Mitedza ya phwetekere

Kuyambira kale, tomato akhala akuyamikira ndi alimi chifukwa cha zakudya zawo komanso zakudya zabwino. Kwa zaka zambiri, obereketsa anavutika kuti apange tomato zosiyanasiyana, zomwe zingakhale zochepa kwambiri, zomwe zingathandize kwambiri kuyenda ndi kusonkhanitsa, komanso kukula mosavuta pakhomo, pokhapokha kukhala ndi achibale awo akuluakulu.

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Tomato lero ali olandiridwa alendo ku khitchini iliyonse, chifukwa samangodulidwa mu saladi, koma zamzitini komanso amawotcha zakudya zomwe amakonda. Mwamwayi, obereketsa anayesetsa kwambiri, ndipo masiku ano n'zosavuta kupeza zofunikira kwambiri za zipatso za phwetekere payekha. Mwachitsanzo, iwo omwe adalima zosiyanasiyana "Gigolo" akukamba za kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwake mogwiritsidwa ntchito, monga momwe ikuyeneretsedwera zosiyanasiyana.

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Nthata ndi imodzi mwa mbewu zomwe zimakonda kwambiri munda, mitundu yambiri imangobweretsanso mabala ake. M'nkhani ino tidzakhala tikudziwa bwino mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya phwetekere ndi chikasu chokhala ndi chidwi "uchimwemwe", tidzakambirana za makhalidwe ndi kufotokozera makhalidwe abwino, ubwino ndi zovuta za mbeu. Kusankhidwa "Mabala a Honey" - zotsatira za ntchito ya obereketsa Novosibirsk; zosiyanasiyana zimaperekedwa monga phwetekere yaikulu-yowonjezera pazowonekera pansi, mu greenhouses ndi greenhouses.

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Chilimwe chili chonse chomwe chimakhala kulima tomato m'dera lawo, chikukumana ndi mtundu waukulu wa mitundu yonse ya kukoma ndi mtundu. Mitundu yotchuka kwambiri ndi yosavuta kusunga ndikupereka zokolola zabwino. Imodzi mwa izi ndi mitundu ya phwetekere ndi dzina lochititsa chidwi "Star of Siberia". Mitundu yosiyana Mitengo "Nyenyezi ya Siberia" ikugwirizana ndi mtundu wosakanizidwa wa tomato.

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Dziko la South America lili ndi tomato, obereketsa adzalima mitundu yoposa 10, ndipo alimi amatha kubzala mbeu za phwetekere za Siberia chaka chilichonse, zomwe zimapereka zipatso zokwana 6 kg kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi mu nyengo. Chifukwa cha nyengo yovuta kwambiri ndi nyengo yochepa yotentha, chifukwa cha ntchito yolimbikira yaumunthu, tomato ku Siberia amakula ponseponse m'mphepete ndi m'munda.

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Mlimi aliyense posachedwa angakhale ndi chilakolako choyesera chinachake chatsopano pamabedi awo. Ndipo, ndithudi, ine ndikufuna kupeza zotsatira zabwino kwambiri ndi khama ndi nthawi yochepa. Pankhani ya tomato, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya "Diva F1" mitundu idzakhala yabwino kwambiri ya mtundu uwu. Pambuyo powerenga malongosoledwe ake ndi makhalidwe abwino kwambiri, wina sangathe kukhala wosayanjanitsika.

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Oyang'anira minda amayesetsa kufufuza mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato, yomwe ingabzalidwe mwachindunji pansi. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ilipo - iyi ndi tomato ya "King of the Early". Tsatanetsatane "Mfumu ya Kumayambiriro" - tomato wobiriwira wamitundu yosiyanasiyana, yomwe ndi yabwino kubzala.

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Tomato "Casanova" ndi ya nyengo ya pakati, yomwe imapatsa tomato zosiyanasiyana. Chinthu chosiyana cha izi zosiyanasiyana ndi chipatso chokhala ndi zipatso zomwe si zachilendo kwa phwetekere. Kuwonjezera apo mu nkhaniyi tidzakambirana zambiri za zosiyana ndi kufotokozera zipatso, malamulo a zaulimi ndi zokolola, komanso chifukwa chomwe phwetekere "Casanova" ankakonda kwambiri wamaluwa, komanso momwe angapezere zokolola zambiri pa webusaitiyi.

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Zimakhala zovuta kulingalira munda wamaluwa wambiri komanso wobala zipatso popanda chitsamba cha phwetekere - kuthamanga, ndi nthambi zolemetsa zipatso zabwino. Ngati tomato oterewa akugwidwa ndi maloto anu, ndiye kuti muyenera kudzidziwa bwino ndi "Purezidenti F1". Kufotokozera ndi makhalidwe a mitundu yosiyanasiyana Tomato "Pulezidenti" ndi yowonjezera kwambiri yopereka indeterminantny wosakanizidwa.

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Matenda a phwetekere "Kuphulika" akukhala okondeka kwambiri. Zosiyanasiyanazi zinayambika kumayambiriro kwa zaka za XXI. N'zosavuta kuyeretsa ndi chokoma kwambiri. Timasonyeza ubwino wake ndi malamulo ake. Zosiyanasiyana Zofotokozera Kulankhula za tomato "Kuphulika", choyamba muyenera kudziwa kukula kwa chomera. Ikhoza kufika mamita okwera.

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Alimi ndi eni nyumba omwe amalima tomato, makamaka ogulitsa, amayang'ana nthawi zonse mitundu ya tomato yomwe ingakhale yoyenera pazinthu zawo - zokolola, kukaniza matenda, kusunga khalidwe la zipatso ndi kuyenda kwawo bwino n'kofunikira kwa iwo. Matimati "Evpator" malingana ndi maonekedwe ndi kufotokozera mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yoyenera kwazofunikira.

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Anthu okhala m'nyengo ya chilimwe ndi wamaluwa, akukula tomato okha, amasankha mitundu yabwino kwambiri, ndipo imodzi mwa iyo imayenera kuganiziridwa moyenera "Openwork". M'nkhani ino timafotokozera mwatsatanetsatane zinthu zonse za mitundu yosiyanasiyanayi ndikukuuzani momwe mungasamalirire. Kuwoneka ndi kufotokoza kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana Zipatso zimapsa poyambirira - zoyamba zokolola zimasonkhanitsidwa pa sabata la 15-16 patatha maonekedwe a mphukira zoyamba.

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Mlimi aliyense amafuna kudabwitsa achibale ake kapena oyandikana nawo ndi zipatso za ntchito yake: zokolola zosayembekezereka, kukula kwa masamba kapena zooneka bwino. Mwa njira iyi, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato "Chokoleti" ndi yabwino kuposa ina iliyonse. Malongosoledwe a Tomato Izi zosiyanasiyana ndizosankha zachilengedwe (zozizwitsa m'zaka za m'ma XXI), zipatso zake zili ndi mitundu yachilendo komanso zimakhala zabwino.

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Wodziwa munda wamaluwa, monga ngati ankachita masewero, akufuna kupeza zosiyanasiyana za tomato zomwe zingakwaniritse zofunikira zake zonse. Mlomo wa Chiwombankhanga Matendawa ndi awa, omwe ndi tomato obala zipatso makamaka opangidwa ndi obereketsa omwe samafuna chisamaliro chapadera. Talingalirani makhalidwe ndi kufotokoza kwa zosiyanasiyana.

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