Munda wa masamba

Kubzala mbande zowonjezera kutsegula pansi nthawi zonse ndizosangalatsa. Chomera chomwe chakula bwino ndikukonzekera mu bokosila mkati tsopano chiyenera kukumana ndi kusintha kwa kutentha, kuthekera kwa matenda ndi zirombo. Ngakhale kwa mbande zouma, kuika pamalo otseguka ndizovuta kwambiri, choncho, kuti muchepetse, muyenera kutsatira malamulo ophweka.

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Masamba ali m'kalasi ya kabichi, amaonedwa ngati zosiyanasiyana za radish. Ndi mitundu iyi yomwe sizimachitika kuthengo, mosiyana ndi ena onse. Asayansi akukhulupirira kuti Asia ndi malo obadwira ndiwo zamasamba. Amakula ku Ulaya, North America, Australia ndi Asia. Black radish ili ndi zopindulitsa katundu ndi contraindications, ndipo nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito monga mankhwala ochizira matenda a chifuwa.

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Zomera zathanzi m'munda kapena mu wowonjezera kutentha - maloto a chilimwe. Komabe, chifukwa cha zochepa chabe zomwe zikuchitika mu chisamaliro ndi zina zoipa, tchire tingathe kulimbana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda osiyanasiyana. Ngati mutapeza kuti midzi yaing'ono imapezeka mwadzidzidzi pamitengo ya mpesa, ichi ndi chizindikiro chodziwika cha matenda a chikhalidwe. Dziwani kuti nkhakazi zimakhala zotani kumunda wanu komanso momwe mungagwirire nazo.

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Woyang'anira munda amadziwa mtengo wa zokolola zabwino: Kutsegulira kwa nthawi ndi nthawi za organic ndi mineral feteleza kudzaza masamba ndi zothandiza kwambiri ndikuwongolera kwambiri kukoma kwawo, mudzatsimikizira osati zokolola zokha, koma mawonetseredwe opambana a zizindikiro zosiyanasiyana. Nkhaka "zochokera pa chithunzi" zimayenera kusamaliridwa kuchokera nthawi yofesa, koma pali magawo awiri ofunika pa nyengo yokula - maluwa ndi fruiting.

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Olima munda amakumana ndi matenda osiyanasiyana a bouillon chaka chilichonse. Mmodzi wa iwo ndi ovunda pamwamba. Mwina iyi ndi imodzi mwa mavuto omwe amapezeka kwambiri ndi kukula ndi kupeza mbewu kuchokera ku tomato. Tiyeni tiwone ngati matendawa ndi owopsya ndipo ndi njira ziti zopambana zomwe zimaperekedwa ndi sayansi ndi nzeru zambiri.

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Kukolola phwetekere ndi gawo lovomerezeka la m'chipinda chapansi cha chisanu, popanda omwe pafupifupi banja silingachite. Tomato ndi mankhwala apadera omwe angakhale nawo chaka chonse. Mwa iwo kukonzekera kwambiri appetizers, sauces ngakhalenso mchere. Tomato m'madzi awo omwe, tomato wosungunuka, kuzifutsa, mchere, tomato, tomato zouma, phwetekere phwetekere - ichi ndi chinthu chosavuta kupanga kuchokera ku tomato m'nyengo yozizira, kutsatira maphikidwe omwe tikuwaganizira pansipa.

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Pamene nyengo ndi matenda opitirira amachititsa tomato wobiriwira asanatuluke msanga, salting amathandiza amayi ambiri. Zamagetsi zimasiyana ndi zovuta zawo zolimba ndi acid. Koma akatswiri a luso amadziwa kupindula ngakhale ndi makhalidwe awa. Anatiuza momwe tingathere tomato wobiriwira m'nyengo yozizira.

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Nthata ndi imodzi mwa masamba okondedwa kwambiri padziko lapansi. Amafuna kuti adye mwatsopano kapena zamzitini. Posachedwa, ambiri akupeza tomato wobiriwira. Pambuyo pokonza, amakhala ndi maonekedwe okongola, amakhala otanuka ndi okoma kwambiri. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito patebulo ngati chosekemera chodziimira, komanso amagwiritsidwa ntchito monga chogwiritsira ntchito mu saladi osiyanasiyana.

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Mwachidziwikire aliyense wa ife amakumbukira kukoma kwa tomato a agogo aamchere mchere. Kukhalapo kwawo pa tebulo la tchuthi kwakhala kale mwambo. Ndiponso, sizichitika kawirikawiri m'nyengo yozizira kudya zakudya zamtengo wapatali zatsopano tomato. Tiyenera kugwiritsa ntchito njira zosiyanasiyana zokolola masamba othandizawa.

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Chilimwe chili chonse, alimi amayamba kulima zipatso ndi ndiwo zamasamba zomwe amakonda kwambiri, kuphatikizapo chisamaliro cha tsiku ndi tsiku ndi chikhalidwe chawo, ali ndi vuto linalake kuteteza mbewu zawo ku matenda osiyanasiyana. Komanso, ngakhale chilimwe chozizira nthawi zambiri chimapangitsa kusintha kwa kutentha ndipo, motero, imadziwika ndi mvula yambiri, yomwe imakhudza kwambiri thanzi la zomera zina.

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Mlimi yemwe amagwira ntchito yolima tomato ayenera kudziwa matenda omwe angakhudze mbewuyi pazigawo zosiyanasiyana za kukula kwake. Ichi ndi chofunikira chofunikira kwa iwo amene akufuna kukhala ndi zokolola zabwino komanso zopatsa mowolowa bwino. Kuwonjezera pa nkhaniyi tidzakambirana za fusarium - matenda ofala kwambiri a tomato.

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Kabichi imatengedwa kuti ndi imodzi mwa ndiwo zamasamba m'dongosolo lathu la chakudya. Zakudya zake ndizosiyana ndipo zidzakondwera ndi zokwawa zomwe zawonongeka. M'nyengo yozizira, sauerkraut inatchuka kwambiri. Koma, ngakhale kuti chotukukacho sichiphweka, sikuti amayi onse apakhomo amatha kupanga juicy ndi crispy kabichi.

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Pokula nkhaka, alimi amakumana ndi matenda osiyanasiyana a mbewuyi. Mmodzi mwa owopsya amachitidwa kuti ndi fusarium wilt, zomwe zingayambitse imfa ya chomeracho. Kodi Fusarium ndi chiyani, ndi chiyani chomwe chikuwonetseredwa ndi momwe mungachitire nacho. Chowopsya ndi kumene chimachokera ku Cholinga chachikulu cha tsamba wilting ndi kutentha kwa mbeu, zimayamba kuyandikira pamene kutentha kwapakati kuli 38ºะก.

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Zima, monga mukudziwira, ndi nthawi ya chaka, yomwe imasiyanitsidwa ndi kusowa kwa mitundu yosiyana pa nkhani yokonza mapulogalamu a tsiku ndi tsiku, omwe akukhudzana ndi kusatheka kwa zinthu zambiri. Komabe, pali njira zingapo zomwe zidzasokoneza kwambiri zakudya zanu zachisanu, ngakhale ndi zakudya zosawerengeka za nyengo ino ngati saladi ya masamba.

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Mlimi aliyense yemwe amayamba kale komanso wodziwa bwino ayenera kuti anabzala mabedi ang'onoang'ono a ndiwo zamasamba monga zamasamba. Zomera zimakhala ndi mavitamini ambiri a magulu B ndi C, komanso mchere wokwanira, monga calcium, phosphorous, potassium, iron ndi magnesium. Nkhaka ndi gawo lalikulu la chakudya chathu mu yaiwisi yaiwisi, yamchere komanso yophika.

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Nyamayi, kapena yotembenuzidwa kuchokera ku Italy-apulo ya golidi, ndi imodzi mwa zakudya zomwe anthu ambiri amadziwa, zomwe aliyense amagula, komanso, zakula m'minda yonse. Kuwonjezera pa kukoma kwabwino, chomerachi chili ndi vitamini wamkulu komanso mankhwala, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale "zokonda" za anthu onse.

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Ophunzira amaluwa kapena oyamba kumene ali mu bizinesiyi akhoza kukhala ndi chidwi chophunzira za mtengo wosavuta, koma wamtengo wapatali wa phwetekere, womwe umapereka zokolola zabwino kwambiri. Ambiri a ife timagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti tomato ayenera kukhala ndi mawonekedwe ambiri, koma chomera ichi ngati mawonekedwe ndi masiku ano.

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