Froberries

Kukula strawberries kumafuna mphamvu zambiri ndi kuleza mtima. Koma kukula kwa strawberries ndi theka la nkhondo. Ndikofunika kutetezera ku tizirombo zambiri (ndipo pali anthu ambiri okonzeka kudya pa strawberries). Chimodzi mwa tizilombo toopsa chomwe chingathe kupha 50-80% ya mbewu zonse ndizozaza. Zizindikiro kuti sitiroberi yako idaukiridwa ndi mdani uyu: maonekedwe a timabowo ting'onoting'ono m'masamba obiriwira a chomera, kudumpha kwa phokoso mwadzidzidzi, kuyanika kwa masamba, ngati kuti wina wawadula.

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Strawberries ndi imodzi mwa zokondeka zipatso zomwe nthawizonse zimafunidwa pa matebulo athu. Pokhala mukuchita zokololazo, muyenera kuganizira zina mwazinthu zowonongeka za nyengo, ndiye chitetezo cha tchire ndi zokolola zimatsimikiziridwa. Mukudziwa? Strawberry ndizothandiza kwambiri. Ali ndi mavitamini C, E, P, salicylic, oxalic, folic acids, carotene, potassium, calcium, fluorine, iron, silicon, copper, magnesium, zinki, ayodini, chromium.

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Ngati muli ndi malo ochepa, mukufuna kubzala zonse ndi zambiri, mabedi owona ndi omwe mukusowa. Pali njira zambiri zomwe mungapangire mapangidwe, zipangizo ndi mawonekedwe a zomera. Nkhaniyi ikukuuzani za mabedi owongolera opangidwa ndi strawberries. Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa mabedi ozungulira m'munda Zopindulitsa za mabediwa zitha kupangidwa ndi kupulumutsidwa kwa malo: malo ogona angapangidwe pakhoma, pakhoma lazowonjezera chuma, m'munda wokhala ngati maluwa, atapachikidwa pamtunda kapena piranda.

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Strawberry mwina ndi chipatso chofala kwambiri pazinthu zapakhomo. Zipatso zake zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mwatsopano, kuzizira, zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga nyengo yozizira (jams, preserves, compotes, etc.). Kusankha bwino mitundu kumapatsa zokolola zambiri. Anakumana wamaluwa amalimbikitsa kulabadira Malvina sitiroberi zosiyanasiyana.

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Mitundu ya strawberry "Kimberly" ikukula kwambiri pakati pa alimi ndi wamaluwa, makamaka chifukwa cha nyengo yoyamba yakucha, chifukwa ndi zipatso zoyamba zomwe zimapezeka patebulo lathu patapita nthawi yaitali yozizira - zofunika kwambiri, ndipo ndizofunika kwambiri. Mafotokozedwe a Mitundu ya Kimberly Strawberry Dziko la dzikoli la sitiroberi zosiyanasiyana ndi Netherlands, ndipo "makolo" ake ndi Chandler, mitundu yambiri ndi yolimba kwambiri, yomwe imadziwikanso kwambiri m'zinthu zathu, ndipo zosiyana kwambiri ndi Gorella.

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Pakati pa wamaluwa ndi wamaluwa pali kukambirana za otchedwa remontant zosiyanasiyana strawberries, strawberries, raspberries. Ambiri amakonda kulima zomera zoterozo, koma pali ena omwe salandira minda yawo m'minda yawo. Kodi ndi zinthu zotani zomwe zimapangidwa ndi zomera zotchedwa remontant ndipo ndizitani?

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Zosiyanasiyanazi ndi chimodzi mwa zotchuka kwambiri m'ma latitudes athu. Kusamala mosamalitsa komanso kukoma kwake kunam'pangitsa kukhala wokondedwa pakati pa anthu ambiri a chilimwe. Muzokambirana lero, tiona momwe Zenga Zengana sitiroberi zosiyanasiyana zimagwirira ntchito. Malongosoledwe a zosiyanasiyana. Mitundu imatanthawuza zomera za maola masana.

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Chifukwa cha ntchito yovuta ya obereketsa, mitundu yowonjezera ya strawberries yakula bwino, imakhala ikulimbana ndi nyengo ya nyengo ndipo, makamaka, imabweretsa zokolola zingapo pa nyengo. Pa imodzi mwa mitundu iyi - sitiroberi "Fresco" fotokozani nkhaniyi. Strawberry "Fresco": malongosoledwe ndi maonekedwe Izi zosiyanasiyana zimasiyanitsidwa ndi tchire cholimba mpaka 30 cm wamtali, tchire zimabweretsa zambiri zotchedwa inflorescences ndipo zimabereka zipatso.

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Large mitundu strawberries nthawi zonse kukopa wamaluwa. Ataganizira za kubzala zimphona ngati izi, ambiri amapita mitundu yambiri, yomwe nthawi zambiri imamveka kwambiri. Ndithudi aliyense anamva za mzerewu "Chamora", ndipo mu nkhaniyi tiwona mtundu wa mabulosi ndi ubwino wake pamene udakula mu dziko. Zosakaniza za mitundu zosiyanasiyana Sitiroberiyi ndi yapamwamba kwambiri yobala ndi nyengo yakucha.

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Amppelnaya sitiroberi ndi mtundu wapadera wa mabulosi, womwe umayimira mitundu yambiri. Mmerawo ukhoza kukula ndi kubala chipatso muzitsulo zowoneka kapena kugwa pansi. Mabulosi a Amppelnaya amagwiritsidwa ntchito osati kokha kuti adye, komanso ngati zokongoletsa zachilengedwe. Makhalidwe a ampelous sitiroberi Mosiyana ndi mitundu ina, osati chomera chokha, komanso nthanga zake, limamasula ndi kubala zipatso pa ampelous sitiroberi, ndipo nthawi yomweyo.

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Kukula strawberries kuchokera ku mbewu ndi ntchito yotheka ngakhale kwa woyang'anira munda, muyenera kudziwa zambiri za ndondomekoyi. Njira yaikulu ya kulima ndiko kusungira mitundu yosiyanasiyana, komanso kupeza mbewu zambiri kuchokera ku zipatso zambiri. Yabwino mitundu Varietal zosiyanasiyana zipatso amalola inu kusankha mbewu ndi yabwino kuphatikiza makhalidwe: kulawa, zokolola, kukana nyengo ndi matenda.

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Strawberry amaonedwa kuti ndi imodzi mwa zipatso zokondedwa kwambiri. Ichi ndichifukwa chake obereketsa samaima ndikubweretsa mitundu yatsopano yomwe ili ndi khalidwe labwino kwambiri. Strawberry "Tsaritsa" ndi kusankha kokongola kwambiri kwa Russia. Nkhaniyi ikufotokoza za strawberries (strawberries) "Tsarina", kufotokoza za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi zithunzi, komanso zomwe zimalima.

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Mosiyana ndi chikhulupiliro chofala, pambuyo pa zokolola, pakufika kwa autumn, ntchito ya chilimwe siimatha pamenepo. Panthawiyi, wamaluwa amadikirira ntchito zambiri pa tsamba lawo. Kupalasa strawberries kumalo atsopano ndi chimodzi mwa izo. Nchifukwa chiyani ndikuwombera strawberries? Zodabwitsa za mabulosiwa ndi kuti pambuyo pokula pa chiwembu kwa zaka zingapo, zokolola zake zimachepa, ndipo zitatha kubereka zipatso palimodzi.

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Sitiroberi zosiyanasiyana "Maxim" adalumikizidwa ndi osankha a Chidatchi ndipo akhala akudziwika bwino pakati pa wamaluwa. Izi sizosadabwitsa, chifukwa ndi zabwino kukolola kunyumba ndi kugulitsa, ndipo kusamalira izo sikumabweretsa mavuto ngakhale kwa wamaluwa wamaluwa. Zachilendo za zosiyanasiyana The sitiroberi za zosiyanasiyana zimayamba kucha m'makati mwa June ndipo amapanga mosalekeza mkulu zokolola.

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Mitengo ya Strawberries imakonda kwambiri maluwa omwe amamera m'munda wambiri. Chikhalidwe chikukula bwino komanso chosasamala, komabe, kupeza zokolola zambiri ndi kulimbana ndi matenda ndi tizilombo toononga tikulimbikitsanso kuti tiyambe kuvala. Popeza kawirikawiri mabulosiwa amakula mwakufuna kwawo kuti agwiritse ntchito mankhwala okonzekera kulibe chilakolako.

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Pakati pa dziko la Russia, alimi akulima mbewu zomwe zimayenera kulima m'derali. Mitundu ya zipatso za madera a Moscow amasankhidwa molingana ndi zofunika zofunika: kucha, zabwino zokolola, liwiro la kucha. Mbali za kukula kwa strawberries ku madera okoma Chokoma ndi zonunkhira za strawberries ndizokonda kwambiri chilimwe chokoma kwa ambiri, ndipo tsiku ndi tsiku wolima munda amasanduka holide, koma muyenera kusankha mtundu wabwino wa zipatso kuti mbeu ikhale yonyada ya mwiniwake.

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Kokometsera, yowutsa mudyo, mabulosi okoma, okondedwa a ana ndi akulu - strawberries. Sizomveka kuganiza kuti wina sangamamukonda. Strawberry ndi chikumbutso cha chilimwe kuti mukufuna kuwonjezera. Kodi pali sitiroberi yowonongeka? Kukhoza kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya remontant strawberries kubzala mbewu osati pazitsamba zazikulu, komanso pazing'ono za rosettes - imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi makampani osayenerera pofuna kuwonjezera malonda.

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