Grey kuvunda

Raspberries ndi chikhalidwe cha moyo monga mbatata ndi tomato. Choncho, amawonekera ku mavairasi osiyanasiyana, mabakiteriya ndi tizilombo zomwe zingawononge kwambiri zomera. Ndi bwino kuzindikira ndi kuteteza chitukuko cha matendawa m'kupita kwa nthawi kusiyana ndi kuyembekezera mpaka icho chidutsa paokha. Zinyama ndi matenda ena angayambitse kuwonongeka kwa tchire, zomwe zingakhale zodabwitsa kwambiri kwa inu.

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Ndizotheka kunena kuti munthu aliyense ali ndi mapulogalamu apanyumba mnyumbamo, koma okhala m'dziko lathu ali ndi chikondi chapadera kwa geranium. Mukudziwa? Kunyumba geranium kumatchedwanso "pelargonium". Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda a geranium Geranium, monga mbewu ina iliyonse, ali ndi adani ambiri. Matenda osiyanasiyana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda zingayambitse mavuto aakulu ku chipinda cha geraniums.

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Chubushnik ndi chomera cha banja la Hortensia. Chitsamba ichi chokhala ndi maluwa okongola ndi okoma fungo zingasokonezedwe ndi jasmine. Nkhaniyi ikufotokoza chifukwa chake kuli koyenera kubzala munda wa jasmine ndi momwe mungachitire. Tidzakambirananso chisamaliro choyenera kwa iwo komanso mtundu wa kubzala mbewu ndi nthawi ya chaka pamene kuli kofunika kuti tipeze nkhope yowonongeka.

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Gerbera ndi chomera chosatha cha banja la Compositae. Pali mitundu yambiri ya gerberas, yomwe imasiyanitsidwa ndi mtundu, mtedza ndi mtundu wa inflorescence. Tiyeni tiyang'ane pa mafunso okhudza kukula kwa gerberas, momwe angabzala ndikuwasamalira. Mitundu yotchuka kwambiri ya munda wamaluwa Masiku ano, mitundu 80 ya maluwa okongola ameneƔa amadziwika.

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Okonda okonda okongola osati kokha kwa masamba okongola okongola, komanso chifukwa cha kudzichepetsa. Komabe, masamba okongoletsera amakonza zambiri. Zimapanga maziko okongola a zomera zina, ndipo maluwa a chomeracho amakhala osangalatsa kwambiri. Mukudziwa? Khosi amachokera ku dzina lachilatini lakuti Hosta ndipo ali ndi dzina lina - losangalatsa.

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Pakati pa zomera zamkati, begonia ndi mmodzi wa okondedwa kwambiri, chifukwa amadziwika ndi zokongola zake zokha, komanso ndi masamba okongola kwambiri. Koma chisamaliro cha chomerachi chimafuna zambiri, kotero pansipa tikambirana za matenda otchuka kwambiri a begonias ndi zolakwika mu kulima kwake. Mavuto ndi zovuta za begonias chifukwa chokhala ndi mavuto osayenera komanso kusamalira iwo. Mavuto omwe amabwera ndi kukula kwa begonias ndi chifukwa chakuti maluwawo sakuyang'anitsitsa.

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Nkhaniyi ikufotokoza za "maluwa a samurai" - chrysanthemum. Tidzakambirana za momwe mungasamalire chrysanthemum, momwe imakonda nthaka komanso nthawi zambiri muyenera kuthirira mbewu. Ganizirani tizirombo timene timapanga ndikuwathandiza kuti amenyane. Tidzakuuzani mmene mungapezere maluwa okongola kwambiri. Mukudziwa?

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Jamu ndilokwanira mokwanira kwa matenda ndi tizilombo toononga. Koma akukumana ndi matenda oopsa. Matenda a jamu amachiritsidwa mosamalitsa, kupewa komanso kuteteza nthawi yake. Mame: Mmene mungagwiritsire ntchito matenda a fungus Kawirikawiri matendawa amapezeka pa jamu monga mtundu woyera umene umaphimba zipatso za shrub.

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Mavwende amatha kukhala ndi matenda osiyanasiyana, mabakiteriya ndi mavairasi, omwe amachititsa kuchepa kwa zipatso ndi zipatso za zipatso. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tizilombo timene timadya pambewuyi imathandizanso kuti tisawonongeke. Choncho, kudziwa za iwo n'kofunika. Masiku ano timayang'ana matenda omwe amapezeka ndi mavwende komanso momwe angawachitire, komanso amalankhula za tizirombo ta mavwende komanso momwe tingawathandizire.

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Chilengedwe cha mabulosi akuda, tchire ndi minga yophimbidwa ndi zipatso zokoma zakuda - ndi North America ndi Eurasia. Ntchito yoswana kwambiri yolima m'munda wa mitundu yambiri ya mabulosi akutchire yachitidwa kuyambira ku zaka khumi ndi zisanu ndi zitatu zapitazo ku United States (mitundu yoposa 300 yakhazikitsidwa). Kutchuka kwa mabulosi awa m'dziko lathu likukula - chiwerengero chowonjezeka cha wamaluwa akuyamba kuyamikira mabulosi akuda kwa iye: kukoma kokoma ndi kosangalatsa; mankhwala ndi zakudya; chokolola chachikulu; kudzichepetsa ndi kusasamala; matenda ofooka omwe amapezeka.

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Masiku ano, orchid si chomera chosowa kwambiri mu chipinda cha maluwa. Komabe, ili ndi matenda osiyanasiyana ndipo imafuna chisamaliro chapadera. Mwamwayi, n'zovuta kupeza chidziwitso chonse chokhudzana ndi kusamalira maluwa, matenda a orchid ndi mankhwala awo. Choncho, tinayesetsa kuthana ndi mavuto omwe anthu ambiri amakula.

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Ndi kuyamba kwa chilimwe, aliyense mwachidwi akuyembekezera zokolola za strawberries. Komabe, strawberries amatha kuchuluka kwa matenda, ndipo njira zothandizira zimayenera kutengedwa nthawi. Apo ayi, paliwopsezo kuti mukhalebe opanda zosangalatsa. Nkhaniyi imafotokoza matenda omwe amafala kwambiri, omwe amasonyeza, mankhwala ndi njira zopewera zomwe zingakuthandizeni kupulumutsa strawberries ndikusangalala ndi kukoma kwa zipatso za Mulungu.

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Chokondweretsa ndi chokongola petunia maluwa, ngakhale kuti sagonjetsedwa ndi mitundu yonse ya matenda ndipo amazoloƔera kukula mu mikhalidwe yapamwamba chinyezi ndi kutentha, koma ife tiri pamunda wam'mbuyo ndiyeso lenileni. Zambiri mwa tizirombo ndi matenda zimalowa m'munda pamodzi ndi mbande, kotero ngati mukufuna kukula petunia m'dera mwanu, muyenera kudziwa pang'ono za momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito matenda ndi majeremusi osiyanasiyana.

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Almond - kum'mwera okongola ndi zokongola zobiriwira komanso zipatso zamtengo wapatali. Mitengo ya amondi imapangidwa monse mwa mawonekedwe a zitsamba zamitengo ndi mitengo. Mitengo ya amondi kuyambira nthawi zakale inakula ndi anthu, ndipo kutchulidwa koyamba kwa amondi kunapezeka m'malemba a Asuri akale ndi Baibulo. Komabe, chakudya sichinagwiritsidwe ntchito zipatso za amondi okha, koma mafupa okhawo.

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Aliyense wa ife angakonde kukhala ndi mtengo wabwino wokongola pa chiwembucho. Komabe, mtengo uwu ndi wopanda nzeru komanso wodwala matenda ambiri. Kuti ukhale wokongola, wamtali, wobiriwira, muyenera kuyesetsa mwakhama. Chinthu chofunika kwambiri ndi chisamaliro choyenera. M'nkhaniyi tikambirana zomwe zingayambitsidwe ndi matenda ndi matenda a kukongola kwa nkhalango.

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M'nyengo ya chilimwe m'minda ina mungaone chomera chosaoneka ngati chimanga - ndi maluwa okongola kwambiri ndi fungo labwino. Mtengo wa mitengo uwu - Brugmancia, mlendo wochokera ku South America. Brugmansia ndi yokongoletsera kwambiri, ndipo ngakhale alimi a novice amatha kulima ndi kusamalira kunja.

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Ngakhale kuti obereketsa amayesetsa kupanga mitundu ya rasipiberi yomwe imatha kugonjetsedwa ndi matenda ndi mavairasi, zomera zimakopeka nazo. Nkhaniyi imafotokoza matenda omwe amafala kwambiri, ndi zizindikiro zawo komanso njira zowonetsera. Ansipiberi anthracnose Anthracnose ndi bowa omwe amawoneka ngati mawanga pa mapesi a rasipiberi.

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Clivia, kapena Kaffir Lily, ndi wa banja la Amaryllis. Maluwa osatha a kuthengo amapezeka kumadera a South Africa, ndipo lero mitundu itatu yokha ya chomera ichi imadziwika. Chifukwa cha makhalidwe ake okongoletsa, kudzichepetsa komanso kusasamala, clivia ndi wotchuka kwambiri m'munda.

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