Kulima nkhuku

Nkhuku za Guinea sizinali nthawi zonse nkhuku, kwa ife tinachokera ku Africa, kumene mtundu wa mbalame ya mbalame inkadyetsedwa. Kuyambira nthawi imeneyo mbalameyi ndi imodzi mwa mbalame zotchuka m'nyumba. Mukudziwa? Nkhuku za Guinea zinali zotchuka kwambiri ku Roma komanso ku Greece. Nkhuku ya Guinea imakhala ndi kulawa kwakukulu komwe kumafanana ndi nyama yamphongo, sizowoneka kuti Ivan Wotopa anali ndi nyama ya mbalameyi kuti idye.

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Kubeletsa ndi kusunga nkhumba kunyumba kumapangidwira cholinga zitatu: mazira, nyama ndi zokongoletsera. Malingana ndi zosowa izi, pafupifupi mitundu 40 ya zinziri zoweta zinkagwidwa. Choncho, musanayambe mbalamezi m'nyumba mwanu, muyenera kusankha mtundu wa mtundu umene uli woyenerera kuti mukwaniritse zolinga zanu.

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Zing'onoting'ono ndi mbalame kuchokera kwa ana aang'ono a Kuropatkovy. Kutalika kwa mbalame yaikulu ndi pafupifupi 20 cm, ndipo kulemera kwake ndi 150 g. Amuna ndi amuna amasiyana mosiyanasiyana. Mwamuna ali ndi masaya ofiira a mdima ndi red goiter. Mkaziyo ali ndi chinsalu chowombera ndi mawanga wakuda kumbali ndi kumtsika kwa thupi. Nkhumba zoberekera kunyumba kapena m'dziko ndizosiyana ndi nkhuku, zomwe zikutanthauza nkhuku ndi nyama.

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Nkhuku, mwinamwake, imatha kukhala ndi nkhuku zomwe zimakonda kwambiri ku Ulaya. Amakulira pazinthu zosiyanasiyana, makamaka, pali nkhuku ndi nyama, komanso mitundu yokongoletsera. Malingana ndi cholinga, mbalame zimasiyana kwambiri kuchokera kwa wina ndi mzake mwazinthu zambiri, zonse zakunja ndi zamkati.

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Nkhunda zoberekera zoyamba ziyenera kuyamba ndi mtundu woyenera wa mbalame: nyama, maseŵera kapena kukongoletsera - kukondweretsa zokondweretsa. Kuti zinthu ziwayendere bwino ndizofunikira kwambiri posankha mtundu komanso kukhazikitsa njira yobereka. Ndikofunika kukhazikitsa zinthu zabwino pa moyo ndi kubereka kwa ziweto zanu.

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Mwambo wa kubala nkhunda unayambira nthawi yayitali, makamaka m'mayiko a Mediterranean. Nyama ya nkhunda kuoneka ndi kulawa ikufanana ndi nyama ya mbalame zakutchire - ndi zakudya komanso zosavuta kudya zomwe zili zoyenera ngakhale kwa ana ang'onoang'ono. Masiku ano, mafilimu ambiri a nkhuku amasonyeza chidwi pa kubereka mbeu za nkhunda, zomwe sizingokhala zokondweretsa zokha, koma ndizomwe zimapangidwanso.

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Nyama ya nkhuku ndi yachisomo, yowutsa mudyo, zakudya komanso zathanzi. Kale, inali imodzi mwa zokondweretsa zomwe mafumu ndi mafumu ankawakonda. Masiku ano, njiwa ya nyama ku Russia si yowonjezeka ndipo imalimbikitsa malonda. M'nkhaniyi tiona mitundu yambiri ya nkhunda, ndipo ngati mwadzidzidzi mungayambe kubzala mbalame, ndiye kuti mudzadziwa mtundu uti kuti muwone.

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Nthawi yoberekanso nkhuku zimayenera kuthana ndi vuto la matenda awo komanso kukula kwa nkhuku. Amapiko ambiri amamwalira mwezi woyamba atabadwa, ndipo ziribe kanthu zomwe mungachite, mutasamala kanthu, simungathe kupeŵa izi. Komabe, nthawi zonse mungachepetse mwayi wowonongeka, komabe panthawi imodzimodziyo umathandizira kuti chitetezo cha nkhuku chikhale cholimba, komanso chitukuko chawo chokwanira.

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Alimi alimi oyamba nkhuku ayenera kukonzekera kuti mbalame zowirira mwachikondi popanda chifukwa nthawi zonse zimatenga matenda ena ndikuyamba kufa pamaso pathu. Palibe zodabwitsa nzeru zamakono zimati: nkhuku muwerengero lakugwa. Koma vuto sikuti nkhuku zimenezo zimakhala ndi matenda ambiri oopsa, koma kuti ngati ena mwa iwo atchula zizindikiro, amapezeka mosavuta ndipo amatha kupereka njira yowonetsera bwino, ena amakhala obisika kwa nthawi yaitali ndikudziwonetsera okha Matendawa agwira zinyama zonse.

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Kukula kofulumira kwa zamakono zamakono zamakono kumatipatsa ife kudzaza msika wa mdziko lonse ndi katundu wapamwamba, wothandiza ndi wotsika mtengo. Otsatsa akugwira ntchito nthawi zonse pokula nkhumba zatsopano zomwe zimakhala bwino poyerekeza ndi nkhuku zoyera. Kuti mudziwe zokolola za nkhuku, chiŵerengero cha chakudya chomwe chinagwiritsidwa ntchito polima kilogalamu imodzi ya nyama chikuwerengedwa.

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Lero tikambirana za mtundu wa nkhuku zazing'ono, phunzirani malamulo akukula, kusunga ndi kuswana. Posachedwapa, alimi ambiri asiya broilers chifukwa chosowa chitetezo chochepa komanso kutsika kwa nyama, kufunafuna malo abwino. Kuchokera m'nkhaniyi, mudzaphunzira zomwe mtundu wa redbro ndi wofunika komanso chifukwa chake uli wabwino kuposa ena.

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Zomera zoberekera kunyumba, monga bizinesi iliyonse yamapiri, zili ndi ubwino ndi zopweteka. Ngati mumagwiritsa ntchito sayansi yamakono ndikutsatira malangizo a amalonda odziwa bwino ntchito, mungathe kubwezeretsa ndalamazo mofulumira. Nyama zakutchire pheasant zakhala zikuyamikiridwa ndi osaka chifukwa cha kukoma kwake kosaneneka.

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Mwinamwake, palibe munthu mmodzi wosakhudzidwa ndi kukongola kwa mbalame zodzitamazi ndi wokongola kwambiri kumbuyo kwawo. Koma chinthu chimodzi kuti muziwakonda iwo kuchokera kumbali, ndi china_kuti azichita kuswana. Khama lachidziwitso chokhala ndi nkhuku yachilendo poyamba imasokoneza funso loyenera lakuti "Chifukwa chiyani"? Yankho lake ndi lodziwikiratu: choyamba, ndizokondweretsa kunyumba; Kachiwiri, ndi nyama ndi mazira okoma kwambiri; ndipo chachitatu, ndi mwayi wopeza.

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Ndipotu, kuika nkhuku kumakhala nkhuku zowononga mazira. Ali ndi minofu yaing'ono komanso yonenepetsa, amadya chakudya chochepa kusiyana ndi nyama, ndipo amaphedwa chifukwa cha nyama kokha pamene nkhuku "imatumikira" kwa zaka 2-3. Pachifukwa ichi, kubereka kwa nkhuku kumakhala ndi zofunikira, zomwe tidzakambirana lero.

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"Solikoks" - mankhwala omwe angathandize kupulumutsa nyama ku khola. "Solikoks": kufotokoza kwa mankhwalawa "Solikoks" ndi njira yapadera yokhala ndi zochita zambiri, motsutsana ndi mitundu yonse ya coccidia - tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, timene timalowa m'maselo achilendo a m'matumbo. Uwu ndi utoto wofiira wa mtundu wa chikasu, womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito pamlomo, poizoni.

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Atadziwa zaka zikwi zisanu zapitazo za anthu za kusefukira kwa madzi padziko lonse lapansi, nkhunda yoyera pambuyo pake inakhala chizindikiro cha mtendere ndi chikondi. Banja lalikulu la nkhunda (mitundu yoposa 280) ndilosiyana kwambiri. Mitundu ya mbalamezi imasiyana mosiyana ndi maonekedwe awo komanso malo omwe iwo amakhala nawo m'chilengedwe, komanso malinga ndi cholinga chomwe apatsidwa.

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Nkhanga, chifukwa cha mchira wawo woboola pakati, zimatengedwa kuti ndi mbalame zokongola kwambiri za banja la Phéasant Kurovnyh. Ndi amuna omwe amakhala a nthenga zambiri zomwe zimapanga mchira, zomwe zimakhala ndi phokoso. Nkhuku zagawidwa m'magulu awiri: Asia ndi Africa. Nkhono zonse za ku Asia zimagawidwa ngati nkhumba zobiriwira.

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Aliyense yemwe anawona bakha la mandarin la batala mosakayika amafuna kudziwa dzina la mbalame iyi yokongola. Kawirikawiri amatha kuwona kumalo osungiramo zinyama, komwe mungadziwe zambiri za mtundu wa mbalame ndi bakha la Mandarin, kumene limakhala ndi zomwe ziri zosangalatsa. Dzina la bakha lokongola kwambiri la mandarin padziko lonse lapansi silinali chifukwa cha zipatso za citrus.

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