Berry

Tonsefe timakumbukira nkhani ya maapulo "aang'ono", koma ochepa amadziwa kuti chilengedwe chimakhala ndi "chimbudzi chachinyamata". Ndi mabulosi ang'onoang'ono osadziŵika bwino, ndipo amatchedwa honeysuckle. Kodi fanizoli likuchokera kuti? Zakudya zowonongeka zimakhala ndi katundu wodabwitsa kwambiri. Mu mabulosiwa muli chinthu chosowa chachilengedwe - selenium, chomwe chimapereka unyamata ku maselo a thupi.

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Mabulosi akutchire ndi subgenus wa banja la Rubus la banja la Pink. Berry ndi malingaliro ndi ofanana kwambiri ndi machiritso a raspberries. Ku Ulaya, mabulosi akuda samakula, koma ku America ndi imodzi mwa zipatso zoyenera kwambiri. Mitundu yakuda ya ku Mexico imachokera ku America, ndipo mbewu zonse zimatumizidwa ku USA ndi Europe. M'dziko lathu, chitsamba cha mabulosi chikukula kuthengo, koma chifukwa cha machiritso ake ndi kukoma kwake, mabulosi akutchire akupezeka m'minda yam'munda.

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Mabulosi okoma ndi owawasa amachokera ku America ndipo amafalitsidwa ku mayiko ambiri padziko lapansi. Pokonzekera, adakwanitsa kusinthasintha nyengo zosiyanasiyana, ndipo tsopano amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'madera osiyanasiyana padziko lapansi. Gwiritsani ntchito sikumangoganizira chabe kudya. Mabulosi a mabulosi a mabulosi a mabulosi a Blackberry ali ndi zotsatira zochiritsira thupi la munthu.

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Blackberry ndi osatha shrub ku banja la Rosaceae, kukula m'mapiri a kumpoto ndi ozizira a Eurasia, m'nkhalango zamchere, mitsinje ya floodplain ndipo, mozungulira, m'munda ndi m'munda. Mukudziwa? Mabulosi a mabulosi amtunduwu alibe kukongola kwa kunja, komanso amapindula thupi. Madzi a mabulosi a mabulosi amtunduwu amathandiza kuchepetsa kutentha, bioflavonoids yomwe imapezeka mkati mwake imaonetsetsa kutentha kwa thupi.

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Aliyense amene akuvutika magazi asanakhalepo pamene akuyeretsa mabulosi akuda, adzakondwera m'munda wakewo chomera ichi kuchokera m'banja la pinki, osakhala ndi minga. Mitundu ya mabulosi a mabulosi akutchire omwe sakupatsani amakulolani kuti mukolole zokolola zambiri, popanda kugwiritsa ntchito khama loyeretsa palokha kapena kusamalira chomera chodzichepetsa.

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Powonjezereka, eni eni nyumba ndi nyumba zazing'ono akuyamba kukula mabulosi akuda. Izi zosatha shrub zimapatsa zokoma ndi zokometsera zipatso zamdima. Zipatso zili ndi zinthu zambiri zopindulitsa. Kukula kwa mabulosi akutchire ndi njira yovuta yowonjezera nthawi. Chitsamba chokonda kutentha sichimaima chisanu, chimakhala ndi matenda ambiri, ndipo tizirombo zambiri zimangopangitsa kuti zomera zisamalire.

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Cornel ndi shrub kapena mtengo wamfupi, anasamukira kwa ife kuchokera ku Caucasus ndipo akuzikika kwambiri m'mayiko a Ukraine, Moldova ndi Russia. Dogwood yotembenuzidwa kuchokera ku Turkic amatanthauza "wofiira". Zipatso zake zofiira zili ndi anthocyanins, vitamini C ndi pectin. Ubwino wa chimanga chaching'ono Cornel ndi nyumba yosungiramo zakudya ndi mavitamini.

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Tidzakuuzani zinsinsi zobzala ndi kusamalira strawberries "Victoria." Pambuyo powaphunzira, mudzakhala mlimi wabwino kwambiri. Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa "Victoria", strawberries ndi strawberries "Victoria" - ndilo limodzi la mitundu ya sitiroberi. Kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa strawberries ndi strawberries ndikuti strawberries amakula m'minda, ndipo strawberries amakula m'nkhalango.

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Mitengo yachisanu-yolimba yamabulosi a mabulosi akuda ndi otchuka kwambiri kulima kulima chifukwa cha kukoma kwawo, zopindulitsa katundu, kukana chisanu, matenda ndi tizilombo toononga. Pali mitundu yochepa yosiyanasiyana. Timakumbukira kwambiri wotchuka chisanu zosagwira sukulu ya mabulosi akutchire. Agave Izi zosiyanasiyana za mabulosi akuda zoposa zaka zana zapitazo zinabadwira ku America.

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Mabulosi akuda ndi a mtundu wa Rubus ndipo ndi membala wa pinki. Chomera chikukula m'mapiri a kumpoto ndi ozizira, m'mapiri a mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Kawirikawiri tchire zimakula m'madzi a mitsinje, m'mphepete mwa nkhalango. Chomera chimayamba kuphuka pakati pa mwezi wa June ndipo chimathera mu August. Pa chitsamba chimodzi mukhoza kupeza maluwa, kucha ndi wobiriwira zipatso.

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Monga lamulo, mitundu ya dogwood imatsutsa kwambiri chisanu ndi nyengo yozizira ndipo imakhala yosasunthika pamtunda wa nthaka, womwe ukhoza kukhala miyala, miyala yamchere, yowuma, ndi zina zotero. Dothi, lomwe lili ndi mizu yambiri, lofikira mamita, limalola dogwood kupeza chinyezi .

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Raspberries - wokondedwa mabulosi chikhalidwe cha ambiri wamaluwa. Yowutsa mudyo zipatso amayamikira osati zabwino kukoma, komanso wotchuka chifukwa chopindulitsa katundu. Zipatso za mbewuzo zimatsutsa-zotupa, antipyretic zotsatira, kuwonjezera liwu la thupi ndi kupereka mphamvu, kuthandizira kulimbana ndi nkhawa. Komabe, pofuna kulima bwino, muyenera kudziwa momwe mungagonjetsere tizirombo ta rasipiberi.

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Osati munda aliyense amadziwa dzina lakuti "yoshta". Posachedwapa, okonda mabulosi ambiri omwe ali m'munda wathu akukondwera ndi shrub iyi, ngakhale kuti haibridiyo inabwerera mmbuyo m'ma 80s. Zokongola chifukwa mbewu imatha kukolola kwa nthawi yaitali m'magawo - zipatso zimapsa.

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Kwa nthawi yaitali anthu akhala akudziwika kuti ndi a Blueberries m'dera lathu, koma sikuti aliyense akhoza kukulitsa. Ena wamaluwa amakhulupirira kuti vuto ndi chomera kuposa mbeu. Ena sakudziwa kukula. Tikukhulupirira kuti nkhaniyi idzathandiza aliyense kulima bwino mbewu. Buluuli: kufotokoza kwa mbewu Buluu ndi shrub imene akatswiri ena a zamoyo amadziwika ngati katemera wa katemera.

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Zaka 30 zapitazo, hybrid akupitiliza kupambana mitima ya wamaluwa. Mu yoshte pali chinachake cha jamu, koma m'malo mwake, zikuwoneka ngati currants. Zosakanikirana pafupifupi sizikugonjetsedwa ndi matenda aliwonse a fungalesi ndipo sizilombo zake. Mosiyana ndi currants, imatha kukula ngakhale kumadera ouma. Yoshta amapindula kwambiri ndikuti zipatso zake zimapsa moyenera, ndipo simungathe kupeza chipatso chovunda mukakolola.

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Zipatso za chokeberry zimatha kukhala pamtengo kwa nthawi yaitali ngati mbalame sizidya. Zingagwiritsidwe ntchito mwatsopano, ndipo mukhoza kuzipanga zosiyana. Momwe mbuzi yakuda imatulutsidwira m'nyengo yozizira, nkhani yathu yotsatira. Nthaŵi yosonkhanitsa zipatso za chokeberry Kukonzekera kunakhala zokoma ndipo zinakwaniritsa zoyembekeza, muyenera kudziwa nthawi yosankha zipatso.

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Mkazi wamkazi, monga chikhalidwe cha m'munda, sakudziwika kwa wamaluwa onse amakono, popeza chikhalidwe chakumwera chili pafupi ndi iye. Komabe, mabulosiwa ankadziwikiratu m'masiku akale a Russia, pamene ankagwiritsidwa ntchito pa chakudya komanso ngati mankhwala. Makhalidwe odzala ndi kusankha malo. Kudutsa kwa akalonga: kumapeto kwa zaka khumi za May, mu kugwa - zaka khumi zachiwiri za mwezi wa September.

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Морошкой называется многолетнее растение, встречающееся в торфяных болотах и топких лесах России и Беларуси, а также в тундре (полярно-арктический регион). Mafuta ake ofiira-okoma, omwe ali ndi dzina lomwelo, ndi othandiza kwambiri komanso okoma. Mitundu yowonjezera ya mtedza wa Cloudberries imakhala ndi mavitamini komanso mavitamini.

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