Russia

Akatswiri a malo osanthula "Sovekon" adatsimikiza kuti dziko la Russia silingakwaniritse ndondomeko yotumizira tirigu panthawi yake. Malingana ndi lipoti la ntchitoyi, kuyambira mu Januwale, kuchuluka kwa tirigu kunja kwachuma kunakula ndi 4,9% panthawi yomweyi chaka chatha. Kuchokera pomwe nyengo ya ulimi yomwe ilipo ku Russia, matani 16.28 miliyoni a tirigu agulitsidwa kunja.

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Boma la Ulimi la Russia linakonzeratu zomwe zidzachitike kunja kwa mbewu zaulimi. Akulankhula pamsonkhano wa G20 ku Berlin, Alexander Tkachev adati dziko la Russia likhoza kupereka matani 35-37 miliyoni ku msika wapadziko lonse. Malinga ndi alaliki, kuchuluka kwa maiko a ku Russia omwe amachokera kunja adzatsimikiziridwa ndi mitengo ya padziko lonse ya mbewu zazikulu, chiŵerengero cha ruble ku dola ya US ndi momwe ndalama zimagwirira ntchito pamsewu ndi pamsewu.

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Pulezidenti wa Agriculture of the Russian Federation, Alexander Tkachev, adati pamsonkhano wa boma la Russian Federation, ndalama zokwana 75 biliyoni za rubles zidzagawidwa kuti zithandize ulimi, kuphatikizapo: - 58,8 biliyoni adafunsidwa kubwezera gawo la chiwongoladzanja pa ngongole za malonda kuntchito ruble; - kubwezeretsa mbali imodzi ya ndalama zowonongeka, chilengedwe ndi zamakono za AIC - 11.5 biliyoni rubles.

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Zinyama zonse, kupatula zakutchire, zimatha kupeza pasipoti yamakono muzaka zingapo. Mapu a chidziwitso cha quadrupeds akupangidwa ku Russia. Njira imodzi yowonjezera ndiyo kukhazikitsa chipangizo chamagetsi pamtanda wa chiweto. Chipu ichi ndi chaching'ono kwambiri, kukula kwa mpunga wa mpunga ndi jekeseni pansi pa khungu ndi sitiroko.

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Mu 2016, mitundu yatsopano ya zomera inapezedwa ndi asayansi ochokera ku Moscow State University kunja kwa Russia - ku Turkey, Kazakhstan, Laos, Vietnam, Congo, Mongolia, Kyrgyzstan, Cape Verde ndi Madagascar. Kawirikawiri, m'zaka zisanu zapitazo, zamoyo zatsopano pafupifupi 60 zapezeka. Pali njira zitatu zotsegulira mitundu: Pamene mukufufuza kafukufuku wa m'munda, pambuyo pake zomera zomwe zimapezeka zikufanizidwa ndi mitundu yodziwika kale yomwe ikupezeka m'mabuku ofotokozera.

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Boma la Russia lakhala likuvomereza malamulo atsopano omwe adzatsimikizidwe kuti ndondomeko ya federal yopereka ndalama zothandizira kubzala ng ombe za mkaka. Pafupifupi ndalama zokwana madola 8 biliyoni zinaikidwa mu bajeti kuti izigwiritse ntchito pulojekitiyi mu 2017. Malinga ndi lamulo la boma, kusintha kumeneku kunapangidwa motsutsana ndi malamulo othandizira kupereka ndalama ndi kupatsako makilogalamu 1 a mkaka ogulitsidwa ndi (kapena) pokonza m'nyumba: - Malamulo omwe amayenera kukhazikitsidwa kuti alandire ndalama zothandizira kwambiri. (kapena) mkaka woyamba wa mkaka wa ng'ombe ndi mkaka wa mbuzi unalowetsedwa ndi zifukwa zoyenera: mkaka uyenera kutsata malamulo ovomerezeka a Customs Union; - Chophatikizira chochulukitsa chidzagwiritsidwa ntchito pa malo a Russian Federation, kumene kuyamwa mkaka pa nthawi yopereka malire kudutsa makilogalamu 5000.

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Russia ikuganiza kuti kukhazikitsidwa kwa kayendedwe kowonjezera mitengo ya chitetezo cha mbewu (mankhwala ophera tizilombo) ku gawo la chikhalidwe cha Eurasian Economic Union (EurAsEC). Pamsonkhano wathawu sabata yowunika ku Russia, adatchulidwa kuti kuyambira nthawi ya January mpaka October chaka chatha, kufunika kwa mankhwala ophera tizilombo kunapitirira 21% poyerekeza ndi 2015 ndipo akupitiriza kukula.

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Purezidenti wa Russian Grain Union, Arkady Zlochevsky, adanena kuti kukolola mbewu mu 2017 ku Russia kudzakhala kokwera, koma sikudzafike pazomwe akulemba chaka chatha. Cholinga chake n'chakuti nyengo ya dzinja kumapeto kwa nyengo yozizira ndiyomwe imatsimikizira kuti mu 2015-2016 pafupifupi pafupifupi 100% ya iwo adapulumuka, pomwe mwachikhalidwe alimi amasiya 10-15%, kotero kuti munthu sangathe kuwerengera zotsatira zomwezo chaka chino.

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Dokotala wa zinyama za ku Russia adalengeza kuti akukonzekera kulengeza zaletsedwe ku New Zealand nyama ndi ng'ombe, kuyambira Lolemba sabata yamawa. Zotsatira za kuyesedwa kwa ma laboratori zomwe zinachitika mu 2016 zasonyeza kuti kuphulika kwa miyambo yambiri ya nyama ndi nyama ku New Zealand kunadziwika.

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Akulankhula pamsonkhano wokhudzana ndi malonda oteteza zomera, Jambulat Khatuov, Pulezidenti Woyamba wa Zamalonda ku Russia, adanena kuti dipatimentiyi idzakhazikitsa malamulo atsopano a mankhwala ophera tizilombo omwe adatumizidwa ku Russian Federation ndi EurAsEC. Ananenanso kuti malamulo okhwima angathandize kuchepetsa kutuluka kwa mankhwala ophera tizilombo ku Russia.

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Poyankhula pamsonkhanowu ku Russia, mkulu wa Utumiki wa Zamalonda, Alexander Tkachev, adanena kuti dziko la Russia linayambitsa mndandanda wa mayiko akuluakulu omwe ali ndi shuga, kutsogolo kwa mayiko monga France, United States ndi Germany. Malingana ndi mtumiki, mu 2016 kukolola kwa chilimwe cha shuga beet kunaposa matani 50 miliyoni.

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Kuyambira pa January 31 mpaka February 6, 2017, maiko a Krasnodar Territory of the Russian Federation (Novorossiysk, Yeisk, Temryuk, Tuapse, Caucasus ndi Taman) adatumizidwa ku sitima 14 zotumiza tirigu ndi katundu wake, pamtunda wokwana matani oposa 280,000. kuphatikizapo matani oposa 202,000 a tirigu, lipoti la ofesi ya Federal Service for Veterinary and Supervisory Supervision (Rosselkhoznadzor) ku Krasnodar Territory ndi Republic of Adygea pa February 7.

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Boma la Russia likupitiriza kunena mawu omveka bwino othandizira ulimi - pulezidenti woyamba wa ulimi akugogomezera kufunikira kokonza mbewu. Pamsonkhano wa posachedwapa wa asayansi ndi obereketsa mbewu, pulezidenti adanena kuti ayenera kupereka alimi omwe ali ndi mbewu zapamwamba zogulitsa ku Russia ndipo nkofunika kusinthira chiŵerengero cha mbeu pa msika kuti apikisane ndi zosankhidwa zakunja.

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Pulezidenti wa ku Russia, dzina lake Alexander Tkachev, akulankhula ku VIII Congress ya National Union of Milk Producers, adati, ngakhale zovuta, makampani a mkaka amasonyeza bwino chaka chatha. Padziko lonse, ulimi wa mkaka udakali pa mapiri a 2015 ndipo unakwana matani 30.8 miliyoni.

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Vladimir Volik, yemwe ali mkulu wa Dipatimenti Yogulitsa Mitengo ya Zapamtima ku Utumiki, adatero dzulo, Ministry of Agriculture ya Russia kuti palibe chifukwa chobwezeretsanso malonda a boma mu 2016. Malingana ndi iye, palibe chizoloŵezi chochepetsa mitengo, ndipo kutumiza kwawonetsa zotsatira zabwino.

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