Zosiyanasiyana za plums

Mungathe kuyankhula kosatha za ubwino wa plums: zikhoza kusintha msanga, zimakhudza kuthamanga kwa magazi, zingagwiritsidwe ntchito monga mankhwala ofewa mankhwala ofewa mankhwala ofewetsa tuvi tokha, komanso ngati prunes - kuchotsa cholesterol. Nthawi zonse mukhoza kulankhula za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya plums. Komabe, lero tiyesa kuyang'ana pa mitundu yodziwika kwambiri.

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Chimake cha ku China m'minda yathu sichipezeka. Komabe, imagonjetsedwa ndi chisanu, imabala zipatso mofulumira kuposa ena ndipo imapereka zokolola zambiri. Mitundu yonse imakhala yoyambirira, ndipo timakufotokozerani mndandanda wa mitundu yotchuka kwambiri ya plums. Alenushka Mtundu wa Alenushka unapezedwa mwa kudutsa mitundu ya Red Ball ndi Chinese Girl.

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Plum - ndi imodzi mwa mitengo yambiri ya zipatso m'dziko lathu. Chokolola chochuluka cha chomera chodzichepetsa ndi kukoma kwake kosaneneka kwa zipatso kunamupangitsa kukhala wotchuka kwambiri. Chifukwa cha kuyesera kwa obereketsa, maula adapeza zinyama zambiri zokopa zomwe zimakopetsa kukoma kopambana ndi fungo.

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Mitengo yakucha yakucha "Honey White" amadziwika ndi zokolola zazikulu, zipatso zazikulu zazikulu zokoma zokoma ndi zonunkhira. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yotchuka ndi wamaluwa ambiri kunja kwa dziko. Tiyeni tifufuze zofunika zofunika za mtengo uwu kuti mubzale ndi kusamalira. Mbiri ya kulima kwa "Honey White" plum. Kulemba kwa zosiyana ndizasayansi wa nthambi ya Donetsk ya Institute of Horticulture UAAS, agronomist wolemekezeka wa Ukraine Liliya Taranenko, yemwe wakhala zaka 66 akukhala zaka 62 akugwira ntchito pa Artyomovskaya Experimental Station Nursery.

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Pulogalamu ya "Anna Shpet" imayesedwa ndi mbiri ya mbeu za munda m'munda. Chaka chilichonse chimapatsa wamaluwa zipatso zokoma, zonunkhira ndi zokometsera, zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mosangalala popanga zakudya zosiyanasiyana, kukonzekera nyengo yozizira kapena kukhala wodzikonda okha. Mbiri ya kuswana Zopanga zojambulajambula "Anna Shpet" zinayamba kupezeka kumapeto kwa zaka za m'ma 1900, mu 1870.

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Plum si malo osungirako zinthu zothandiza, komanso chokoma kwambiri. Choncho, munthu aliyense wamaluwa, kusankha mtengo wamtengo wapatali kumunda wake, amafuna kuti izi zimukondweretse bwino nthawi zonse. Odyetsa amasamalira zokolola zambiri. Ndiwo amene adabweretsa mitundu yosiyanasiyana yokhala ndi mapuloteni okhaokha omwe amatchedwa "Bogatyrskaya".

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M'munda wabwino nthawi zonse pali mitundu yambiri ya plums. Ndipo izi sizosadabwitsa, chifukwa anthu adakula chipatso ichi kwa zaka zoposa zana. Pa nthawiyi, mitundu yoposa 300 ya mtengo wa plamu inkaonekera. Ndipo osati malo otsiriza mu mndandanda uwu ndi maula Mirabel. Kulongosola kwazitsamba Zamakono Mirabel ndi gulu la mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mitengo yomwe imakula pamitengo ya kukula, yomwe imakhala ndi mizu yofanana ndi ndodo ndi makungwa a grayish pa thunthu ndi nthambi.

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Maluwa okongola ndi a zipatso - maloto a m'nyengo yonse ya chilimwe. Choncho, mitengo yobzala pa siteti yanu iyenera kusankhidwa mosamala, kotero kuti pamapeto pake palibe zodabwitsa. Lero tikambirana za plums, zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimatchedwa "Purezidenti". Kodi mtengo umawoneka bwanji, ndi makhalidwe ati omwe amasiyanitsa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya plums kuchokera kwa ena, komanso momwe mungayankhire mtengo komanso momwe mungasamalire zosiyanasiyana?

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M'minda ya zipatso za mtengo wathu ngati mtengo wambiri. Phula ndi mtundu wonse wa zomera zamtengo wapatali, kuphatikiza zingapo zingapo, ndipo pamtundu uliwonse mumakhala mitundu yambiri ya mitundu. Koma kusankha mtengo wamtengo wapatali, ndi kokwanira kudziwa za momwe zimakhalira. Choncho, m'nkhani ino tikambirana makhalidwe omwe ali "Angeloina".

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Mbewu sizitsamba chabe zomwe zipatso zake zimakhala ndi zodabwitsa zokoma ndipo ndizopangidwa bwino kwambiri popanga kupanikizana kwabwino kwa nyengo yozizira. Ikhozanso kupanga ntchito zokongoletsera ndikugwira ntchito monga malo abwino kwambiri. Makamaka ngati ili ndi tsamba lofiira "Pissardi". Mtundu uwu umakopa mtundu wa masamba oyambirira ndi masamba, omwe angapereke chisangalalo chapadera ku munda, nyumba, paki kapena udzu.

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