Mitengo ya mkati

Saintpaulia ndi chomera chofala kwambiri mkati mwa nyumba ndipo amadziwika ndi dzina la Saint Baroque violet. Mitengo yoposa 32,000 ilipo lero. Koma mukangogula violet, funso limangoyamba kuchitika: "Momwe mungasamalire bwino?". Kusankha malo abwino kwambiri kwa Saintpaulia Vuto loyamba lomwe linayambika mwamsanga mutangoyamba kuona violet mnyumbamo kunali kusankha malo ake.

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M'nkhani ino tidzakuuzani zonse za chipinda cha geraniums (chomwe chimatchedwanso "kalachik"), chomwe ndi: momwe mungasamalire chomera ichi, mu nthaka yobzala ndi momwe mungasankhire mphika wabwino. Musaiwale kulankhula za njira zoberekera za pelargonium. Mukudziwa? Banja la geranium liri ndi mitundu pafupifupi 800 ndipo ili m'chilengedwe kumwera kwa Africa ndi Australia.

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Balsamu (Kutopa Mtima) ndizozoloŵera zogwiritsira ntchito nyumba kuyambira tili ana. Dzina lachilatini Impatiens limamasuliridwa kuti "lovuta", chifukwa mbewu za basamuamu zimabalalika mosiyana ngati muwakhudza. Kawirikawiri duwa limeneli limagwirizanitsidwa ndi ubwana, chifukwa pafupifupi agogo onse a mnyumbamo anali ndi "Spark", monga amatchedwa.

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Chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake osadziwika bwino, kukongola kwake kosaoneka bwino, maluwa amaonedwa ngati chizindikiro cha chiyero ndi choyera. Pakalipano, maluwa awa amakongoletsa mwambo wapadera ndi miyambo ya zipembedzo zambiri. Kodi n'zotheka kubzala kakombo kunyumba? Kakombo kowakometsera kamakongoletsa nyumba osati kokha ndi kukongola kwa maluwa ndi masamba owala, komanso ndi fungo lokhazika mtima pansi.

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Dziko la pelargonium ndi India ndi South Africa. Chomera chobiriwiracho ndi masamba owopsa a masamba obiriwira sichidziwika kokha chifukwa cha kukongola kwake ndi fungo, komanso mankhwala ake, ndi esotericists amakhulupirira kuti pelargonium m'nyumba imayendetsa nyengo yaumtima m'banja. Mitundu ya Pelargonium Pelargonium ndi chomera cha banja la geranium.

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Mwinamwake, zidzakhala zovuta kupeza maluwa pakati pa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zinyumba zomwe zidzaposa orchid mu kukopa kwake. Chipinda cha orchid chiri ndi phesi lalitali ndi lochepa, ndipo pamwamba pake pali maluwa okondweretsa. Zokopa za orchid ndi zokongola ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi mitundu. Komabe, orchid ndi yopanda nzeru ndipo imakhala ndi mavuto angapo.

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Malo osungirako zopindulitsa akhala atapambana kale ndi omvera okonda zomera za mkati. Zimasiyana ndi kudzichepetsa pochoka, kukongola ndi mithunzi ya maluwa. Payekha, kutalika kwa primrose kumatha kufika masentimita 25. Mzuwu ndi masamba a fibrose, a rosette, pafupifupi masentimita 7 m'lifupi mwake. Primrose limamasula kawiri pachaka - mumasika ndi m'nyengo yozizira.

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Ngati mukuyang'ana chomera chobiriwira ndi maluwa, ndiye kuti euonymus sangawone "maso anu", koma kuti awonetsere osowa bwino, ndizo zomwe mukusowa. Maluwa ake ndi ang'onoang'ono komanso osadziwika, koma angakhale owonjezera kuwonjezera pa munda wanu kapena nyumba "wowonjezera kutentha". Ndikufuna kukambirana njira yotsirizayi mwatsatanetsatane.

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Tonsefe timadziŵa bwino chomera chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga linga, lotchedwa greenwoodwood. Posachedwapa, bokosilo linayamba kukula ngati chophikira m'nyumba. Masamba ang'onoang'ono, kukula msanga komanso kukwanitsa kulekerera tsitsi kumalola kuti mukhale ndi mitengo yochepa.

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Kupangira nyumba kokongola ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mawonekedwe osazolowereka, omwe amawoneka ngati pulasitiki kuchokera patali, amatchedwa anthurium. Maluwa okongola kwambiri, chifukwa cha zovuta zawo, otchedwa "flamingo ya maluwa." Zomwe zimapangika bwino Kuti mbeuyo ikondweretse inu osati masamba okhaokha, komanso ndi maluwa okongola, m'pofunikira kukwaniritsa zonse zomwe zimakulirakulira.

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Anthurium ndi maluwa okongola kwambiri omwe amabwera kwa ife kuchokera kumadera otentha a ku South ndi Central America. Chifukwa cha mtundu wosangalatsa, anthurium akukula kwambiri panyumba, koma chifukwa cha zizindikiro zosiyanasiyana, chomerachi chimayambitsidwa ndi matenda osiyanasiyana. Kuti mumvetse momwe mungapulumutsire anthurium ngati mukudwala, muyenera kudziwa chomwe iwo ali.

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Hortensia - maluwa odabwitsa, omwe ali ndi mitundu pafupifupi 90. Komabe, kuti chomera ichi chikondweretse diso lanu, muyenera kugwira ntchito mwakhama, mwinamwake masamba a hydrangea ayamba kutembenuka chikasu, owuma, ndipo mbewu yokha idzafa kwathunthu. N'chifukwa chiyani hydrangea imauma? Zifukwa zingakhale zambiri, pakati pawo: kuthirira kosafunika; Mpweya wouma mu chipinda chimene hydrangea imakula; Kuika kosayenera; Kuunikira kolakwika; Kusakwanira feteleza kwa nthaka (kunachepetsa acidity); Popanda kupopera mbewu za masamba; Kusankhidwa kosayenera kwa dothi lodzala.

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Kumene mungapeze caladium, kusankha malo a plant thermophilic Caladium (Caladium) ndi woimira banja la Aroid (Araceae). Dziko lakwawo ndi Brazil, kumene limakula m'mphepete mwa nyanja ya Amazon. Ichi ndi chomera chachikulu chokonda kutentha, chomwe chimafika pamtunda wa mamita asanu. Kunyumba, Caladium imagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga wowonjezera, ndipo m'deralo chomera ichi chimatchuka chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake okongola.

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Ndi anthu ochepa omwe amadziwa, koma chomera Kalanchoe sichimangokhala ngati chokongoletsera chipinda, koma chingathandizenso kuchiza matenda osiyanasiyana. Mbalame zam'mimba za Kalanchoe zimakhala ndi katundu wothandiza kwambiri. Msuzi wa iwo ndi chofunikira kwambiri kwa mankhwala omwe amaperekedwa kwa akulu ndi ana. Zikhoza kukonzedwa kunyumba kapena kugula ku pharmacy.

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Kalanchoe ndi chomera chosatha cha banja la colossae, lomwe linabwera ku Ulaya kuchokera ku nkhalango zam'mvula zaku Asia, America ndi Australia. Posachedwa, idayamba kubala ngati chophimba, chomwe chimakondweretsa ndi zosiyanasiyana. Mitundu ya Kalanchoe imayimilidwa ndi maina oposa 200, osati kuwerengera mitundu ndi hybrids.

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Aloe ndi chomera chotchuka kwambiri cha nyumba chomwe chimakula kuti chigwiritsidwe ntchito panthawi ina. Pali mitundu yoposa 350 ya zomera; pakhomo, ndi ena okha omwe amakula - aloe, variegated, awned. Machiritso amatha kukhala aloe vera ndi mtengo wa alolo. Aloe vera omwe amapezeka kwambiri, omwe amadziwika kuti ndi Barbados kapena aloe.

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Begonia ndi imodzi mwa zomera zotchuka komanso zokongola pazenera zowumba, m'nyumba ndi m'mapaki a mzindawu. Chomerachi chiri ndi mitundu yoposa 900 yodzaza ndi 2000 mtundu wosakanizidwa. Maluwawo anafotokozedwa koyamba ndi Michel Begon, yemwe anapeza maluŵa okongoletsa, okongola kwambiri ku Antilles.

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Weigel ndi chomera cha mitundu yambiri ya zitsamba, banja la ana amodzi. Pali mitundu 15 ya tiigela, yomwe mitundu 7 idalimidwa, ndipo ngati chomera cha nyumba, nkhumba zokha ndizoyenera kuti zikhale zosakanizidwa. Mu malo otseguka, zomera zimakula makamaka kummawa ndi kum'mwera chakum'mawa kwa Asia. Mukudziwa? Weigela amatchulidwa ndi pulofesa wa zomera, zamagetsi ndi mapangidwe a Germany, K.

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