Bowa

Bowa wa uchi amaonedwa kuti ndi imodzi mwa bowa wotchuka kwambiri. Inde, mu mawonekedwe ozizira kapena ozizira, amatha kugula mosavuta ku sitolo, koma bowa wakula muzipangidwe zopanda phindu alibe fungo limodzi ndi fungo lofanana ndi nkhalango yake. Komabe, muyenera kumvetsetsa bwino zomwe bowa ayenera kusonkhanitsa ndi kuzidya popanda kuika miyoyo yawo pachiswe.

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Militi yeniyeni (Lactarius resimus) - bowa wa kapu wa mtundu wa lacquers amakula m'magulu. Amatchedwanso kuti yaiwisi, yoyera, pravskie kapena yonyowa. Kukula makamaka pafupi ndi mitengo ya birch, kupanga mycorrhiza - pamene fungal mycelium ilipo mizu ya mtengo. Khungu la bowa ndi mthunzi woyera, wotumbululuka, womwe uli wouma, wokhala ndi msuzi, wokhala ndi malo ozungulira.

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Dzina la bowa woyera analandira kuyambira kale. Kenaka anthu ambiri amauma bowa. Mphuno ya bowa yoyera nthawizonse imakhala yoyera bwino pambuyo poyanika kapena kutentha. Ichi chinali chifukwa cha dzina ili. Bowa lamtunduwu ndi la Boletus, choncho dzina lachiwiri la bowa ndi boletus. Ndikofunikira! Mutatha kusonkhanitsa bowa, m'pofunika kuti muyambe kuwongolera, popeza bowa zoyera zimataya katundu wawo mwamsanga.

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Mu nkhalango zowonongeka, mungapeze bowa, yomwe nthawi zambiri imakula pafupi ndi moss, motero dzina - flyworm. Mukhoza kumakomana naye kuyambira pachilimwe mpaka kumapeto kwa autumn. Mitundu yake yonse imatengedwa ngati edible, koma ikhoza kusokonezeka ndi ntchentche yonyenga - parasitic. Izi zidzakhala nkhani yathu, yomwe ndiyi, momwe tingasiyanitsire nkhwangwa yeniyeni yochokera ku nkhanza komanso kaya idya kapena ayi.

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Ngati mukufuna kukula m'minda, muyenera kuyamba kudzifunsanso mafunso: ndi chiyani chomwe muli nacho ndipo muli nacho chiyani? Pambuyo pake, kuti apereke chakudya chokoma kwa banja, mabokosi ochepa omwe ali pansi kapena mabedi a m'munda adzakwanira. Koma ngati mwasankha kupanga bungwe lalikulu, simudzasowa malo akuluakulu okhaokha, komanso zipangizo, zipangizo, ndalama zambiri komanso ntchito, komanso chidziwitso.

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Mbalame zam'mimba zakhala zikudalira kwambiri chakudya cha anthu ambiri. Zili chokoma, zosavuta kukonzekera komanso zosakwanitsa: mungathe kuzigula m'sitolo iliyonse. Koma ngati mutasankha kudziteteza nokha ndi okondedwa anu omwe ali okondweretsa bowa, mukufunikira kudziwa ndi khama.

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Ngakhalenso wosakudziwa bowa osadziwa zambiri samasakanikirana ndi bowa la mitundu ina, monga dzina lawo limayankhula palokha: bowa onse a mitundu iyi ali ndi khungu lamakono. Bowa wa bolet ndi mitundu yoposa 40 yosiyanasiyana. Kawirikawiri, bowa lamoto la banja la Boletov amatchulidwa ngati buzzers. Nthawi zambiri zimakula m'nkhalango zosakanikirana, zowonongeka komanso zapine, koma zimapezekanso paliponse padziko lapansi, zomwe zimadziwika ndi nyengo yozizira, komanso ngakhale ku Africa ndi Australia.

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Mawu oti "gruzd" mu kumasulira kuchokera ku Chisilavo amatanthauza "mulu". Palibe zodabwitsa kuti iwo ali nalo dzina limenelo. Kalekale ku Russia, okolera bowa ankasonkhanitsa magalimoto awo ndi mchere mu barre. Mitundu yonse imaphatikizapo zinthu zomwe zimagwirizanitsa: mphete zowonjezera pa kapu zimawonekera ndipo mawonekedwe ake amasintha ndi kukula kwa bowa - choyamba chimakhala chokwera ndipo kenaka amamera m'mphepete mwake.

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Maslata - bowa wotchuka kwambiri pakati pa osankha bowa ndi mafanizidwe a mankhwalawa. Nzosadabwitsa kuti pali maphikidwe ambiri ndi njira zomwe angakonzekere. Ndipo aliyense wogwira ntchitoyo akhoza kudzitama pa, chokhachokha. Palinso njira zambiri zokolola mafuta m'nyengo yozizira. Kuyanika mafuta Njira yabwino yokolola bowa m'nyengo yozizira ndi kuyanika, zomwe sizimapangitsa kuti thupi likhale ndi zakudya komanso zakudya.

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Kwa zaka zambiri, anthu akhala akusonkhanitsa nkhumba ndikuwakonda chifukwa cha kulawa kwawo komanso kukonzekera. Omwe amapezerapo bowa amatsindika mwachidule kuti bowa awa ndi otetezeka, ndi okwanira kuwiritsa nawo ndi kuwasakaniza musanaphike. Mosiyana ndi mawu awa, pali malingaliro okhudza ngozi ndi zowopsya za mphatso za m'nkhalango izi.

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Bowa wamkaka ndi bowa zomwe zimakonda kwambiri pakati pa gourmets. Nkhalango, yomwe ili ndi bowa la mkaka, ndiwowona weniweni kwa osankha bowa. Ngakhale kuti amatchuka, a Gordians amabisala m'maso mwa anthu ndikubisa pansi pa masamba pafupi ndi ziphuphu ndi zozizwitsa zosiyanasiyana. Choncho, pofufuza mitundu yambiri ya zinyama zanga, ndibwino kutenga ndodo ndi inu kuti mukafufuze malo onse omwe bowa amatha kukula.

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Bowa svinushka ndi wotchuka kwambiri ndipo amadziwika bwino ndi ojambula omwe amadziƔa bwino. Zikuwonekera nthawi yayitali isanafike bowa wina ndipo zimapindulitsa kwambiri mpaka m'dzinja. Mukudziwa? Malinga ndi mafotokozedwe akunja, bowa la svinushka limafanana ndi khutu la nkhumba. Kufanana kumeneku kumaonongeka m'makutu akuluakulu a bowa. Chifukwa cha ichi chinali mwendo, umene umasungidwa osati pakati pa kapu ya bowa, koma kuthawa.

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Kwa nthawi yoyamba timaphunzira zomwe mycelium ziri mu gulu la biology, koma ambiri samvetsa bwino chifukwa chake kuli kofunika kukula ndi ntchito yake. M'nkhaniyi tiona momwe tingakhalire mycelium ya bowa, zomwe zimapangidwa ndi kulima mycelium, ndipo choyamba tidzamvetsa zomwe zili. Kodi mycelium ndi chiyani ndipo ndikukula bwanji? Nthawi zambiri mycelium imatchedwanso mycelium, tiyeni tiwone chomwe chiri.

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Pangani bowa - mtundu wa bowa wokhala ndi mwendo wandiweyani ndi kapu. Oimira awa nyama zakutchire amamera m'nkhalango za Eurasia ndi North America. Chifukwa chakuti mitundu ina ya bowayi ndi yoopsa, anthu ochepa amasiyanitsa pakati pawo. Tiyeni tiwone kuti mitundu yanji ya mitundu ya aspen ndi yomwe zimakhalira.

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Bowa zam'chitini m'nyengo yozizira kunyumba ... Pali maphikidwe oposa okwanira kuti apange izi. Ndipo ndi kukumbukira kokha kokha kodabwitsa kodabwitsa, mpweya uliwonse ukuyenda mu saliva. Ndipotu, kudya kotereku kumaphatikizapo kulumikiza ndi kusinthasintha mitundu ya phwando lililonse.

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Katundu kapena kansalu kawirikawiri akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito pa chakudya. Pali zakudya zokhazokha, zokhala ndi zakudya komanso bowa. Banja la bowa ndi limodzi mwa mitundu yotchuka kwambiri ya oimira - bowa woyera. M'nkhaniyi tidzakambirana za momwe amaonekera, momwe mungasiyanitse pakati pa bowa la boletus ndi lokhazikika, ndi mtundu wanji wa boleta.

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Bowa wa Oyster ndi mitundu yotchuka komanso yotsika mtengo ya bowa, yomwe nthawi zambiri imapezeka pamasalefu. Kwa iwo omwe akufuna kudzikonzekeretsa kukonza bowa la oyisitara mu mawonekedwe ouma kwa nthawi yaitali, tidzakuuzani momwe mungachitire molondola, kotero kuti kukoma kwawo sikungakhumudwitse inu m'tsogolomu. Kodi n'zotheka kuyimitsa bowa wa oyster? Pali malangizo owongolera pang'onopang'ono pa intaneti pa momwe mungayamire bowa, bowa woyera ndi mitundu ina ya bowa, koma mulibe zambiri zokhudza bowa la oyster, chifukwa mankhwalawa sali otchuka kwambiri chifukwa cha kuyanika.

Werengani Zambiri