Kupanga mbewu

Aconite - herbaceous osatha chomera cha mtundu wa buttercup, ndi molunjika zimayambira. Ali ndi maluwa osazolowereka, kawirikawiri amakhala obiriwira, amakhala oyera komanso achikasu. Aconite blooms mu July, inflorescences yake amafanana lupine maluwa. Pafupi mitundu yonse ya aconite ndi yoopsa. Aconite mkulu (Aconitum exelsum) Aconite mkulu m'chilengedwe chake ndi wamba m'nkhalango za Russia, kum'mwera kwa Siberia ndi kumapiri a Central Asia.

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Ginger limawoneka ngati nsungwi, chifukwa chake nthawi zambiri imakula ngati zokongoletsera m'minda. Koma makamaka amagwiritsidwa ntchito monga zonunkhira, kuwonjezera pa mbale zosiyanasiyana. Zoona, machiritso a mizu yazitsamba ayamba kukhala ofunika. Zimapangitsa kuti chimbudzi chikhale bwino, chimawonjezera mphamvu, chimalimbikitsa kukumbukira.

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Woperewera aliyense amadziwa kuti chitowe ndi zonunkhira zofunika. Kutenga kununkhiza kodabwitsa ndi kulawa, ndi zabwino kwa nyama mbale ndi masukisi. Chifukwa cha nkhani yathu mudzadziwa momwe mungamere chitowe m'dziko lanu ndikuligwiritsa ntchito chaka chonse. Mukudziwa? Tiyi ya Caraway imapangitsa kudya, kukhudzidwa ndi chimbudzi, kumapangitsa kuti thupi lonse lizikhala ndi ntchito.

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Mitundu ya aconite si yachilendo, m'madera ena ndipo ili pafupi kutha, koma mankhwala ake akhala akuyamikira. Mu mankhwala ochiritsira, zokololazo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'mabuku ambiri opanda chiyembekezo, koma chifukwa cha poizoni wawo, ambiri amaopa kugwiritsa ntchito aconite mankhwala.

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Prickly peyala - mbewu yosatha ya cacti banja, ikukula mu steppes ya Central America, Argentina, Canada. Amalimanso ku Caucasus, ku Turkmenistan, ku Crimea. Kuchokera pa peckly pear (flat flat cactus) mwa njira yozizira kwambiri mbewu imakhala mafuta ofunika kwambiri, omwe akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito mu cosmetology ndi mankhwala.

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Ambiri wamaluwa ndi wamaluwa amakhulupirira kuti ambulera ndi mbewu zobiriwira sizikusowa chisamaliro chapadera - ndikofunikira kufesa mbewu ndipo zokolola zidzangokhala zokha. Komabe, katsabola, karoti, ndi udzu winawake umadwala matenda ndi tizirombo. Pozindikira masamba achikasu, musathamangire kuganiza, ndi bwino kuganizira zizindikirozo ndikudziwitseni.

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Nsalu yofiira imakhala yosatha, kufika mamita awiri kutalika, ndi mizu yotukuka bwino komanso tsinde lakuda. Mapepala ofanana ndi mazira omwe ali ndi mapepala ndi zobiriwira zobiriwira pambali. Maluwa ndi ochepa kwambiri, anasonkhana mu mantha. Zipatso zazikuluzikulu zimamera ndi zoyera, pinki, buluu, zofiira zofiira.

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Chomeracho chinayamba kutchuka kwa zaka zambiri zapitazo chifukwa cha kukongola kwake ndi agrotechnical kudzichepetsa. Pafupifupi zana ndi makumi asanu mitundu ya anemone (anemone) tsopano imadziwika. Masikelo awo amasiyana ndi 10 cm mpaka 1 mita, ndipo mtunduwo ndi wosiyana: buluu, wachikasu, buluu, woyera, pinki. Anemone wakhala akudziwika kwa nthawi yaitali chifukwa cha machiritso ake, chifukwa chakuti adagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mankhwala.

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M'madontho ambiri a maluwa, udzu wambiri umakopa chidwi, chinachake chofanana ndi birch masamba ndi maburashi okhala ndi chikasu kapena woyera, nthawi zina maluwa okongola. Udzu uwu ndi headstrike. Anayamba kukondana ndi ambiri a florists ndi wamaluwa chifukwa chodzichepetsa komanso kusamalira maluwa ambiri.

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Lupine ndi chomera cha pachaka kapena chosatha. Pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana - udzu, zitsamba zitsamba ndi zitsamba. Kwawo lupins ndi America ndi Mediterranean. Mzu wa mitundu iyi ndi wofunikira, muzu waukulu ukhoza kufika mamita awiri kutalika. Iyo imamera mu inflorescence monga mawonekedwe a burashi pamwamba kuchokera pa malo a zygomorphic maluwa a mitundu yosiyanasiyana.

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Ngati mumakonda nyimbo za "dzuwa", mumakonda maluwa akuluakulu komanso ochepa, ndiye muyenera kumvetsera buzulnik (ligularia). Maluwa awa amayamikiridwa ndi wamaluwa chifukwa chowoneka bwino komanso maluwa okongola. Chomeracho chikhoza kukula mpaka mamita awiri ndi pa inflorescence iliyonse kukhala ndi maluwa ambiri ofanana ndi malirime a moto.

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Malo otchedwa Oriental poppy kapena ochepa-anasiya - udzu wosatha, kukula m'mphepete mwa mapiri, mapiri otsetsereka ndi madera. Kukula kwazomera kwachangu kwachitika kuchokera kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la 19 kuti ikule poppy ngati chomera chokongola. Kufotokozera kwa anthu a Kumapoto a Kum'mawotchi Kumapoto otchuka a Kummawa ali oweta, owongoleratu ndi ochepa omwe amachoka kumbali.

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Mu sukulu ina ya ku Russia, ophunzirawo adafunsidwa kuti phulusa la mapiri ndi chiyani, ndipo adayankha mayankho atatu: mbalame ya banja la thrushes; mitsinje yokhala ndi mitengo ya rowan; shrub ya banja la Rosaceae. Ana ambiri anapempha thandizo pazitukuko. Ndipotu rowanberry (dzina lachilatini Sorbaria, lochokera ku sorbus ndi phiri phulusa) si mbalame kapena mtengo, koma ndi shrub 2-3 mamita m'litali, malo okhala ndi Asia, komanso Siberia ndi Far East.

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Lobelia - munda wokongola wokhala ndi mtambo wobiriwira wamaluwa ochepa. Mundawo umakongoletsedwa ndi maluwa awo osakhwima kuyambira May mpaka September. Lobelia amawoneka bwino pamapope ndi maluwa okongola, komanso m'minda yolima maluwa. Pokonzekera flowerbeds, mungagwiritse ntchito ndikuphatikizana ndi mitundu yosiyana siyana ndi mitundu ya lobelia kapena mthunzi wokongola kwambiri wa lobelia ndi mitundu ina yokongoletsera.

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Hydrangea ndi chomera cha shrub cha mtundu wa Hydrangians (Hydrangeaceae). Zimakhala zosangalatsa kwa alimi a maluwa chifukwa chokongola kwambiri chikuphulika ndi zazikulu za inflorescences za mitundu yosiyanasiyana: yoyera, buluu, pinki, buluu. Maiko a hydrangeas - China ndi Southeast Asia. Chomeracho chinayambika pachikhalidwe kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la 18.

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Kwa okondedwa a aesthetics zachilengedwe, chimodzi mwa ziwonetsero zabwino za izo ndizitsulo zamitundu, mitundu yosiyanasiyana yomwe imapereka okonza munda wamaluwa ndi malo opanga nzeru. Malo ndi masitepe, sukulu za m'madera onse ndi mabungwe ogulitsa mafakitale alionse, nyumba zazing'ono ndi minda yamaluwa zimakhala zikuzunguliridwa ndi kukongoletsedwa ndi zitsamba, kutentha kutentha, kukana kutentha, kuthamanga kwa matenda komanso kusintha kwapadera kwa zinthu zilizonse.

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Sundew - chomera choopsa cha tizilombo, chotchuka kwambiri chotchedwa "wakupha wokongola." Uwu ndi udzu wosasatha womwe uli ndi masamba oblong omwe amasonkhana pazu mu thumba lakuda. Pakati pa m'mphepete mwa pamwamba ndi pamtunda pamwamba pa masamba osakanikirana ndi aakulu, tsitsi lofiira, nsapato, zomwe zimakhudza, zimakwiyitsa ndikumasula zokoma, ntchentche kuti ipeze tizilombo.

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Chotsitsimutsa ndi mtundu wa chaka chilichonse kapena zomera zowonjezereka zotsamba za herbaceous ndi zinyama za banja la Kutrovye. Mitunduyi imaphatikizapo mitundu 8, malo obadwira asanu ndi awiri - Madagascar, ndi chimodzi - India ndi Sri Lanka. Malo okongoletsera amagwiritsa ntchito pinki quarantus - theka-shrub 40-50 cm, ndi wobiriwira ndi wandiweyani korona, mdima wobiriwira masamba ndi acrylic maluwa.

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