Munda wa masamba

Ziribe kanthu momwe masamba ndi zipatso zokongola zimayang'anirako m'masitolo a masitolo, zomwe zimakula ndi manja awo zidzakhala zokongola kwambiri. Inde, mukudziwa kuti zipatso sizinayambe mankhwala amtundu uliwonse ndipo sizinapangidwe ndi mankhwala. Kotero, ngati mukufuna kukula, tomato m'munda wanu, ndiye kuti simungakhale nthawi yowonongeka.

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Ngati munayamba mwachitapo kanthu ndi nkhaka, ndiko, kuyang'ana mitundu yoyenera kuti mugwiritse ntchito ziwembu, ndiye kuti mwinamwake mukupeza mawu monga "Chinese nkhaka". Izi sizinthu zosiyana siyana, ndi zonsezi, zomwe zimakhala ndi zinthu ziwiri, zomwe zimakhala ndi mawonekedwe okongola komanso kutalika kwa 50 - 80 cm.

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Musanagule phukusi lina ndi mbewu zabwino za nkhaka, muyenera kufufuza mosamala katundu wa mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Ndipotu, si chitsamba chilichonse chomwe chingathe kulimbana ndi nyengo yovuta ya Siberia. Koma nkhaka, chikhalidwe ichi chimakonda kuwala ndi kutentha kwambiri. Koma kuswana kwamakono kwafika mofulumira kwambiri kuti mitundu yambiri ya anthu oimira banja la dzungu idalengedwa kale, yomwe ingathe kulimbana ndi kusintha kulikonse kwa nyengo ngakhale ku Siberia.

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Anakumana ndi wamaluwa ndi wamaluwa omwe akhala akulima nkhaka kwa zaka zingapo akudziwa mtolo wa nkhaka. Dzina la mitundu iyi ya mitundu inawonekera chifukwa cha zikuluzikulu za nkhaka izi. Ndipo mbali imeneyi ndi mphamvu ya zomera kupanga node imodzi yokhala ndi ovari imodzi kapena awiri nthawi yomweyo.

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Ziri zovuta tsopano kupeza nyumba kumene sipadzakhala maluwa-pazenera pazenera. Amawonjezera chitonthozo ku nyumbayo, komanso amapanga chisangalalo chabwino. Koma kuti ukhale pakhomo simungakhoze kokha dragon, violets kapena dieffenbachia. Pakuti monga kuswana amakwanira ngakhale nkhaka. Iyi si njira yovuta, makamaka ngati mukubzala zomera zokongoletsera kwa zaka zambiri.

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Posakhalitsa, mlimi aliyense akukumana ndi vuto la kusowa kwa malo. Izi zimachitika pamene mukufuna kukula mitundu yatsopano kapena mitundu yambiri ya masamba kapena zipatso pa tsamba lanu, ndipo tchire kapena mitengo sizingakhale ndi malo okwanira. Ndipo izi ndizofunika makamaka pa chikhalidwe chotere monga nkhaka, zomwe zimafuna malo ambiri kuti zikule.

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Pakali pano, mitundu yambiri yosiyanasiyana ya nkhaka, woyimira banja la dzungu, yayambidwa kuchokera ku mayiko osiyanasiyana. Ngakhale mlimi yemwe ali ndi zaka zochuluka pakukula mbewuyi akhoza kugwedezeka ndi mbeu zambiri. Kodi tinganene chiyani za amateurs kapena omwe atangoyamba kuswana masamba?

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Wamasamba aliyense wamva za njira yopezera nkhaka ndi mapindu ake. Tiye tikambirane za momwe tingasamalire nkhaka kuthengo ndi kutentha, komanso chifukwa chake nkhaka zimafuna njirayi. Momwe mungasamalire nkhaka zokhudzana ndi tizilombo Tizilombo tating'onoting'ono timatchedwa nkhaka, zomwe zipatso zimakula pokhapokha ngati mungu ndi tizilombo kapena anthu.

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Mlimi aliyense wamaluwa ankakumana ndi matenda ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Ndi chinthu chimodzi pamene chimachitika chifukwa cha kusamalidwa bwino, komanso nthawi ina pamene chomeracho chikudwala popanda chifukwa chomveka. Nkhaniyi ikufotokoza momwe mungapulumutsire nkhaka ku matenda ndi tizirombo. Kawirikawiri, matenda a nkhaka amayambitsidwa ndi chisamaliro chosayenera.

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Masiku ano, tomato amawakonda ndipo amadziwika ndi zakudya zonse zapadziko lapansi. Zomwe mbale sizingagwiritsidwe ntchito, posangotenga. Izi marinades, ndi pickles, tomato, kvass ndi vyalyat. Koma sikuti aliyense analawa kupanikizana kwa zipatso zabwino izi. Cherry phwetekere jamu Zosakaniza: Cherry phwetekere - 1 makilogalamu Shuga - 450 g Mchere - 1 pc.

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Matenda a marinated ndi mbali yofunika kwambiri ya chakudya chathu. Amasangalala kudya komanso pa tchuthi, komanso patebulo la tsiku ndi tsiku. Ndipo mbuye aliyense wakhama amakonda maphikidwe kuti phwetekere zisawonongeke m'nyengo yozizira. Kukoma kwa tomato zam'chitini kungakhale kosiyana - kotentha, kokoma, kowawa. Zonse zimadalira zonunkhira ndi zokometsera zinawonjezeredwa ku marinade.

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Atapeza zizindikiro za phytophtoras pamalo awo, munda aliyense amayamba kuwomba. M'nkhaniyi tidzakambirana za chilichonse chokhudzana ndi matendawa komanso momwe tingamenyane ndi vutoli pa tomato mu wowonjezera kutentha komanso kunja. Kodi phytophtora: zifukwa ndi zizindikiro za matenda Ngati simunakumana ndi phytophtora ndipo simukudziwa chomwe chiri, ndiye kuti simunayese kukula tomato m'munda wanu.

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Tomato ndi imodzi mwa masamba otchuka kwambiri. Popanda iwo, mwinamwake, sangathe kuchita pa chiwembu chilichonse chamunda. Zamasamba ndi zokoma kwambiri, zabwino zokolola m'nyengo yozizira ndipo zimakhala ndi zinthu zambiri zothandiza. Kawirikawiri, kugula mbande kungakhale kofooka kapena sikukugwirizana ndi zosiyanasiyana zimene mukufuna kugula.

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Mitedza ya tomato ndi yautali, yamtundu wa tomato, nthawi zambiri yofiira, ngakhale kuti mitundu yambiri ndi yachikasu, yobiriwira komanso yakuda imapezeka. Zipatsozo ndizochepa (10-30 g), koma zimapezekanso kukula kwa mpira. Maonekedwewo amasiyanasiyana ndi pang'ono mpaka ochepa. Tomato amagwiritsidwa ntchito monga chotupitsa, zokongoletsa mbale, kuwonjezera saladi, zamzitini komanso zouma.

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Ambiri amaluwa amaluwa nthawi zambiri amadzifunsa momwe angabzalitsire zipatso, mitengo ya zipatso, ndi zamasamba m'dera laling'ono ndipo nthawi yomweyo akukolola mbewu. Timakupatsani njira zina zosangalatsa zodyera nkhaka. Mukudziwa? Dziko lakwawo lodziwika nkhaka ndi madera otentha ndi madera ozungulira a India, phazi la Himalayas, kumene limakulabe m'chilengedwe.

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Mukhoza kulawa nkhaka zopangidwa ndi kunyumba ngakhale kuti malo alibe dziko, kapena dacha. Zikakhala choncho, chipulumutso chokha ndicho kukhala mitundu ya nkhaka pa khonde, kufotokozera za zomwe timakonda kwambiri zomwe tidzachite. April Izi ndi zokolola zoyambirira, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti tiwone pa tchire za zomera izi zoyamba za m'mimba mwa zipatso mkati mwa miyezi 1.5 pambuyo pa kutuluka kwa mphukira.

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Hydroponics ndi teknoloji imene zomera zimakula popanda kugwiritsa ntchito dothi. Zakudya zabwino za mizu zimapezeka kumalo opangira. Zikhoza kukhala mpweya wamkuntho, madzi ozizira kwambiri, ndi zowonjezereka (zotentha, zinyontho ndi zazing'ono). Pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi nthawi zambiri amafunika kuthirira mowa wothirira mobwerezabwereza pogwiritsa ntchito njira yothetsera mchere wamchere, yomwe imadalira zofunikira za zomera.

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Metotria ndi chomera chochokera ku Africa, chiri ndi zipatso zodyedwa ndipo chikufala kwambiri pakati pa anthu okonda zachikhalidwe. Miniature nyama nkhaka: kufotokoza kwa zomera Melodia mkali ndi wa dzungu banja, ndi zipatso edible ndi mizu masamba. Chomeracho chimakhala ndi liana-ngati zimayambira kutalika mamita atatu mamita, masamba amawoneka ngati nkhaka, mawonekedwe a katatu ali ndi mawonekedwe akuthwa, koma opanda nkhaka zovuta.

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Nkhaka pawindo pa nthawi yozizira - izi sizinthano, koma zenizeni, zomwe zimakonzedweratu kunyumba ndi olima amaluwa. Koma izi ndi zotheka mukamagwiritsa ntchito nkhaka zamtengo wapatali zowonjezera m'nyengo yozizira m'nyumba komanso kutsatira malamulo onse oti muwasamalire. Mitengo yamakono ya zenera Sill Chifukwa cha ntchito yaikulu ya obereketsa lero, alimi onse a zamasamba akhoza kugula mbewu za nkhaka zomwe zimatha kukula ndi kubala chipatso ngakhale mkati.

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