Kalulu nyama mitundu

Umboni woyamba wa akalulu monga zinyama zidachitika kale, mmbuyomo. Izi zinkadziwika ku Roma zaka pafupifupi 2000 zapitazo. Kuswana kwa zinyama izi pa mafakitale kunayamba zaka 2 zapitazo zokha. Masiku ano, sayansi imadziwa pafupifupi mitundu 700 ya akalulu, koma chaka chilichonse chiwerengero chimenechi chimawonjezeka chifukwa cha kusintha kwa chilengedwe kapena nyama zoweta.

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Kalulu ndi nyama yaing'ono yozizwitsa yomwe imatha kupezeka ngati udindo wa chiweto. Pachifukwa chimenechi, mtundu wakalulu wa akalulu, nkhosa yamphongo ya ku France (kapena lop-eared), imadziwonetsa bwino. Nyama imakhala ndi maonekedwe okongola, otetezeka khalidwe ndipo safuna ndalama zazikulu zosamalira.

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Imodzi mwa magulu opindulitsa lero ndi kuswana kwa kalulu. Bzinesi ndi pafupifupi yopanda kanthu, chifukwa ndi yamtengo wapatali ndi ubweya wa nyama ndi nyama. Pa imodzi mwa mitundu ya nyama, koma m'malo mwa hybrid m'dziko la Hyplus tidzakambirana m'nkhaniyi. Zofotokozera ndi Zosiyana Zosiyana ndi mitundu yonse ya hybrids ndi kulephera kubala ana, koma Matenda azimayi amasinthidwa kuti asamangidwe.

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Alimi nthawi zambiri amachititsa kuti akalulu azikhala abwino kwambiri, chifukwa nyamazi zimabala nyama zabwino. Lero tidzakambirana za ubwino wokhala ndi akalulu oterowo, mitundu yawo yambiri ndi zosiyana siyana. Ubwino wa kuswana brogar akalulu Kukula broiler, kapena, monga amatchedwanso, akalulu a nyama ali ndi ubwino wambiri: kubereka bwino - kawirikawiri wamkazi amabweretsa akalulu a 7 mpaka 9; kufulumira kusasitsa kwa ana, kufika pamtunda wabwino ndi kulemera kwa miyezi inayi; akalulu amakhala ndi chibadwa chabwino cha amayi, chifukwa chakuti anawo amaleredwa popanda zovuta; luso logwiritsa ntchito akalulu okhwima pokonzekera kukwatira, mosasamala nyengo; Zopanda zovuta - zikhoza kukhala zazikulu m'ma maselo; Kudya zakudya zochepa, chifukwa mumagwiritsa ntchito makilogalamu 2.5 okha a chakudya, mukhoza kutenga 1 kilogalamu ya kulemera kwa kalulu.

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Pakati pa mitundu yonse ya akalulu apamtunda, nyemba za pannoni zimatuluka kuti zikhale zokolola zabwino komanso zizindikiro zabwino zokolola. Ichi ndi mtundu wa nyama, yomwe, posamalira bwino, idzakuthandizani kuti mukhale ndi nyama zabwino komanso zokoma pamtundu wambiri. Mbali za zomwe akalulu akamachita, timalingalira m'nkhaniyi.

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Minda yambiri yaing'ono ndi minda yayikulu imabereka akalulu a mitundu ya nyama. Nthambi iyi ya zinyama, ubwino wa mtundu womwe umalimidwa ndi wofunika kwambiri ngati kupuma mwamsanga. Nyumbayi imakhala ndi mtundu wambiri wosakanizidwa wa akalulu, chicol. Ndondomeko ndi zizindikiro za mtundu wa hybrid Breed chicol ndi wofunika kwambiri chifukwa cha kulemera kwake kolemera, choncho cholinga chachikulu chobeletsa akalulu ndi zakudya zabwino kwambiri.

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Nsanje yakale yodziwika bwino ya "ubweya wofunika, komanso ma kilogalamu imodzi ya nyama" siidatayika. Kalulu wakhudzidwa kwambiri pofuna kupeza zikopa, ndi kupeza chakudya chopatsa thanzi. Utoto wa kalulu suli ngati wofunidwa monga nyama, kotero m'nkhani ino tikambirana za kudya mafuta.

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Pofuna kukhala ndi akalulu, choyamba, muyenera kudziƔa bwino malamulo a zosamalira zawo, zakudya, chisamaliro ndi kuswana. Kusankhidwa kwa mtundu wa kalulu kumadalira cholinga cha kugula kwake. M'nkhani ino tikambirana momwe zimakhalira ndi kuswana mtundu wa German Motley. Chiyambi cha gulu lalikulu la German, butterfly, womanga nyumba ndi maina ena ambiri ali ndi mtundu uwu.

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