Nthaka

Pakati pa ambiri zamakono feteleza, perlite ndi vermiculite sali m'malo otsiriza m'nyumba floriculture. Posachedwapa, anthu ochepa chabe adadziwa kuti angathe kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo izi, koma lero mungathe kuzigula mosavuta ku duka lililonse la maluwa. Ngakhale kuti perlite ndi vermiculite ya zomera ndi ofanana kwambiri, kusiyana kulipobe, ndipo tsopano tipeza.

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Kukula bwino kwa ulimi kulikonse kumadalira kukula kwa nthaka. Pakapita nthawi, malo a nthaka amatha kuwonongeka - madzi ndi mpweya zimatha kugwa, zimapweteka, zimawumitsa. Mphuno sapeza mpweya wokwanira ndi madzi okwanira. Zosamba zowonjezera, kubereka kumachepa. Kumbali inayi, kudumpha kwa nthaka kumachitika nthawi zambiri: pamene feteleza ndi feteleza mchere, zowonjezera za izi kapena mankhwalawo zikhoza kuchitika.

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Sikuti aliyense amadziwa ammonium nitrate, choncho tiyeni tiwone bwinobwino fetelezayi, komanso tipeze momwe akugwiritsire ntchito. Ammonium nitrate ndi granular mchere feteleza wa mtundu woyera ndi imvi, yachikasu kapena pinki, mthunzi wa mamita anayi. Ammonium nitrate kufotokozera ndi kupanga feteleza feteleza yotchedwa "ammonium nitrate" - njira yodziwika bwino pakati pa nyengo ya chilimwe, yomwe yapezeka chifukwa cha kukhalapo kwa 35% ya nayitrojeni, yomwe ndi yofunika kwambiri kuti zomera zikule bwino.

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Atabwerera kuchokera kuulendo wautali, alimi ambiri amanjenjemera ndi chikhalidwe cha zomera zawo zamkati, zomwe, posakhala ulimi wothirira, zimakhala zitsamba. Pofuna kupewa izi, kukula kwa zomera mu hydrogel kungakuthandizeni, zomwe tidzakambirana m'munsimu. Hydrogel: Kodi ndi chiyani hydrogel, osati aliyense akudziwa, ngakhale m'zaka zaposachedwa chinthu ichi chafalikira pakati pa wamaluwa.

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Owonjezeka, wamaluwa amakonda kupanga organic feteleza monga chakudya. Mmodzi wa iwo ndi peat. Komabe, dziwani kuti sizolumikiza dothi lonse. Inde, ndipo gwiritsani ntchito feterezayi ayenera kukhala mwanzeru, kuti asawononge zomera kapena nthaka. Zomwe zimakhala ndi peat, momwe zimakhalira komanso momwe zingagwiritsire ntchito moyenera ngati feteleza m'munda wamunda, werengani magawo otsatirawa.

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Masiku ano imodzi mwa feteleza yogwiritsidwa ntchito komanso yotchuka kwambiri mu ulimi ndi mankhwala "Azofoska". Mchere wamcherewu wakhala ukugwiritsidwa ntchito pa ulimi wamakampani akuluakulu, ndipo umagwiritsidwanso ntchito pakhomo laling'onoting'ono, malo okhala m'dziko. "Azofoska" - ndi chiyani?

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Vuto lalikulu la wamaluwa ndi nthaka yochuluka kwambiri, yomwe imalola kuti mpweya ndi chinyezi zisalowetse, kuti zisawonongeke. Agroperlite adzakhala chipulumutso chenichenicho pazochitika zoterozo, katundu ndi zomwe tigwiritse ntchito pansipa. Kodi perlite ndi maonekedwe ake Perlite amapezeka bwanji mu horticulture ndi m'munda, kotero aliyense ayenera kudziwa chomwe chiri.

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Mchere wamchere amadziwika ndi mchere wambiri. Zomwe zimapangidwira mchere zimakhala zosiyana, ndipo malingana ndi chofunikira chobiririra chimagawidwa movuta komanso chophweka. Ndikofunikira! Manyowa ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito pang'onopang'ono, pamene akuyang'ana mlingo wa zakudya m'nthaka.

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Udzu wa udzu ndi njira yofunikira kwambiri ya kukula kwa chitukuko cha zomera, motero, pofuna kupeza mbewu yayikulu ndi yapamwamba kwambiri. Feteleza - chida cha zinthu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kukonzetsa mkhalidwe ndi katundu wa dothi. Amadyetsa zomera ndi zigawo zofunika zamagulu. Pali mitundu ina ya feteleza: organic ndi mineral (kuchokera pachiyambi); olimba ndi madzi (chikhalidwe cha aggregation); Kuchitapo kanthu molunjika ndi mwachindunji (kayendedwe kachitidwe); zofunikira, kubzala, kudyetsa, subsurface, pamwamba (njira yowonjezera).

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Kwa woyang'anira minda ndi woyang'anira munda, chinthu chofunika kwambiri ndi khalidwe la nthaka mu chiwembu chake. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya nthaka imasiyanitsidwa ndi zizindikiro zotsatirazi: mawonekedwe; luso lopitirira mpweya; zosakaniza; mphamvu ya kutentha; kuchulukitsa; chithunzi; Kuzaza ndi michesi ndi zinthu zambiri, organic. Phunzitsani zamasamba za mtundu wa nthaka komanso zizindikiro zawo zidzakuthandizani kusankha mbewu zabwino m'munda, kutenga feteleza ndikukonzekera bwino njira zamagetsi.

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Gawo lotetezeka la disinfected - chikole cha mphukira zamphamvu ndi zathanzi za mbande. Kotero, mfundo yoyamba yokonzekera mbeu yofesa. Processing akhoza kuchitidwa ndi wowerengeka njira kapena ntchito mankhwala kapena tizilombo kukonzekera. Kuti mudziwe njira yamakono yomwe ili yoyenera pa webusaiti yanu, ganizirani njira zofala, zotsika mtengo komanso zothandiza.

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Kulima mitengo ndi horticulture zimatha kusamalidwa mosavuta pa nthaka zakuda zakuda, ndipo perlite imathandiza anthu omwe ali osawuka, makamaka malo osayenera. Ndizimene zimathandiza kuti zakudya zowonjezera komanso zowonjezera zikhale zowonjezereka mu dothi komanso pansi pa nthaka. Zomwe zimapangidwa, zimasiyana kwambiri ndi mankhwala komanso zimakhala zofewa.

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Masiku ano, wamaluwa ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zosiyanasiyana zovundikira. Koma anthu ochepa chabe amadziwa za malo oterowo monga spunbond, ndipo mochulukirapo, anthu ochepa okha anganene chomwe chiri ndipo adzatcha malo omwe akugwiritsira ntchito. Pa nthawi yomweyi, nthawi siimaima ndipo opanga nthawi zonse amalimbikitsa khalidwe la mankhwala, kuwonjezera mwayi wa ntchito yake.

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Motoblock kapena mini-terekita imatha kukhala wothandizira kwambiri kwa alimi ang'onoang'ono pa munda wake. Sichimafuna mafuta ochulukirapo, amatenga malo ang'onoang'ono, ndi osavuta kugwira ntchito, ndipo amathetsa ntchito zina zofunika, zomwe zimalima dzikolo. Mini, yapakatikati kapena yolemera? Kuti tillage ndi khama (tiller) ikhale yogwira ntchito, m'pofunika kusankha zipangizo zoyenera.

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Mlimi aliyense amalima, kubzala pamalowa malo aliwonse, kaya akhale shrub, mtengo kapena masamba, ayenera kuyang'ana momwe nthaka ilili. Popeza mbewu zosiyana zimatha kukula mosiyana m'madera amodzi, izi zimadalira osati kubzala kwa nthaka, koma ndi acidity. Kukula kwa asidi kumakhudza kwambiri kuwonongeka kwa feteleza zosiyanasiyana komanso kumayambitsa mizu ya zomera, zomwe zimakhudza kwambiri kukula kwa mbewu zambiri.

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Musanadzalemo mitengo kapena mitengo, m'pofunika kuti mudziwe kuti nthaka idzakhala yabwino kwa iwo. M'nkhani yathu tidzakambirana mmene tingadziwire acidity ya nthaka mosiyana, chifukwa ichi ndi chizindikiro chomwe chimakhudza kwambiri chitukuko cha mbewu. Mitundu ya acidity The acidity of the earth ndi imodzi mwa zizindikiro zofunika pofufuza nthaka.

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Kusamalira munda kapena kanyumba kumagwirizanitsidwa ndi njira zambiri za agrotechnical. Zina mwazo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mu "machitidwe opangira", pomwe njira zowonjezereka zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi zipangizo zapadera. M'madera akuluakulu, njira zonse zimagwiritsidwa ntchito zomwe zimaphimba ntchito zingapo panthawi yomweyo.

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