizilumikizane mwamsanga kumalo atsopano, alimi omwe akudziwa bwino akuyesera kupanga malo abwino kuti njuchi zibale ndikupanga uchi wokoma. M'nkhaniyi, muphunzira momwe mungapangire mng'oma ndi manja anu, ndi zinthu ziti zomwe zimapangidwira njuchi komanso zosankha.

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Chakudya - chakumwa chodziwika pakati pa anthu kuyambira nthawi zakale za Russia. Izo zinakonzedwa ndi makolo athu, ndipo lero sizinatayike kutchuka kwake. Tsopano mungathe kugula mosavuta m'sitolo iliyonse, koma pakati pathu pali okonda ambiri a kunyumba kwawo. Pa zovuta za cooking mead, zomwe zimaperekedwa pansipa, zidzanena nkhaniyi, komanso kuti muphunzire zambiri zothandiza.

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Phindu la njuchi limadalira thanzi la njuchi. Kusamalira alimi saiwala konse za zowononga ndipo nthawi ndi nthawi amathira njuchiyo ndi kukonzekera kokwanira. Kuwonetseredwa bwino "Apimaks" - mankhwala abwino komanso othandiza, kuthetsa matenda ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Kufotokozera ndi kutulutsa mawonekedwe a njuchi Apimax Basamu ndi chakudya chopatsa thanzi chomwe chimateteza komanso kupewa matenda a fungal ndi bakiteriya njuchi ndi Nozematosis.

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Medogonka - chida chofunikira pa njuchi. Njirayi imakupatsani inu uchi watsopano kuchokera ku zisa. Nkhani yathu ndi yonena za medogonki, momwe angagwiritsire ntchito komanso momwe mungasankhire. Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa odulira uchi ku njuchi. Mlimi aliyense amafunika odulira uchi, chifukwa uchi womwe umasonkhanitsidwa ndi njuchi uyenera kutengedwa kuchokera ku uchi wotsekedwa.

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Pafupifupi onse alimi amateur amagwiritsa ntchito mng'oma wa kapangidwe kameneka kapena kusintha kwake. Dzina la njuchi linali kulemekezedwa ndi Charles Dadan - mlimi wa mlimi wa ku France yemwe, pogwiritsa ntchito chitukuko cha nthawi yake, anapanga mapangidwe a njuchi imodzi yokhala ndi ming'oma yamodzi yokhala ndi chigawo chachikulu cha quinby 11 mu nambala ndi masitolo ambiri pamwamba.

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Kuti mupeze uchi wabwino, ndifunika kukhala ndi udzu wochuluka kwambiri pafupi ndi njuchi. Ngati palibe, mukhoza kuthandiza zachirengedwe ndikuonjezeranso kulima mbewu zomwe zimatha kupanga mungu ndi timadzi tosiyanasiyana. M'nkhaniyi tipereka mndandanda wa uchi wabwino kwambiri, kuwonjezera pa chithunzi chake ndi mayina.

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Zingamveke, kodi ntchito ya udzu woopsa ndi iti, yomwe si yoyenera ngakhale kwa chakudya cha nyama? Koma ayi-mu chilengedwe, chirichonse chiri ndi ntchito yake. Ndipo kuvulaza wamba, komwe kumatchuka kwambiri ndi alimi, kamodzinso kukutsimikizira izi. Malongosoledwe a zamoyo zam'madzi Chomera ichi chodzichepetsa chikhoza kuoneka ponseponse m'mphepete mwa msewu komanso pamsewu, pamapiri otsetsereka, komanso pafupi ndi zinyalala.

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Kuti mutulutse uchi, mukufunikira chipangizo chapadera - wokonda uchi. Mtengo wa chipangizo choterocho si wotsika, kotero siyense amene angagule. Nkhaniyi ikufotokoza m'mene mungapangire odulira uchi ndi manja anu. Zimagwira bwanji ntchito? Uchi umaponyedwa ndi mphamvu ya mphamvu ya centrifugal. Izi zimachitika motere: zisa zimasindikizidwa pogwiritsa ntchito mpeni wapadera; ndiye amalowetsedwa mu makaseti omwe amagwira chimango panthawiyi; rotor imatembenuka ndipo uchi waponyedwa mkati mkati mwa uchi wosaka; Kenako imayenderera mpaka pansi ndi kulowa mu dzenje.

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Uchi, mwinamwake, ndi imodzi mwa mphatso zamtengo wapatali kwambiri zachilengedwe, zomwe anthu akhala akudziwika ndi kuyamikira kale. Kuweta Njuchi ndi ntchito yomwe imafuna kudziwa zambiri zokhudza njuchi (pambuyo pa zonse, si njuchi zonse zingabweretse uchi), bungwe la banja la njuchi ndi zinthu zomwe zimakhala ndi moyo wabwino. Kapangidwe ka njuchi zakutchire Thupi la tizilombo limakhala lopangidwa mwazigawo zitatu: mutu, chifuwa ndi mimba.

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