Kukula kwa rasipiberi

Chimodzi mwa mbewu zomwe amakonda kwambiri m'munda wamaluwa ndi rasipiberi. Dziko losawerengeka popanda chitsulo rasipiberi chitsamba chimodzi kapena mitundu yambiri. M'nkhani ino tidzakambirana mmene tingamere ndi kusamalira remontant raspberries. Momwe mungamwetsere raspberries, ndipo ngati ikuyenera kuchitidwa Chimodzi mwa zinsinsi zazikulu za kukula kwa raspberries za mtundu uwu ndi boma lolondola la ulimi wothirira.

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Rasipiberi Hercules - ntchito ya horticultural art. Maloto a wolima munda akukwaniritsidwa - zipatso zazikulu za ruby, fruiting mu chaka chodzala, zokolola zochititsa chidwi, ngakhale chisanu, ndi zonsezi popanda zodabwitsa komanso zodetsa nkhawa. Mukudziwa? Chidziwitso cha remontant (kuchokera kwa Fr. Remontant - kuwuka, kubwezeretsanso) raspberries - kubala zipatso kawiri pachaka.

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Hussar ndi mtundu wa rasipiberi wabwino komanso wodzichepetsa umene wapambana kuzindikira pakati pa wamaluwa ambiri. Ngakhalenso ndi tchire tcheru timabweretsa zokolola zambiri. Ma Raspberry Hussar zipatso ndi zazikulu, zowala, zowawasa komanso zonunkhira. Tiyeni tipitirize kufotokozera za kulima rasipiberi Gusar, komanso kuphunzira za momwe zimakhalira ndikusamalira mbewuyi.

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Ambiri amazoloŵera kuwona zofiira zofiira kapena zofiira zokha, ndipo ndizochepa chabe za alimi omwe amadziŵa za kukhalapo kwa zakuda zakuda ndi zachikasu. Ichi ndi chosowa chachikulu chokumana naye m'minda yathu. Nkhaniyi ikufotokoza za rasipiberi zosiyanasiyana Yellow Giant. Chifukwa cha zing'onozing'ono za anthocyanin dyes, ndizoyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi ana, chifuwa ndi amayi apakati.

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Kwa nthawi yaitali chilimwe anthu akhala akulemekeza Raspberries. Pazowononga munda mungathe kukumana ndi wapadera wakuda rasipiberi. Chomera ichi chimabweretsa zokolola zochuluka, zimathandiza ndi chimfine, ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya rasipiberi wakuda amasiyana ndi zokoma zosangalatsa ndi mtundu wa zipatso. Rasipiberi wakuda amatchedwanso mabulosi akuda. Iye ndi wa banja la Rosaceae ndipo anabwera kwa ife kuchokera ku North America.

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Konzani mitundu ya rasipiberi mitundu yotchuka kwambiri pakati pa wamaluwa lero. Rasipiberi "Atlant" imayenera kulandiridwa mwapadera chifukwa cha kukana kwake matenda, ndipo mu nkhani ino mudzapeza kufotokoza kwa mitundu, zithunzi ndi malamulo a chisamaliro. Zamoyo za mitundu yosiyanasiyana Kuti tiwone bwinobwino ma rasipiberi osiyanasiyana, pachiyambi tidzakambirana zochitika ndi maonekedwe ake.

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Mitambo ya rasipiberi ndi yokongola kwambiri kwa wamaluwa, osati chifukwa chakuti amatha kubala chipatso, komanso chifukwa cha kukongoletsa kwawo. Chomera pambali pa khoma kapena udzu wa raspberries omwe ali ndi zipatso zokongola zimapanga maonekedwe okongoletsa kwambiri.

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Zimakhala zovuta kupeza malo okhala m'nyengo ya chilimwe, m'malo omwe rasipiberi wokoma ndi onunkhira sangathe kukula. Pamodzi ndi currants, strawberries ndi zomera zina zothandiza, zimatengera kunyada kwa malo pafupifupi munda uliwonse. Masiku ano pali mitundu yoposa 120 ya zomera, koma anthu ambiri amangofuna zitsamba zazikulu ndi zipatso zazikulu.

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Anthu amene amakhulupirira kuti mu rasipiberi timeneti timapanga zipatso zambiri kuposa tchire limodzi, ndizolakwika kwambiri. Tikayerekezera chitsamba chokwanira ndi kudulira, nthawi yomweyo zidzakumbukira kuti zipatso zimakula kwambiri pakati pa masamba ochulukirapo, ndipo makhalidwe okoma ndi abwino kwambiri ndi zipatso zomwe zimakula pa tchire limodzi.

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Raspberries mitundu Kirzhach wakhala wamkulu pa dacha ziwembu za anthu ambiri. Sichisiyana ndi maonekedwe ena aumulungu, koma chifukwa cha zokolola zake zachilendo, kusamala mosamala sikufunikanso. Choncho, rasipiberi zosiyanasiyana ndi chimodzi mwa anthu otchuka kwambiri m'dziko lathu.

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Lero pali mitundu yambiri ya rasipiberi mitundu, yomwe ndiyi yomwe ndi yotchuka kwambiri. Posachedwapa, mitundu yambiri ya rasipiberi ya ku Canada, yomwe ndi yoyimira pakati pa mitundu yabwino kwambiri ya gululi, imapezeka nthawi zambiri pa dacha ziwembu. M'nkhani yathu, tipereka tsatanetsatane wa mitundu iyi ndikufotokoza momwe tingasamalirire.

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Ife tonse timakonda kudya zipatso zokoma, vitamini mu chilimwe. Mmodzi mwa mitundu yambiri ya rasipiberi ndi yamtengo wapatali pakati pa nyengo ya chilimwe ndi Kunyada kwa Russia. Mu nkhani yathu tidzakudziwitsani kuti izi ndizomwe mungasamalire tchire. Kufotokozera Rasipiberi Kunyada kwa Russia kumapezeka nthawi zambiri m'nyumba zam'mlengalenga, ndipo kufotokoza kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana kumadziwika kwa onse osamalira wamaluwa.

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Raspberries - zipatso zokoma, zonunkhira komanso zodabwitsa. Ponena za iye munali zilembo ndi nyimbo. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, zomera zimakhala zosadzichepetsa, ndipo ngakhale novice akhoza kukula fruiting shrub. Kutseka kwapakati kwa raspberries kumatengedwa kuti ndi kotheka kwambiri komanso yopindulitsa - tiyeni tiyang'ane chifukwa chake. Zaka zachisanu Tiyeni tiwone pamene tikudzala raspberries m'chaka.

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Zokoma ndi zonunkhira, zokoma ndi zathanzi, machiritso ndi mabulosi okondedwa - rasipiberi. Ziri zovuta kuganiza kuti palibe mabulosi awa pa dacha, chifukwa safuna kuwonjezera chidwi, ndi kusamalira bwino raspberries mu masika, zidzasangalatsa ndi kukolola kwakukulu. Kubzala ndi kuziika tchire. Chomera chirichonse chimakonda mtundu wake "wa" wa nthaka, kuchuluka kwa kuwala ndi oyandikana naye.

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Dyetsani raspberries m'chaka kapena ayi - ndilo funso. Tiyeni tiwone zomwe kwenikweni zimasamalira raspberries ndi, ndi zomwe ziri zofunika kuti manyowa raspberries mu spring kuwonjezera zokolola. Kodi chisamaliro cha kasupe ndi chiyani? Kalendala yabwera kumayambiriro kasupe, kutanthauza kuti ndi nthawi yoyamba kugwira ntchito mu raspberries.

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Kodi mukufuna rasipiberi chitsamba chosakoma ndi zipatso zokoma ndi zokongoletsera zomwe zikufanana ndi mabulosi akuda pa chiwembu chanu? Kusakaniza kwa mabulosi ameneŵa kumatchedwa rasipiberi yakaperesi. Masiku ano, anthu okhala ku Baltic amati ndi Poland akudziŵa bwino, pamene ku Ukraine mitunduyi idakali zodabwitsa. Tiyeni timudziwe bwino posachedwapa!

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