Froberries

Brown matenda a sitiroberi ndi matenda omwe samachokera ku tizirombo, koma ndi matenda a fungal. Awonetsedwa mwa mawonekedwe a mdima pa maluwa, petioles, masharubu ndi mwachindunji zipatso. Koma otengeka kwambiri akadali wobiriwira ndi masamba. Atawona zizindikiro zoyamba za matendawa, wolima ayenera kuthandizira mwamsanga kuti athe kusunga mabulosi okoma kwambiri.

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Zipatso zam'tchire zomwe zimamera m'nkhalango zimakhala zokoma kwambiri komanso zonunkhira poyerekeza ndi anzawo. Lero tidzakambirana za nkhalango zamtchire, zomwe ndi nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zothandiza ndipo, kuphatikizapo kuphika, amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri kuchipatala komanso cosmetology. Kufotokozera Forest sitiroberi ndi mankhwala osatha omwe ali a Rosaceae.

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Mwachidziwikire mitundu yonse ya strawberries pa kukula nyengo imalola masharubu - woonda njira akuwombera kumbali zonse. Kaya izi zikuwombera zimapweteketsa strawberries, kaya ndi kofunika komanso nthawi yowononga masharubu, timapeza mwatsatanetsatane. Kodi ndikufunika kudula masamba ndi masharubu strawberries Kumanzere popanda kusamalira ndi kudulira sitiroberi baka mwamsanga ndipo wambiri overgrown.

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Lero mungapeze mitundu yambiri ya mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya strawberries, ndipo sizingakhale zosavuta kusankha zomwe zidzakula mu nyengo yomwe mukusowa. Mmodzi mwa otchuka kwambiri ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya strawberries "Clery", timalingalira mwatsatanetsatane malongosoledwe, ubwino ndi zovuta, komanso zizindikiro za kusamalira iwo. Mitundu yowonjezera "Clery" imadziwika ndi kuphuka koyamba, ndipo zipatso zimabzalidwa masiku khumi ndi limodzi, zomwe zimakhala zosavuta kusonkhanitsa misala.

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Strawberry ndi imodzi mwa zokondweretsa zomwe zimakonda m'nyengo yozizira, imafuna kusamalidwa ndi fetereza nthawi zonse. Koma osati onse wamaluwa ali ndi mwayi wogula fetereza kwa strawberries, ndipo mumayenera kutuluka ndi thandizo la maphikidwe ovomerezeka otchuka. Nkhaniyi imalongosola njira zabwino kwambiri zothandizira mbeu yabwino ya strawberries.

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Strawberries ali wathanzi, chokoma ndi wotchuka zipatso. Choncho, mlimi aliyense ayenera kulima mu munda wake wamunda kapena munda. Komabe, si zophweka kusankha pa chisankho chosiyana. Taganizirani chimodzi mwa mitundu yoyambirira ya mabulosiwa, omwe amasangalala kwambiri ndi wamaluwa. Mbali zosiyanasiyana strawberries "Honey" - limodzi mwa oyambirira mitundu ya sitiroberi America kusankha.

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Anthu ambiri okonda strawberries amasowa mabulosi omwe amakonda kwambiri m'nyengo yozizira. M'nkhaniyi tidzakuuzani zoyenera kuchita ndi strawberries kuti mupulumutse izo m'nyengo yozizira. Strawberries m'nyengo yozizira: momwe mungasankhire zipatso zosungiramo Masiku ano pa masamulo a masitolo a strawberries amatha chaka chonse. Mungapeze okoma ndi lalikulu lalikulu-fruited strawberries ngakhale m'nyengo yozizira.

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Strawberry ndi imodzi mwa zipatso zomwe onse wamaluwa amakonda. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mitundu imakupatsani inu kukula zipatso zosiyanasiyana mu kukoma kwawo ndi kukhwima. M'nkhani yathu tidzakambirana za sitiroberi "Mara de Bois", tidzafotokozera zosiyana siyana ndi chithunzi, komanso tidzagawana ndemanga kuchokera kwa wamaluwa. Zimaphatikizapo mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya strawberries "Mara de Bois" (yomasuliridwa ngati "mabulosi a nkhalango") - Chisankho chosiyanasiyana cha French, chomwe chinadziwika mu 1991.

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Mmodzi wa zoipa adani a wamaluwa ndi parasitic mphutsi - nematodes. Ndi mphutsi yozungulira pafupifupi 1 mm kutalika. Zimagwira ku tsinde la mbeu, imayambitsa chinthu chapadera chomwe chimayambitsa mankhwala, monga chifukwa chomwe zimakhala zamasamba kukhala chakudya chabwino cha tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Mmene mungadziwire kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda Chifukwa cha kukula kwake kwakukulu, sikutheka kuti tipeze nematode ndi maso.

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Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya munda wa strawberries "Korona" yokhazikitsidwa ndi obereketsa Dutch imachititsa chidwi kwambiri ndi wamaluwa ambiri. Tiyeni tiyanjanitse pafupi ndi sitiroberi "Crown", kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana, makhalidwe, zithunzi ndi ndemanga. Zosakaniza mitundu Zaka zazikuluzikulu tchire, osati zowonjezera masamba ndi zowonjezera ndevu, masamba omwe ali ndi nkhope yowala, yaikulu.

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"Kukonzanso" kotembenuzidwa kuchokera ku French kukutanthauza "kubwezeretsanso", ndipo okonda phwando pa zipatso zowutsa mudothi kwa nthawi yaitali amadziwa chomwe chomera, monga remontant strawberries, ndi mabulosi okoma ndi onunkhira, okondweretsa chipatso m'nyengo yozizira ngakhale kumayambiriro kwa autumn. Kodi kusankha mbande ya remontant strawberries Pamene kugula chodzala zakuthupi, muyenera kulabadira kuonekera kwa chomera: tchire ayenera bwino anapanga; ayenera kukhala ndi mapepala 3-4 a mtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira, popanda inclusions ndi zolakwika zina; mizu ya mizu: mizu ya chomera iyenera kukhala osachepera 6 cm; Mtima wa chitsamba (impso zikuluzikulu) ziyenera kukhala zazikulu, pinki.

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Mpata kudya phwando strawberries pamaso yoyamba frosts ndi loto la anthu amene amakonda mchere wokoma ndi wathanzi. M'nkhani ino tikambirana za mitundu yambiri ya sitiroberi remontant ndi zithunzi ndi ndondomeko. Albion Mmodzi wa otchuka kwambiri komanso wotchuka remontant sitiroberi mitundu "Albion" amapereka lalikulu (masekeli 60 g) zipatso yowutsa mudyo nthawi yonseyi.

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Kwa ambiri, nyengo yokolola imayamba ndi kukonzekera kwa sitiroberi kupanikizana, monga mabulosiwa akuwonekera chimodzi mwa choyamba pa chiwembu. Lero ife tidzanena momwe tingapangire wandiweyani sitiroberi kupanikizana, omwe ali angwiro makamaka pa kudzaza, toast, komanso msuzi wa zikondamoyo ndi zikondamoyo.

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Masiku ano, mitundu yambiri ya strawberries imalimidwa. Zina mwazoziphuka kumayambiriro, zimakhala ndi shuga wambiri ndipo zimakhala zosaoneka bwino, zina - ndi shuga wambiri zimachepa mofulumira ndipo silingalekerere kayendedwe konse. Ndipo aliyense amachititsa matenda mosiyana: ena samatha kuviika ndi imvi ndi powdery mildew, koma sagonjetsedwa kuti awone.

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Ngati mukufuna kusonkhanitsa sitiroberi ndi yowonjezera, komanso ngakhalenso zedi, bedi liyenera kukonzedwa nthawi ndi nthawi. Mizu yeniyeni ya chomera sichikhoza kuyamwa chinyezi kuchokera pansi, choncho, pamene chimbudzi chimauma, amatha kutaya madzi. Koma simungathe kutsanulira pa tchire. Tiyeni tiwone momwe nthawi zambiri timadyera timadzi timadzi timadontho timene timakhala ndi maluwa ndi kucha.

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Zosakaniza zosiyanasiyana za sitiroberi zosiyanasiyana "Alba" kalekale akhala chifukwa cha mikangano pakati pa odziwa wamaluwa. Mitundu iyi yopezeka bwino ili ndi ubwino ndi zovuta zonse. M'nkhaniyi, tikukambirana zinthu zosiyanasiyana zomwe timakonda kwambiri. Mafotokozedwe Strawberry "Alba" adagwidwa ndi kudutsa mitundu ina iwiri pansi pa utsogoleri wa makampani otchuka kwambiri ku Italy - "Zipatso Zatsopano".

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Pafupifupi aliyense amakonda strawberries, onse akuluakulu ndi ana. Chifukwa cha kupsa kwake koyambirira, zikuwonekera pa masamulo a sitolo kapena m'nyumba za chilimwe pamaso pa zipatso zina, zimagulidwa osati zokometsetsa zokoma, komanso kupeza mavitamini ofunikira ndi zinthu zothandiza m'chaka, zomwe zimafooka ndi thupi m'nyengo yozizira.

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