Mitedza ya phwetekere

Rasipiberi zipatso za zosiyanasiyana tomato "Tretyakovsky f1" kuchokera mbewu wobala "Ural chilimwe wokhala" mpikisano mokwanira pakati ena hybrids amene anaonekera. Mu ndemanga, alimi a zamasamba amaona kukoma kokoma ndi maonekedwe a tomato, komanso zipatso zawo zabwino. Tiyeni tione mwatsatanetsatane zochitika za kufotokozera ndi kulima mitundu iyi ya nightshade.

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Si mitundu yonse ya phwetekere yomwe imatha kukula ndi kubala zipatso m'madera ozizira, komanso mmalo mwake, zomera zimasowa chisamaliro chapadera, ziyenera kukhala ndi makhalidwe apadera. Mmodzi wa zomerazi - phwetekere "Oyambirira a ku Siberia." Mbiri ya phwetekere yakukula "Kumayambiriro kwa Siberia" Kumalo osungirako zamasamba a ku West Siberiya, omwe amasankhidwa ndikusaka zomera zatsopano, mu 1959, poyenda, mitundu yambiri ya tomato inapezedwa - "Oyambirira ku Siberia".

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Nthawi zonse zimakhala zosangalatsa kukolola mbewu zanu, zomwe ndinabzala ngati mbewu m'nyumba mwanga, ndiye, nditangoyamba kutentha kwa kasupe, ndinabzala mpweya wabwino, kuthirira, kukondedwa, kudyetsedwa ndi kubereka. Kukolola kwakukulu kwa tomato wokongola kwambiri komanso kukoma kwake ndilo lotola aliyense wamaluwa. Lero, zipatsozi zikhoza kudyedwa mwatsopano, mawa - kutseketsa kusungira ndi madzi a phwetekere, kudzipatsa okha zinthu zothandiza pa nyengo yonse yozizira.

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Nkhani ya zokambirana zathu m'nkhaniyi idzakhala tomato yosiyana siyana, yomwe idalimbikitsidwa ndi akatswiri a ku Ulaya osati kale kwambiri, koma atha kale kutchuka ngati zabwino mwazinthu zazikulu. Dzina lake ndi "Gina", ndipo phwetekereyi ndi yabwino kwambiri kuti ikhale yotseguka pansi, komanso m'malo odyera. Mukudziwa? Kudya tomato kumapindulitsa anthu chifukwa ali ndi carotene, vitamini B (1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 12), C, PP, D, folic acid.

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Amaluwa ambiri akufufuza tomato oyambirira "Little Red Riding Hood" samamvetsera dzina labwino "Rotkapphen", lomwe limapezeka pamatumba a mbewu. Ndipotu, ichi ndi chijeremani cha German chomwe timakonda kwambiri. Kodi chinsinsi cha kutchuka kwake, chimasiyanasiyana bwanji ndi anthu ogonana nawo, komanso momwe mungamere tomato wotere pa chiwembu chanu - izi zidzakambidwanso.

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Mawu oti "Kudzaza Kwakuyera" anthu ambiri amagwirizana ndi dzina la maapulo, ndipo odziwa wamaluwa okhawo amadziwa kuti izi ndizonso zoyambirira zosiyanasiyana za tomato. Ndipo ngakhale kuti sizikuoneka ngati zosowa, phwetekere ya White Beer ili ndi makhalidwe ambiri omwe amayenera kusamala. Mbiri ya kusankhidwa kwa tomato "Kudzaza koyera" Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya phwetekere "Kudzaza koyera" kunakhazikitsidwa ku Kazakhstan mu 1979 ndipo ndi chifukwa cha ntchito yolemetsa ya obzala mbewu pa malo osungira zamasamba motsogoleredwa ndi Pulofesa Edelstein.

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Tomato oyambirira kwambiri "Sanka" ndi otchuka kwambiri pakati pa wamaluwa, kawirikawiri amatha kumva ndi kuwerenga ndemanga zabwino za izo. M'nkhani ino tiona ma tomato a "Sanka" zosiyanasiyana, makhalidwe ake, njira zolima komanso momwe zilili bwino kuposa mitundu ina. Mbiri ya kuchotsedwa kwa tomato "Sanka" Izi zimatengera tomato zosiyanasiyana ku NIITSSSA wofalitsa Y.

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Ambiri wamaluwa amakonda kulima tomato. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya ndiwo zamasamba ndi yotchuka chifukwa cha zokolola zawo komanso zokoma. Nkhaniyi idzaonedwa kuti ndi imodzi mwa phwetekere yabwino kwambiri yomwe ili ndi dzina lokongola "Golden Heart". Matimati "Golden Heart": kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana. Kuti mudziwe bwino za mitundu yosiyanasiyanayi monga momwe mungathere, muyenera kutchula zambiri za tomato "Golden Heart".

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Ambiri a chilimwe amakula tomato pamtunda wawo, chifukwa popanda masambawa ndi zovuta kulingalira tebulo la chilimwe. Koma pakati pa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya phwetekere nthawi zina zimakhala zosavuta kusokonezeka, makamaka popeza obereketsa sakhala pansi, chaka chilichonse amapereka wogula atsopano ndi zatsopano. Mmodzi mwa zinthu zachilendozi ndi phwetekere ya Spasskaya Tower F1, zomwe zimawoneka ngati zovuta kwambiri moti sangalephere kukopa chidwi cha anthu omwe amadziwika bwino kwambiri a mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya phwetekere.

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Mitundu yofiira yamitundu yosiyanasiyana "Verlioka" imapikisana mokwanira pa zokolola, kulawa ndi kusamalidwa bwino ndi zokolola zina zoyambirira. Popeza kuti tomato ndi osiyana bwanji, momwe angalimbikitsire, omwe alimi wamaluwa akunena za iwo, adzakambirananso. Phwetekere "verlioka": makhalidwe ndi kufotokozera mitundu zosiyanasiyana Zosakanizidwazo zinalengedwa ndi a Russian oweta ulimi kuti azilima ndi wowonjezera kutentha.

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Amaluwa ambiri omwe amadziŵa zambiri amadziwika ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya phwetekere "Kadinala". Zosiyanasiyana ndizodzichepetsa pa chisamaliro ndipo zimapereka zokolola zabwino. Lero tikambirana za kubzala mbande ndi pickling pabwalo, komanso kukambirana malamulo a chisamaliro ndi chitetezo ku matenda ndi tizirombo. Makhalidwe ndi kufotokoza kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana Tsopano tiyeni tiyankhule pang'ono za Kadodi Matimati, zomwe, ndondomeko ndi zizindikiro za zosiyanasiyana.

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Wotchuka kwambiri pakati pa wamaluwa ndiwo zosiyanasiyana za phwetekere "Verlioka Plus". Tomato ali ndi kukoma kokoma komanso wodzichepetsa kukula. M'nkhani ino tidzakambirana momwe tingamerekere phwetekere "Verlioka Plus" ndikufotokozerani. "Verlioka Plus": mbiri ya kusakanizidwa kwa hybrid Pamene kuswana mtundu uwu, Verlioka zosiyanasiyana zinatengedwa ngati maziko.

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Zosiyanasiyana ndi hybrids wa tomato ndi zosiyana kwambiri. Aliyense wolima masamba akhoza kuwatola iwo chifukwa chodzala molingana ndi kukoma kwake - ena amakonda zipatso zazikulu, minofu, zina ngati zipatso zazing'ono ndi zokoma, ndipo wina amakakamizika kusankha mtundu wa nyengo za dera lawo. Ndikofunikira kudziwa momwe mungasankhire tomato kuti mubzalidwe mu wowonjezera kutentha kapena kutchire, ndi mitundu iti imene imapindulitsa kwambiri komanso ili ndi kukoma kwake.

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Lero pali mitundu yambiri ya tomato. Posachedwapa wotchuka ndi Red Red F1 zosiyanasiyana. Tikupereka kuti tidziwe bwino zomwe zimatengera tomato, malamulo a kubzala ndi kulima. Mafotokozedwe ndi zizindikiro za mitundu zosiyanasiyana Zosiyanasiyana za tomato "Red-Red F1" ndizoyimira zokolola zam'mbuyo zoyambirira, zomwe zimapereka zowonjezera.

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"Volgograd" tomato ndi okongola kwa anthu okhala m'nyengo ya chilimwe omwe sakhala akudzipereka nthawi yochuluka kumunda wawo. Zosiyanazi sizodziwika ndipo sizifuna kusamalira mosamala. Iwo amadziwika ndi zabwino zokolola komanso zabwino kwambiri kukoma. Kufotokozera ndi mitundu Tomato "Volgograd" imagawidwa m'mitundu yotsatira: "Volgograd pinki"; "Volgograd - 323"; "Volgograd 5/95".

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Tsopano, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya phwetekere ya Paradaiso yomwe inali kale kale m'dziko lathu inalumikizidwa ku Japan. Kukoma kwake kwabwino ndi khalidwe labwino kunayambitsa kuwonjezeka kwa malonda ndi kufunika kwa mbewu. Werengani pansipa momwe mungakwaniritsire zokolola zambiri mosavuta. Mafotokozedwe Ogwiritsidwa posachedwapa ku Japan - mu 2009 - tomato ya Paradaiso akupitirizabe kutchuka ndipo akufunikanso kale m'dziko lathu.

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Pakati pa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato, Samara F1 ndi yabwino kwambiri yotentha. Kubzala ndi kusamalira tomato wotero sikungatenge mphamvu zambiri kuchokera kwa inu, ndipo chifukwa cha ntchito yonse, zipatso zokoma ndi zokoma zidzakhala patebulo. Timakupatseni inu kuti mudzidziwe bwino kwambiri ndi kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana, komanso kuti mudziwe za maonekedwe a malimidwe anu pa chiwembu chanu.

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