Mitengo ya mkati

Coleus ndi maluwa okongola, koma amtengo wapatali osati maluwa, monga motley ndi masamba. Komabe, kukongola kwa Coleus ndi ubwino wambiri. Zikhoza kukhala pakhomo ndi m'munda, ndipo muzochitika zonsezi simudzakhala ndi mavuto mu chisamaliro, chomwe ngakhale mphutsi akhoza kuthana nazo (ndithudi, ngati amamvetsa kulima kokhala).

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Maluwa a heliotrope angasangalatse osati kokha ndi kukongola kwawo, komanso ndi fungo losangalatsa lonunkhira. Kumalo otseguka, amatha kukhala wamkulu ngati zomera zapachaka, ngakhale miphika akhoza kukula monga osatha. M'dziko lathu, heliotrope ya Peru ndi yofala kwambiri, yomwe mitundu yake ikufotokozedwa m'nkhaniyi.

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Hoya - ampelnoe chomera, ndi cha mtundu wa zitsamba zobiriwira ndi liana. Komanso amatchedwa ivy wax. Hoya imakula ku South ndi kum'mwera chakum'mawa kwa Asia, Polynesia ndi Australia. Chochititsa chidwi! Chomeracho chimatchedwa katswiri wa sayansi Scottish Brown pofuna kulemekeza mzake mnzake wachinyumba chachingerezi, dzina lake Thomas Hoy, yemwe adalima zomera m'minda ya Duke wa Northumberland.

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Gloxinia imakondedwa ndi alimi ambiri a maluwa chifukwa cha maluwa okongola a maluwa, mitundu yambiri yosankha, yobereketsa mosavuta komanso kuthekera kwa kuswana. Gloxinia ndi banja la Gesneriaceae, chinthu chosiyana ndi kupezeka kwa tuber. Mukudziwa? Bungwe la Taiwan lotetezera zachilengedwe, Gloxinia, linadziwika kuti ndi mthandizi wamkulu polimbana ndi mpweya wa oxygen kuchokera ku zomera 20 za m'nyumba zomwe zikugwira nawo phunziroli.

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Sansevieria, kapena masewera olimbitsa thupi, ndizomwe zimakhala zobiriwira zamasamba zosasunthika za m'banja la Asparagus. Amakula m'maselo ndi m'madera otsika a Africa, America ndi Asia. Pali mitundu pafupifupi 60 ya zomera. Monga maluwa amkati amayamikiridwa chifukwa cha kudzichepetsa.

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Sansevieria imaphatikizapo 60-70 mitundu ya zomera zopanda masamba zobiriwira za banja la Agave. Chomeracho chimapatsidwa dzina lachilatini kwa kalonga wa Neapolitan San Severo, yemwe analimbikitsa chitukuko cha sayansi ya chilengedwe. Mu chilengedwe, chomera chimakula m'madera otentha a Asia ndi Africa ndipo chifukwa cha maonekedwe ake okongola ndi kudzichepetsa, adapeza chikondi cha wamaluwa.

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Mwala wa miyala unatchedwa chomera chokongola - chachinyamata. Amatanthauziridwa kuchokera ku Latin, amatanthauza "kwamuyaya." Mwala unayamba kukondana ndi florists chifukwa cha chitetezo cha tsamba rosettes mu nyengo yonse ndikutsutsa chisanu. Mitengo yoyambirira ya masamba a rosettes ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mitundu yawo imapatsa chomera kukongola kokongola.

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Katsitsumzukwa ndi mbewu yautali komanso yodziwika kwa aliyense wolima. Ku Ulaya, dziko lapansi linayamba kuonekera zaka zopitirira mazana awiri zapitazo. Koma zaka makumi angapo zapitazo, katsitsumzukwa kamene kanakudziwika kwenikweni - kumapezeka panyumba pafupifupi aliyense wolima. Koma lero malo a chomera chodabwitsa ichi sagwedezeka konse.

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Calathea akutsogolera banja la Maranta. Mudziko muli mitundu yokwana 140 ya zomera. Mitundu yonse ya Calathean ingapezeke ku Central ndi South America. Korona ya motley ndi kuyesa ya zomera idzakongoletsa munda wanu ndi kuonjezera chisomo kwa izo. M'nkhaniyi muphunziranso za mitundu yambiri yotchuka ya calathea. Mukudziwa? Calathea ikutembenuzidwa kuchokera ku Greek ngati baskiti.

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Kupanga nyumba zokongola Yucca kumasiyanitsidwa ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mitundu yomwe ili ndi kusiyana kwakukulu kwa wina ndi mzake. Choncho, ngati mukufuna kusinthasintha nyumba yanu yowonjezera nyumba, tikupemphani kuti mudzidziwe bwino ndi mitundu 10 yowonjezera ya kanjedza. Yucca aloelista (Yucca aloifolia) Pakati pa mitundu ya yucca, mitunduyi ndi yotchuka kwambiri, chifukwa cha kukongola kwa nyumbayi komanso kusowa kwa mbali.

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Zomera za Yucca zakhala ndi mitundu yoposa makumi anayi. Mmodzi wa iwo ali ndi kusiyana kwa mawonekedwe a masamba (ofewa, jagged, spiked, ndi ulusi, ngati lupanga), mtundu wawo (imvi, wobiriwira, brownish) ndi mawonekedwe a masamba (belu, mbale). Mwatsoka, panyumba chipinda cha yucca sichimawombera, koma ambiri amakwaniritsa izi.

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Azalea, monga zomera zambiri, ingakhudze matenda osiyanasiyana ndi tizirombo. Maluwa okongolawa amatha kutaya maonekedwe ake, ngati tizilombo toyambitsa matenda sapezeka mu nthawi ndipo sichiwonongeke. Nkhaniyi imafotokozera tizilombo toonongeka kwambiri a zomera ndi momwe tingawathandizire.

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Yucca ndi mtengo wobiriwira wa banja la katsitsumzukwa. Tsinde la chomera ndi lofanana ndi mtengo, lopangidwa mu mitundu ina. Masamba amanenedwa ndi yucca, yopotoka pamphepete. Maluwa a chomerawo ndi aakulu, oyera kapena obiriwira, omwe amawombera. Chipatsocho chiri ndi mawonekedwe a mabokosi kapena zipatso zamtundu.

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Okosijeni (Oxalis) ndi munda wa chilengedwe zimapezeka ku Europe, Australia, Africa, ngakhale kuti malo obadwira a Oxalis ndi America. Ichi ndi chomera chachitsamba cha banja la Kislich. Pali mitundu yonse ya pachaka komanso yosatha. Dzina la oxalis (oxys, lotanthauzidwa ngati "wowawasa") linapezedwa chifukwa cha masamba omwe anali owawa kuti alawe.

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Dziko lachilendo la dracaena lachilendo ndi Africa. Zokongoletsera, maluwa ngati kanjedza akhala atasankhidwa kale alimi a maluwa kuti azilima. Chomeracho ndi chokongola osati chopanda phindu, koma nthawi zina amayamba olima maluwa ali ndi vuto. Tiyeni tione mwatsatanetsatane zifukwa zonse zomwe dracaena akutembenukira chikasu ndi kutaya masamba.

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Mitengo ya cypress imakula m'madera otentha a Mediterranean, komanso ku Sahara, Himalayas, Guatemala ndi Oregon. Mtundu uwu wa mitengo yobiriwira ndi mbali ya banja la cypress. Iwo ali ndi mawonekedwe ofalitsa kapena pyramidal. Cypress imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati chomera chokongola, kumakula m'mapaki ndi minda. Mukudziwa?

Werengani Zambiri