Peyala

Wokongola, wofiira kapena wobiriwira, wolemera kwambiri, zipatso za shuga wakhala akuonedwa kuti ndi imodzi mwa zipatso zomwe amakonda kwambiri. Peyala imabweretsa chidziwitso chokhazikika, ndipo masapu ake a shuga amangosungunuka pakamwa panu. Mitundu yambiri ya mapeyala imadziwika, koma imodzi mwa mitundu yomwe mumaikonda ndi mtundu wa Lada peyala. Lero tidzakambirana zapadera zowonjezera izi zosiyanasiyana, zokhudzana ndi chisamaliro cha Lada zosiyanasiyana.

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Mitengo yonse ya zipatso imayesedwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, ndipo mapeyala ndi amodzi. Musatenge njira iliyonse yotetezera mitengo mosalakwitsa, chifukwa izi zingathe kutsogolera imfa, koma mtengo wonse. Pachifukwa ichi, alimi wamaphunziro akuda nkhawa kwambiri ndi funsoli: "Ndi tizilombo ziti zomwe zili zoopsa komanso njira zotani zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti tizilombo tosonga timachoke pamtengo?"

Werengani Zambiri

Zipatso zabwino za peyala zimabweretsa kumverera kofulumira ndipo zimakondwera ndi zokoma zawo ndipo zimatulutsa fungo lokoma. Mmodzi mwa otchuka kwambiri ndi mapeyala osiyanasiyana "Nika", zambiri zomwe tidzakambirana m'nkhaniyi. Kufotokozera kwa peyala ya "Nika" Mtengo wa mtengo wosiyanasiyana "Nika" ndi wowerengeka, ndipo chiwerengero cha kukula chokha ndichiwerengero.

Werengani Zambiri

Kutulutsa mapeyala m'munda kumatha mapeto a chirimwe. Mukhoza kupulumutsa chidutswa chake pokonzekera zipatso za dzuwa m'nyengo yozizira. Jams, jams, marmalades, compotes, syrups ndi zipatso zamitundu yosiyanasiyana, komanso mavitamini opangidwa ndi iwo, zidzatentha nthawi yozizira usana ndi madzulo. Peyala kupanikizana maphikidwe Maphikidwe a mapeyala a m'nyengo yozizira ali osiyanasiyana, ndipo pafupifupi onse ali okonzeka popanda njira yowononga yosawiritsa.

Werengani Zambiri

Peyala ndi zipatso zokoma kwambiri komanso zathanzi zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito osati mwachilengedwe kapena ngati mabala, jams, marmalades, zipatso zowonongeka, ndi zina zotero, komanso monga chogwiritsira ntchito chomwe chimapereka kukoma kwatsopano kwa mchere komanso saladi nyama ndi nsomba. Mitundu ina ya mapeyala ikhoza kusungidwa bwino mpaka kuzizizira, koma funso la momwe mungakololere mapeyala m'nyengo yozizira ndilofunikira kwa amayi ambiri.

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Tsamba lakhala likulimidwa zaka zoposa zikwi zitatu. Kutchire, imakula mu Eurasia mpaka madigiri 60 kumpoto. Asayansi apeza malo awiri akale omwe amapanga mapeyala apakati - China ndi Asia Minor, koma malo omwe adalimidwa poyamba sanali odziwika bwino. Zokoma zokoma ndi zathanzi zimapanga peyala imodzi mwa zipatso zomwe zimakonda kwambiri (pali mitundu yoposa 5000 yolima).

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Peyala ndi wotchuka ndi wamaluwa chifukwa cha chokoma ndi yowutsa mudyo zipatso zamkati, kudzichepetsa pa kulima ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Masiku ano pali mitundu yambiri yosiyanitsira mitundu yomwe imatha kugonjetsedwa ndi matenda ndi nyengo - chisanu kukana, nyengo zowuma. Pa imodzi ya mapepala - Kokinskoy akuyankhula m'nkhaniyi.

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Lero, pali mitundu yambiri ya mapeyala omwe adalumikizidwa, pakati pake ndi mame a August omwe ali ndi malo olemekezeka. Anayamba kukonda ndi wamaluwa kuti azidziletsa komanso kukolola mowolowa manja. Ndichinthu china chotani chomwe chimapanga mapeyala a Augusto mame, komanso chomwe chiri ndondomeko yake ndi malamulo oyambirira a chisamaliro, tilongosola pansipa. Pear Avgustovskaya dew: kufotokozera mitundu yosiyana ya Avgustovskaya mame kunakhazikitsidwa mu 2002 mwa kudutsa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Chikondi ndi Kugonjetsa Pakgam ndi wotchuka breeder S.

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Pakati pa mapeyala a chilimwe, peyala ya Nursery imatengedwa kuti ndiyoyambirira, yomwe imatchuka kwambiri chifukwa cha kukoma kwake kokoma ndi zipatso zabwino. Pa chifukwa ichi, pansipa tipenda mwatsatanetsatane za kukula kwa Nursery pear, kotero kuti aliyense wamaluwa akhoza kukongoletsa chiwembu chake. Mbiri ya kulengedwa kwa mapeyala osiyanasiyana a ana

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Kubzala ndi gawo lofunika kwambiri la kulima peyala. Ngati iyo imapangidwa molakwika, ndiye kuti zokolola zabwino zidzatha kwa nthawi yayitali, kapena, ndithudi, simungathe kuyembekezera kukolola konse. Momwe mungasankhire nthawi yobzala? Choncho, funso loyamba limabwera kwa mlimi amene akufuna kudzala mtengo: Ndibwino kuti tipeze peyala m'chaka?

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Kawirikawiri, wamaluwa amayang'aniridwa ndi matenda osiyanasiyana a mitengo ndi tizirombo. Mmodzi wa iwo ndi peyala yamchere, komanso momwe angagwirire nazo, tidzakambirana m'nkhaniyi. Kodi "mdani" akuwoneka motani? Tizilombo timakhala ndi miyeso yochepa - kutalika kwa munthu wamkulu ndi 0.18 mm. Tizilombo tili ndi mtundu woyera, umene umafika patsiku umalowetsedwa ndi pinki kapena bulauni.

Werengani Zambiri

Kuwonongeka kwa dzimbiri ndizodziwika kwa onse wamaluwa omwe minda yawo imakhala yamtundu uliwonse. Matendawa amangowononga maonekedwe a mtengo, komanso amawononga mbewu. Lero tikambirana momwe tingasiyanitsire dzimbiri pa peyala ya matenda ena, ndiwowopsya bwanji, ndi momwe angachire.

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Imodzi mwa tizilombo toopsa kwambiri omwe wamaluwa amakumana nawo pamene kukula kwa mitengo ya peyala ndi tizilombo tizilombo. Tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa timatha kugunda pamwamba pazitsamba panthawi yochepa kwambiri. Pearsheet imafuna njira yabwino, yomweyo, komanso yofunika kwambiri, njira zolimbitsa mbewu.

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Kujambula peyala phesi ndi njira yosangalatsa yamaluwa, mothandizidwa ndi momwe mungasinthire munda wanu ndi zakudya zanu, mutenge mwayi wochotsa zipatso zosiyanasiyana pa peyala kapena mtengo wina. Pamapeto pake, zingakhale zofuna kuyesa chinthu chatsopano. Zifukwa zingakhale zosiyana, koma sizikupweteka kuphunzira phunziroli, musanayambe ntchito yosangalatsa ya obereketsa - katemera.

Werengani Zambiri

"Krasulya" ndi mtundu wa pear wosiyanasiyana, wotchuka ndi wokondedwa pakati pa wamaluwa kuti azikonda zipatso ndi kudzichepetsa polima. Chifukwa cha hardiness yake yozizira, peyala ikhoza kukula m'madera ndi nyengo yozizira. Mbiri ya kubzala mitundu ya mapeyala "Krasulya" Mapeyala "Krasulya" - chogwirira ntchito ya kuswana kwa wasayansi wa South Ural Scientific-Research Institute for Horticulture ndi mbatata,

Werengani Zambiri

Peyala ndi mtengo wokongola umene ukhoza kukhala wokongola m'munda uliwonse. Koma chofunika kuchita chiyani pamene mtengo wokondedwa wa munthu umangomenya mwadzidzidzi ndi nkhanambo? Kodi ndiwotani ndipo malo a Scab amachokerako - matenda omwe amapezeka mumtambo wambiri. Wothandizira matendawa ndi bowa la marsupial Venturia pirina.

Werengani Zambiri