Parthenocarpic nkhaka mitundu

M'msika wamakono wa mbewu za nkhaka, katundu wochuluka akuwonekera, omwe ndi zotsatira za zipatso za obereketsa amakono. Aliyense amazoloƔera kulembedwa kwa mtundu wa "mitundu" kapena "wosakanizidwa." Koma pa zina zotere mungapeze mawu monga "Parthenocarpic hybrid", ndipo anthu samvetsa bwino lomwe mawuwa akutanthauza.

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Kumayambiriro kwa nyengoyi, ambiri okhala m'nyengo ya chilimwe akuyang'ana mitundu yonse yatsopano ya nkhaka zomwe sizikanasowa chisamaliro chapadera ndipo zingapereke zokolola zolimba. Koma vuto likhoza kuchitika pamene mukulima mbewuyi mu greenhouses. Ndipotu, mitundu yambiri ya nkhaka imafuna pollination ndi njuchi, ndi momwe mungachitire pobisala?

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Zimakhala zovuta kupeza munthu wolima masewera omwe sangachite nawo nkhaka. Koma ngakhale adziwa kuti kupambana kumunda mundawu kumadalira kusankha bwino kwa mbewu zosiyanasiyana. Kufesa pamalo otseguka ndi oyenerera kalasi "kulimba mtima". Nkhaka "Kulimbika F1": Makhalidwe a Mitundu ya Mitundu Kufotokozera za nkhaka "Kulimbika" kuli ndi chidziwitso kuti chomera chimadziwika ndi mtundu wa mtundu wa maluwa.

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Pakati pa mitundu yosiyanasiyana komanso yambiri ya nkhaka, a Dutch, oyambirira kucha kucha nkhaka ndi dzina lochititsa chidwi "Masha f1" ndi malo otsogolera. Mbiri yobereka Kuti mudziwe zambili za nkhaka zosiyana siyana za kunja kwa nyanja "Masha f1" ndikumvetsetsa zonse za kulima, muyenera kufotokoza ndondomeko yake.

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Masiku ano, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya nkhaka ndi yaikulu kwambiri moti anthu okhala m'nyengo ya chilimwe amangothamanga. Malo abwino mu mndandandanda waukuluwu ndi wotengedwa ndi wosakanizidwa wothira "Colonel Weniweni", umene uli ndi kukoma kokoma ndipo ndi wambiri wogwiritsira ntchito. Malongosoledwe a Nkhaka "Coloni Yoyona" zosiyanasiyana zingatanthauzidwe ndi sing'anga-oyambirira zowonjezera ndi zokolola zazikulu ndi kuwapatsa tsatanetsatane: M'masiku makumi asanu ndi atatu (45) pambuyo pa kutuluka kwa mbande zonse, amayamba kubereka zipatso, ndipo zipatso zimapsa pamodzi.

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Amaluwa ambiri amasangalala ndi mbewu zomwe zimawathandiza kukolola kale kuposa nthawi zonse. Ziribe kanthu ngati mukukula tomato, nkhaka kapena masamba - nthawi yoyamba kapena nthawi yomwe yakucha yakakhala yotsutsana kwambiri pazinthu zosiyanasiyana. M'nkhaniyi tizakambirana zokhazokha zokhudzana ndi nkhaka, zomwe zimakulolani kukolola mbewu yoyamba mu nthawi yochepa.

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Pofuna kupeza bwino nkhaka, muyenera kukhala ndi njira yoyenera yosankha mitundu zosiyanasiyana. Onse ali ndi mungu wochokera ndi njuchi, ndipo amadzisunga mungu. Izi nkhawa ndi nkhaka zosiyanasiyana "merengue". Tiyeni tiwone bwinobwino makhalidwe ake onse ndi zipangizo zamakono. Malongosoledwe a Nkhaka zosiyanasiyana "Meringue F1" ndi watsopano wosakanizidwa wodzimanga pollinating oyambirira zosiyanasiyana odyetsedwa ndi Dutch.

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Kusankha mitundu yabwino ya nkhaka, nthawi zambiri zimakhala zovuta kudziwa chifukwa cha kukayikira pa zokolola, kukana matenda, kukoma kwa makhalidwe ndi makhalidwe a kubzala, kulima, kusungirako. M'nkhani ino tikambirana mafunso onse okhudzana ndi Ekol F1 osakaniza-nkhaka oyambirira - imodzi mwa atsopano atsopano.

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"Cedric" ya nkhaka - parthenocarpic, ndiko kuti, osati kufunika pollination, mtundu woyambirira wamitundu yotseguka. Zimalimbikitsidwa kuti zikule mu wowonjezera kutentha kapena pansi pa filimu, ngakhale kuti kubzala kotseguka sikulepheretsedwe. Ichi ndi chomera chosakanizidwa cholimba, osati chokongoletsa mu chisamaliro. Kufotokozera Zamoyo zosiyanasiyana zimakhala ndi mizu yoyamba komanso zipatso zoyambirira kucha.

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Kawirikawiri, alimi wamaluwa ndi wamaluwa amakumana ndi vuto la nkhaka yamtundu wosankha kubzala. Anthu ambiri amatsogoleredwa ndi kusankha kwa anzanu kapena amangosankha masamba omwe amawakonda. Komabe, choyamba, payenera kuyang'anitsitsa kuyenerera kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana kwa nyengo yomwe ikukonzekera kubzalidwa.

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Nkhaka "Spino" - wosakanizidwa ndi oyambirira kucha kucha. Mtundu uwu umagonjetsedwa ndi kusowa kwa kuwala ndipo cholinga chake ndi kulima m'mayendedwe awiri oyambirira a nthaka yotetezedwa. Mbiri yoberekera Mtundu umenewu unalengedwa ndi abambo Achi Dutch kuchokera ku "Syngenta". Iwo adalenga zachilendo pakati pa ndiwo zamasamba.

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Nkhaka ndi dzina losazolowereka komanso lodalirika - "Aliyense amadana ndi f1" - ndizosiyana kwambiri pakati pa anthu okhala m'nyengo ya chilimwe zomwe zimakhala zosiyana ndi zolima masamba. Mtundu uwu uli ndi ubwino wambiri, mwa iwo, ndithudi, zokolola zambiri. Malingana ndi kafukufuku wa wamaluwa wamaluwa, mtundu wa mitundu ya maluwa umakondweretsa kukongola, ndipo chiwerengero cha zokolola chimakhala chochititsa chidwi - ganizirani zomwe zimapezeka m'makutu awa.

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Nkhaka ndi zina mwa masamba omwe amadya kwambiri padziko lapansi. Zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mwatsopano kapena kuzifota. Mitundu yambiri ndi hybrids ya masamba awa yakhazikitsidwa, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kukula nkhaka nthawi zambiri nyengo. Lero tifunika kuyang'ana mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya nkhaka ya April F1, ndikutheka kuti tizitha kukulitsa mtundu wosakanizidwa panyumba.

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Nkhaka - mwinamwake imodzi mwa zipatso zokondedwa kwambiri padziko lapansi. Oyenera kugwiritsa ntchito yaiwisi, monga gawo la saladi osiyanasiyana, ndi pickling, pickling ndi kusunga. Zelentsy ikhoza kusangalatsa diso nthawi ya chilimwe. Odyetsa anabala mitundu yambiri yosiyana, yomwe inachotsa zofooka zina za chikhalidwe ndi kukhazikitsa makhalidwe ena abwino.

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Zamasamba zatsopano zimapezeka patebulo lathu, koma imodzi mwa okalamba kwambiri "makasitomala" ndi nkhaka. Masiku ano pali mitundu yambiri yosiyana. Ena mwa iwo ali oyambirira, pakati, mochedwa, wosakanizidwa ndi zomera zochokera mungu. M'nkhani ino tikambirana za oyambirira wosakanizidwa "Paratunka F1".

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